Mongolia Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Mongolia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Mongolia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Mongolia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Mongolia.

Highlights of Mongolia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Mongolia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 68.00%68.00%
    • Fat : 40.32%40.32%
    • Animal protein : 9.61%9.61%
    • Plant protein : 6.39%6.39%
  • 24.32% increase in caloric supply : Currently Mongolia gets 2510/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2019/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Mongolia
  • Wheat, Rice and Barley are three major Cereal preferences in Mongolia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Mongolia average intake is 148.79 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Mongolia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Mongolia average Fruit intake is 82.49grams
  • In Mongolia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 53.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Mongolia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Mongolia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat961
2Rice77
3Barley18
4Rye3
5Oats1
6Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Mongolia

Diet Compositions in Mongolia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1064
2Meat456
3Oils & Fats265
4Dairy & Eggs253
5Sugar145
6Starchy Roots99
7Alcoholic Beverages82
8Other79
9Fruits & Vegetables62
10Pulses5

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Mongolia with 8366 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 40% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease were the highest types of death causes in Mongolia.
    Major Cause of Death in Mongolia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 7438 deaths (year 2016).
  • 47.62% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Lower respiratory infections and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Suicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 44% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Mongolia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Mongolia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Mongolia are High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 2 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High blood pressure and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Mongolia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.41% of Mongolia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 7262 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Liver cancer (Count : 1342) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 747 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 9% of survival chance.Mongolia was really successful in diagnosing Non-melanoma skin cancer where 95% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3635 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1922 were suffering from Liver cancer out of which 1342 people were dead. This means 69.82% death rate of people suffering from Liver cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Mongolia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Mongolia :
  • 0.41 % of Mongolia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Liver cancer
  • Non-melanoma skin cancer was most cured cancer in Mongolia
  • Liver cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mongolia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Mongolia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 265 1.27%
Cardiovascular diseases 8366 40.21%
Kidney disease 373 1.79%
Respiratory disease 373 1.79%
Liver disease 1322 6.35%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 626 3.01%
Digestive disease 496 2.38%
Hepatitis 23 0.11%
Cancers 4599 22.1%
Parkinson's disease 40 0.19%
Fire 102 0.49%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 161 0.77%
Homicide 309 1.49%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.02%
Drug disorder 41 0.2%
Tuberculosis 308 1.48%
Road incidents 642 3.09%
Maternal deaths 39 0.19%
Neonatal deaths 739 3.55%
Alcohol disorder 471 2.26%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.02%
Alcohol disorder 471 2.26%
Digestive disease 496 2.38%
Lower respiratory infections 600.259003606 2.88%
Suicide 626 3.01%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 626 3.01%
Road incidents 642 3.09%
Neonatal deaths 739 3.55%
Liver disease 1322 6.35%
Cancers 4599 22.1%
Cardiovascular diseases 8366 40.21%


Mongolia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 4 0.26%
Lower respiratory infections 1 0.06%
Congenital birth defects 2 0.13%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Fire 2 0.13%
Measles 2 0.13%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 739 47.62%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 14 0.9%
Drowning 3 0.19%
Cancers 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 14 0.9%
Homicide 0 0%
Hepatitis 34 2.19%
Tuberculosis 11 0.71%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.26%
Liver disease 25 1.61%
Kidney disease 14 0.9%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.13%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.58%
HIV/AIDS 219 14.11%
Drug use disorders 380 24.48%
Natural disasters 29 1.87%
42 2.71%


Mongolia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 14 7.53%
Homicide 5 2.69%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 2.15%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 46 24.73%
Tuberculosis 3 1.61%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 21 11.29%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 10 5.38%
Cancers 19 10.22%
Hepatitis 4 2.15%
Digestive diseases 8 4.3%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 10 5.38%
Liver disease 5 2.69%
Respiratory disease 3 1.61%
Kidney disease 3 1.61%
Cardiovascular disease 8 4.3%
Lower respiratory infections 23 12.37%


Mongolia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 530 10.01%
Homicide 257 4.85%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.09%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 134 2.53%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.02%
Road accidents 462 8.72%
Tuberculosis 207 3.91%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.06%
Drowning 101 1.91%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 43 0.81%
Cancers 787 14.86%
Hepatitis 14 0.26%
Digestive diseases 143 2.7%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 236 4.46%
Liver disease 411 7.76%
Respiratory disease 46 0.87%
Kidney disease 144 2.72%
Cardiovascular disease 1311 24.75%
Drug disorder 29 0.55%
Alcohol disorder 338 6.38%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.02%
Dementia 1 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 90 1.7%


Mongolia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 69 0.93%
Homicide 39 0.53%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 64 0.86%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 105 1.41%
Tuberculosis 85 1.14%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 22 0.3%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 12 0.16%
Cancers 2298 30.94%
Hepatitis 1 0.01%
Digestive diseases 190 2.56%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 220 2.96%
Liver disease 552 7.43%
Respiratory disease 133 1.79%
Kidney disease 130 1.75%
Cardiovascular diseases 3277 44.12%
Dementia 23 0.31%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.07%
Drug disorder 9 0.12%
Alcohol disorder 126 1.7%
Lower respiratory infections 63 0.85%


