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Saint Lucia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Saint Lucia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Saint Lucia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Saint Lucia.

Highlights of Saint Lucia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Saint Lucia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 91.13%91.13%
    • Fat : 42.29%42.29%
    • Animal protein : 12.00%12.00%
    • Plant protein : 8.32%8.32%
  • 53.73% increase in caloric supply : Currently Saint Lucia gets 2595/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1688/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Saint Lucia
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Saint Lucia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Saint Lucia average intake is 84.11 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Grapefruit are three major Fruit Types Intake in Saint Lucia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Saint Lucia average Fruit intake is 240.74grams
  • In Saint Lucia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 48.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Saint Lucia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Saint Lucia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat676
2Rice115
3Maize23
4Oats15
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Saint Lucia

Diet Compositions in Saint Lucia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains830
2Meat527
3Sugar375
4Oils & Fats222
5Dairy & Eggs165
6Fruits & Vegetables123
7Alcoholic Beverages119
8Pulses98
9Other70
10Starchy Roots66

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Saint Lucia with 384 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 33% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Saint Lucia.
    Major Cause of Death in Saint Lucia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 631 deaths (year 2016).
  • 64.52% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Homicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 32% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Saint Lucia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Saint Lucia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Saint Lucia are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 2 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Saint Lucia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.63% of Saint Lucia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 1122 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 46) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 20 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancerGallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 0% of survival chance.Saint Lucia was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 100% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 464 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 384 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 46 people were dead. This means 11.98% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Saint Lucia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Saint Lucia :
  • 0.63 % of Saint Lucia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Saint Lucia
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Saint Lucia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Saint Lucia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 57 4.82%
Cardiovascular diseases 384 32.46%
Kidney disease 48 4.06%
Respiratory disease 42 3.55%
Liver disease 29 2.45%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 176 14.88%
Digestive disease 19 1.61%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Cancers 234 19.78%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.42%
Fire 4 0.34%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 10 0.85%
Homicide 29 2.45%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.76%
Drug disorder 2 0.17%
Tuberculosis 5 0.42%
Road incidents 28 2.37%
Maternal deaths 2 0.17%
Neonatal deaths 20 1.69%
Alcohol disorder 5 0.42%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.25%
Road incidents 28 2.39%
Homicide 29 2.47%
Liver disease 29 2.47%
Respiratory disease 42 3.58%
Lower respiratory infections 46.1669620429 3.94%
Kidney disease 48 4.09%
Dementia 57 4.86%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 176 15%
Cancers 234 19.95%
Cardiovascular diseases 384 32.73%


Saint Lucia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 3.23%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cancers 20 64.52%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Road accidents 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Liver disease 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Hepatitis 1 3.23%
Measles 5 16.13%
Drug use disorders 2 6.45%
Natural disasters 0 0%
2 6.45%


Saint Lucia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 1 25%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 25%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 1 25%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 25%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%


Saint Lucia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 9 5.23%
Homicide 23 13.37%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 16 9.3%
Tuberculosis 2 1.16%
HIV/AIDS 6 3.49%
Drowning 6 3.49%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.58%
Cancers 32 18.6%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 3 1.74%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 19 11.05%
Liver disease 7 4.07%
Respiratory disease 5 2.91%
Kidney disease 7 4.07%
Cardiovascular disease 27 15.7%
Drug disorder 1 0.58%
Alcohol disorder 2 1.16%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 6 3.49%


Saint Lucia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 0.9%
Homicide 5 1.5%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.3%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.3%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 6 1.8%
Tuberculosis 2 0.6%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.6%
Drowning 2 0.6%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.3%
Cancers 87 26.05%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 6 1.8%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 57 17.07%
Liver disease 14 4.19%
Respiratory disease 11 3.29%
Kidney disease 16 4.79%
Cardiovascular diseases 106 31.74%
Dementia 3 0.9%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 2 0.6%
Lower respiratory infections 9 2.69%


