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Pakistan Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Pakistan

CONTENT


Causes of death across Pakistan are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Pakistan.

Highlights of Pakistan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Pakistan gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 79.82%79.82%
    • Fat : 35.79%35.79%
    • Plant protein : 8.12%8.12%
    • Animal protein : 5.79%5.79%
  • 29.51% increase in caloric supply : Currently Pakistan gets 2440/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1884/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Dairy & Eggs are three major diet compositions in Pakistan
  • Wheat, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Pakistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Pakistan average intake is 72.16 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Dates are three major Fruit Types Intake in Pakistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Pakistan average Fruit intake is 80.41grams
  • In Pakistan, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 26.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Pakistan is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Pakistan
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat903
2Maize129
3Rice125
4Sorghum5
5Barley1
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Pakistan

Diet Compositions in Pakistan
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1170
2Oils & Fats401
3Dairy & Eggs332
4Sugar285
5Meat75
6Pulses63
7Fruits & Vegetables60
8Starchy Roots35
9Other19
10Alcoholic Beverages0

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Pakistan with 421362 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 34% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Pakistan.
    Major Cause of Death in Pakistan
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 426477 deaths (year 2016).
  • 57.89% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Malaria and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 45% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Pakistan (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Pakistan - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Pakistan are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Smoking. Every year around 41160 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High total cholesterol and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Pakistan (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.37% of Pakistan population was suffering from cancer i.e. 418176 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 16375) and Lip & oral cancer was also concerning with 11625 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Pancreatic cancer have 21% of survival chance.Pakistan was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 91% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 212268 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 114199 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 16375 people were dead. This means 14.34% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Pakistan and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Pakistan :
  • 0.37 % of Pakistan population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Pakistan
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Pakistan

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Pakistan (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 15880 1.28%
Cardiovascular diseases 421362 33.98%
Kidney disease 29579 2.39%
Respiratory disease 71197 5.74%
Liver disease 33078 2.67%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 84569 6.82%
Digestive disease 28593 2.31%
Hepatitis 5423 0.44%
Cancers 133701 10.78%
Parkinson's disease 1637 0.13%
Fire 2400 0.19%
Malaria 6428 0.52%
Drowning 4881 0.39%
Homicide 9802 0.79%
HIV/AIDS 2264 0.18%
Drug disorder 1066 0.09%
Tuberculosis 49359 3.98%
Road incidents 38406 3.1%
Maternal deaths 14135 1.14%
Neonatal deaths 133269 10.75%
Alcohol disorder 1582 0.13%
Natural disasters 281 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 57704 4.65%
Liver disease 33078 2.67%
Road incidents 38406 3.1%
Tuberculosis 49359 3.98%
Lower respiratory infections 49393.035105 3.98%
Diarrheal diseases 57704 4.65%
Respiratory disease 71197 5.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 84569 6.82%
Neonatal deaths 133269 10.75%
Cancers 133701 10.78%
Cardiovascular diseases 421362 33.98%


Pakistan - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 360 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 1736 0.75%
Lower respiratory infections 2100 0.91%
Congenital birth defects 29 0.01%
Neonatal infections 66 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 31690 13.77%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 133269 57.89%
Drowning 1581 0.69%
Road accidents 973 0.42%
Malaria 115 0.05%
Tuberculosis 1596 0.69%
Liver disease 1057 0.46%
Hepatitis 606 0.26%
Cancers 705 0.31%
Fire 766 0.33%
Measles 563 0.24%
Digestive diseases 1785 0.78%
Kidney disease 822 0.36%
Homicide 367 0.16%
Cardiovascular disease 331 0.14%
HIV/AIDS 13384 5.81%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 28114 12.21%
Natural disasters 592 0.26%
Drug use disorders 7605 3.3%


Pakistan - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 175 0.82%
Homicide 510 2.38%
Nutritional deficiencies 376 1.76%
Protein-energy malnutrition 142 0.66%
Natural disasters 49 0.23%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 18 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 1540 7.19%
Road accidents 3016 14.08%
Tuberculosis 1382 6.45%
HIV/AIDS 23 0.11%
Drowning 1185 5.53%
Malaria 2976 13.9%
Fire 219 1.02%
Cancers 2898 13.53%
Hepatitis 512 2.39%
Digestive diseases 632 2.95%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1307 6.1%
Liver disease 797 3.72%
Respiratory disease 440 2.05%
Kidney disease 522 2.44%
Cardiovascular disease 647 3.02%
Lower respiratory infections 2048 9.56%


