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Sudan Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Sudan

CONTENT


Causes of death across Sudan are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Sudan.

Highlights of Sudan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Dairy & Eggs are three major diet compositions in Sudan
  • Sorghum, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Sudan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Sudan average intake is 229.67 grams
  • Bananas, Dates and Lemons & Limes are three major Fruit Types Intake in Sudan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Sudan average Fruit intake is 216.33grams
  • In Sudan, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • Average Male BMI in Sudan is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Sudan
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Sorghum588
2Wheat197
3Rice14
4Maize4
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Sudan

Diet Compositions in Sudan
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains877
2Sugar350
3Dairy & Eggs319
4Oils & Fats236
5Fruits & Vegetables199
6Meat155
7Pulses105
8Starchy Roots48
9Other26
10Alcoholic Beverages21

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Sudan with 65565 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 34% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Neonatal deaths and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Sudan.
    Major Cause of Death in Sudan
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 58051 deaths (year 2016).
  • 37.39% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 49% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Sudan (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Sudan - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Sudan are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 3935 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High total cholesterol are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Sudan (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.19% of Sudan population was suffering from cancer i.e. 37805 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 1932) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 1443 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 2% of survival chance.Sudan was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 90% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 14114 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 15590 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 1932 people were dead. This means 12.39% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Sudan and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Sudan :
  • 0.19 % of Sudan population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Sudan
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Sudan

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Sudan (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 4164 2.15%
Cardiovascular diseases 65565 33.86%
Kidney disease 5826 3.01%
Respiratory disease 7063 3.65%
Liver disease 3776 1.95%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 12555 6.48%
Digestive disease 2724 1.41%
Hepatitis 213 0.11%
Cancers 16898 8.73%
Parkinson's disease 349 0.18%
Fire 1228 0.63%
Malaria 2640 1.36%
Drowning 1854 0.96%
Homicide 579 0.3%
HIV/AIDS 2799 1.45%
Drug disorder 252 0.13%
Tuberculosis 4808 2.48%
Road incidents 14901 7.7%
Maternal deaths 2874 1.48%
Neonatal deaths 18858 9.74%
Alcohol disorder 133 0.07%
Natural disasters 111 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 5471 2.83%
Tuberculosis 4808 2.48%
Diarrheal diseases 5471 2.83%
Kidney disease 5826 3.01%
Respiratory disease 7063 3.65%
Lower respiratory infections 11154.7107241 5.76%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 12555 6.48%
Road incidents 14901 7.7%
Cancers 16898 8.73%
Neonatal deaths 18858 9.74%
Cardiovascular diseases 65565 33.86%


Sudan - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 37 0.07%
Congenital birth defects 251 0.5%
Lower respiratory infections 258 0.51%
Diarrheal diseases 14 0.03%
Road accidents 37 0.07%
Neonatal infections 3406 6.75%
Malaria 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 18858 37.39%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1657 3.29%
Drowning 116 0.23%
Cancers 59 0.12%
Digestive diseases 543 1.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 1501 2.98%
Fire 257 0.51%
Protein-energy malnutrition 276 0.55%
Kidney disease 36 0.07%
Liver disease 270 0.54%
Tuberculosis 735 1.46%
Measles 117 0.23%
HIV/AIDS 185 0.37%
Homicide 1060 2.1%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13200 26.17%
Hepatitis 5912 11.72%
Natural disasters 65 0.13%
Drug use disorders 1581 3.13%


Sudan - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 39 0.61%
Homicide 45 0.7%
Nutritional deficiencies 47 0.73%
Protein-energy malnutrition 33 0.51%
Natural disasters 23 0.36%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 37 0.58%
Diarrheal diseases 269 4.19%
Road accidents 2060 32.1%
Tuberculosis 154 2.4%
HIV/AIDS 92 1.43%
Drowning 501 7.81%
Malaria 273 4.25%
Fire 182 2.84%
Cancers 621 9.68%
Hepatitis 17 0.26%
Digestive diseases 103 1.61%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 440 6.86%
Liver disease 89 1.39%
Respiratory disease 142 2.21%
Kidney disease 154 2.4%
Cardiovascular disease 646 10.07%
Lower respiratory infections 450 7.01%


