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Thailand Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Thailand

CONTENT


Causes of death across Thailand are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Thailand.

Highlights of Thailand BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Thailand gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 103.66%103.66%
    • Fat : 27.16%27.16%
    • Plant protein : 7.42%7.42%
    • Animal protein : 5.12%5.12%
  • 43.36% increase in caloric supply : Currently Thailand gets 2784/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1942/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Thailand
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Thailand
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Thailand average intake is 141.26 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Thailand
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Thailand average Fruit intake is 282.52grams
  • In Thailand, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 34.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Thailand is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Thailand
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1139
2Maize95
3Wheat76
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Thailand

Diet Compositions in Thailand
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1310
2Sugar438
3Oils & Fats273
4Meat241
5Fruits & Vegetables156
6Alcoholic Beverages124
7Dairy & Eggs97
8Starchy Roots63
9Other50
10Pulses32

Major Cause of Death


Cancers was a major cause of death in Thailand with 103726 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 23% of total deaths. Overall Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Thailand.
    Major Cause of Death in Thailand
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 225617 deaths (year 2016).
  • 40.4% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Drowning and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 33% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Thailand (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Thailand - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Thailand are Smoking, High blood pressure and High blood sugar. Every year around 2682 people die due to Smoking.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and Unsafe sex are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • Smoking is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Thailand (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.36% of Thailand population was suffering from cancer i.e. 279909 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Liver cancer (Count : 12380) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 8371 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 10% of survival chance.Thailand was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 96% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 130134 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 22929 were suffering from Liver cancer out of which 12380 people were dead. This means 53.99% death rate of people suffering from Liver cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Thailand and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Thailand :
  • 0.36 % of Thailand population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Liver cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Thailand
  • Liver cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Thailand

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Thailand (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 30293 6.65%
Cardiovascular diseases 98895 21.72%
Kidney disease 21311 4.68%
Respiratory disease 23890 5.25%
Liver disease 13433 2.95%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 49125 10.79%
Digestive disease 10382 2.28%
Hepatitis 413 0.09%
Cancers 103726 22.79%
Parkinson's disease 2400 0.53%
Fire 759 0.17%
Malaria 44 0.01%
Drowning 4779 1.05%
Homicide 4688 1.03%
HIV/AIDS 10438 2.29%
Drug disorder 612 0.13%
Tuberculosis 6476 1.42%
Road incidents 19176 4.21%
Maternal deaths 162 0.04%
Neonatal deaths 1407 0.31%
Alcohol disorder 2085 0.46%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3899 0.86%
HIV/AIDS 10438 2.29%
Liver disease 13433 2.95%
Road incidents 19176 4.21%
Kidney disease 21311 4.68%
Respiratory disease 23890 5.25%
Dementia 30293 6.65%
Lower respiratory infections 34760.4682096 7.64%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 49125 10.79%
Cardiovascular diseases 98895 21.72%
Cancers 103726 22.79%


Thailand - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 18 0.52%
Congenital birth defects 2 0.06%
Neonatal infections 3 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Cancers 83 2.38%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Road accidents 1407 40.4%
Diarrheal diseases 91 2.61%
Cardiovascular disease 2 0.06%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 91 2.61%
Digestive diseases 164 4.71%
Homicide 1 0.03%
Fire 12 0.34%
Kidney disease 94 2.7%
Liver disease 1 0.03%
Measles 26 0.75%
Nutritional deficiencies 37 1.06%
Tuberculosis 6 0.17%
Protein-energy malnutrition 7 0.2%
Hepatitis 53 1.52%
Malaria 684 19.64%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 331 9.5%
Drug use disorders 5 0.14%
Natural disasters 365 10.48%


Thailand - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 18 1.31%
Homicide 50 3.63%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 40 2.91%
Road accidents 383 27.83%
Tuberculosis 4 0.29%
HIV/AIDS 18 1.31%
Drowning 330 23.98%
Malaria 1 0.07%
Fire 12 0.87%
Cancers 208 15.12%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 20 1.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 48 3.49%
Liver disease 7 0.51%
Respiratory disease 30 2.18%
Kidney disease 18 1.31%
Cardiovascular disease 62 4.51%
Lower respiratory infections 123 8.94%


