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Turkmenistan Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Turkmenistan

CONTENT


Causes of death across Turkmenistan are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Turkmenistan.

Highlights of Turkmenistan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Turkmenistan gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 55.60%55.60%
    • Fat : 24.47%24.47%
    • Plant protein : 6.79%6.79%
    • Animal protein : 4.90%4.90%
  • 8.24% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Turkmenistan gets 2840/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 3095/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Turkmenistan
  • Wheat, Rice and Barley are three major Cereal preferences in Turkmenistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Turkmenistan average intake is 410.25 grams
  • Grapes, Apples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Turkmenistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Turkmenistan average Fruit intake is 153.70grams
  • In Turkmenistan, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 49.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Turkmenistan is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Turkmenistan
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1469
2Rice108
3Barley16
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Turkmenistan

Diet Compositions in Turkmenistan
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1593
2Meat368
3Oils & Fats270
4Dairy & Eggs253
5Fruits & Vegetables163
6Sugar87
7Starchy Roots56
8Other35
9Alcoholic Beverages15
10Pulses0

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Turkmenistan with 16448 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 52% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease were the highest types of death causes in Turkmenistan.
    Major Cause of Death in Turkmenistan
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 10680 deaths (year 2016).
  • 36.92% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Lower respiratory infections and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Liver disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 59% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Turkmenistan (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Turkmenistan - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Turkmenistan are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High cholesterol. Every year around 63 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Alcohol use are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High total cholesterol are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Turkmenistan (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.33% of Turkmenistan population was suffering from cancer i.e. 12564 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 328) and Esophageal cancer was also concerning with 304 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 8% of survival chance.Turkmenistan was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5474 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 535 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 328 people were dead. This means 61.31% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Turkmenistan and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Turkmenistan :
  • 0.33 % of Turkmenistan population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Turkmenistan
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Turkmenistan

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Turkmenistan (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 506 1.59%
Cardiovascular diseases 16448 51.63%
Kidney disease 830 2.61%
Respiratory disease 436 1.37%
Liver disease 2245 7.05%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1818 5.71%
Digestive disease 348 1.09%
Hepatitis 77 0.24%
Cancers 3110 9.76%
Parkinson's disease 79 0.25%
Fire 163 0.51%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 221 0.69%
Homicide 282 0.89%
HIV/AIDS 191 0.6%
Drug disorder 104 0.33%
Tuberculosis 488 1.53%
Road incidents 455 1.43%
Maternal deaths 14 0.04%
Neonatal deaths 1582 4.97%
Alcohol disorder 133 0.42%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 126 0.4%
Suicide 467 1.47%
Tuberculosis 488 1.53%
Dementia 506 1.59%
Kidney disease 830 2.61%
Lower respiratory infections 1580.48376686 4.96%
Neonatal deaths 1582 4.97%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1818 5.71%
Liver disease 2245 7.05%
Cancers 3110 9.76%
Cardiovascular diseases 16448 51.63%


Turkmenistan - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 7 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 4 0.09%
Congenital birth defects 6 0.14%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.05%
Cardiovascular disease 109 2.54%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Drowning 1582 36.92%
Cancers 19 0.44%
Digestive diseases 4 0.09%
Fire 3 0.07%
Road accidents 64 1.49%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Hepatitis 31 0.72%
Liver disease 47 1.1%
Homicide 13 0.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 38 0.89%
Tuberculosis 70 1.63%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.21%
HIV/AIDS 14 0.33%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 105 2.45%
Drug use disorders 837 19.53%
Measles 1190 27.77%
Natural disasters 0 0%
131 3.06%


Turkmenistan - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 9 2.21%
Homicide 7 1.72%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.25%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.49%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.74%
Road accidents 35 8.58%
Tuberculosis 3 0.74%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 43 10.54%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 12 2.94%
Cancers 80 19.61%
Hepatitis 7 1.72%
Digestive diseases 9 2.21%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 43 10.54%
Liver disease 25 6.13%
Respiratory disease 5 1.23%
Kidney disease 15 3.68%
Cardiovascular disease 33 8.09%
Lower respiratory infections 76 18.63%


Turkmenistan - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 381 5.62%
Homicide 226 3.33%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 20 0.29%
Diarrheal diseases 8 0.12%
Road accidents 321 4.73%
Tuberculosis 328 4.84%
HIV/AIDS 179 2.64%
Drowning 93 1.37%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 92 1.36%
Cancers 844 12.45%
Hepatitis 41 0.6%
Digestive diseases 121 1.78%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 507 7.48%
Liver disease 988 14.57%
Respiratory disease 102 1.5%
Kidney disease 260 3.83%
Cardiovascular disease 1943 28.66%
Drug disorder 72 1.06%
Alcohol disorder 84 1.24%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 1 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 162 2.39%


Turkmenistan - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 65 0.6%
Homicide 37 0.34%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.04%
Road accidents 67 0.62%
Tuberculosis 126 1.16%
HIV/AIDS 8 0.07%
Drowning 17 0.16%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 20 0.18%
Cancers 1520 14.02%
Hepatitis 12 0.11%
Digestive diseases 117 1.08%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 777 7.17%
Liver disease 951 8.77%
Respiratory disease 160 1.48%
Kidney disease 286 2.64%
Cardiovascular diseases 6443 59.44%
Dementia 42 0.39%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.1%
Drug disorder 26 0.24%
Alcohol disorder 46 0.42%
Lower respiratory infections 90 0.83%


