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Oman Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Oman

CONTENT


Causes of death across Oman are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Oman.

Highlights of Oman BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • Cereals & Grains, Fruits & Vegetables and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Oman
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Oman
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Oman average intake is 284.36 grams
  • Dates, Oranges & Mandarines and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Oman
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Oman average Fruit intake is 628.00grams
  • In Oman, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 56.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Oman is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Oman
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice558
2Wheat489
3Maize100
4Oats3
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Oman

Diet Compositions in Oman
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1185
2Fruits & Vegetables465
3Oils & Fats382
4Sugar330
5Dairy & Eggs302
6Meat297
7Other82
8Starchy Roots50
9Pulses45
10Alcoholic Beverages5

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Oman with 4536 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 38% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Road incidents and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Oman.
    Major Cause of Death in Oman
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 4213 deaths (year 2016).
  • 41.42% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Road accidents, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 43% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Oman (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Oman - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Oman are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 11 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and High total cholesterol are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Oman (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.19% of Oman population was suffering from cancer i.e. 3813 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 114) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 91 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 11% of survival chance.Oman was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1688 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 630 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 114 people were dead. This means 18.1% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Oman and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Oman :
  • 0.19 % of Oman population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Oman
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Oman

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Oman (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 439 3.63%
Cardiovascular diseases 4536 37.55%
Kidney disease 305 2.52%
Respiratory disease 196 1.62%
Liver disease 200 1.66%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1573 13.02%
Digestive disease 71 0.59%
Hepatitis 31 0.26%
Cancers 1306 10.81%
Parkinson's disease 39 0.32%
Fire 18 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 96 0.79%
Homicide 29 0.24%
HIV/AIDS 28 0.23%
Drug disorder 22 0.18%
Tuberculosis 24 0.2%
Road incidents 2108 17.45%
Maternal deaths 8 0.07%
Neonatal deaths 292 2.42%
Alcohol disorder 10 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 20 0.17%
Respiratory disease 196 1.62%
Liver disease 200 1.66%
Neonatal deaths 292 2.42%
Kidney disease 305 2.52%
Dementia 439 3.63%
Lower respiratory infections 474.143824437 3.93%
Cancers 1306 10.81%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1573 13.02%
Road incidents 2108 17.45%
Cardiovascular diseases 4536 37.55%


Oman - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 0.14%
Congenital birth defects 3 0.43%
Cardiovascular disease 3 0.43%
Road accidents 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 4 0.57%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Drowning 292 41.42%
Cancers 48 6.81%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Kidney disease 11 1.56%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Liver disease 1 0.14%
Digestive diseases 10 1.42%
Fire 1 0.14%
Homicide 1 0.14%
Hepatitis 28 3.97%
Tuberculosis 2 0.28%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.43%
Measles 59 8.37%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 173 24.54%
Drug use disorders 36 5.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
29 4.11%


Oman - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 1.14%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 1.14%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 38 43.18%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 7 7.95%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 1.14%
Cancers 12 13.64%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9 10.23%
Liver disease 1 1.14%
Respiratory disease 1 1.14%
Kidney disease 1 1.14%
Cardiovascular disease 11 12.5%
Lower respiratory infections 5 5.68%


Oman - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 129 3.65%
Homicide 24 0.68%
Nutritional deficiencies 10 0.28%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.11%
Road accidents 1620 45.78%
Tuberculosis 11 0.31%
HIV/AIDS 21 0.59%
Drowning 63 1.78%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 10 0.28%
Cancers 348 9.83%
Hepatitis 12 0.34%
Digestive diseases 15 0.42%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 234 6.61%
Liver disease 58 1.64%
Respiratory disease 27 0.76%
Kidney disease 47 1.33%
Cardiovascular disease 770 21.76%
Drug disorder 18 0.51%
Alcohol disorder 6 0.17%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.03%
Dementia 2 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 103 2.91%


Oman - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 15 0.41%
Homicide 3 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 10 0.27%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 0.16%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.08%
Road accidents 298 8.15%
Tuberculosis 8 0.22%
HIV/AIDS 7 0.19%
Drowning 10 0.27%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.05%
Cancers 563 15.39%
Hepatitis 15 0.41%
Digestive diseases 21 0.57%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 643 17.58%
Liver disease 95 2.6%
Respiratory disease 66 1.8%
Kidney disease 106 2.9%
Cardiovascular diseases 1590 43.47%
Dementia 52 1.42%
Parkinson's disease 6 0.16%
Drug disorder 3 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 3 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 132 3.61%