Pakistan - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5977 2.71%
Homicide 8095 3.67%
Nutritional deficiencies 1143 0.52%
Protein-energy malnutrition 190 0.09%
Natural disasters 144 0.07%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 151 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 3377 1.53%
Road accidents 24748 11.21%
Tuberculosis 18569 8.41%
HIV/AIDS 1795 0.81%
Drowning 1400 0.63%
Malaria 1252 0.57%
Fire 1053 0.48%
Cancers 38219 17.32%
Hepatitis 2176 0.99%
Digestive diseases 7483 3.39%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 15624 7.08%
Liver disease 13434 6.09%
Respiratory disease 6810 3.09%
Kidney disease 8544 3.87%
Cardiovascular disease 55715 25.25%
Drug disorder 740 0.34%
Alcohol disorder 957 0.43%
Parkinson's disease 19 0.01%
Dementia 29 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 3051 1.38%


Pakistan - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 637 0.2%
Homicide 668 0.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 976 0.3%
Protein-energy malnutrition 282 0.09%
Natural disasters 40 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 129 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 4487 1.4%
Road accidents 5878 1.83%
Tuberculosis 14797 4.62%
HIV/AIDS 275 0.09%
Drowning 391 0.12%
Malaria 641 0.2%
Fire 251 0.08%
Cancers 60926 19.01%
Hepatitis 1096 0.34%
Digestive diseases 9727 3.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 24486 7.64%
Liver disease 11011 3.44%
Respiratory disease 22197 6.93%
Kidney disease 9484 2.96%
Cardiovascular diseases 145542 45.42%
Dementia 1266 0.4%
Parkinson's disease 187 0.06%
Drug disorder 200 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 449 0.14%
Lower respiratory infections 4434 1.38%


Pakistan - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 248 0.06%
Homicide 168 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 1600 0.38%
Protein-energy malnutrition 364 0.09%
Natural disasters 19 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 162 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 16609 3.89%
Road accidents 3182 0.75%
Tuberculosis 13637 3.2%
HIV/AIDS 55 0.01%
Drowning 308 0.07%
Malaria 501 0.12%
Fire 271 0.06%
Cancers 30952 7.26%
Hepatitis 873 0.2%
Digestive diseases 10188 2.39%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 41368 9.7%
Liver disease 7015 1.64%
Respiratory disease 41204 9.66%
Kidney disease 10662 2.5%
Cardiovascular disease 219126 51.37%
Parkinson's disease 1431 0.34%
Dementia 14584 3.42%
Drug use disorders 126 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 175 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 11747 2.75%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Pakistan
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 41160 2.82%
Poor sanitation 24765 1.7%
No access to handwashing facility 20167 1.38%
Household air pollution 106422 7.3%
Outdoor air pollution 124577 8.54%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 8719 0.6%
Discontinued breastfeeding 919 0.06%
Child wasting 45207 3.1%
Child stunting 8389 0.58%
Low birth weight 47255 3.24%
Secondhand smoke 30085 2.06%
Alcohol use 5214 0.36%
Drug use 6089 0.42%
Diet low in fruits 79450 5.45%
Diet low in vegetables 69964 4.8%
Unsafe sex 3658 0.25%
Low physical activity 37382 2.56%
High blood sugar 179062 12.28%
High cholesterol 112797 7.73%
High body-mass index (obesity) 112460 7.71%
High blood pressure 253755 17.4%
Smoking 130874 8.97%
Iron deficiency 1982 0.14%
Zinc deficiency 2064 0.14%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1070 0.07%
Low bone mineral density 5197 0.36%


Pakistan - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 919 0.5%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 8719 4.78%
Child stunting 8389 4.6%
Low birth weight 47255 25.91%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 11138 6.11%
Secondhand smoke 3772 2.07%
Poor sanitation 13604 7.46%
Unsafe water source 22588 12.38%
Household air pollution 9998 5.48%
Outdoor air pollution 10729 5.88%
High body-mass index (obesity) 14 0.01%
High blood pressure 28 0.02%
High blood sugar 48 0.03%
Child wasting 45207 24.78%
Iron deficiency 3 0%


