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Madagascar Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Madagascar

CONTENT


Causes of death across Madagascar are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Madagascar.

Highlights of Madagascar BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Madagascar gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 67.66%67.66%
    • Fat : 9.07%9.07%
    • Plant protein : 6.03%6.03%
    • Animal protein : 1.65%1.65%
  • 15.59% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Madagascar gets 2052/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2431/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Meat are three major diet compositions in Madagascar
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Madagascar
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Madagascar average intake is 46.49 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Madagascar
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Madagascar average Fruit intake is 125.32grams
  • In Madagascar, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 21.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Madagascar is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Madagascar
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1040
2Maize146
3Wheat68
4Sorghum1
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Madagascar

Diet Compositions in Madagascar
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1255
2Starchy Roots384
3Meat88
4Oils & Fats72
6Fruits & Vegetables71
7Dairy & Eggs46
8Pulses37
9Other17
10Alcoholic Beverages10

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Madagascar with 41976 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 22% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diarrheal diseases and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Madagascar.
    Major Cause of Death in Madagascar
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 69160 deaths (year 2016).
  • 27.41% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Nutritional deficiencies, Diarrheal diseases and Protein-energy malnutrition are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 39% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Madagascar (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Madagascar - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Madagascar are Child wasting, High blood pressure and Household air pollution. Every year around 15923 people die due to Child wasting.
  • Child wasting and Unsafe water source are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and Unsafe water source are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Madagascar (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.28% of Madagascar population was suffering from cancer i.e. 32344 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 1712) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 1313 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Non-melanoma skin cancer have 1% of survival chance.Madagascar was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 92% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 13953 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 10607 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 1712 people were dead. This means 16.14% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Madagascar and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Madagascar :
  • 0.28 % of Madagascar population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Madagascar
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Madagascar

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Madagascar (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1486 0.78%
Cardiovascular diseases 41976 22.06%
Kidney disease 1014 0.53%
Respiratory disease 7952 4.18%
Liver disease 2859 1.5%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5485 2.88%
Digestive disease 4492 2.36%
Hepatitis 455 0.24%
Cancers 13120 6.89%
Parkinson's disease 99 0.05%
Fire 918 0.48%
Malaria 5541 2.91%
Drowning 1099 0.58%
Homicide 511 0.27%
HIV/AIDS 2222 1.17%
Drug disorder 53 0.03%
Tuberculosis 3613 1.9%
Road incidents 2831 1.49%
Maternal deaths 3230 1.7%
Neonatal deaths 19096 10.03%
Alcohol disorder 220 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 21561 11.33%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5485 2.88%
Malaria 5541 2.91%
Respiratory disease 7952 4.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11705.7220941 6.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 12749 6.7%
Cancers 13120 6.89%
Neonatal deaths 19096 10.03%
Lower respiratory infections 19509.5746071 10.25%
Diarrheal diseases 21561 11.33%
Cardiovascular diseases 41976 22.06%


Madagascar - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 29 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 7812 11.21%
Lower respiratory infections 7874 11.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 19 0.03%
Neonatal infections 11647 16.72%
Malaria 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 19096 27.41%
Measles 201 0.29%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 230 0.33%
Cardiovascular disease 107 0.15%
Digestive diseases 239 0.34%
Fire 3049 4.38%
Drowning 250 0.36%
Tuberculosis 145 0.21%
Road accidents 20 0.03%
Cancers 294 0.42%
HIV/AIDS 492 0.71%
Kidney disease 24 0.03%
Homicide 37 0.05%
Liver disease 367 0.53%
Hepatitis 2601 3.73%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10032 14.4%
Drug use disorders 1249 1.79%
Natural disasters 3854 5.53%


Madagascar - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 44 0.69%
Homicide 23 0.36%
Nutritional deficiencies 1028 16.16%
Protein-energy malnutrition 989 15.55%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 1016 15.97%
Road accidents 283 4.45%
Tuberculosis 92 1.45%
HIV/AIDS 82 1.29%
Drowning 265 4.17%
Malaria 512 8.05%
Fire 88 1.38%
Cancers 352 5.53%
Hepatitis 20 0.31%
Digestive diseases 135 2.12%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 98 1.54%
Liver disease 35 0.55%
Respiratory disease 160 2.51%
Kidney disease 22 0.35%
Cardiovascular disease 244 3.84%
Lower respiratory infections 866 13.61%


