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Sri Lanka Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Sri Lanka

CONTENT


Causes of death across Sri Lanka are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Sri Lanka.

Highlights of Sri Lanka BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Sri Lanka gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 89.33%89.33%
    • Fat : 21.57%21.57%
    • Plant protein : 8.37%8.37%
    • Animal protein : 3.15%3.15%
  • 22.42% increase in caloric supply : Currently Sri Lanka gets 2539/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2074/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Sri Lanka
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Sri Lanka
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Sri Lanka average intake is 126.68 grams
  • Plantains, Pineapples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Sri Lanka
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Sri Lanka average Fruit intake is 99.04grams
  • In Sri Lanka, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 24.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Sri Lanka is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Sri Lanka
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1062
2Wheat260
3Maize45
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Sri Lanka

Diet Compositions in Sri Lanka
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1370
2Oils & Fats388
3Sugar294
4Fruits & Vegetables113
5Pulses87
6Meat81
8Starchy Roots68
9Other47
10Alcoholic Beverages10

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Sri Lanka with 42376 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 35% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Sri Lanka.
    Major Cause of Death in Sri Lanka
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 63563 deaths (year 2016).
  • 51.51% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Drowning and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Suicide, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 35% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Sri Lanka (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Sri Lanka - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Sri Lanka are High blood sugar, High blood pressure and High cholesterol. Every year around 319 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High blood pressure and High blood sugar are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High total cholesterol are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Sri Lanka (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.23% of Sri Lanka population was suffering from cancer i.e. 46673 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 1134) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 1003 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 5% of survival chance.Sri Lanka was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 95% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 23985 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 12049 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 1134 people were dead. This means 9.41% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Sri Lanka and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Sri Lanka :
  • 0.23 % of Sri Lanka population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Sri Lanka
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Sri Lanka

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Sri Lanka (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 6680 5.5%
Cardiovascular diseases 42376 34.91%
Kidney disease 4476 3.69%
Respiratory disease 10418 8.58%
Liver disease 4708 3.88%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 16949 13.96%
Digestive disease 1172 0.97%
Hepatitis 16 0.01%
Cancers 15359 12.65%
Parkinson's disease 558 0.46%
Fire 415 0.34%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 1102 0.91%
Homicide 1000 0.82%
HIV/AIDS 59 0.05%
Drug disorder 115 0.09%
Tuberculosis 673 0.55%
Road incidents 2954 2.43%
Maternal deaths 96 0.08%
Neonatal deaths 953 0.79%
Alcohol disorder 319 0.26%
Natural disasters 71 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 541 0.45%
Road incidents 2954 2.43%
Lower respiratory infections 4155.20052882 3.42%
Kidney disease 4476 3.69%
Liver disease 4708 3.88%
Suicide 4977 4.1%
Dementia 6680 5.5%
Respiratory disease 10418 8.58%
Cancers 15359 12.65%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 16949 13.96%
Cardiovascular diseases 42376 34.91%


Sri Lanka - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 8 0.43%
Congenital birth defects 4 0.22%
Neonatal infections 5 0.27%
Lower respiratory infections 4 0.22%
Cancers 1 0.05%
Cardiovascular disease 19 1.03%
Drowning 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 953 51.51%
Diarrheal diseases 15 0.81%
Road accidents 1 0.05%
Fire 1 0.05%
Digestive diseases 30 1.62%
Homicide 0 0%
Kidney disease 12 0.65%
Liver disease 50 2.7%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.49%
Natural disasters 29 1.57%
Measles 6 0.32%
HIV/AIDS 8 0.43%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 41 2.22%
Tuberculosis 385 20.81%
Hepatitis 112 6.05%
Drug use disorders 2 0.11%
Malaria 155 8.38%