Pakistan - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 597 9.62%
Unsafe water source 1104 17.79%
Unsafe sex 5 0.08%
Iron deficiency 1843 29.7%
Secondhand smoke 266 4.29%
Household air pollution 738 11.89%
Outdoor air pollution 781 12.58%
High body-mass index (obesity) 14 0.23%
High blood sugar 144 2.32%
High blood pressure 42 0.68%
Poor sanitation 661 10.65%
Iron deficiency 11 0.18%


Pakistan - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1843 0.92%
Low bone mineral density 392 0.2%
Drug use 4583 2.3%
Alcohol use 2312 1.16%
No access to handwashing facility 1196 0.6%
Unsafe water source 2418 1.21%
Poor sanitation 1449 0.73%
Smoking 22905 11.47%
Secondhand smoke 3384 1.69%
Low physical activity 3165 1.58%
Diet low in fruits 15691 7.86%
Diet low in vegetables 13756 6.89%
Unsafe sex 1539 0.77%
High body-mass index (obesity) 22281 11.16%
Household air pollution 15150 7.59%
Outdoor air pollution 17871 8.95%
High total cholesterol 23351 11.69%
High blood pressure 28655 14.35%
High blood sugar 17753 8.89%


Pakistan - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 17 0%
Low bone mineral density 1264 0.25%
Drug use 1234 0.25%
Alcohol use 2037 0.41%
No access to handwashing facility 1616 0.32%
Poor sanitation 1925 0.39%
Unsafe sex 1540 0.31%
Smoking 61865 12.41%
Secondhand smoke 8449 1.69%
Unsafe water source 3199 0.64%
Diet low in vegetables 28042 5.62%
Diet low in fruits 33474 6.71%
Low physical activity 12111 2.43%
Outdoor air pollution 43757 8.78%
Household air pollution 37068 7.43%
High body-mass index (obesity) 52339 10.5%
High blood sugar 65471 13.13%
High total cholesterol 47158 9.46%
High blood pressure 96030 19.26%


Pakistan - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 108 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 3542 0.62%
Drug use 271 0.05%
Alcohol use 865 0.15%
Smoking 46103 8.08%
Secondhand smoke 14214 2.49%
Household air pollution 43468 7.62%
Outdoor air pollution 51439 9.02%
No access to handwashing facility 5620 0.99%
Poor sanitation 7127 1.25%
Unsafe water source 11852 2.08%
Unsafe sex 574 0.1%
Low physical activity 22106 3.87%
Diet low in vegetables 28167 4.94%
Diet low in fruits 30284 5.31%
High cholesterol 42288 7.41%
High blood pressure 129000 22.61%
High blood sugar 95646 16.77%
High body-mass index (obesity) 37812 6.63%


Pakistan - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 5004 | Deaths : 3071 61.37%
Breast cancer Patients : 114199 | Deaths : 16375 14.34%
Larynx cancer Patients : 22448 | Deaths : 5201 23.17%
Kidney cancer Patients : 9761 | Deaths : 986 10.1%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 18430 | Deaths : 1614 8.76%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 22577 | Deaths : 4637 20.54%
Stomach cancer Patients : 9494 | Deaths : 5471 57.63%
Uterine cancer Patients : 20414 | Deaths : 3052 14.95%
Bladder cancer Patients : 28950 | Deaths : 4399 15.2%
Cervical cancer Patients : 15138 | Deaths : 2387 15.77%
Prostate cancer Patients : 20447 | Deaths : 3308 16.18%
Testicular cancer Patients : 4019 | Deaths : 527 13.11%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 2971 | Deaths : 2350 79.1%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 10253 | Deaths : 7460 72.76%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 5498 | Deaths : 943 17.15%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 30835 | Deaths : 7997 25.93%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 390 | Deaths : 208 53.33%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 96930 | Deaths : 11625 11.99%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 10679 | Deaths : 4146 38.82%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 18702 | Deaths : 3287 17.58%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 4863 | Deaths : 2805 57.68%


Pakistan - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 2368 0.57%
5-14 year olds 3434 0.82%
15-49 year olds 128525 30.73%
50-69 year olds 212268 50.76%
70+ year olds 71581 17.12%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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