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Romania Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Romania

CONTENT


Causes of death across Romania are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Romania.

Highlights of Romania BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Romania gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 71.28%71.28%
    • Fat : 32.74%32.74%
    • Plant protein : 7.88%7.88%
    • Animal protein : 6.67%6.67%
  • 18.57% increase in caloric supply : Currently Romania gets 3358/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2832/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Dairy & Eggs and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Romania
  • Wheat, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Romania
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Romania average intake is 490.93 grams
  • Apples, Grapes and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Romania
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Romania average Fruit intake is 208.68grams
  • In Romania, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 61.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Romania is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Romania
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat992
2Maize314
3Rice25
4Barley9
5Rye8
6Oats1
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Romania

Diet Compositions in Romania
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1359
2Dairy & Eggs481
3Oils & Fats419
4Sugar244
5Meat219
7Starchy Roots180
8Alcoholic Beverages159
9Other60
10Pulses18

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Romania with 148490 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 59% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were the highest types of death causes in Romania.
    Major Cause of Death in Romania
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 169219 deaths (year 2016).
  • 32.08% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 41% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Romania (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Romania - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Romania are High blood pressure, High cholesterol and Alcohol use. Every year around 31 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Secondhand smoke and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and Alcohol use are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Romania (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.82% of Romania population was suffering from cancer i.e. 231369 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 5874) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 3357 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 13% of survival chance.Romania was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 115781 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 42306 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 5874 people were dead. This means 13.88% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Romania and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Romania :
  • 0.82 % of Romania population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Romania
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Romania

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Romania (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 10269 4.07%
Cardiovascular diseases 148490 58.8%
Kidney disease 2872 1.14%
Respiratory disease 7298 2.89%
Liver disease 10132 4.01%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5667 2.24%
Digestive disease 4018 1.59%
Hepatitis 112 0.04%
Cancers 46933 18.59%
Parkinson's disease 1605 0.64%
Fire 413 0.16%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 735 0.29%
Homicide 457 0.18%
HIV/AIDS 128 0.05%
Drug disorder 560 0.22%
Tuberculosis 1004 0.4%
Road incidents 2230 0.88%
Maternal deaths 34 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 493 0.2%
Alcohol disorder 629 0.25%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 75 0.03%
Suicide 2423 0.96%
Kidney disease 2872 1.14%
Digestive disease 4018 1.59%
Lower respiratory infections 5387.61434121 2.13%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5667 2.24%
Respiratory disease 7298 2.89%
Liver disease 10132 4.01%
Dementia 10269 4.07%
Cancers 46933 18.59%
Cardiovascular diseases 148490 58.8%


Romania - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 7 0.46%
Lower respiratory infections 2 0.13%
Congenital birth defects 4 0.26%
Cancers 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.07%
Drowning 34 2.21%
Road accidents 0 0%
Fire 493 32.08%
Digestive diseases 20 1.3%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3 0.2%
Neonatal infections 3 0.2%
Cardiovascular disease 21 1.37%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 15 0.98%
Hepatitis 44 2.86%
Tuberculosis 3 0.2%
Liver disease 14 0.91%
HIV/AIDS 10 0.65%
Kidney disease 3 0.2%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.13%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10 0.65%
Measles 392 25.5%
Drug use disorders 446 29.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
10 0.65%


Romania - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 12 3.76%
Homicide 5 1.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 1.25%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.31%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.31%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.31%
Road accidents 63 19.75%
Tuberculosis 2 0.63%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.94%
Drowning 48 15.05%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 6 1.88%
Cancers 87 27.27%
Hepatitis 3 0.94%
Digestive diseases 6 1.88%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 8 2.51%
Liver disease 6 1.88%
Respiratory disease 2 0.63%
Kidney disease 4 1.25%
Cardiovascular disease 9 2.82%
Lower respiratory infections 48 15.05%


Romania - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1118 7.52%
Homicide 224 1.51%
Nutritional deficiencies 22 0.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 88 0.59%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.03%
Road accidents 1060 7.13%
Tuberculosis 356 2.4%
HIV/AIDS 99 0.67%
Drowning 309 2.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 90 0.61%
Cancers 4159 27.98%
Hepatitis 28 0.19%
Digestive diseases 448 3.01%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 299 2.01%
Liver disease 1459 9.82%
Respiratory disease 213 1.43%
Kidney disease 157 1.06%
Cardiovascular disease 3654 24.58%
Drug disorder 185 1.24%
Alcohol disorder 214 1.44%
Parkinson's disease 4 0.03%
Dementia 6 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 656 4.41%


Romania - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 911 1.38%
Homicide 151 0.23%
Nutritional deficiencies 25 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 18 0.03%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 146 0.22%
Diarrheal diseases 10 0.02%
Road accidents 688 1.04%
Tuberculosis 468 0.71%
HIV/AIDS 22 0.03%
Drowning 253 0.38%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 122 0.18%
Cancers 22038 33.27%
Hepatitis 55 0.08%
Digestive diseases 1306 1.97%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1707 2.58%
Liver disease 5578 8.42%
Respiratory disease 1845 2.79%
Kidney disease 787 1.19%
Cardiovascular diseases 27362 41.3%
Dementia 452 0.68%
Parkinson's disease 129 0.19%
Drug disorder 214 0.32%
Alcohol disorder 345 0.52%
Lower respiratory infections 1612 2.43%


