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Mali Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Mali

CONTENT


Causes of death across Mali are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Mali.

Highlights of Mali BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Mali gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 119.92%119.92%
    • Fat : 35.14%35.14%
    • Plant protein : 14.97%14.97%
    • Animal protein : 5.76%5.76%
  • 75.79% increase in caloric supply : Currently Mali gets 2890/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1644/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Dairy & Eggs are three major diet compositions in Mali
  • Rice, Sorghum and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Mali
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Mali average intake is 155.04 grams
  • Bananas, Lemons & Limes and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Mali
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Mali average Fruit intake is 78.63grams
  • In Mali, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 24.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Mali is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Mali
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice564
2Sorghum397
3Maize331
4Wheat99
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Mali

Diet Compositions in Mali
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1862
2Oils & Fats251
3Dairy & Eggs214
4Pulses181
5Meat119
6Sugar100
7Starchy Roots72
8Fruits & Vegetables69
9Other16
10Alcoholic Beverages6

Major Cause of Death


Malaria was a major cause of death in Mali with 28794 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 20% of total deaths. Overall Malaria, Neonatal deaths and Diarrheal diseases were the highest types of death causes in Mali.
    Major Cause of Death in Mali
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 84212 deaths (year 2016).
  • 28.53% kids below age 5 years die because of Malaria.
  • Malaria, Diarrheal diseases and Nutritional deficiencies are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 26% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Mali (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Mali - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Mali are Child wasting, Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation. Every year around 13550 people die due to Child wasting.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Mali (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.19% of Mali population was suffering from cancer i.e. 13576 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Liver cancer (Count : 1568) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 996 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 1% of survival chance.Mali was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5695 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2493 were suffering from Liver cancer out of which 1568 people were dead. This means 62.9% death rate of people suffering from Liver cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Mali and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Mali :
  • 0.19 % of Mali population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Liver cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Mali
  • Liver cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mali

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Mali (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 924 0.63%
Cardiovascular diseases 14695 10.05%
Kidney disease 1256 0.86%
Respiratory disease 3465 2.37%
Liver disease 1752 1.2%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4784 3.27%
Digestive disease 2170 1.48%
Hepatitis 371 0.25%
Cancers 8715 5.96%
Parkinson's disease 65 0.04%
Fire 526 0.36%
Malaria 28794 19.7%
Drowning 869 0.59%
Homicide 407 0.28%
HIV/AIDS 5240 3.58%
Drug disorder 95 0.06%
Tuberculosis 1922 1.31%
Road incidents 1803 1.23%
Maternal deaths 2817 1.93%
Neonatal deaths 21038 14.39%
Alcohol disorder 75 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 18025 12.33%
Meningitis 5115.83691541 3.5%
HIV/AIDS 5240 3.58%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6051.23538583 4.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 6399 4.38%
Lower respiratory infections 7463.76791138 5.11%
Cancers 8715 5.96%
Cardiovascular diseases 14695 10.05%
Diarrheal diseases 18025 12.33%
Neonatal deaths 21038 14.39%
Malaria 28794 19.7%


Mali - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 56 0.07%
Neonatal disorders 4800 5.87%
Diarrheal diseases 4877 5.97%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 42 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11386 13.93%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 21038 25.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 339 0.41%
Cardiovascular disease 14 0.02%
Digestive diseases 209 0.26%
Road accidents 323 0.4%
Drowning 23315 28.53%
HIV/AIDS 206 0.25%
Fire 92 0.11%
Measles 58 0.07%
Kidney disease 343 0.42%
Cancers 915 1.12%
Liver disease 69 0.08%
Hepatitis 160 0.2%
Homicide 409 0.5%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4295 5.26%
Tuberculosis 5219 6.39%
Drug use disorders 175 0.21%
Natural disasters 3381 4.14%