Madagascar - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 751 2.18%
Homicide 420 1.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 1454 4.23%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1001 2.91%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 50 0.15%
Diarrheal diseases 3488 10.14%
Road accidents 1466 4.26%
Tuberculosis 2062 6%
HIV/AIDS 1664 4.84%
Drowning 383 1.11%
Malaria 1058 3.08%
Fire 223 0.65%
Cancers 3784 11.01%
Hepatitis 236 0.69%
Digestive diseases 1358 3.95%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1220 3.55%
Liver disease 1016 2.95%
Respiratory disease 1692 4.92%
Kidney disease 303 0.88%
Cardiovascular disease 7935 23.08%
Drug disorder 41 0.12%
Alcohol disorder 88 0.26%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.01%
Dementia 4 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 2684 7.81%


Madagascar - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 437 1.08%
Homicide 33 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 1117 2.77%
Protein-energy malnutrition 862 2.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 2791 6.93%
Road accidents 586 1.45%
Tuberculosis 927 2.3%
HIV/AIDS 338 0.84%
Drowning 126 0.31%
Malaria 537 1.33%
Fire 194 0.48%
Cancers 5834 14.48%
Hepatitis 135 0.34%
Digestive diseases 1406 3.49%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1942 4.82%
Liver disease 1218 3.02%
Respiratory disease 2594 6.44%
Kidney disease 313 0.78%
Cardiovascular diseases 15886 39.43%
Dementia 156 0.39%
Parkinson's disease 12 0.03%
Drug disorder 6 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 88 0.22%
Lower respiratory infections 2732 6.78%


Madagascar - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 201 0.52%
Homicide 6 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 1277 3.3%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1041 2.69%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 20 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 2620 6.76%
Road accidents 295 0.76%
Tuberculosis 303 0.78%
HIV/AIDS 31 0.08%
Drowning 85 0.22%
Malaria 384 0.99%
Fire 164 0.42%
Cancers 3005 7.76%
Hepatitis 43 0.11%
Digestive diseases 1300 3.36%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1734 4.48%
Liver disease 566 1.46%
Respiratory disease 3132 8.08%
Kidney disease 340 0.88%
Cardiovascular disease 17545 45.28%
Parkinson's disease 85 0.22%
Dementia 1326 3.42%
Drug use disorders 5 0.01%
Alcohol use disorders 43 0.11%
Lower respiratory infections 3195 8.25%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Madagascar
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 15923 8.46%
Poor sanitation 14505 7.71%
No access to handwashing facility 12062 6.41%
Household air pollution 21146 11.24%
Outdoor air pollution 8500 4.52%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2337 1.24%
Discontinued breastfeeding 183 0.1%
Child wasting 25668 13.64%
Child stunting 3929 2.09%
Low birth weight 8570 4.55%
Secondhand smoke 1474 0.78%
Alcohol use 3910 2.08%
Drug use 291 0.15%
Diet low in fruits 6942 3.69%
Diet low in vegetables 5456 2.9%
Unsafe sex 3815 2.03%
Low physical activity 1446 0.77%
High blood sugar 6802 3.61%
High cholesterol 4809 2.56%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4956 2.63%
High blood pressure 25504 13.55%
Smoking 7159 3.8%
Iron deficiency 213 0.11%
Zinc deficiency 466 0.25%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1382 0.73%
Low bone mineral density 757 0.4%