Thailand - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5187 7.04%
Homicide 3539 4.8%
Nutritional deficiencies 36 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 26 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 388 0.53%
Road accidents 11272 15.29%
Tuberculosis 483 0.66%
HIV/AIDS 8045 10.91%
Drowning 2427 3.29%
Malaria 23 0.03%
Fire 297 0.4%
Cancers 13395 18.17%
Hepatitis 103 0.14%
Digestive diseases 1659 2.25%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4288 5.82%
Liver disease 4329 5.87%
Respiratory disease 1688 2.29%
Kidney disease 2030 2.75%
Cardiovascular disease 9921 13.46%
Drug disorder 453 0.61%
Alcohol disorder 1098 1.49%
Parkinson's disease 36 0.05%
Dementia 41 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 2954 4.01%


Thailand - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2325 1.63%
Homicide 907 0.63%
Nutritional deficiencies 87 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 64 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 15 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 828 0.58%
Road accidents 5187 3.63%
Tuberculosis 1851 1.29%
HIV/AIDS 2154 1.51%
Drowning 1330 0.93%
Malaria 13 0.01%
Fire 231 0.16%
Cancers 46556 32.54%
Hepatitis 202 0.14%
Digestive diseases 3384 2.37%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 16680 11.66%
Liver disease 6621 4.63%
Respiratory disease 5907 4.13%
Kidney disease 7314 5.11%
Cardiovascular diseases 29196 20.41%
Dementia 2499 1.75%
Parkinson's disease 316 0.22%
Drug disorder 79 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 814 0.57%
Lower respiratory infections 8504 5.94%


Thailand - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 877 0.38%
Homicide 173 0.07%
Nutritional deficiencies 558 0.24%
Protein-energy malnutrition 460 0.2%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2559 1.1%
Road accidents 2244 0.97%
Tuberculosis 4136 1.78%
HIV/AIDS 130 0.06%
Drowning 528 0.23%
Malaria 6 0%
Fire 207 0.09%
Cancers 43472 18.73%
Hepatitis 107 0.05%
Digestive diseases 5293 2.28%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 28072 12.1%
Liver disease 2471 1.06%
Respiratory disease 16243 7%
Kidney disease 11941 5.15%
Cardiovascular disease 59662 25.71%
Parkinson's disease 2049 0.88%
Dementia 27753 11.96%
Drug use disorders 80 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 173 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 22848 9.85%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Thailand
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2682 0.68%
Poor sanitation 255 0.06%
No access to handwashing facility 2698 0.69%
Household air pollution 8648 2.2%
Outdoor air pollution 25432 6.46%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 70 0.02%
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0%
Child wasting 253 0.06%
Child stunting 32 0.01%
Low birth weight 647 0.16%
Secondhand smoke 6495 1.65%
Alcohol use 43790 11.13%
Drug use 7156 1.82%
Diet low in fruits 8380 2.13%
Diet low in vegetables 12549 3.19%
Unsafe sex 11583 2.94%
Low physical activity 7385 1.88%
High blood sugar 52567 13.36%
High cholesterol 25154 6.39%
High body-mass index (obesity) 38212 9.71%
High blood pressure 61054 15.51%
Smoking 75429 19.16%
Iron deficiency 14 0%
Zinc deficiency 7 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3082 0.78%


