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Philippines Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Philippines

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Causes of death across Philippines are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Philippines.

Highlights of Philippines BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Philippines gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 104.57%104.57%
    • Fat : 25.76%25.76%
    • Plant protein : 7.85%7.85%
    • Animal protein : 5.56%5.56%
  • 43.74% increase in caloric supply : Currently Philippines gets 2570/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1788/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Philippines
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Philippines
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Philippines average intake is 174.44 grams
  • Bananas, Pineapples and Citrus, other are three major Fruit Types Intake in Philippines
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Philippines average Fruit intake is 289.59grams
  • In Philippines, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 26.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Philippines is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Philippines
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1174
2Wheat172
3Maize120
4Oats1
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Philippines

Diet Compositions in Philippines
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1469
2Meat291
3Sugar224
4Oils & Fats201
5Fruits & Vegetables188
6Starchy Roots83
7Alcoholic Beverages47
8Dairy & Eggs34
9Other19
10Pulses14

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Philippines with 206194 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 33% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Philippines.
    Major Cause of Death in Philippines
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 227939 deaths (year 2016).
  • 40.76% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Lower respiratory infections, Cancers and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 37% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Philippines (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Philippines - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Philippines are High blood pressure, Smoking and High blood sugar. Every year around 4478 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Philippines (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.37% of Philippines population was suffering from cancer i.e. 247607 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 8235) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 7433 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 4% of survival chance.Philippines was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 115653 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 83327 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 8235 people were dead. This means 9.88% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Philippines and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Philippines :
  • 0.37 % of Philippines population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Philippines
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Philippines

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Philippines (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 14942 2.39%
Cardiovascular diseases 206194 32.93%
Kidney disease 28372 4.53%
Respiratory disease 33722 5.39%
Liver disease 12615 2.01%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 60614 9.68%
Digestive disease 14929 2.38%
Hepatitis 941 0.15%
Cancers 72686 11.61%
Parkinson's disease 1132 0.18%
Fire 1043 0.17%
Malaria 186 0.03%
Drowning 5019 0.8%
Homicide 14423 2.3%
HIV/AIDS 3665 0.59%
Drug disorder 504 0.08%
Tuberculosis 28098 4.49%
Road incidents 10048 1.6%
Maternal deaths 1857 0.3%
Neonatal deaths 24328 3.89%
Alcohol disorder 1269 0.2%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 6848 1.09%
Digestive disease 14929 2.38%
Dementia 14942 2.39%
Neonatal deaths 24328 3.89%
Tuberculosis 28098 4.49%
Kidney disease 28372 4.53%
Respiratory disease 33722 5.39%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 60614 9.68%
Lower respiratory infections 60746.6798193 9.7%
Cancers 72686 11.61%
Cardiovascular diseases 206194 32.93%


Philippines - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 257 0.43%
Lower respiratory infections 835 1.4%
Neonatal infections 884 1.48%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.02%
Drowning 2664 4.46%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Cancers 24328 40.76%
Protein-energy malnutrition 339 0.57%
Cardiovascular disease 141 0.24%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 472 0.79%
HIV/AIDS 972 1.63%
Digestive diseases 10 0.02%
Road accidents 197 0.33%
Homicide 856 1.43%
Fire 33 0.06%
Kidney disease 465 0.78%
Tuberculosis 583 0.98%
Liver disease 35 0.06%
Measles 168 0.28%
Hepatitis 663 1.11%
Malaria 7962 13.34%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9709 16.27%
Drug use disorders 35 0.06%
Natural disasters 8072 13.52%


Philippines - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 42 0.45%
Homicide 356 3.8%
Nutritional deficiencies 211 2.25%
Protein-energy malnutrition 193 2.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 608 6.49%
Road accidents 855 9.12%
Tuberculosis 291 3.1%
HIV/AIDS 263 2.81%
Drowning 1161 12.39%
Malaria 9 0.1%
Fire 97 1.03%
Cancers 1244 13.27%
Hepatitis 28 0.3%
Digestive diseases 257 2.74%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 605 6.45%
Liver disease 61 0.65%
Respiratory disease 350 3.73%
Kidney disease 298 3.18%
Cardiovascular disease 826 8.81%
Lower respiratory infections 1613 17.21%