Sri Lanka - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 29 5.17%
Homicide 21 3.74%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.53%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.36%
Natural disasters 9 1.6%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.18%
Diarrheal diseases 11 1.96%
Road accidents 60 10.7%
Tuberculosis 1 0.18%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 83 14.8%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 15 2.67%
Cancers 117 20.86%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 9 1.6%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 38 6.77%
Liver disease 16 2.85%
Respiratory disease 19 3.39%
Kidney disease 16 2.85%
Cardiovascular disease 49 8.73%
Lower respiratory infections 62 11.05%


Sri Lanka - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2801 19.66%
Homicide 704 4.94%
Nutritional deficiencies 12 0.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.06%
Natural disasters 32 0.22%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 39 0.27%
Road accidents 1143 8.02%
Tuberculosis 117 0.82%
HIV/AIDS 42 0.29%
Drowning 559 3.92%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 164 1.15%
Cancers 1818 12.76%
Hepatitis 4 0.03%
Digestive diseases 142 1%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1129 7.93%
Liver disease 1323 9.29%
Respiratory disease 433 3.04%
Kidney disease 474 3.33%
Cardiovascular disease 2608 18.31%
Drug disorder 65 0.46%
Alcohol disorder 124 0.87%
Parkinson's disease 7 0.05%
Dementia 8 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 472 3.31%


Sri Lanka - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1394 3.47%
Homicide 207 0.51%
Nutritional deficiencies 39 0.1%
Protein-energy malnutrition 34 0.08%
Natural disasters 18 0.04%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 22 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 112 0.28%
Road accidents 906 2.25%
Tuberculosis 306 0.76%
HIV/AIDS 15 0.04%
Drowning 270 0.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 100 0.25%
Cancers 7252 18.04%
Hepatitis 7 0.02%
Digestive diseases 377 0.94%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5921 14.73%
Liver disease 2359 5.87%
Respiratory disease 3131 7.79%
Kidney disease 1573 3.91%
Cardiovascular diseases 13948 34.69%
Dementia 627 1.56%
Parkinson's disease 82 0.2%
Drug disorder 34 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 155 0.39%
Lower respiratory infections 1315 3.27%


Sri Lanka - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 753 1.17%
Homicide 59 0.09%
Nutritional deficiencies 114 0.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 101 0.16%
Natural disasters 9 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 360 0.56%
Road accidents 831 1.3%
Tuberculosis 247 0.39%
HIV/AIDS 1 0%
Drowning 159 0.25%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 124 0.19%
Cancers 6121 9.55%
Hepatitis 4 0.01%
Digestive diseases 635 0.99%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9831 15.34%
Liver disease 1005 1.57%
Respiratory disease 6824 10.65%
Kidney disease 2406 3.75%
Cardiovascular disease 25730 40.15%
Parkinson's disease 468 0.73%
Dementia 6045 9.43%
Drug use disorders 16 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 40 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 2194 3.42%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Sri Lanka
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 319 0.24%
Poor sanitation 234 0.17%
No access to handwashing facility 207 0.15%
Household air pollution 7706 5.69%
Outdoor air pollution 7330 5.41%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 11 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 97 0.07%
Child stunting 11 0.01%
Low birth weight 502 0.37%
Secondhand smoke 2474 1.83%
Alcohol use 7579 5.6%
Drug use 605 0.45%
Diet low in fruits 7276 5.37%
Diet low in vegetables 5695 4.21%
Unsafe sex 443 0.33%
Low physical activity 3423 2.53%
High blood sugar 28173 20.8%
High cholesterol 12974 9.58%
High body-mass index (obesity) 11544 8.52%
High blood pressure 27700 20.45%
Smoking 9747 7.2%
Iron deficiency 8 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 2 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 1364 1.01%


