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Moldova Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Moldova

CONTENT


Causes of death across Moldova are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Moldova.

Highlights of Moldova BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Moldova gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 53.56%53.56%
    • Fat : 24.90%24.90%
    • Plant protein : 4.67%4.67%
    • Animal protein : 4.55%4.55%
  • 12.31% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Moldova gets 2714/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 3095/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Dairy & Eggs are three major diet compositions in Moldova
  • Maize, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Moldova
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Moldova average intake is 245.67 grams
  • Grapes, Apples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Moldova
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Moldova average Fruit intake is 152.05grams
  • In Moldova, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 54.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Moldova is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Moldova
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize684
2Wheat348
3Rice28
4Barley26
5Rye7
6Oats5
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Moldova

Diet Compositions in Moldova
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1099
2Oils & Fats431
3Dairy & Eggs370
4Meat208
6Fruits & Vegetables142
7Alcoholic Beverages108
8Starchy Roots99
9Other41
10Pulses8

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Moldova with 24278 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 58% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease were the highest types of death causes in Moldova.
    Major Cause of Death in Moldova
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 21728 deaths (year 2016).
  • 36.29% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Drowning and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 45% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Moldova (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Moldova - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Moldova are High blood pressure, High cholesterol and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 5 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Moldova (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.42% of Moldova population was suffering from cancer i.e. 19726 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 869) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 531 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 11% of survival chance.Moldova was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 96% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 12282 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 3680 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 869 people were dead. This means 23.61% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Moldova and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Moldova :
  • 0.42 % of Moldova population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Moldova
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Moldova

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Moldova (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1100 2.61%
Cardiovascular diseases 24278 57.53%
Kidney disease 208 0.49%
Respiratory disease 1063 2.52%
Liver disease 3309 7.84%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 816 1.93%
Digestive disease 786 1.86%
Hepatitis 5 0.01%
Cancers 6192 14.67%
Parkinson's disease 161 0.38%
Fire 127 0.3%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 228 0.54%
Homicide 269 0.64%
HIV/AIDS 180 0.43%
Drug disorder 206 0.49%
Tuberculosis 253 0.6%
Road incidents 497 1.18%
Maternal deaths 9 0.02%
Neonatal deaths 188 0.45%
Alcohol disorder 507 1.2%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.02%
Alcohol disorder 507 1.2%
Suicide 728 1.73%
Digestive disease 786 1.86%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 816 1.93%
Lower respiratory infections 857.760077741 2.03%
Respiratory disease 1063 2.52%
Dementia 1100 2.61%
Liver disease 3309 7.84%
Cancers 6192 14.67%
Cardiovascular diseases 24278 57.53%


Moldova - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 3 0.58%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cancers 1 0.19%
Drowning 5 0.97%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Fire 188 36.29%
Road accidents 5 0.97%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Homicide 1 0.19%
Digestive diseases 7 1.35%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.97%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 2.51%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Hepatitis 3 0.58%
Kidney disease 3 0.58%
Liver disease 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.19%
Drug use disorders 146 28.19%
Measles 88 16.99%
Natural disasters 0 0%
49 9.46%


Moldova - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 4%
Homicide 2 2.67%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 14 18.67%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 17 22.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 2.67%
Cancers 23 30.67%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 1.33%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3 4%
Liver disease 1 1.33%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 1 1.33%
Cardiovascular disease 2 2.67%
Lower respiratory infections 6 8%


Moldova - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 372 8.9%
Homicide 151 3.61%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 57 1.36%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.02%
Road accidents 281 6.72%
Tuberculosis 124 2.97%
HIV/AIDS 161 3.85%
Drowning 106 2.54%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 33 0.79%
Cancers 689 16.48%
Hepatitis 3 0.07%
Digestive diseases 159 3.8%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 99 2.37%
Liver disease 557 13.32%
Respiratory disease 32 0.77%
Kidney disease 35 0.84%
Cardiovascular disease 837 20.02%
Drug disorder 74 1.77%
Alcohol disorder 190 4.54%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.02%
Dementia 1 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 217 5.19%


Moldova - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 298 1.87%
Homicide 91 0.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 115 0.72%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.01%
Road accidents 158 0.99%
Tuberculosis 117 0.74%
HIV/AIDS 18 0.11%
Drowning 82 0.52%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 57 0.36%
Cancers 3663 23.04%
Hepatitis 1 0.01%
Digestive diseases 389 2.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 374 2.35%
Liver disease 2064 12.98%
Respiratory disease 345 2.17%
Kidney disease 87 0.55%
Cardiovascular diseases 7136 44.88%
Dementia 68 0.43%
Parkinson's disease 19 0.12%
Drug disorder 94 0.59%
Alcohol disorder 296 1.86%
Lower respiratory infections 426 2.68%


