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Togo Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Togo

CONTENT


Causes of death across Togo are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Togo.

Highlights of Togo BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Togo gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 87.58%87.58%
    • Fat : 21.00%21.00%
    • Plant protein : 9.95%9.95%
    • Animal protein : 1.77%1.77%
  • 20.29% increase in caloric supply : Currently Togo gets 2454/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2040/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Togo
  • Maize, Rice and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Togo
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Togo average intake is 76.08 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Togo
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Togo average Fruit intake is 26.16grams
  • In Togo, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 25.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Togo is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Togo
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize572
2Rice256
3Sorghum194
4Wheat98
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Togo

Diet Compositions in Togo
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1180
2Starchy Roots578
3Oils & Fats288
4Pulses139
5Sugar116
6Meat74
7Fruits & Vegetables31
8Alcoholic Beverages18
9Other17
10Dairy & Eggs13

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Togo with 8277 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 16% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Malaria and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Togo.
    Major Cause of Death in Togo
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 16500 deaths (year 2016).
  • 32.16% kids below age 5 years die because of Malaria.
  • Malaria, HIV/AIDS and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 29% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Togo (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Togo - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Togo are High blood pressure, Unsafe sex and Household air pollution. Every year around 2259 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Unsafe sex are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, High blood pressure and Household air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Togo (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.2% of Togo population was suffering from cancer i.e. 6417 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 421) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 402 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 3% of survival chance.Togo was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 2779 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 433 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 421 people were dead. This means 97.23% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Togo and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Togo :
  • 0.2 % of Togo population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Togo
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Togo

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Togo (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 376 0.72%
Cardiovascular diseases 8277 15.89%
Kidney disease 545 1.05%
Respiratory disease 1297 2.49%
Liver disease 1173 2.25%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2169 4.16%
Digestive disease 1177 2.26%
Hepatitis 221 0.42%
Cancers 4178 8.02%
Parkinson's disease 31 0.06%
Fire 199 0.38%
Malaria 7425 14.25%
Drowning 301 0.58%
Homicide 262 0.5%
HIV/AIDS 4771 9.16%
Drug disorder 78 0.15%
Tuberculosis 2132 4.09%
Road incidents 1003 1.92%
Maternal deaths 682 1.31%
Neonatal deaths 4826 9.26%
Alcohol disorder 64 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2981 5.72%
Respiratory disease 1297 2.49%
Tuberculosis 2132 4.09%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2169 4.16%
Diarrheal diseases 2981 5.72%
Cancers 4178 8.02%
Lower respiratory infections 4445.00363858 8.53%
HIV/AIDS 4771 9.16%
Neonatal deaths 4826 9.26%
Malaria 7425 14.25%
Cardiovascular diseases 8277 15.89%


Togo - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 14 0.09%
Neonatal disorders 410 2.51%
Lower respiratory infections 422 2.58%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.06%
Neonatal infections 1006 6.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4826 29.51%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 63 0.39%
Cardiovascular disease 47 0.29%
Digestive diseases 67 0.41%
HIV/AIDS 56 0.34%
Road accidents 5260 32.16%
Drowning 40 0.24%
Measles 44 0.27%
Tuberculosis 11 0.07%
Cancers 74 0.45%
Fire 169 1.03%
Kidney disease 12 0.07%
Homicide 23 0.14%
Liver disease 74 0.45%
Hepatitis 1225 7.49%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1559 9.53%
Drug use disorders 54 0.33%
Natural disasters 890 5.44%


Togo - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 10 0.55%
Homicide 9 0.49%
Nutritional deficiencies 27 1.48%
Protein-energy malnutrition 26 1.43%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.22%
Diarrheal diseases 149 8.18%
Road accidents 72 3.95%
Tuberculosis 22 1.21%
HIV/AIDS 378 20.75%
Drowning 55 3.02%
Malaria 660 36.22%
Fire 16 0.88%
Cancers 63 3.46%
Hepatitis 9 0.49%
Digestive diseases 27 1.48%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 94 5.16%
Liver disease 13 0.71%
Respiratory disease 14 0.77%
Kidney disease 15 0.82%
Cardiovascular disease 34 1.87%
Lower respiratory infections 125 6.86%


Togo - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 392 2.94%
Homicide 214 1.6%
Nutritional deficiencies 86 0.64%
Protein-energy malnutrition 65 0.49%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 50 0.37%
Diarrheal diseases 707 5.3%
Road accidents 567 4.25%
Tuberculosis 961 7.2%
HIV/AIDS 3747 28.08%
Drowning 127 0.95%
Malaria 757 5.67%
Fire 64 0.48%
Cancers 1141 8.55%
Hepatitis 140 1.05%
Digestive diseases 409 3.07%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 709 5.31%
Liver disease 483 3.62%
Respiratory disease 278 2.08%
Kidney disease 197 1.48%
Cardiovascular disease 1424 10.67%
Drug disorder 63 0.47%
Alcohol disorder 35 0.26%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 1 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 724 5.43%


Togo - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 173 1.52%
Homicide 21 0.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 70 0.62%
Protein-energy malnutrition 52 0.46%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 565 4.97%
Road accidents 205 1.8%
Tuberculosis 664 5.84%
HIV/AIDS 552 4.86%
Drowning 39 0.34%
Malaria 456 4.01%
Fire 44 0.39%
Cancers 1902 16.74%
Hepatitis 48 0.42%
Digestive diseases 379 3.33%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 652 5.74%
Liver disease 479 4.21%
Respiratory disease 503 4.43%
Kidney disease 169 1.49%
Cardiovascular diseases 3326 29.27%
Dementia 53 0.47%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.04%
Drug disorder 11 0.1%
Alcohol disorder 22 0.19%
Lower respiratory infections 962 8.46%


