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Gambia Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 1.69 2.293 3
Global Rank 149th 146th 140th
Global Population Share 0.024% 0.029% 0.035%
Global Population Density 170.67 217.14 266.73
Global Population Density Rank 14th 16th 18th
Average Life Expectancy 59.62 62.07 63.92
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 173rd 180th 185th
Fertility Rate 5.7 5.14 4.36
Fertility Rate Global Rank 13th 10th 11th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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Gambia Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 2 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 194 5.04%
Diarrheal diseases 199 5.17%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 2 0.05%
Nutritional deficiencies 416 10.81%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Malaria 1443 37.51%
Measles 18 0.47%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 20 0.52%
HIV/AIDS 25 0.65%
Digestive diseases 19 0.49%
Cardiovascular disease 173 4.5%
Tuberculosis 15 0.39%

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Highlights of Gambia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Gambia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 84.09%84.09%
    • Fat : 31.02%31.02%
    • Plant protein : 9.17%9.17%
    • Animal protein : 2.73%2.73%
  • 27.02% increase in caloric supply : Currently Gambia gets 2628/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2069/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Gambia
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Gambia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Gambia average intake is 58.33 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Dates are three major Fruit Types Intake in Gambia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Gambia average Fruit intake is 23.64grams
  • In Gambia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 27.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Gambia is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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