Turkmenistan - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 11 0.11%
Homicide 6 0.06%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.03%
Road accidents 14 0.13%
Tuberculosis 26 0.25%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 4 0.04%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 7 0.07%
Cancers 619 5.96%
Hepatitis 3 0.03%
Digestive diseases 64 0.62%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 421 4.05%
Liver disease 271 2.61%
Respiratory disease 163 1.57%
Kidney disease 255 2.45%
Cardiovascular disease 7923 76.24%
Parkinson's disease 67 0.64%
Dementia 463 4.46%
Drug use disorders 5 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 3 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 61 0.59%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Turkmenistan
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 63 0.16%
Poor sanitation 66 0.16%
No access to handwashing facility 59 0.15%
Household air pollution 23 0.06%
Outdoor air pollution 3185 7.96%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 152 0.38%
Discontinued breastfeeding 4 0.01%
Child wasting 766 1.91%
Child stunting 84 0.21%
Low birth weight 759 1.9%
Secondhand smoke 1009 2.52%
Alcohol use 1819 4.54%
Drug use 620 1.55%
Diet low in fruits 2350 5.87%
Diet low in vegetables 752 1.88%
Unsafe sex 243 0.61%
Low physical activity 1155 2.89%
High blood sugar 3043 7.6%
High cholesterol 5371 13.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5759 14.39%
High blood pressure 10653 26.62%
Smoking 2039 5.09%
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Zinc deficiency 18 0.04%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 31 0.08%


Turkmenistan - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 4 0.16%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 152 6.22%
Child stunting 84 3.44%
Low birth weight 759 31.06%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 46 1.88%
Secondhand smoke 203 8.31%
Poor sanitation 57 2.33%
Unsafe water source 55 2.25%
Household air pollution 3 0.12%
Outdoor air pollution 313 12.81%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.08%
Child wasting 766 31.34%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Turkmenistan - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2 4.44%
Unsafe water source 1 2.22%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 2 4.44%
Secondhand smoke 12 26.67%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 20 44.44%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 7 15.56%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 1 2.22%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Turkmenistan - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0.03%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.08%
Drug use 386 5.93%
Alcohol use 889 13.67%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.08%
Unsafe water source 4 0.06%
Poor sanitation 4 0.06%
Smoking 519 7.98%
Secondhand smoke 110 1.69%
Low physical activity 81 1.25%
Diet low in fruits 445 6.84%
Diet low in vegetables 118 1.81%
Unsafe sex 136 2.09%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1008 15.5%
Household air pollution 4 0.06%
Outdoor air pollution 477 7.33%
High total cholesterol 767 11.79%
High blood pressure 1161 17.85%
High blood sugar 384 5.9%


Turkmenistan - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 12 0.07%
Drug use 209 1.21%
Alcohol use 864 5.01%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.02%
Poor sanitation 2 0.01%
Unsafe sex 88 0.51%
Smoking 1228 7.12%
Secondhand smoke 379 2.2%
Unsafe water source 2 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 291 1.69%
Diet low in fruits 1137 6.59%
Low physical activity 379 2.2%
Outdoor air pollution 1311 7.6%
Household air pollution 9 0.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3012 17.46%
High blood sugar 1407 8.16%
High total cholesterol 2294 13.3%
High blood pressure 4622 26.8%


Turkmenistan - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 13 0.09%
Drug use 25 0.18%
Alcohol use 66 0.48%
Smoking 292 2.12%
Secondhand smoke 305 2.22%
Household air pollution 7 0.05%
Outdoor air pollution 1065 7.74%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Unsafe sex 18 0.13%
Low physical activity 695 5.05%
Diet low in vegetables 343 2.49%
Diet low in fruits 768 5.58%
High cholesterol 2310 16.78%
High blood pressure 4870 35.38%
High blood sugar 1244 9.04%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1738 12.63%


Turkmenistan - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 214 | Deaths : 91 42.52%
Breast cancer Patients : 3994 | Deaths : 260 6.51%
Larynx cancer Patients : 196 | Deaths : 36 18.37%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1030 | Deaths : 84 8.16%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 598 | Deaths : 13 2.17%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 513 | Deaths : 74 14.42%
Stomach cancer Patients : 535 | Deaths : 328 61.31%
Uterine cancer Patients : 465 | Deaths : 21 4.52%
Bladder cancer Patients : 473 | Deaths : 42 8.88%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1741 | Deaths : 168 9.65%
Prostate cancer Patients : 632 | Deaths : 58 9.18%
Testicular cancer Patients : 606 | Deaths : 17 2.81%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 96 | Deaths : 77 80.21%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 344 | Deaths : 304 88.37%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 135 | Deaths : 22 16.3%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 947 | Deaths : 175 18.48%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 608 | Deaths : 19 3.13%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 633 | Deaths : 82 12.95%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 489 | Deaths : 189 38.65%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 368 | Deaths : 56 15.22%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 49 | Deaths : 45 91.84%


Turkmenistan - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 296 2.36%
5-14 year olds 170 1.35%
15-49 year olds 5027 40.01%
50-69 year olds 5474 43.57%
70+ year olds 1597 12.71%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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