Philippines - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4075 3.43%
Homicide 11039 9.29%
Nutritional deficiencies 434 0.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 369 0.31%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 49 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 1112 0.94%
Road accidents 6086 5.12%
Tuberculosis 7664 6.45%
HIV/AIDS 2519 2.12%
Drowning 1932 1.63%
Malaria 100 0.08%
Fire 338 0.28%
Cancers 15771 13.28%
Hepatitis 421 0.35%
Digestive diseases 3257 2.74%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 11213 9.44%
Liver disease 3666 3.09%
Respiratory disease 3962 3.34%
Kidney disease 6528 5.5%
Cardiovascular disease 31637 26.64%
Drug disorder 376 0.32%
Alcohol disorder 686 0.58%
Parkinson's disease 32 0.03%
Dementia 41 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 5467 4.6%


Philippines - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1076 0.52%
Homicide 2446 1.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 524 0.25%
Protein-energy malnutrition 437 0.21%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 26 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 1033 0.49%
Road accidents 1988 0.95%
Tuberculosis 12180 5.84%
HIV/AIDS 402 0.19%
Drowning 654 0.31%
Malaria 48 0.02%
Fire 175 0.08%
Cancers 34090 16.33%
Hepatitis 353 0.17%
Digestive diseases 5513 2.64%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 25856 12.39%
Liver disease 6224 2.98%
Respiratory disease 12064 5.78%
Kidney disease 11710 5.61%
Cardiovascular diseases 78079 37.41%
Dementia 1986 0.95%
Parkinson's disease 204 0.1%
Drug disorder 69 0.03%
Alcohol disorder 463 0.22%
Lower respiratory infections 11119 5.33%


Philippines - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 409 0.17%
Homicide 323 0.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 2406 1.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1858 0.79%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 26 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 1432 0.61%
Road accidents 779 0.33%
Tuberculosis 7822 3.33%
HIV/AIDS 9 0%
Drowning 300 0.13%
Malaria 19 0.01%
Fire 236 0.1%
Cancers 20724 8.82%
Hepatitis 106 0.05%
Digestive diseases 5437 2.31%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 22357 9.51%
Liver disease 2629 1.12%
Respiratory disease 16684 7.1%
Kidney disease 9669 4.11%
Cardiovascular disease 94989 40.41%
Parkinson's disease 896 0.38%
Dementia 12915 5.49%
Drug use disorders 59 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 121 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 32839 13.97%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Philippines
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 4478 0.65%
Poor sanitation 1520 0.22%
No access to handwashing facility 4001 0.58%
Household air pollution 55926 8.06%
Outdoor air pollution 44389 6.4%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1087 0.16%
Discontinued breastfeeding 133 0.02%
Child wasting 8690 1.25%
Child stunting 1731 0.25%
Low birth weight 11707 1.69%
Secondhand smoke 13093 1.89%
Alcohol use 34534 4.98%
Drug use 1415 0.2%
Diet low in fruits 21486 3.1%
Diet low in vegetables 24709 3.56%
Unsafe sex 5355 0.77%
Low physical activity 11341 1.63%
High blood sugar 102549 14.78%
High cholesterol 55523 8%
High body-mass index (obesity) 53460 7.71%
High blood pressure 126881 18.29%
Smoking 107183 15.45%
Iron deficiency 139 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 292 0.04%
Vitamin-A deficiency 319 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 1869 0.27%


Philippines - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 133 0.4%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1087 3.3%
Child stunting 1731 5.26%
Low birth weight 11707 35.54%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 921 2.8%
Secondhand smoke 1383 4.2%
Poor sanitation 592 1.8%
Unsafe water source 1743 5.29%
Household air pollution 2971 9.02%
Outdoor air pollution 1902 5.77%
High body-mass index (obesity) 41 0.12%
High blood pressure 5 0.02%
High blood sugar 29 0.09%
Child wasting 8690 26.38%
Iron deficiency 1 0%


