Tajikistan Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Tajikistan Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Tajikistan

CONTENT


Causes of death across Tajikistan are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Tajikistan.

Highlights of Tajikistan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Tajikistan gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 45.36%45.36%
    • Fat : 17.56%17.56%
    • Plant protein : 5.44%5.44%
    • Animal protein : 2.75%2.75%
  • 28.89% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Tajikistan gets 2201/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 3095/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Tajikistan
  • Wheat, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Tajikistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Tajikistan average intake is 468.47 grams
  • Grapes, Apples and Lemons & Limes are three major Fruit Types Intake in Tajikistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Tajikistan average Fruit intake is 90.99grams
  • In Tajikistan, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 41.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Tajikistan is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Tajikistan
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1045
2Maize70
3Rice69
4Barley36
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Tajikistan

Diet Compositions in Tajikistan
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1221
2Oils & Fats251
3Sugar185
4Meat161
5Fruits & Vegetables157
6Dairy & Eggs103
7Starchy Roots66
8Other30
9Pulses21
10Alcoholic Beverages6

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Tajikistan with 15969 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 41% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Lower respiratory infections and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Tajikistan.
    Major Cause of Death in Tajikistan
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 12955 deaths (year 2016).
  • 39.11% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Lower respiratory infections, Drowning and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 52% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Tajikistan (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Tajikistan - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Tajikistan are High blood pressure, Outdoor air pollution and High cholesterol. Every year around 606 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High total cholesterol are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High total cholesterol are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Tajikistan (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.17% of Tajikistan population was suffering from cancer i.e. 7129 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 632) and Esophageal cancer was also concerning with 390 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 6% of survival chance.Tajikistan was really successful in diagnosing Non-melanoma skin cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3312 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 939 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 632 people were dead. This means 67.31% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Tajikistan and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Tajikistan :
  • 0.17 % of Tajikistan population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Non-melanoma skin cancer was most cured cancer in Tajikistan
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Tajikistan

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Tajikistan (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 655 1.67%
Cardiovascular diseases 15969 40.8%
Kidney disease 569 1.45%
Respiratory disease 1551 3.96%
Liver disease 1353 3.46%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1755 4.48%
Digestive disease 585 1.49%
Hepatitis 117 0.3%
Cancers 3655 9.34%
Parkinson's disease 92 0.24%
Fire 307 0.78%
Malaria 4 0.01%
Drowning 795 2.03%
Homicide 239 0.61%
HIV/AIDS 48 0.12%
Drug disorder 176 0.45%
Tuberculosis 417 1.07%
Road incidents 613 1.57%
Maternal deaths 90 0.23%
Neonatal deaths 3449 8.81%
Alcohol disorder 152 0.39%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1205 3.08%
Dementia 655 1.67%
Drowning 795 2.03%
Diarrheal diseases 1205 3.08%
Liver disease 1353 3.46%
Respiratory disease 1551 3.96%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1755 4.48%
Neonatal deaths 3449 8.81%
Cancers 3655 9.34%
Lower respiratory infections 4221.02793806 10.79%
Cardiovascular diseases 15969 40.8%


Tajikistan - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 6 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 61 0.69%
Diarrheal diseases 61 0.69%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 4 0.05%
Drowning 1009 11.44%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Fire 3449 39.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 17 0.19%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.06%
Cancers 1 0.01%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 172 1.95%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Road accidents 79 0.9%
Kidney disease 60 0.68%
Cardiovascular disease 29 0.33%
Liver disease 107 1.21%
Homicide 55 0.62%
Tuberculosis 6 0.07%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 15 0.17%
HIV/AIDS 7 0.08%
Malaria 716 8.12%
Drug use disorders 2718 30.82%
Measles 0 0%
Natural disasters 242 2.74%


Tajikistan - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 10 1.11%
Homicide 7 0.78%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.56%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.45%
Diarrheal diseases 49 5.46%
Road accidents 67 7.46%
Tuberculosis 5 0.56%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 163 18.15%
Malaria 2 0.22%
Fire 26 2.9%
Cancers 102 11.36%
Hepatitis 15 1.67%
Digestive diseases 18 2%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 56 6.24%
Liver disease 25 2.78%
Respiratory disease 10 1.11%
Kidney disease 23 2.56%
Cardiovascular disease 14 1.56%
Lower respiratory infections 296 32.96%


Tajikistan - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 304 4.48%
Homicide 198 2.92%
Nutritional deficiencies 25 0.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 8 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 42 0.62%
Diarrheal diseases 82 1.21%
Road accidents 414 6.11%
Tuberculosis 276 4.07%
HIV/AIDS 39 0.58%
Drowning 389 5.74%
Malaria 1 0.01%
Fire 147 2.17%
Cancers 953 14.06%
Hepatitis 48 0.71%
Digestive diseases 187 2.76%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 546 8.05%
Liver disease 475 7.01%
Respiratory disease 228 3.36%
Kidney disease 236 3.48%
Cardiovascular disease 1463 21.58%
Drug disorder 122 1.8%
Alcohol disorder 89 1.31%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 1 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 505 7.45%


Tajikistan - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 67 0.67%
Homicide 24 0.24%
Nutritional deficiencies 13 0.13%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 21 0.21%
Diarrheal diseases 37 0.37%
Road accidents 91 0.91%
Tuberculosis 104 1.04%
HIV/AIDS 8 0.08%
Drowning 59 0.59%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 42 0.42%
Cancers 1664 16.56%
Hepatitis 17 0.17%
Digestive diseases 172 1.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 724 7.21%
Liver disease 577 5.74%
Respiratory disease 492 4.9%
Kidney disease 175 1.74%
Cardiovascular diseases 5271 52.47%
Dementia 49 0.49%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.11%
Drug disorder 43 0.43%
Alcohol disorder 56 0.56%
Lower respiratory infections 323 3.22%


