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Sri Lanka Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 20.19 21.084 21.47
Global Rank 58th 58th 66th
Global Population Share 0.29% 0.27% 0.251%
Global Population Density 308.97 328.7 335.98
Global Population Density Rank 82nd 84th 86th
Average Life Expectancy 74.35 76.08 77.92
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 79th 85th 83rd
Fertility Rate 2.2 1.99 1.88
Fertility Rate Global Rank 116th 117th 118th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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Sri Lanka Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 8 0.43%
Congenital birth defects 4 0.22%
Neonatal infections 5 0.27%
Lower respiratory infections 4 0.22%
Cancers 1 0.05%
Cardiovascular disease 19 1.03%
Drowning 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 953 51.51%
Diarrheal diseases 15 0.81%
Road accidents 1 0.05%
Fire 1 0.05%
Digestive diseases 30 1.62%
Homicide 0 0%
Kidney disease 12 0.65%

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Highlights of Sri Lanka BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Sri Lanka gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 89.33%89.33%
    • Fat : 21.57%21.57%
    • Plant protein : 8.37%8.37%
    • Animal protein : 3.15%3.15%
  • 22.42% increase in caloric supply : Currently Sri Lanka gets 2539/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2074/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Sri Lanka
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Sri Lanka
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Sri Lanka average intake is 126.68 grams
  • Plantains, Pineapples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Sri Lanka
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Sri Lanka average Fruit intake is 99.04grams
  • In Sri Lanka, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 24.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Sri Lanka is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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