Mali - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 17 0.28%
Homicide 31 0.51%
Nutritional deficiencies 348 5.73%
Protein-energy malnutrition 332 5.47%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.26%
Diarrheal diseases 771 12.7%
Road accidents 299 4.92%
Tuberculosis 13 0.21%
HIV/AIDS 154 2.54%
Drowning 255 4.2%
Malaria 2540 41.83%
Fire 71 1.17%
Cancers 148 2.44%
Hepatitis 36 0.59%
Digestive diseases 104 1.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 316 5.2%
Liver disease 51 0.84%
Respiratory disease 37 0.61%
Kidney disease 81 1.33%
Cardiovascular disease 131 2.16%
Lower respiratory infections 321 5.29%


Mali - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 294 1.46%
Homicide 286 1.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 626 3.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 479 2.38%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 61 0.3%
Diarrheal diseases 1837 9.14%
Road accidents 735 3.66%
Tuberculosis 678 3.37%
HIV/AIDS 4140 20.59%
Drowning 185 0.92%
Malaria 1389 6.91%
Fire 100 0.5%
Cancers 2726 13.56%
Hepatitis 190 0.95%
Digestive diseases 588 2.92%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1044 5.19%
Liver disease 641 3.19%
Respiratory disease 817 4.06%
Kidney disease 341 1.7%
Cardiovascular disease 2390 11.89%
Drug disorder 71 0.35%
Alcohol disorder 38 0.19%
Parkinson's disease 1 0%
Dementia 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 445 2.21%


Mali - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 127 0.7%
Homicide 26 0.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 230 1.27%
Protein-energy malnutrition 165 0.91%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 1689 9.33%
Road accidents 255 1.41%
Tuberculosis 570 3.15%
HIV/AIDS 677 3.74%
Drowning 55 0.3%
Malaria 902 4.98%
Fire 69 0.38%
Cancers 3856 21.3%
Hepatitis 66 0.36%
Digestive diseases 547 3.02%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1133 6.26%
Liver disease 639 3.53%
Respiratory disease 1291 7.13%
Kidney disease 301 1.66%
Cardiovascular diseases 4702 25.98%
Dementia 97 0.54%
Parkinson's disease 8 0.04%
Drug disorder 13 0.07%
Alcohol disorder 25 0.14%
Lower respiratory infections 643 3.55%


Mali - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 72 0.37%
Homicide 7 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 317 1.63%
Protein-energy malnutrition 275 1.42%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 2343 12.07%
Road accidents 175 0.9%
Tuberculosis 647 3.33%
HIV/AIDS 60 0.31%
Drowning 51 0.26%
Malaria 649 3.34%
Fire 79 0.41%
Cancers 1892 9.75%
Hepatitis 21 0.11%
Digestive diseases 589 3.03%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1376 7.09%
Liver disease 352 1.81%
Respiratory disease 1316 6.78%
Kidney disease 373 1.92%
Cardiovascular disease 7064 36.39%
Parkinson's disease 56 0.29%
Dementia 825 4.25%
Drug use disorders 11 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 12 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 835 4.3%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mali
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 13550 11.75%
Poor sanitation 11688 10.14%
No access to handwashing facility 8866 7.69%
Household air pollution 8820 7.65%
Outdoor air pollution 6385 5.54%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2399 2.08%
Discontinued breastfeeding 178 0.15%
Child wasting 16655 14.44%
Child stunting 1623 1.41%
Low birth weight 9783 8.48%
Secondhand smoke 712 0.62%
Alcohol use 1683 1.46%
Drug use 272 0.24%
Diet low in fruits 2623 2.27%
Diet low in vegetables 1726 1.5%
Unsafe sex 5405 4.69%
Low physical activity 971 0.84%
High blood sugar 3822 3.31%
High cholesterol 2259 1.96%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4131 3.58%
High blood pressure 7969 6.91%
Smoking 1911 1.66%
Iron deficiency 245 0.21%
Zinc deficiency 442 0.38%
Vitamin-A deficiency 805 0.7%
Low bone mineral density 397 0.34%