Mongolia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 12 0.18%
Homicide 3 0.05%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 15 0.23%
Tuberculosis 10 0.15%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 4 0.06%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 3 0.05%
Cancers 1485 22.71%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 129 1.97%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 146 2.23%
Liver disease 352 5.38%
Respiratory disease 188 2.88%
Kidney disease 94 1.44%
Cardiovascular disease 3761 57.52%
Parkinson's disease 34 0.52%
Dementia 241 3.69%
Drug use disorders 2 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 8 0.12%
Lower respiratory infections 45 0.69%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mongolia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2 0.01%
Poor sanitation 2 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 34 0.13%
Household air pollution 1583 6.1%
Outdoor air pollution 1536 5.92%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 30 0.12%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 156 0.6%
Child stunting 31 0.12%
Low birth weight 289 1.11%
Secondhand smoke 281 1.08%
Alcohol use 2692 10.37%
Drug use 699 2.69%
Diet low in fruits 1887 7.27%
Diet low in vegetables 1284 4.95%
Unsafe sex 135 0.52%
Low physical activity 477 1.84%
High blood sugar 1057 4.07%
High cholesterol 2051 7.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2816 10.85%
High blood pressure 5276 20.32%
Smoking 3589 13.82%
Iron deficiency 5 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 4 0.02%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 47 0.18%


Mongolia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 30 3.87%
Child stunting 31 3.99%
Low birth weight 289 37.24%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 22 2.84%
Secondhand smoke 46 5.93%
Poor sanitation 1 0.13%
Unsafe water source 1 0.13%
Household air pollution 113 14.56%
Outdoor air pollution 87 11.21%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 156 20.1%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Mongolia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 4.35%
No access to handwashing facility 1 4.35%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 5 21.74%
Secondhand smoke 3 13.04%
Household air pollution 7 30.43%
Outdoor air pollution 5 21.74%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 4.35%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Mongolia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 5 0.09%
Low bone mineral density 12 0.21%
Drug use 187 3.27%
Alcohol use 1132 19.8%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.09%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 738 12.91%
Secondhand smoke 44 0.77%
Low physical activity 48 0.84%
Diet low in fruits 429 7.5%
Diet low in vegetables 289 5.06%
Unsafe sex 55 0.96%
High body-mass index (obesity) 702 12.28%
Household air pollution 313 5.47%
Outdoor air pollution 305 5.33%
High total cholesterol 435 7.61%
High blood pressure 822 14.38%
High blood sugar 196 3.43%


Mongolia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 22 0.19%
Drug use 349 3.08%
Alcohol use 1106 9.76%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.04%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 57 0.5%
Smoking 1825 16.11%
Secondhand smoke 94 0.83%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 554 4.89%
Diet low in fruits 896 7.91%
Low physical activity 150 1.32%
Outdoor air pollution 639 5.64%
Household air pollution 648 5.72%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1430 12.62%
High blood sugar 427 3.77%
High total cholesterol 822 7.26%
High blood pressure 2305 20.35%


Mongolia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.17%
Drug use 164 2.02%
Alcohol use 454 5.59%
Smoking 1026 12.63%
Secondhand smoke 94 1.16%
Household air pollution 502 6.18%
Outdoor air pollution 500 6.16%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.04%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 23 0.28%
Low physical activity 279 3.43%
Diet low in vegetables 441 5.43%
Diet low in fruits 563 6.93%
High cholesterol 794 9.77%
High blood pressure 2148 26.44%
High blood sugar 434 5.34%
High body-mass index (obesity) 684 8.42%


Mongolia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1922 | Deaths : 1342 69.82%
Breast cancer Patients : 969 | Deaths : 90 9.29%
Larynx cancer Patients : 80 | Deaths : 23 28.75%
Kidney cancer Patients : 342 | Deaths : 37 10.82%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 133 | Deaths : 10 7.52%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 200 | Deaths : 41 20.5%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1074 | Deaths : 747 69.55%
Uterine cancer Patients : 410 | Deaths : 27 6.59%
Bladder cancer Patients : 135 | Deaths : 18 13.33%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1117 | Deaths : 131 11.73%
Prostate cancer Patients : 192 | Deaths : 28 14.58%
Testicular cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 1 8.33%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 85 | Deaths : 65 76.47%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 360 | Deaths : 327 90.83%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 24 | Deaths : 6 25%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 518 | Deaths : 124 23.94%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 434 | Deaths : 20 4.61%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 256 | Deaths : 40 15.63%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 173 | Deaths : 76 43.93%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 480 | Deaths : 40 8.33%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 30 | Deaths : 8 26.67%


Mongolia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 36 0.5%
5-14 year olds 32 0.44%
15-49 year olds 1736 23.91%
50-69 year olds 3635 50.06%
70+ year olds 1823 25.1%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->