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Macedonia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Macedonia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Macedonia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Macedonia.

Highlights of Macedonia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Macedonia
  • Wheat, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Macedonia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Macedonia average intake is 556.05 grams
  • Grapes, Oranges & Mandarines and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Macedonia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Macedonia average Fruit intake is 269.37grams
  • In Macedonia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 60.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Macedonia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Macedonia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat761
2Maize203
3Rice28
4Oats8
5Rye3
6Barley0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Macedonia

Diet Compositions in Macedonia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1004
2Oils & Fats608
3Sugar375
4Fruits & Vegetables264
5Dairy & Eggs228
6Meat179
7Starchy Roots106
8Other87
9Alcoholic Beverages53
10Pulses45

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Macedonia with 12981 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 60% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Macedonia.
    Major Cause of Death in Macedonia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 14138 deaths (year 2016).
  • 60% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 46% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Macedonia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Macedonia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Macedonia are High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 3 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Macedonia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.69% of Macedonia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 17424 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 534) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 422 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 4% of survival chance.Macedonia was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 9235 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2693 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 534 people were dead. This means 19.83% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Macedonia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Macedonia :
  • 0.69 % of Macedonia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Macedonia
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Macedonia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Macedonia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 654 3%
Cardiovascular diseases 12981 59.61%
Kidney disease 347 1.59%
Respiratory disease 605 2.78%
Liver disease 230 1.06%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1319 6.06%
Digestive disease 243 1.12%
Hepatitis 4 0.02%
Cancers 4442 20.4%
Parkinson's disease 108 0.5%
Fire 17 0.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 29 0.13%
Homicide 45 0.21%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.01%
Drug disorder 11 0.05%
Tuberculosis 34 0.16%
Road incidents 176 0.81%
Maternal deaths 2 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 123 0.56%
Alcohol disorder 21 0.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.04%
Road incidents 176 0.81%
Suicide 207 0.95%
Liver disease 230 1.06%
Digestive disease 243 1.12%
Kidney disease 347 1.59%
Respiratory disease 605 2.78%
Dementia 654 3%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1319 6.06%
Cancers 4442 20.4%
Cardiovascular diseases 12981 59.61%


Macedonia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 0.49%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 3 1.46%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 123 60%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2 0.98%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Fire 1 0.49%
Homicide 0 0%
Kidney disease 1 0.49%
Liver disease 6 2.93%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.49%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.98%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 4 1.95%
Drug use disorders 42 20.49%
Measles 15 7.32%
Natural disasters 0 0%
4 1.95%


Macedonia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 3.85%
Homicide 1 3.85%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 5 19.23%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 7.69%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 10 38.46%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 3.85%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 4 15.38%
Lower respiratory infections 2 7.69%


Macedonia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 86 7.15%
Homicide 26 2.16%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.08%
Road accidents 92 7.65%
Tuberculosis 6 0.5%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.17%
Drowning 12 1%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 4 0.33%
Cancers 415 34.53%
Hepatitis 1 0.08%
Digestive diseases 17 1.41%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 51 4.24%
Liver disease 33 2.75%
Respiratory disease 13 1.08%
Kidney disease 24 2%
Cardiovascular disease 389 32.36%
Drug disorder 8 0.67%
Alcohol disorder 7 0.58%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 12 1%


Macedonia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 72 1.17%
Homicide 12 0.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.03%
Road accidents 49 0.79%
Tuberculosis 14 0.23%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 8 0.13%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 4 0.06%
Cancers 2172 35.22%
Hepatitis 2 0.03%
Digestive diseases 76 1.23%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 412 6.68%
Liver disease 130 2.11%
Respiratory disease 146 2.37%
Kidney disease 117 1.9%
Cardiovascular diseases 2851 46.23%
Dementia 42 0.68%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.18%
Drug disorder 2 0.03%
Alcohol disorder 11 0.18%
Lower respiratory infections 32 0.52%