Romania - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 382 0.22%
Homicide 69 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 43 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 33 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 72 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 26 0.02%
Road accidents 399 0.23%
Tuberculosis 175 0.1%
HIV/AIDS 2 0%
Drowning 104 0.06%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 180 0.11%
Cancers 20604 12.13%
Hepatitis 23 0.01%
Digestive diseases 2244 1.32%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3642 2.14%
Liver disease 3085 1.82%
Respiratory disease 5238 3.08%
Kidney disease 1922 1.13%
Cardiovascular disease 117455 69.16%
Parkinson's disease 1472 0.87%
Dementia 9811 5.78%
Drug use disorders 161 0.09%
Alcohol use disorders 70 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 2626 1.55%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Romania
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 31 0.01%
Poor sanitation 25 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 63 0.02%
Household air pollution 5274 1.61%
Outdoor air pollution 16933 5.17%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 83 0.03%
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0%
Child wasting 225 0.07%
Child stunting 36 0.01%
Low birth weight 286 0.09%
Secondhand smoke 4330 1.32%
Alcohol use 39249 11.98%
Drug use 3485 1.06%
Diet low in fruits 15298 4.67%
Diet low in vegetables 2049 0.63%
Unsafe sex 1829 0.56%
Low physical activity 12112 3.7%
High blood sugar 20023 6.11%
High cholesterol 39558 12.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 38473 11.74%
High blood pressure 94585 28.86%
Smoking 32838 10.02%
Iron deficiency 3 0%
Zinc deficiency 3 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 936 0.29%


Romania - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0.35%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 83 9.65%
Child stunting 36 4.19%
Low birth weight 286 33.26%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.81%
Secondhand smoke 84 9.77%
Poor sanitation 11 1.28%
Unsafe water source 14 1.63%
Household air pollution 35 4.07%
Outdoor air pollution 76 8.84%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 225 26.16%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Romania - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 4 13.33%
No access to handwashing facility 1 3.33%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 1 3.33%
Iron deficiency 2 6.67%
Secondhand smoke 9 30%
Household air pollution 4 13.33%
Outdoor air pollution 8 26.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 3.33%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Romania - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 43 0.25%
Drug use 613 3.63%
Alcohol use 4047 23.98%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.04%
Unsafe water source 2 0.01%
Poor sanitation 2 0.01%
Smoking 3177 18.82%
Secondhand smoke 121 0.72%
Low physical activity 164 0.97%
Diet low in fruits 851 5.04%
Diet low in vegetables 46 0.27%
Unsafe sex 448 2.65%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1922 11.39%
Household air pollution 280 1.66%
Outdoor air pollution 801 4.75%
High total cholesterol 1540 9.12%
High blood pressure 2348 13.91%
High blood sugar 463 2.74%


Romania - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 234 0.25%
Drug use 1808 1.93%
Alcohol use 13891 14.81%
No access to handwashing facility 18 0.02%
Poor sanitation 3 0%
Unsafe sex 856 0.91%
Smoking 17815 19%
Secondhand smoke 934 1%
Unsafe water source 4 0%
Diet low in vegetables 234 0.25%
Diet low in fruits 4686 5%
Low physical activity 1703 1.82%
Outdoor air pollution 4700 5.01%
Household air pollution 1544 1.65%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12590 13.42%
High blood sugar 4647 4.96%
High total cholesterol 8547 9.11%
High blood pressure 19569 20.87%


Romania - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 659 0.3%
Drug use 1064 0.49%
Alcohol use 21306 9.86%
Smoking 11845 5.48%
Secondhand smoke 3183 1.47%
Household air pollution 3411 1.58%
Outdoor air pollution 11348 5.25%
No access to handwashing facility 30 0.01%
Poor sanitation 8 0%
Unsafe water source 11 0.01%
Unsafe sex 525 0.24%
Low physical activity 10246 4.74%
Diet low in vegetables 1768 0.82%
Diet low in fruits 9761 4.52%
High cholesterol 29470 13.63%
High blood pressure 72667 33.61%
High blood sugar 14912 6.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 23961 11.08%


Romania - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2857 | Deaths : 998 34.93%
Breast cancer Patients : 37765 | Deaths : 3111 8.24%
Larynx cancer Patients : 5691 | Deaths : 940 16.52%
Kidney cancer Patients : 7725 | Deaths : 843 10.91%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 6655 | Deaths : 150 2.25%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 4894 | Deaths : 1059 21.64%
Stomach cancer Patients : 6025 | Deaths : 3357 55.72%
Uterine cancer Patients : 13839 | Deaths : 470 3.4%
Bladder cancer Patients : 13931 | Deaths : 1423 10.21%
Cervical cancer Patients : 13942 | Deaths : 1742 12.49%
Prostate cancer Patients : 34732 | Deaths : 2181 6.28%
Testicular cancer Patients : 2658 | Deaths : 58 2.18%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 2862 | Deaths : 2181 76.21%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 861 | Deaths : 753 87.46%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 846 | Deaths : 201 23.76%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 42306 | Deaths : 5874 13.88%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 5513 | Deaths : 492 8.92%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 6207 | Deaths : 1046 16.85%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 3497 | Deaths : 1473 42.12%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 12976 | Deaths : 586 4.52%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 842 | Deaths : 424 50.36%


Romania - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1132 0.49%
5-14 year olds 407 0.18%
15-49 year olds 33499 14.48%
50-69 year olds 115781 50.04%
70+ year olds 80551 34.81%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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