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Vanuatu Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Vanuatu

CONTENT


Causes of death across Vanuatu are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Vanuatu.

Highlights of Vanuatu BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Vanuatu gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 65.91%65.91%
    • Fat : 38.64%38.64%
    • Plant protein : 6.61%6.61%
    • Animal protein : 4.78%4.78%
  • 15.94% increase in caloric supply : Currently Vanuatu gets 2836/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2446/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Vanuatu
  • Rice, Wheat and Barley are three major Cereal preferences in Vanuatu
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Vanuatu average intake is 142.14 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Vanuatu
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Vanuatu average Fruit intake is 219.67grams
  • In Vanuatu, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 54.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Vanuatu is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Vanuatu
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice413
2Wheat380
3Barley7
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Vanuatu

Diet Compositions in Vanuatu
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains808
2Oils & Fats740
3Starchy Roots521
4Meat328
5Sugar176
6Fruits & Vegetables153
7Dairy & Eggs63
8Other32
9Alcoholic Beverages15
10Pulses0

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Vanuatu with 889 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 39% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Vanuatu.
    Major Cause of Death in Vanuatu
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 732 deaths (year 2016).
  • 40.08% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 47% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Vanuatu (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Vanuatu - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Vanuatu are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 26 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Vanuatu (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.26% of Vanuatu population was suffering from cancer i.e. 403 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 22) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 19 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 0% of survival chance.Vanuatu was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 100% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 158 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 116 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 22 people were dead. This means 18.97% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Vanuatu and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Vanuatu :
  • 0.26 % of Vanuatu population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Vanuatu
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Vanuatu

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Vanuatu (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 33 1.46%
Cardiovascular diseases 889 39.3%
Kidney disease 91 4.02%
Respiratory disease 168 7.43%
Liver disease 39 1.72%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 273 12.07%
Digestive disease 50 2.21%
Hepatitis 4 0.18%
Cancers 200 8.84%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.09%
Fire 6 0.27%
Malaria 6 0.27%
Drowning 33 1.46%
Homicide 4 0.18%
HIV/AIDS 8 0.35%
Drug disorder 1 0.04%
Tuberculosis 34 1.5%
Road incidents 47 2.08%
Maternal deaths 13 0.57%
Neonatal deaths 95 4.2%
Alcohol disorder 2 0.09%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 36 1.59%
Suicide 41 1.82%
Road incidents 47 2.08%
Digestive disease 50 2.21%
Kidney disease 91 4.03%
Neonatal deaths 95 4.21%
Lower respiratory infections 139.200700907 6.16%
Respiratory disease 168 7.44%
Cancers 200 8.86%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 273 12.09%
Cardiovascular diseases 889 39.37%


Vanuatu - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 6 2.53%
Congenital birth defects 6 2.53%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 8 3.38%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 95 40.08%
Drowning 2 0.84%
Measles 1 0.42%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Road accidents 4 1.69%
Cancers 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 0.42%
Kidney disease 2 0.84%
Fire 0 0%
Tuberculosis 2 0.84%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 1.27%
Homicide 0 0%
Liver disease 1 0.42%
HIV/AIDS 9 3.8%
Hepatitis 37 15.61%
Malaria 48 20.25%
Drug use disorders 4 1.69%
Natural disasters 8 3.38%


Vanuatu - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 3.45%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 3.45%
Road accidents 4 13.79%
Tuberculosis 1 3.45%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 3 10.34%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 3.45%
Cancers 3 10.34%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 3.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2 6.9%
Liver disease 1 3.45%
Respiratory disease 2 6.9%
Kidney disease 1 3.45%
Cardiovascular disease 5 17.24%
Lower respiratory infections 3 10.34%


Vanuatu - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 34 6.5%
Homicide 3 0.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.19%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.19%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.38%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.96%
Road accidents 32 6.12%
Tuberculosis 11 2.1%
HIV/AIDS 6 1.15%
Drowning 21 4.02%
Malaria 2 0.38%
Fire 3 0.57%
Cancers 51 9.75%
Hepatitis 2 0.38%
Digestive diseases 14 2.68%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 49 9.37%
Liver disease 17 3.25%
Respiratory disease 37 7.07%
Kidney disease 21 4.02%
Cardiovascular disease 186 35.56%
Drug disorder 1 0.19%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.19%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 23 4.4%


Vanuatu - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5 0.67%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.13%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 6 0.8%
Road accidents 6 0.8%
Tuberculosis 12 1.6%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.13%
Drowning 3 0.4%
Malaria 3 0.4%
Fire 1 0.13%
Cancers 82 10.92%
Hepatitis 1 0.13%
Digestive diseases 17 2.26%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 116 15.45%
Liver disease 15 2%
Respiratory disease 58 7.72%
Kidney disease 35 4.66%
Cardiovascular diseases 351 46.74%
Dementia 4 0.53%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.13%
Lower respiratory infections 31 4.13%