Sudan - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1457 3.87%
Homicide 450 1.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 58 0.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 39 0.1%
Natural disasters 55 0.15%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 113 0.3%
Diarrheal diseases 377 1%
Road accidents 8851 23.49%
Tuberculosis 1644 4.36%
HIV/AIDS 2149 5.7%
Drowning 685 1.82%
Malaria 438 1.16%
Fire 549 1.46%
Cancers 4053 10.76%
Hepatitis 69 0.18%
Digestive diseases 484 1.28%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1928 5.12%
Liver disease 882 2.34%
Respiratory disease 942 2.5%
Kidney disease 975 2.59%
Cardiovascular disease 10272 27.26%
Drug disorder 186 0.49%
Alcohol disorder 85 0.23%
Parkinson's disease 6 0.02%
Dementia 10 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 926 2.46%


Sudan - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 196 0.41%
Homicide 40 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 31 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 23 0.05%
Natural disasters 13 0.03%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 48 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 323 0.68%
Road accidents 1729 3.62%
Tuberculosis 1286 2.7%
HIV/AIDS 456 0.96%
Drowning 100 0.21%
Malaria 255 0.53%
Fire 137 0.29%
Cancers 6752 14.15%
Hepatitis 67 0.14%
Digestive diseases 757 1.59%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4129 8.65%
Liver disease 1611 3.38%
Respiratory disease 2353 4.93%
Kidney disease 2040 4.28%
Cardiovascular diseases 23432 49.11%
Dementia 500 1.05%
Parkinson's disease 50 0.1%
Drug disorder 41 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 39 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 1302 2.73%


Sudan - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 54 0.09%
Homicide 8 0.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 91 0.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 77 0.13%
Natural disasters 5 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 1096 1.85%
Road accidents 604 1.02%
Tuberculosis 1608 2.72%
HIV/AIDS 43 0.07%
Drowning 24 0.04%
Malaria 173 0.29%
Fire 102 0.17%
Cancers 5196 8.77%
Hepatitis 25 0.04%
Digestive diseases 1110 1.87%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5323 8.99%
Liver disease 1077 1.82%
Respiratory disease 3414 5.76%
Kidney disease 2473 4.18%
Cardiovascular disease 30155 50.92%
Parkinson's disease 293 0.49%
Dementia 3654 6.17%
Drug use disorders 25 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 9 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 2565 4.33%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Sudan
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 3935 1.7%
Poor sanitation 3552 1.53%
No access to handwashing facility 3365 1.45%
Household air pollution 17609 7.6%
Outdoor air pollution 19046 8.22%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1044 0.45%
Discontinued breastfeeding 41 0.02%
Child wasting 7279 3.14%
Child stunting 1235 0.53%
Low birth weight 11858 5.12%
Secondhand smoke 617 0.27%
Alcohol use 6508 2.81%
Drug use 1421 0.61%
Diet low in fruits 10865 4.69%
Diet low in vegetables 9049 3.91%
Unsafe sex 2372 1.02%
Low physical activity 6835 2.95%
High blood sugar 25474 10.99%
High cholesterol 18973 8.19%
High body-mass index (obesity) 23391 10.09%
High blood pressure 43255 18.67%
Smoking 12435 5.37%
Iron deficiency 262 0.11%
Zinc deficiency 331 0.14%
Vitamin-A deficiency 227 0.1%
Low bone mineral density 749 0.32%