Philippines - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 7 0.33%
No access to handwashing facility 183 8.73%
Unsafe water source 397 18.93%
Unsafe sex 75 3.58%
Iron deficiency 131 6.25%
Secondhand smoke 225 10.73%
Household air pollution 517 24.65%
Outdoor air pollution 316 15.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 18 0.86%
High blood sugar 71 3.39%
High blood pressure 19 0.91%
Poor sanitation 135 6.44%
Iron deficiency 3 0.14%


Philippines - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 131 0.11%
Low bone mineral density 148 0.13%
Drug use 1077 0.92%
Alcohol use 12591 10.74%
No access to handwashing facility 450 0.38%
Unsafe water source 728 0.62%
Poor sanitation 246 0.21%
Smoking 16904 14.42%
Secondhand smoke 1685 1.44%
Low physical activity 1017 0.87%
Diet low in fruits 5629 4.8%
Diet low in vegetables 5661 4.83%
Unsafe sex 3294 2.81%
High body-mass index (obesity) 13484 11.5%
Household air pollution 8397 7.16%
Outdoor air pollution 7158 6.11%
High total cholesterol 11364 9.69%
High blood pressure 16117 13.75%
High blood sugar 11164 9.52%


Philippines - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Low bone mineral density 514 0.18%
Drug use 254 0.09%
Alcohol use 16784 5.91%
No access to handwashing facility 693 0.24%
Poor sanitation 229 0.08%
Unsafe sex 1576 0.56%
Smoking 49564 17.46%
Secondhand smoke 4094 1.44%
Unsafe water source 675 0.24%
Diet low in vegetables 10508 3.7%
Diet low in fruits 9697 3.42%
Low physical activity 3828 1.35%
Outdoor air pollution 16502 5.81%
Household air pollution 19604 6.91%
High body-mass index (obesity) 26465 9.33%
High blood sugar 46630 16.43%
High total cholesterol 22890 8.07%
High blood pressure 53291 18.78%


Philippines - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Low bone mineral density 1208 0.47%
Drug use 83 0.03%
Alcohol use 5153 2%
Smoking 40715 15.83%
Secondhand smoke 5707 2.22%
Household air pollution 24438 9.5%
Outdoor air pollution 18510 7.2%
No access to handwashing facility 1755 0.68%
Poor sanitation 318 0.12%
Unsafe water source 936 0.36%
Unsafe sex 410 0.16%
Low physical activity 6497 2.53%
Diet low in vegetables 8540 3.32%
Diet low in fruits 6161 2.39%
High cholesterol 21269 8.27%
High blood pressure 57449 22.33%
High blood sugar 44655 17.36%
High body-mass index (obesity) 13452 5.23%


Philippines - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 7639 | Deaths : 3519 46.07%
Breast cancer Patients : 83327 | Deaths : 8235 9.88%
Larynx cancer Patients : 2928 | Deaths : 703 24.01%
Kidney cancer Patients : 10768 | Deaths : 837 7.77%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 14482 | Deaths : 922 6.37%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 13544 | Deaths : 1989 14.69%
Stomach cancer Patients : 3854 | Deaths : 2656 68.92%
Uterine cancer Patients : 12062 | Deaths : 1051 8.71%
Bladder cancer Patients : 4568 | Deaths : 595 13.03%
Cervical cancer Patients : 27068 | Deaths : 2482 9.17%
Prostate cancer Patients : 22868 | Deaths : 3534 15.45%
Testicular cancer Patients : 941 | Deaths : 80 8.5%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 2209 | Deaths : 1614 73.06%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 889 | Deaths : 852 95.84%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 7631 | Deaths : 1475 19.33%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 32393 | Deaths : 7433 22.95%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 424 | Deaths : 228 53.77%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 12250 | Deaths : 1579 12.89%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 5081 | Deaths : 1969 38.75%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 13734 | Deaths : 396 2.88%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 392 | Deaths : 319 81.38%


Philippines - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 6012 2.43%
5-14 year olds 3839 1.55%
15-49 year olds 74387 30.04%
50-69 year olds 115653 46.71%
70+ year olds 47716 19.27%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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