Mali - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 178 0.31%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2399 4.18%
Child stunting 1623 2.83%
Low birth weight 9783 17.05%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 5668 9.88%
Secondhand smoke 223 0.39%
Poor sanitation 7384 12.87%
Unsafe water source 8556 14.91%
Household air pollution 2823 4.92%
Outdoor air pollution 2077 3.62%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 2 0%
High blood sugar 20 0.03%
Child wasting 16655 29.02%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Mali - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 380 18.21%
Unsafe water source 580 27.79%
Unsafe sex 40 1.92%
Iron deficiency 241 11.55%
Secondhand smoke 14 0.67%
Household air pollution 177 8.48%
Outdoor air pollution 128 6.13%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.1%
High blood sugar 22 1.05%
High blood pressure 2 0.1%
Poor sanitation 500 23.96%
Iron deficiency 1 0.05%


Mali - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 241 1.58%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.09%
Drug use 219 1.43%
Alcohol use 555 3.64%
No access to handwashing facility 860 5.63%
Unsafe water source 1379 9.03%
Poor sanitation 1190 7.8%
Smoking 452 2.96%
Secondhand smoke 88 0.58%
Low physical activity 74 0.48%
Diet low in fruits 635 4.16%
Diet low in vegetables 385 2.52%
Unsafe sex 4209 27.57%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1067 6.99%
Household air pollution 1093 7.16%
Outdoor air pollution 807 5.29%
High total cholesterol 422 2.76%
High blood pressure 1101 7.21%
High blood sugar 473 3.1%


Mali - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 84 0.44%
Drug use 39 0.21%
Alcohol use 699 3.68%
No access to handwashing facility 823 4.33%
Poor sanitation 1095 5.76%
Unsafe sex 988 5.2%
Smoking 841 4.43%
Secondhand smoke 187 0.98%
Unsafe water source 1271 6.69%
Diet low in vegetables 642 3.38%
Diet low in fruits 1049 5.52%
Low physical activity 297 1.56%
Outdoor air pollution 1595 8.39%
Household air pollution 2229 11.73%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1919 10.1%
High blood sugar 1415 7.45%
High total cholesterol 876 4.61%
High blood pressure 2953 15.54%


Mali - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 299 1.45%
Drug use 14 0.07%
Alcohol use 429 2.09%
Smoking 618 3%
Secondhand smoke 200 0.97%
Household air pollution 2499 12.15%
Outdoor air pollution 1779 8.65%
No access to handwashing facility 1134 5.51%
Poor sanitation 1518 7.38%
Unsafe water source 1763 8.57%
Unsafe sex 168 0.82%
Low physical activity 600 2.92%
Diet low in vegetables 699 3.4%
Diet low in fruits 938 4.56%
High cholesterol 961 4.67%
High blood pressure 3912 19.02%
High blood sugar 1892 9.2%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1143 5.56%


Mali - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2493 | Deaths : 1568 62.9%
Breast cancer Patients : 3090 | Deaths : 651 21.07%
Larynx cancer Patients : 108 | Deaths : 47 43.52%
Kidney cancer Patients : 865 | Deaths : 98 11.33%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 185 | Deaths : 37 20%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 375 | Deaths : 103 27.47%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1312 | Deaths : 996 75.91%
Uterine cancer Patients : 258 | Deaths : 62 24.03%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1708 | Deaths : 506 29.63%
Cervical cancer Patients : 3968 | Deaths : 663 16.71%
Prostate cancer Patients : 756 | Deaths : 297 39.29%
Testicular cancer Patients : 51 | Deaths : 13 25.49%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 268 | Deaths : 156 58.21%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 152 | Deaths : 150 98.68%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 49 | Deaths : 10 20.41%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1098 | Deaths : 444 40.44%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 82 | Deaths : 21 25.61%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 260 | Deaths : 56 21.54%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 369 | Deaths : 154 41.73%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 304 | Deaths : 152 50%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 87 | Deaths : 23 26.44%


Mali - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 707 5.21%
5-14 year olds 179 1.32%
15-49 year olds 4987 36.73%
50-69 year olds 5695 41.95%
70+ year olds 2008 14.79%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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