Saint Lucia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.16%
Homicide 1 0.16%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.63%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.47%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.16%
Road accidents 4 0.63%
Tuberculosis 2 0.31%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.16%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.31%
Cancers 114 17.81%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 10 1.56%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 99 15.47%
Liver disease 8 1.25%
Respiratory disease 26 4.06%
Kidney disease 24 3.75%
Cardiovascular disease 251 39.22%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.78%
Dementia 54 8.44%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 1 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 29 4.53%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Saint Lucia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2 0.19%
Poor sanitation 1 0.09%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.19%
Household air pollution 5 0.47%
Outdoor air pollution 44 4.14%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 1 0.09%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 12 1.13%
Secondhand smoke 12 1.13%
Alcohol use 85 8%
Drug use 12 1.13%
Diet low in fruits 43 4.05%
Diet low in vegetables 37 3.48%
Unsafe sex 17 1.6%
Low physical activity 29 2.73%
High blood sugar 217 20.43%
High cholesterol 58 5.46%
High body-mass index (obesity) 174 16.38%
High blood pressure 235 22.13%
Smoking 71 6.69%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.47%


Saint Lucia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 12 92.31%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 1 7.69%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Saint Lucia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Saint Lucia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 4 3.33%
Alcohol use 28 23.33%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 12 10%
Secondhand smoke 1 0.83%
Low physical activity 1 0.83%
Diet low in fruits 5 4.17%
Diet low in vegetables 4 3.33%
Unsafe sex 7 5.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 19 15.83%
Household air pollution 1 0.83%
Outdoor air pollution 4 3.33%
High total cholesterol 5 4.17%
High blood pressure 16 13.33%
High blood sugar 13 10.83%


Saint Lucia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.26%
Drug use 5 1.3%
Alcohol use 33 8.59%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 7 1.82%
Smoking 36 9.38%
Secondhand smoke 4 1.04%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 14 3.65%
Diet low in fruits 18 4.69%
Low physical activity 8 2.08%
Outdoor air pollution 15 3.91%
Household air pollution 2 0.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 74 19.27%
High blood sugar 73 19.01%
High total cholesterol 20 5.21%
High blood pressure 74 19.27%


Saint Lucia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 4 0.73%
Drug use 3 0.55%
Alcohol use 24 4.4%
Smoking 23 4.22%
Secondhand smoke 7 1.28%
Household air pollution 3 0.55%
Outdoor air pollution 25 4.59%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.18%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0.18%
Unsafe sex 4 0.73%
Low physical activity 20 3.67%
Diet low in vegetables 19 3.49%
Diet low in fruits 20 3.67%
High cholesterol 33 6.06%
High blood pressure 146 26.79%
High blood sugar 131 24.04%
High body-mass index (obesity) 81 14.86%


Saint Lucia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 3 42.86%
Breast cancer Patients : 226 | Deaths : 20 8.85%
Larynx cancer Patients : 17 | Deaths : 4 23.53%
Kidney cancer Patients : 23 | Deaths : 2 8.7%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 1 2.86%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 5 23.81%
Stomach cancer Patients : 30 | Deaths : 17 56.67%
Uterine cancer Patients : 57 | Deaths : 4 7.02%
Bladder cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 5 14.29%
Cervical cancer Patients : 87 | Deaths : 11 12.64%
Prostate cancer Patients : 384 | Deaths : 46 11.98%
Testicular cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 0 0%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 7 63.64%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 5 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 8 | Deaths : 1 12.5%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 110 | Deaths : 18 16.36%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 1 16.67%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 4 13.79%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 8 | Deaths : 4 50%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 23 | Deaths : 2 8.7%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 2 100%


Saint Lucia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 2 0.18%
5-14 year olds 4 0.36%
15-49 year olds 209 18.63%
50-69 year olds 464 41.35%
70+ year olds 443 39.48%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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