Sudan - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 41 0.13%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1044 3.2%
Child stunting 1235 3.79%
Low birth weight 11858 36.38%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1974 6.06%
Secondhand smoke 18 0.06%
Poor sanitation 2212 6.79%
Unsafe water source 2462 7.55%
Household air pollution 2175 6.67%
Outdoor air pollution 2212 6.79%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12 0.04%
High blood pressure 3 0.01%
High blood sugar 66 0.2%
Child wasting 7279 22.33%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Sudan - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 5 0.41%
No access to handwashing facility 153 12.62%
Unsafe water source 192 15.84%
Unsafe sex 18 1.49%
Iron deficiency 256 21.12%
Secondhand smoke 2 0.17%
Household air pollution 172 14.19%
Outdoor air pollution 168 13.86%
High body-mass index (obesity) 9 0.74%
High blood sugar 53 4.37%
High blood pressure 5 0.41%
Poor sanitation 175 14.44%
Iron deficiency 4 0.33%


Sudan - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 256 0.65%
Low bone mineral density 135 0.35%
Drug use 917 2.34%
Alcohol use 2412 6.17%
No access to handwashing facility 250 0.64%
Unsafe water source 268 0.69%
Poor sanitation 245 0.63%
Smoking 3059 7.82%
Secondhand smoke 78 0.2%
Low physical activity 821 2.1%
Diet low in fruits 2653 6.78%
Diet low in vegetables 2125 5.43%
Unsafe sex 1756 4.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5266 13.46%
Household air pollution 3080 7.87%
Outdoor air pollution 3337 8.53%
High total cholesterol 4084 10.44%
High blood pressure 6277 16.05%
High blood sugar 2101 5.37%


Sudan - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 283 0.35%
Drug use 427 0.53%
Alcohol use 2520 3.14%
No access to handwashing facility 274 0.34%
Poor sanitation 209 0.26%
Unsafe sex 491 0.61%
Smoking 5914 7.37%
Secondhand smoke 231 0.29%
Unsafe water source 230 0.29%
Diet low in vegetables 3753 4.68%
Diet low in fruits 4545 5.67%
Low physical activity 2503 3.12%
Outdoor air pollution 6744 8.41%
Household air pollution 6159 7.68%
High body-mass index (obesity) 10767 13.43%
High blood sugar 9450 11.78%
High total cholesterol 8315 10.37%
High blood pressure 17376 21.67%


Sudan - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 331 0.42%
Drug use 77 0.1%
Alcohol use 1571 2.01%
Smoking 3463 4.42%
Secondhand smoke 288 0.37%
Household air pollution 6023 7.69%
Outdoor air pollution 6584 8.41%
No access to handwashing facility 713 0.91%
Poor sanitation 711 0.91%
Unsafe water source 783 1%
Unsafe sex 106 0.14%
Low physical activity 3511 4.48%
Diet low in vegetables 3172 4.05%
Diet low in fruits 3668 4.68%
High cholesterol 6574 8.39%
High blood pressure 19594 25.02%
High blood sugar 13804 17.63%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7336 9.37%


Sudan - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1871 | Deaths : 779 41.64%
Breast cancer Patients : 15590 | Deaths : 1932 12.39%
Larynx cancer Patients : 638 | Deaths : 200 31.35%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1618 | Deaths : 164 10.14%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1112 | Deaths : 136 12.23%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1189 | Deaths : 266 22.37%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1945 | Deaths : 1353 69.56%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1404 | Deaths : 200 14.25%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1873 | Deaths : 399 21.3%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2741 | Deaths : 339 12.37%
Prostate cancer Patients : 2553 | Deaths : 629 24.64%
Testicular cancer Patients : 231 | Deaths : 34 14.72%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 557 | Deaths : 383 68.76%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 353 | Deaths : 346 98.02%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 526 | Deaths : 103 19.58%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 4718 | Deaths : 1443 30.58%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 231 | Deaths : 73 31.6%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1065 | Deaths : 158 14.84%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1919 | Deaths : 772 40.23%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 2038 | Deaths : 271 13.3%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 190 | Deaths : 80 42.11%


Sudan - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1340 3.54%
5-14 year olds 1127 2.98%
15-49 year olds 12369 32.72%
50-69 year olds 14114 37.33%
70+ year olds 8855 23.42%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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