Oman - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 6 0.14%
Homicide 1 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 16 0.38%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14 0.33%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.21%
Road accidents 104 2.45%
Tuberculosis 4 0.09%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 5 0.12%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 4 0.09%
Cancers 372 8.76%
Hepatitis 3 0.07%
Digestive diseases 32 0.75%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 659 15.51%
Liver disease 45 1.06%
Respiratory disease 102 2.4%
Kidney disease 148 3.48%
Cardiovascular disease 2107 49.59%
Parkinson's disease 31 0.73%
Dementia 386 9.08%
Drug use disorders 2 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 1 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 198 4.66%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Oman
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 11 0.08%
Poor sanitation 3 0.02%
No access to handwashing facility 19 0.14%
Household air pollution 25 0.18%
Outdoor air pollution 1193 8.6%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 0.03%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 27 0.19%
Child stunting 3 0.02%
Low birth weight 139 1%
Secondhand smoke 256 1.85%
Alcohol use 114 0.82%
Drug use 88 0.63%
Diet low in fruits 86 0.62%
Diet low in vegetables 390 2.81%
Unsafe sex 43 0.31%
Low physical activity 465 3.35%
High blood sugar 2840 20.48%
High cholesterol 1753 12.64%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2497 18%
High blood pressure 3056 22.03%
Smoking 729 5.26%
Iron deficiency 6 0.04%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 123 0.89%


Oman - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 2.03%
Child stunting 3 1.52%
Low birth weight 139 70.56%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2 1.02%
Secondhand smoke 4 2.03%
Poor sanitation 1 0.51%
Unsafe water source 2 1.02%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 14 7.11%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.51%
Child wasting 27 13.71%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Oman - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 3 42.86%
Secondhand smoke 1 14.29%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 2 28.57%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 14.29%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Oman - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0.12%
Low bone mineral density 28 1.08%
Drug use 53 2.05%
Alcohol use 79 3.05%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.15%
Unsafe water source 2 0.08%
Poor sanitation 1 0.04%
Smoking 180 6.96%
Secondhand smoke 32 1.24%
Low physical activity 61 2.36%
Diet low in fruits 34 1.31%
Diet low in vegetables 97 3.75%
Unsafe sex 24 0.93%
High body-mass index (obesity) 533 20.6%
Household air pollution 6 0.23%
Outdoor air pollution 264 10.2%
High total cholesterol 392 15.15%
High blood pressure 528 20.41%
High blood sugar 266 10.28%


Oman - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0.03%
Low bone mineral density 42 0.73%
Drug use 31 0.54%
Alcohol use 39 0.68%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.09%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 15 0.26%
Smoking 359 6.24%
Secondhand smoke 105 1.83%
Unsafe water source 1 0.02%
Diet low in vegetables 147 2.56%
Diet low in fruits 29 0.5%
Low physical activity 167 2.9%
Outdoor air pollution 476 8.27%
Household air pollution 10 0.17%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1165 20.25%
High blood sugar 1232 21.41%
High total cholesterol 721 12.53%
High blood pressure 1207 20.98%


Oman - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 53 0.99%
Drug use 4 0.08%
Alcohol use -5 -0.09%
Smoking 191 3.58%
Secondhand smoke 115 2.16%
Household air pollution 9 0.17%
Outdoor air pollution 438 8.22%
No access to handwashing facility 8 0.15%
Poor sanitation 1 0.02%
Unsafe water source 5 0.09%
Unsafe sex 4 0.08%
Low physical activity 236 4.43%
Diet low in vegetables 146 2.74%
Diet low in fruits 23 0.43%
High cholesterol 640 12.01%
High blood pressure 1322 24.8%
High blood sugar 1341 25.16%
High body-mass index (obesity) 799 14.99%


Oman - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 104 | Deaths : 42 40.38%
Breast cancer Patients : 1309 | Deaths : 91 6.95%
Larynx cancer Patients : 69 | Deaths : 13 18.84%
Kidney cancer Patients : 289 | Deaths : 31 10.73%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 161 | Deaths : 5 3.11%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 105 | Deaths : 19 18.1%
Stomach cancer Patients : 136 | Deaths : 88 64.71%
Uterine cancer Patients : 132 | Deaths : 8 6.06%
Bladder cancer Patients : 275 | Deaths : 29 10.55%
Cervical cancer Patients : 167 | Deaths : 18 10.78%
Prostate cancer Patients : 591 | Deaths : 52 8.8%
Testicular cancer Patients : 81 | Deaths : 3 3.7%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 63 | Deaths : 48 76.19%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 38 | Deaths : 34 89.47%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 24 | Deaths : 4 16.67%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 630 | Deaths : 114 18.1%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 6 28.57%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 163 | Deaths : 20 12.27%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 167 | Deaths : 64 38.32%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 187 | Deaths : 15 8.02%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 4 33.33%


Oman - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 37 0.97%
5-14 year olds 26 0.68%
15-49 year olds 1171 30.71%
50-69 year olds 1688 44.27%
70+ year olds 891 23.37%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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