Togo - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 70 0.76%
Homicide 4 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 77 0.83%
Protein-energy malnutrition 68 0.74%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 554 6%
Road accidents 97 1.05%
Tuberculosis 438 4.74%
HIV/AIDS 27 0.29%
Drowning 24 0.26%
Malaria 291 3.15%
Fire 34 0.37%
Cancers 1029 11.15%
Hepatitis 12 0.13%
Digestive diseases 287 3.11%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 545 5.9%
Liver disease 185 2%
Respiratory disease 490 5.31%
Kidney disease 141 1.53%
Cardiovascular disease 3419 37.03%
Parkinson's disease 25 0.27%
Dementia 322 3.49%
Drug use disorders 5 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 7 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 1074 11.63%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Togo
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2259 5.25%
Poor sanitation 1853 4.3%
No access to handwashing facility 1927 4.47%
Household air pollution 4591 10.66%
Outdoor air pollution 3603 8.37%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 225 0.52%
Discontinued breastfeeding 14 0.03%
Child wasting 2018 4.69%
Child stunting 236 0.55%
Low birth weight 2236 5.19%
Secondhand smoke 285 0.66%
Alcohol use 1913 4.44%
Drug use 235 0.55%
Diet low in fruits 1821 4.23%
Diet low in vegetables 1289 2.99%
Unsafe sex 4652 10.8%
Low physical activity 518 1.2%
High blood sugar 1971 4.58%
High cholesterol 1616 3.75%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1976 4.59%
High blood pressure 5297 12.3%
Smoking 2080 4.83%
Iron deficiency 49 0.11%
Zinc deficiency 48 0.11%
Vitamin-A deficiency 136 0.32%
Low bone mineral density 217 0.5%


Togo - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 14 0.17%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 225 2.74%
Child stunting 236 2.88%
Low birth weight 2236 27.25%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 659 8.03%
Secondhand smoke 71 0.87%
Poor sanitation 625 7.62%
Unsafe water source 763 9.3%
Household air pollution 762 9.29%
Outdoor air pollution 592 7.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 3 0.04%
Child wasting 2018 24.6%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Togo - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 82 14.49%
Unsafe water source 113 19.96%
Unsafe sex 110 19.43%
Iron deficiency 49 8.66%
Secondhand smoke 6 1.06%
Household air pollution 62 10.95%
Outdoor air pollution 47 8.3%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 4 0.71%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 93 16.43%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Togo - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 49 0.45%
Low bone mineral density 11 0.1%
Drug use 196 1.82%
Alcohol use 777 7.2%
No access to handwashing facility 410 3.8%
Unsafe water source 535 4.96%
Poor sanitation 440 4.08%
Smoking 439 4.07%
Secondhand smoke 44 0.41%
Low physical activity 47 0.44%
Diet low in fruits 428 3.96%
Diet low in vegetables 293 2.71%
Unsafe sex 3715 34.41%
High body-mass index (obesity) 481 4.46%
Household air pollution 804 7.45%
Outdoor air pollution 649 6.01%
High total cholesterol 367 3.4%
High blood pressure 806 7.47%
High blood sugar 304 2.82%


Togo - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 61 0.46%
Drug use 32 0.24%
Alcohol use 808 6.05%
No access to handwashing facility 383 2.87%
Poor sanitation 351 2.63%
Unsafe sex 749 5.61%
Smoking 1090 8.16%
Secondhand smoke 82 0.61%
Unsafe water source 428 3.21%
Diet low in vegetables 576 4.31%
Diet low in fruits 853 6.39%
Low physical activity 199 1.49%
Outdoor air pollution 1234 9.24%
Household air pollution 1567 11.74%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1008 7.55%
High blood sugar 871 6.52%
High total cholesterol 753 5.64%
High blood pressure 2305 17.27%


Togo - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 144 1.44%
Drug use 7 0.07%
Alcohol use 327 3.27%
Smoking 551 5.5%
Secondhand smoke 82 0.82%
Household air pollution 1396 13.94%
Outdoor air pollution 1081 10.79%
No access to handwashing facility 394 3.93%
Poor sanitation 344 3.44%
Unsafe water source 420 4.19%
Unsafe sex 78 0.78%
Low physical activity 272 2.72%
Diet low in vegetables 421 4.2%
Diet low in fruits 541 5.4%
High cholesterol 497 4.96%
High blood pressure 2185 21.82%
High blood sugar 788 7.87%
High body-mass index (obesity) 486 4.85%


Togo - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 652 | Deaths : 293 44.94%
Breast cancer Patients : 1574 | Deaths : 350 22.24%
Larynx cancer Patients : 94 | Deaths : 43 45.74%
Kidney cancer Patients : 324 | Deaths : 38 11.73%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 15 21.43%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 216 | Deaths : 67 31.02%
Stomach cancer Patients : 433 | Deaths : 421 97.23%
Uterine cancer Patients : 224 | Deaths : 61 27.23%
Bladder cancer Patients : 255 | Deaths : 82 32.16%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2162 | Deaths : 402 18.59%
Prostate cancer Patients : 732 | Deaths : 278 37.98%
Testicular cancer Patients : 33 | Deaths : 10 30.3%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 174 | Deaths : 90 51.72%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 141 | Deaths : 108 76.6%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 40 | Deaths : 9 22.5%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 496 | Deaths : 241 48.59%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 39 | Deaths : 13 33.33%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 226 | Deaths : 47 20.8%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 229 | Deaths : 114 49.78%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 258 | Deaths : 61 23.64%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 31 | Deaths : 24 77.42%


Togo - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 284 4.43%
5-14 year olds 93 1.45%
15-49 year olds 2125 33.12%
50-69 year olds 2779 43.31%
70+ year olds 1136 17.7%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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