Vanuatu - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 0.27%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.68%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.68%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 16 2.16%
Road accidents 3 0.41%
Tuberculosis 10 1.35%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.14%
Malaria 1 0.14%
Fire 1 0.14%
Cancers 62 8.38%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 17 2.3%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 103 13.92%
Liver disease 7 0.95%
Respiratory disease 69 9.32%
Kidney disease 34 4.59%
Cardiovascular disease 338 45.68%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.27%
Dementia 29 3.92%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 34 4.59%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Vanuatu
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 26 0.86%
Poor sanitation 20 0.67%
No access to handwashing facility 18 0.6%
Household air pollution 277 9.21%
Outdoor air pollution 83 2.76%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6 0.2%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 38 1.26%
Child stunting 6 0.2%
Low birth weight 48 1.6%
Secondhand smoke 48 1.6%
Alcohol use 11 0.37%
Drug use 4 0.13%
Diet low in fruits 169 5.62%
Diet low in vegetables 142 4.72%
Unsafe sex 21 0.7%
Low physical activity 59 1.96%
High blood sugar 520 17.29%
High cholesterol 242 8.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 384 12.77%
High blood pressure 619 20.59%
Smoking 258 8.58%
Iron deficiency 1 0.03%
Zinc deficiency 1 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0.03%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.17%


Vanuatu - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6 4.26%
Child stunting 6 4.26%
Low birth weight 48 34.04%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 5 3.55%
Secondhand smoke 3 2.13%
Poor sanitation 5 3.55%
Unsafe water source 6 4.26%
Household air pollution 20 14.18%
Outdoor air pollution 4 2.84%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 38 26.95%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Vanuatu - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 25%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 1 25%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 1 25%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 1 25%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Vanuatu - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.15%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.15%
Drug use 4 0.6%
Alcohol use 10 1.51%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.45%
Unsafe water source 4 0.6%
Poor sanitation 3 0.45%
Smoking 67 10.11%
Secondhand smoke 9 1.36%
Low physical activity 8 1.21%
Diet low in fruits 49 7.39%
Diet low in vegetables 41 6.18%
Unsafe sex 11 1.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 108 16.29%
Household air pollution 63 9.5%
Outdoor air pollution 20 3.02%
High total cholesterol 71 10.71%
High blood pressure 115 17.35%
High blood sugar 75 11.31%


Vanuatu - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.08%
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.16%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.24%
Poor sanitation 3 0.24%
Unsafe sex 8 0.63%
Smoking 108 8.54%
Secondhand smoke 21 1.66%
Unsafe water source 4 0.32%
Diet low in vegetables 62 4.91%
Diet low in fruits 75 5.93%
Low physical activity 24 1.9%
Outdoor air pollution 34 2.69%
Household air pollution 107 8.47%
High body-mass index (obesity) 192 15.19%
High blood sugar 239 18.91%
High total cholesterol 112 8.86%
High blood pressure 269 21.28%


Vanuatu - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3 0.32%
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use -1 -0.11%
Smoking 83 8.9%
Secondhand smoke 15 1.61%
Household air pollution 85 9.11%
Outdoor air pollution 25 2.68%
No access to handwashing facility 6 0.64%
Poor sanitation 9 0.96%
Unsafe water source 11 1.18%
Unsafe sex 3 0.32%
Low physical activity 27 2.89%
Diet low in vegetables 39 4.18%
Diet low in fruits 45 4.82%
High cholesterol 59 6.32%
High blood pressure 234 25.08%
High blood sugar 206 22.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 84 9%


Vanuatu - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 13 | Deaths : 5 38.46%
Breast cancer Patients : 116 | Deaths : 22 18.97%
Larynx cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 3 42.86%
Kidney cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 1 9.09%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 1 14.29%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 3 27.27%
Stomach cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 19 86.36%
Uterine cancer Patients : 27 | Deaths : 6 22.22%
Bladder cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 3 30%
Cervical cancer Patients : 102 | Deaths : 14 13.73%
Prostate cancer Patients : 34 | Deaths : 11 32.35%
Testicular cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 0 0%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 3 50%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 3 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 3 27.27%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 14 40%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 2 28.57%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 3 14.29%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 3 42.86%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 27 | Deaths : 2 7.41%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 1 33.33%


Vanuatu - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 8 1.99%
5-14 year olds 6 1.49%
15-49 year olds 140 34.74%
50-69 year olds 158 39.21%
70+ year olds 91 22.58%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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