Moldova - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 56 0.26%
Homicide 22 0.1%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 18 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.01%
Road accidents 39 0.18%
Tuberculosis 12 0.06%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 16 0.07%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 30 0.14%
Cancers 1804 8.32%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 234 1.08%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 335 1.55%
Liver disease 687 3.17%
Respiratory disease 685 3.16%
Kidney disease 85 0.39%
Cardiovascular disease 16302 75.2%
Parkinson's disease 141 0.65%
Dementia 1030 4.75%
Drug use disorders 38 0.18%
Alcohol use disorders 22 0.1%
Lower respiratory infections 120 0.55%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Moldova
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 5 0.01%
Poor sanitation 5 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 27 0.05%
Household air pollution 422 0.74%
Outdoor air pollution 3175 5.55%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 0.02%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 26 0.05%
Child stunting 3 0.01%
Low birth weight 68 0.12%
Secondhand smoke 642 1.12%
Alcohol use 4727 8.26%
Drug use 1134 1.98%
Diet low in fruits 3547 6.2%
Diet low in vegetables 2323 4.06%
Unsafe sex 300 0.52%
Low physical activity 2144 3.75%
High blood sugar 3831 6.69%
High cholesterol 7450 13.02%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6728 11.76%
High blood pressure 15620 27.29%
Smoking 4936 8.62%
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Zinc deficiency 1 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 108 0.19%


Moldova - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 6.76%
Child stunting 3 2.03%
Low birth weight 68 45.95%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 3 2.03%
Secondhand smoke 14 9.46%
Poor sanitation 3 2.03%
Unsafe water source 3 2.03%
Household air pollution 3 2.03%
Outdoor air pollution 15 10.14%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 26 17.57%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Moldova - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 33.33%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 33.33%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1 33.33%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Moldova - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 8 0.19%
Drug use 301 7.12%
Alcohol use 1172 27.71%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.17%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 593 14.02%
Secondhand smoke 33 0.78%
Low physical activity 36 0.85%
Diet low in fruits 223 5.27%
Diet low in vegetables 120 2.84%
Unsafe sex 152 3.59%
High body-mass index (obesity) 393 9.29%
Household air pollution 30 0.71%
Outdoor air pollution 189 4.47%
High total cholesterol 345 8.16%
High blood pressure 509 12.04%
High blood sugar 118 2.79%


Moldova - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 46 0.2%
Drug use 638 2.75%
Alcohol use 2924 12.61%
No access to handwashing facility 13 0.06%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 108 0.47%
Smoking 3099 13.36%
Secondhand smoke 236 1.02%
Unsafe water source 1 0%
Diet low in vegetables 785 3.38%
Diet low in fruits 1479 6.38%
Low physical activity 483 2.08%
Outdoor air pollution 1209 5.21%
Household air pollution 169 0.73%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3322 14.32%
High blood sugar 1281 5.52%
High total cholesterol 2357 10.16%
High blood pressure 5047 21.76%


Moldova - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 54 0.18%
Drug use 194 0.65%
Alcohol use 629 2.12%
Smoking 1245 4.2%
Secondhand smoke 357 1.2%
Household air pollution 220 0.74%
Outdoor air pollution 1762 5.94%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0%
Unsafe sex 40 0.13%
Low physical activity 1626 5.48%
Diet low in vegetables 1418 4.78%
Diet low in fruits 1845 6.22%
High cholesterol 4748 16.01%
High blood pressure 10064 33.94%
High blood sugar 2431 8.2%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3013 10.16%


Moldova - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 483 | Deaths : 184 38.1%
Breast cancer Patients : 4647 | Deaths : 521 11.21%
Larynx cancer Patients : 710 | Deaths : 160 22.54%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1244 | Deaths : 122 9.81%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 502 | Deaths : 23 4.58%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 567 | Deaths : 129 22.75%
Stomach cancer Patients : 822 | Deaths : 531 64.6%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1425 | Deaths : 94 6.6%
Bladder cancer Patients : 951 | Deaths : 142 14.93%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1392 | Deaths : 182 13.07%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1740 | Deaths : 214 12.3%
Testicular cancer Patients : 102 | Deaths : 8 7.84%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 378 | Deaths : 298 78.84%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 103 | Deaths : 92 89.32%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 174 | Deaths : 35 20.11%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 3680 | Deaths : 869 23.61%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 291 | Deaths : 44 15.12%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 752 | Deaths : 130 17.29%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 401 | Deaths : 173 43.14%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1118 | Deaths : 46 4.11%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 143 | Deaths : 36 25.17%


Moldova - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 100 0.51%
5-14 year olds 43 0.22%
15-49 year olds 2669 13.53%
50-69 year olds 12282 62.26%
70+ year olds 4632 23.48%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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