Thailand - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0.4%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 70 5.65%
Child stunting 32 2.58%
Low birth weight 647 52.22%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 35 2.82%
Secondhand smoke 42 3.39%
Poor sanitation 5 0.4%
Unsafe water source 57 4.6%
Household air pollution 26 2.1%
Outdoor air pollution 65 5.25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.08%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.08%
Child wasting 253 20.42%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Thailand - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 16 12.12%
No access to handwashing facility 15 11.36%
Unsafe water source 27 20.45%
Unsafe sex 4 3.03%
Iron deficiency 9 6.82%
Secondhand smoke 15 11.36%
Household air pollution 11 8.33%
Outdoor air pollution 24 18.18%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.76%
High blood sugar 5 3.79%
High blood pressure 2 1.52%
Poor sanitation 3 2.27%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Thailand - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 9 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 324 0.55%
Drug use 3548 5.98%
Alcohol use 11419 19.23%
No access to handwashing facility 241 0.41%
Unsafe water source 267 0.45%
Poor sanitation 25 0.04%
Smoking 9056 15.25%
Secondhand smoke 528 0.89%
Low physical activity 401 0.68%
Diet low in fruits 1843 3.1%
Diet low in vegetables 2051 3.45%
Unsafe sex 7055 11.88%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6374 10.74%
Household air pollution 913 1.54%
Outdoor air pollution 2820 4.75%
High total cholesterol 3165 5.33%
High blood pressure 5388 9.07%
High blood sugar 3947 6.65%


Thailand - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Low bone mineral density 1010 0.71%
Drug use 2638 1.85%
Alcohol use 18259 12.78%
No access to handwashing facility 634 0.44%
Poor sanitation 54 0.04%
Unsafe sex 3326 2.33%
Smoking 28175 19.73%
Secondhand smoke 1912 1.34%
Unsafe water source 569 0.4%
Diet low in vegetables 4609 3.23%
Diet low in fruits 3250 2.28%
Low physical activity 1948 1.36%
Outdoor air pollution 8222 5.76%
Household air pollution 2697 1.89%
High body-mass index (obesity) 18391 12.88%
High blood sugar 18540 12.98%
High total cholesterol 8826 6.18%
High blood pressure 19765 13.84%


Thailand - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0%
Low bone mineral density 1749 0.92%
Drug use 969 0.51%
Alcohol use 14096 7.42%
Smoking 38198 20.1%
Secondhand smoke 3998 2.1%
Household air pollution 5001 2.63%
Outdoor air pollution 14301 7.53%
No access to handwashing facility 1773 0.93%
Poor sanitation 168 0.09%
Unsafe water source 1761 0.93%
Unsafe sex 1199 0.63%
Low physical activity 5035 2.65%
Diet low in vegetables 5889 3.1%
Diet low in fruits 3287 1.73%
High cholesterol 13163 6.93%
High blood pressure 35899 18.89%
High blood sugar 30074 15.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 13445 7.08%


Thailand - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 22929 | Deaths : 12380 53.99%
Breast cancer Patients : 67618 | Deaths : 5380 7.96%
Larynx cancer Patients : 6774 | Deaths : 1299 19.18%
Kidney cancer Patients : 7552 | Deaths : 746 9.88%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 8769 | Deaths : 518 5.91%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 10279 | Deaths : 1711 16.65%
Stomach cancer Patients : 6717 | Deaths : 4188 62.35%
Uterine cancer Patients : 7642 | Deaths : 527 6.9%
Bladder cancer Patients : 13081 | Deaths : 1542 11.79%
Cervical cancer Patients : 31858 | Deaths : 3470 10.89%
Prostate cancer Patients : 24572 | Deaths : 2597 10.57%
Testicular cancer Patients : 955 | Deaths : 40 4.19%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 3226 | Deaths : 2299 71.26%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 3086 | Deaths : 2774 89.89%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 6404 | Deaths : 1314 20.52%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 45461 | Deaths : 8371 18.41%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 904 | Deaths : 520 57.52%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 22852 | Deaths : 2945 12.89%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 5819 | Deaths : 2490 42.79%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 22236 | Deaths : 4858 21.85%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 4117 | Deaths : 612 14.87%


Thailand - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 773 0.28%
5-14 year olds 775 0.28%
15-49 year olds 53553 19.13%
50-69 year olds 130134 46.49%
70+ year olds 94674 33.82%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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