Sri Lanka - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 11 1.54%
Child stunting 11 1.54%
Low birth weight 502 70.41%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 6 0.84%
Secondhand smoke 10 1.4%
Poor sanitation 8 1.12%
Unsafe water source 11 1.54%
Household air pollution 32 4.49%
Outdoor air pollution 23 3.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.14%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.14%
Child wasting 97 13.6%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Sri Lanka - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 3.03%
No access to handwashing facility 3 4.55%
Unsafe water source 6 9.09%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 6 9.09%
Secondhand smoke 5 7.58%
Household air pollution 19 28.79%
Outdoor air pollution 13 19.7%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 1.52%
High blood sugar 5 7.58%
High blood pressure 1 1.52%
Poor sanitation 5 7.58%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Sri Lanka - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 6 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 51 0.46%
Drug use 388 3.48%
Alcohol use 1931 17.34%
No access to handwashing facility 21 0.19%
Unsafe water source 23 0.21%
Poor sanitation 17 0.15%
Smoking 907 8.15%
Secondhand smoke 140 1.26%
Low physical activity 115 1.03%
Diet low in fruits 675 6.06%
Diet low in vegetables 520 4.67%
Unsafe sex 110 0.99%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1101 9.89%
Household air pollution 644 5.78%
Outdoor air pollution 610 5.48%
High total cholesterol 1115 10.01%
High blood pressure 1642 14.75%
High blood sugar 1119 10.05%


Sri Lanka - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 289 0.55%
Drug use 176 0.34%
Alcohol use 3345 6.4%
No access to handwashing facility 58 0.11%
Poor sanitation 48 0.09%
Unsafe sex 206 0.39%
Smoking 4680 8.96%
Secondhand smoke 809 1.55%
Unsafe water source 66 0.13%
Diet low in vegetables 2300 4.4%
Diet low in fruits 3069 5.88%
Low physical activity 1017 1.95%
Outdoor air pollution 2872 5.5%
Household air pollution 2962 5.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5096 9.76%
High blood sugar 10010 19.16%
High total cholesterol 5160 9.88%
High blood pressure 10070 19.28%


Sri Lanka - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1024 1.44%
Drug use 41 0.06%
Alcohol use 2302 3.23%
Smoking 4161 5.84%
Secondhand smoke 1509 2.12%
Household air pollution 4049 5.68%
Outdoor air pollution 3811 5.35%
No access to handwashing facility 120 0.17%
Poor sanitation 156 0.22%
Unsafe water source 212 0.3%
Unsafe sex 126 0.18%
Low physical activity 2292 3.22%
Diet low in vegetables 2876 4.03%
Diet low in fruits 3532 4.96%
High cholesterol 6698 9.4%
High blood pressure 15987 22.43%
High blood sugar 17037 23.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5345 7.5%


Sri Lanka - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 694 | Deaths : 249 35.88%
Breast cancer Patients : 12049 | Deaths : 1134 9.41%
Larynx cancer Patients : 726 | Deaths : 155 21.35%
Kidney cancer Patients : 4361 | Deaths : 481 11.03%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 2278 | Deaths : 120 5.27%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 2008 | Deaths : 357 17.78%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1422 | Deaths : 996 70.04%
Uterine cancer Patients : 2045 | Deaths : 180 8.8%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2008 | Deaths : 254 12.65%
Cervical cancer Patients : 3067 | Deaths : 371 12.1%
Prostate cancer Patients : 4519 | Deaths : 547 12.1%
Testicular cancer Patients : 424 | Deaths : 22 5.19%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 637 | Deaths : 429 67.35%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 1051 | Deaths : 997 94.86%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 1056 | Deaths : 279 26.42%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 4822 | Deaths : 1003 20.8%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 250 | Deaths : 98 39.2%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 7016 | Deaths : 988 14.08%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1115 | Deaths : 501 44.93%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1551 | Deaths : 381 24.56%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 365 | Deaths : 299 81.92%


Sri Lanka - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 270 0.58%
5-14 year olds 320 0.69%
15-49 year olds 7021 15.04%
50-69 year olds 23985 51.39%
70+ year olds 15079 32.31%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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