Malta Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Malta Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Malta

CONTENT


Causes of death across Malta are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Malta.

Highlights of Malta BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Malta gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 66.69%66.69%
    • Fat : 36.86%36.86%
    • Animal protein : 8.71%8.71%
    • Plant protein : 6.86%6.86%
  • 19.11% increase in caloric supply : Currently Malta gets 3378/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2836/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Malta
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Malta
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Malta average intake is 554.58 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Citrus, other and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Malta
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Malta average Fruit intake is 208.77grams
  • In Malta, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 70.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Malta is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Malta
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat985
2Rice49
3Maize40
4Oats12
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Malta

Diet Compositions in Malta
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1090
2Sugar548
3Oils & Fats438
4Meat401
5Dairy & Eggs356
6Fruits & Vegetables219
7Alcoholic Beverages118
8Other95
9Starchy Roots76
10Pulses37

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Malta with 1359 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 40% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were the highest types of death causes in Malta.
    Major Cause of Death in Malta
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 2592 deaths (year 2016).
  • 50% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Suicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 45% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Malta (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Malta - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Malta are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High cholesterol. Every year around 0 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Secondhand smoke and High blood sugar are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Malta (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


1.01% of Malta population was suffering from cancer i.e. 6427 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 102) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 77 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 15% of survival chance.Malta was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3177 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 1105 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 102 people were dead. This means 9.23% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Malta and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Malta :
  • 1.01 % of Malta population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Malta
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Malta

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Malta (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 312 9.27%
Cardiovascular diseases 1359 40.37%
Kidney disease 80 2.38%
Respiratory disease 151 4.49%
Liver disease 42 1.25%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 223 6.62%
Digestive disease 75 2.23%
Hepatitis 1 0.03%
Cancers 889 26.41%
Parkinson's disease 29 0.86%
Fire 2 0.06%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 4 0.12%
Homicide 5 0.15%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.03%
Drug disorder 7 0.21%
Tuberculosis 1 0.03%
Road incidents 16 0.48%
Maternal deaths 0 0%
Neonatal deaths 11 0.33%
Alcohol disorder 3 0.09%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.09%
Parkinson's disease 29 0.86%
Liver disease 42 1.25%
Digestive disease 75 2.23%
Kidney disease 80 2.38%
Lower respiratory infections 124.297870263 3.7%
Respiratory disease 151 4.49%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 223 6.63%
Dementia 312 9.28%
Cancers 889 26.43%
Cardiovascular diseases 1359 40.41%


Malta - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Drowning 11 50%
Homicide 0 0%
Road accidents 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 4.55%
Liver disease 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Measles 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 40.91%
Drug use disorders 1 4.55%
Natural disasters 0 0%
0 0%


Malta - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 1 100%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 0 0%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%


Malta - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 11 9.82%
Homicide 3 2.68%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 8 7.14%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.89%
Drowning 2 1.79%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 40 35.71%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 1.79%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 6 5.36%
Liver disease 5 4.46%
Respiratory disease 2 1.79%
Kidney disease 2 1.79%
Cardiovascular disease 22 19.64%
Drug disorder 5 4.46%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.89%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 2 1.79%


Malta - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 8 1.18%
Homicide 1 0.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 3 0.44%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 308 45.29%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 12 1.76%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 41 6.03%
Liver disease 19 2.79%
Respiratory disease 25 3.68%
Kidney disease 13 1.91%
Cardiovascular diseases 221 32.5%
Dementia 12 1.76%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.29%
Drug disorder 1 0.15%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 12 1.76%


Malta - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 6 0.24%
Homicide 1 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.08%
Road accidents 4 0.16%
Tuberculosis 1 0.04%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.04%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.08%
Cancers 539 21.11%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 60 2.35%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 175 6.85%
Liver disease 18 0.71%
Respiratory disease 125 4.9%
Kidney disease 65 2.55%
Cardiovascular disease 1115 43.67%
Parkinson's disease 27 1.06%
Dementia 299 11.71%
Drug use disorders 1 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 1 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 109 4.27%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Malta
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.03%
Household air pollution 4 0.12%
Outdoor air pollution 150 4.67%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 0 0%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 7 0.22%
Secondhand smoke 40 1.25%
Alcohol use 40 1.25%
Drug use 25 0.78%
Diet low in fruits 134 4.17%
Diet low in vegetables 56 1.74%
Unsafe sex 10 0.31%
Low physical activity 146 4.55%
High blood sugar 385 11.99%
High cholesterol 413 12.87%
High body-mass index (obesity) 463 14.42%
High blood pressure 904 28.16%
Smoking 400 12.46%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 32 1%


Malta - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 7 100%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Malta - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Malta - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 7 7.87%
Alcohol use 10 11.24%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 14 15.73%
Secondhand smoke 1 1.12%
Low physical activity 2 2.25%
Diet low in fruits 5 5.62%
Diet low in vegetables 2 2.25%
Unsafe sex 2 2.25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 13 14.61%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 4 4.49%
High total cholesterol 11 12.36%
High blood pressure 13 14.61%
High blood sugar 5 5.62%


Malta - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.27%
Drug use 9 1.2%
Alcohol use 33 4.38%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 4 0.53%
Smoking 147 19.52%
Secondhand smoke 9 1.2%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 10 1.33%
Diet low in fruits 35 4.65%
Low physical activity 23 3.05%
Outdoor air pollution 34 4.52%
Household air pollution 1 0.13%
High body-mass index (obesity) 126 16.73%
High blood sugar 69 9.16%
High total cholesterol 89 11.82%
High blood pressure 162 21.51%


Malta - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 30 1.27%
Drug use 8 0.34%
Alcohol use -3 -0.13%
Smoking 239 10.13%
Secondhand smoke 29 1.23%
Household air pollution 3 0.13%
Outdoor air pollution 112 4.75%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.04%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 4 0.17%
Low physical activity 120 5.09%
Diet low in vegetables 45 1.91%
Diet low in fruits 94 3.98%
High cholesterol 313 13.27%
High blood pressure 728 30.86%
High blood sugar 311 13.18%
High body-mass index (obesity) 325 13.78%


Malta - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 9 40.91%
Breast cancer Patients : 1396 | Deaths : 77 5.52%
Larynx cancer Patients : 76 | Deaths : 9 11.84%
Kidney cancer Patients : 179 | Deaths : 24 13.41%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 136 | Deaths : 4 2.94%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 143 | Deaths : 32 22.38%
Stomach cancer Patients : 106 | Deaths : 48 45.28%
Uterine cancer Patients : 335 | Deaths : 13 3.88%
Bladder cancer Patients : 409 | Deaths : 36 8.8%
Cervical cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 9 13.64%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1220 | Deaths : 45 3.69%
Testicular cancer Patients : 69 | Deaths : 1 1.45%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 72 | Deaths : 52 72.22%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 20 | Deaths : 17 85%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 30 | Deaths : 7 23.33%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1105 | Deaths : 102 9.23%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 91 | Deaths : 5 5.49%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 96 | Deaths : 10 10.42%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 98 | Deaths : 26 26.53%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 318 | Deaths : 9 2.83%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 5 55.56%


Malta - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 15 0.23%
5-14 year olds 7 0.11%
15-49 year olds 548 8.53%
50-69 year olds 2680 41.7%
70+ year olds 3177 49.43%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->