Tajikistan - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 15 0.12%
Homicide 4 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 29 0.22%
Road accidents 23 0.18%
Tuberculosis 27 0.21%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 13 0.1%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 14 0.11%
Cancers 876 6.75%
Hepatitis 7 0.05%
Digestive diseases 101 0.78%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 373 2.87%
Liver disease 269 2.07%
Respiratory disease 811 6.24%
Kidney disease 121 0.93%
Cardiovascular disease 9214 70.95%
Parkinson's disease 80 0.62%
Dementia 605 4.66%
Drug use disorders 10 0.08%
Alcohol use disorders 7 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 378 2.91%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Tajikistan
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 606 1.41%
Poor sanitation 677 1.58%
No access to handwashing facility 425 0.99%
Household air pollution 2802 6.53%
Outdoor air pollution 4651 10.83%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 503 1.17%
Discontinued breastfeeding 27 0.06%
Child wasting 2581 6.01%
Child stunting 461 1.07%
Low birth weight 1746 4.07%
Secondhand smoke 656 1.53%
Alcohol use 98 0.23%
Drug use 459 1.07%
Diet low in fruits 2926 6.82%
Diet low in vegetables 969 2.26%
Unsafe sex 120 0.28%
Low physical activity 1223 2.85%
High blood sugar 2695 6.28%
High cholesterol 4530 10.55%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4026 9.38%
High blood pressure 9541 22.23%
Smoking 1076 2.51%
Iron deficiency 13 0.03%
Zinc deficiency 62 0.14%
Vitamin-A deficiency 4 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 51 0.12%


Tajikistan - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 27 0.32%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 503 5.99%
Child stunting 461 5.49%
Low birth weight 1746 20.78%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 317 3.77%
Secondhand smoke 163 1.94%
Poor sanitation 567 6.75%
Unsafe water source 507 6.03%
Household air pollution 620 7.38%
Outdoor air pollution 911 10.84%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.01%
Child wasting 2581 30.71%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Tajikistan - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 23 8.13%
Unsafe water source 25 8.83%
Unsafe sex 1 0.35%
Iron deficiency 11 3.89%
Secondhand smoke 15 5.3%
Household air pollution 71 25.09%
Outdoor air pollution 99 34.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 9 3.18%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 28 9.89%
Iron deficiency 1 0.35%


Tajikistan - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 11 0.22%
Low bone mineral density 8 0.16%
Drug use 254 5.04%
Alcohol use 359 7.12%
No access to handwashing facility 39 0.77%
Unsafe water source 41 0.81%
Poor sanitation 46 0.91%
Smoking 261 5.18%
Secondhand smoke 66 1.31%
Low physical activity 66 1.31%
Diet low in fruits 411 8.15%
Diet low in vegetables 121 2.4%
Unsafe sex 55 1.09%
High body-mass index (obesity) 678 13.44%
Household air pollution 360 7.14%
Outdoor air pollution 571 11.32%
High total cholesterol 572 11.34%
High blood pressure 800 15.86%
High blood sugar 324 6.42%


Tajikistan - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 20 0.14%
Drug use 173 1.24%
Alcohol use 69 0.49%
No access to handwashing facility 22 0.16%
Poor sanitation 21 0.15%
Unsafe sex 50 0.36%
Smoking 628 4.5%
Secondhand smoke 198 1.42%
Unsafe water source 18 0.13%
Diet low in vegetables 353 2.53%
Diet low in fruits 1290 9.24%
Low physical activity 336 2.41%
Outdoor air pollution 1417 10.15%
Household air pollution 827 5.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2054 14.71%
High blood sugar 1137 8.14%
High total cholesterol 1800 12.89%
High blood pressure 3553 25.44%


Tajikistan - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 23 0.15%
Drug use 31 0.2%
Alcohol use -331 -2.18%
Smoking 188 1.24%
Secondhand smoke 214 1.41%
Household air pollution 923 6.08%
Outdoor air pollution 1651 10.88%
No access to handwashing facility 23 0.15%
Poor sanitation 16 0.11%
Unsafe water source 15 0.1%
Unsafe sex 14 0.09%
Low physical activity 821 5.41%
Diet low in vegetables 495 3.26%
Diet low in fruits 1226 8.08%
High cholesterol 2157 14.22%
High blood pressure 5187 34.19%
High blood sugar 1224 8.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1294 8.53%


Tajikistan - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 279 | Deaths : 102 36.56%
Breast cancer Patients : 1868 | Deaths : 206 11.03%
Larynx cancer Patients : 108 | Deaths : 30 27.78%
Kidney cancer Patients : 593 | Deaths : 57 9.61%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 137 | Deaths : 13 9.49%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 441 | Deaths : 88 19.95%
Stomach cancer Patients : 939 | Deaths : 632 67.31%
Uterine cancer Patients : 357 | Deaths : 38 10.64%
Bladder cancer Patients : 337 | Deaths : 61 18.1%
Cervical cancer Patients : 650 | Deaths : 83 12.77%
Prostate cancer Patients : 419 | Deaths : 90 21.48%
Testicular cancer Patients : 75 | Deaths : 9 12%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 137 | Deaths : 103 75.18%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 413 | Deaths : 390 94.43%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 93 | Deaths : 17 18.28%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 775 | Deaths : 216 27.87%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 982 | Deaths : 24 2.44%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 383 | Deaths : 59 15.4%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 526 | Deaths : 203 38.59%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 334 | Deaths : 49 14.67%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 28 80%


Tajikistan - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 199 2.79%
5-14 year olds 235 3.3%
15-49 year olds 1635 22.94%
50-69 year olds 3312 46.46%
70+ year olds 1747 24.51%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->