Madagascar - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 183 0.26%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2337 3.29%
Child stunting 3929 5.53%
Low birth weight 8570 12.06%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 6440 9.06%
Secondhand smoke 457 0.64%
Poor sanitation 7834 11.02%
Unsafe water source 8614 12.12%
Household air pollution 5205 7.32%
Outdoor air pollution 1821 2.56%
High body-mass index (obesity) 19 0.03%
High blood pressure 2 0%
High blood sugar 3 0%
Child wasting 25668 36.11%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Madagascar - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.03%
No access to handwashing facility 560 19.27%
Unsafe water source 750 25.81%
Unsafe sex 22 0.76%
Iron deficiency 206 7.09%
Secondhand smoke 42 1.45%
Household air pollution 462 15.9%
Outdoor air pollution 158 5.44%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5 0.17%
High blood sugar 12 0.41%
High blood pressure 3 0.1%
Poor sanitation 683 23.5%
Iron deficiency 2 0.07%


Madagascar - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 206 0.69%
Low bone mineral density 32 0.11%
Drug use 218 0.73%
Alcohol use 1708 5.72%
No access to handwashing facility 1884 6.31%
Unsafe water source 2570 8.61%
Poor sanitation 2347 7.86%
Smoking 2401 8.05%
Secondhand smoke 203 0.68%
Low physical activity 135 0.45%
Diet low in fruits 1804 6.04%
Diet low in vegetables 1386 4.64%
Unsafe sex 2231 7.48%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1269 4.25%
Household air pollution 3543 11.87%
Outdoor air pollution 1525 5.11%
High total cholesterol 1125 3.77%
High blood pressure 4293 14.38%
High blood sugar 964 3.23%


Madagascar - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 4 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 179 0.39%
Drug use 60 0.13%
Alcohol use 1710 3.77%
No access to handwashing facility 1592 3.51%
Poor sanitation 1878 4.14%
Unsafe sex 1280 2.82%
Smoking 3368 7.42%
Secondhand smoke 417 0.92%
Unsafe water source 2058 4.54%
Diet low in vegetables 2381 5.25%
Diet low in fruits 3208 7.07%
Low physical activity 480 1.06%
Outdoor air pollution 2610 5.75%
Household air pollution 6123 13.5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2444 5.39%
High blood sugar 2920 6.44%
High total cholesterol 1940 4.28%
High blood pressure 10711 23.61%


Madagascar - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 546 1.46%
Drug use 13 0.03%
Alcohol use 490 1.31%
Smoking 1390 3.72%
Secondhand smoke 355 0.95%
Household air pollution 5813 15.56%
Outdoor air pollution 2386 6.39%
No access to handwashing facility 1586 4.24%
Poor sanitation 1763 4.72%
Unsafe water source 1931 5.17%
Unsafe sex 283 0.76%
Low physical activity 831 2.22%
Diet low in vegetables 1689 4.52%
Diet low in fruits 1930 5.16%
High cholesterol 1744 4.67%
High blood pressure 10495 28.09%
High blood sugar 2903 7.77%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1218 3.26%


Madagascar - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 735 | Deaths : 288 39.18%
Breast cancer Patients : 5080 | Deaths : 949 18.68%
Larynx cancer Patients : 336 | Deaths : 121 36.01%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1062 | Deaths : 88 8.29%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 974 | Deaths : 176 18.07%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1360 | Deaths : 353 25.96%
Stomach cancer Patients : 885 | Deaths : 652 73.67%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1031 | Deaths : 213 20.66%
Bladder cancer Patients : 748 | Deaths : 209 27.94%
Cervical cancer Patients : 10607 | Deaths : 1712 16.14%
Prostate cancer Patients : 4528 | Deaths : 1313 29%
Testicular cancer Patients : 98 | Deaths : 25 25.51%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 353 | Deaths : 250 70.82%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 689 | Deaths : 652 94.63%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 599 | Deaths : 137 22.87%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2389 | Deaths : 950 39.77%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 95 | Deaths : 94 98.95%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1152 | Deaths : 192 16.67%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 710 | Deaths : 289 40.7%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 454 | Deaths : 100 22.03%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 109 | Deaths : 68 62.39%


Madagascar - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1146 3.54%
5-14 year olds 917 2.84%
15-49 year olds 11007 34.03%
50-69 year olds 13953 43.14%
70+ year olds 5322 16.45%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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