Macedonia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 48 0.34%
Homicide 5 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.03%
Road accidents 28 0.2%
Tuberculosis 14 0.1%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 5 0.04%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 8 0.06%
Cancers 1840 12.95%
Hepatitis 1 0.01%
Digestive diseases 147 1.03%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 852 6%
Liver disease 66 0.46%
Respiratory disease 445 3.13%
Kidney disease 205 1.44%
Cardiovascular disease 9732 68.51%
Parkinson's disease 97 0.68%
Dementia 612 4.31%
Drug use disorders 1 0.01%
Alcohol use disorders 3 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 90 0.63%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Macedonia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 3 0.01%
Poor sanitation 2 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.01%
Household air pollution 751 2.91%
Outdoor air pollution 1599 6.19%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 10 0.04%
Child stunting 1 0%
Low birth weight 89 0.34%
Secondhand smoke 534 2.07%
Alcohol use 593 2.3%
Drug use 120 0.46%
Diet low in fruits 1040 4.03%
Diet low in vegetables 337 1.31%
Unsafe sex 90 0.35%
Low physical activity 795 3.08%
High blood sugar 2829 10.96%
High cholesterol 2489 9.64%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3565 13.81%
High blood pressure 7281 28.2%
Smoking 3602 13.95%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 85 0.33%


Macedonia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3 2.61%
Child stunting 1 0.87%
Low birth weight 89 77.39%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 4 3.48%
Poor sanitation 1 0.87%
Unsafe water source 1 0.87%
Household air pollution 2 1.74%
Outdoor air pollution 4 3.48%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 10 8.7%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Macedonia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Macedonia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.15%
Drug use 22 1.64%
Alcohol use 67 5.01%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 308 23.02%
Secondhand smoke 11 0.82%
Low physical activity 18 1.35%
Diet low in fruits 78 5.83%
Diet low in vegetables 21 1.57%
Unsafe sex 21 1.57%
High body-mass index (obesity) 196 14.65%
Household air pollution 47 3.51%
Outdoor air pollution 95 7.1%
High total cholesterol 158 11.81%
High blood pressure 227 16.97%
High blood sugar 67 5.01%


Macedonia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 12 0.14%
Drug use 62 0.7%
Alcohol use 245 2.79%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 43 0.49%
Smoking 1920 21.83%
Secondhand smoke 114 1.3%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 97 1.1%
Diet low in fruits 389 4.42%
Low physical activity 166 1.89%
Outdoor air pollution 556 6.32%
Household air pollution 267 3.04%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1382 15.71%
High blood sugar 865 9.83%
High total cholesterol 786 8.93%
High blood pressure 1892 21.51%


Macedonia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 72 0.46%
Drug use 37 0.24%
Alcohol use 281 1.8%
Smoking 1375 8.83%
Secondhand smoke 405 2.6%
Household air pollution 435 2.79%
Outdoor air pollution 944 6.06%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Unsafe sex 26 0.17%
Low physical activity 611 3.92%
Diet low in vegetables 219 1.41%
Diet low in fruits 573 3.68%
High cholesterol 1545 9.92%
High blood pressure 5163 33.15%
High blood sugar 1897 12.18%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1988 12.76%


Macedonia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 243 | Deaths : 72 29.63%
Breast cancer Patients : 4199 | Deaths : 344 8.19%
Larynx cancer Patients : 509 | Deaths : 103 20.24%
Kidney cancer Patients : 471 | Deaths : 52 11.04%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 370 | Deaths : 11 2.97%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 429 | Deaths : 97 22.61%
Stomach cancer Patients : 655 | Deaths : 422 64.43%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1575 | Deaths : 69 4.38%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1199 | Deaths : 135 11.26%
Cervical cancer Patients : 646 | Deaths : 88 13.62%
Prostate cancer Patients : 2048 | Deaths : 230 11.23%
Testicular cancer Patients : 270 | Deaths : 9 3.33%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 256 | Deaths : 185 72.27%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 47 | Deaths : 45 95.74%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 8 27.59%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2693 | Deaths : 534 19.83%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 269 | Deaths : 33 12.27%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 246 | Deaths : 44 17.89%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 389 | Deaths : 181 46.53%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1093 | Deaths : 66 6.04%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 45 | Deaths : 22 48.89%


Macedonia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 51 0.29%
5-14 year olds 19 0.11%
15-49 year olds 2585 14.84%
50-69 year olds 9235 53%
70+ year olds 5534 31.76%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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