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Madagascar Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 21.15 27.69 35.59
Global Rank 54th 51st 50th
Global Population Share 0.303% 0.355% 0.416%
Global Population Density 33.89 43.22 53.05
Global Population Density Rank 152nd 154th 156th
Average Life Expectancy 63.38 67.39 70.29
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 156th 153rd 152nd
Fertility Rate 4.6 3.97 3.5
Fertility Rate Global Rank 38th 36th 34th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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Madagascar Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 29 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 7812 11.21%
Lower respiratory infections 7874 11.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 19 0.03%
Neonatal infections 11647 16.72%
Malaria 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 19096 27.41%
Measles 201 0.29%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 230 0.33%
Cardiovascular disease 107 0.15%
Digestive diseases 239 0.34%
Fire 3049 4.38%
Drowning 250 0.36%

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Highlights of Madagascar BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Madagascar gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 67.66%67.66%
    • Fat : 9.07%9.07%
    • Plant protein : 6.03%6.03%
    • Animal protein : 1.65%1.65%
  • 15.59% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Madagascar gets 2052/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2431/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Meat are three major diet compositions in Madagascar
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Madagascar
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Madagascar average intake is 46.49 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Madagascar
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Madagascar average Fruit intake is 125.32grams
  • In Madagascar, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 21.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Madagascar is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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