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Lebanon Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Lebanon

CONTENT


Causes of death across Lebanon are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Lebanon.

Highlights of Lebanon BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Lebanon gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 75.50%75.50%
    • Fat : 38.06%38.06%
    • Plant protein : 8.33%8.33%
    • Animal protein : 4.85%4.85%
  • 26.75% increase in caloric supply : Currently Lebanon gets 3066/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2419/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Lebanon
  • Wheat, Rice and Barley are three major Cereal preferences in Lebanon
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Lebanon average intake is 526.82 grams
  • Lemons & Limes, Bananas and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Lebanon
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Lebanon average Fruit intake is 291.18grams
  • In Lebanon, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 66.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Lebanon is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Lebanon
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat983
2Rice110
3Barley10
4Maize4
5Oats1
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Lebanon

Diet Compositions in Lebanon
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1108
2Oils & Fats630
3Sugar398
4Fruits & Vegetables264
5Meat203
6Dairy & Eggs182
7Starchy Roots91
9Other62
10Alcoholic Beverages37

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Lebanon with 10152 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 40% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were the highest types of death causes in Lebanon.
    Major Cause of Death in Lebanon
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 16285 deaths (year 2016).
  • 46.53% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 40% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Lebanon (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Lebanon - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Lebanon are High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 39 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Lebanon (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.94% of Lebanon population was suffering from cancer i.e. 47045 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 675) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 632 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Pancreatic cancer have 7% of survival chance.Lebanon was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 19266 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 5198 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 675 people were dead. This means 12.99% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Lebanon and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Lebanon :
  • 0.94 % of Lebanon population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Lebanon
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Lebanon

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Lebanon (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2071 8.12%
Cardiovascular diseases 10152 39.82%
Kidney disease 530 2.08%
Respiratory disease 898 3.52%
Liver disease 462 1.81%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1791 7.02%
Digestive disease 266 1.04%
Hepatitis 13 0.05%
Cancers 6808 26.7%
Parkinson's disease 168 0.66%
Fire 59 0.23%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 56 0.22%
Homicide 186 0.73%
HIV/AIDS 37 0.15%
Drug disorder 67 0.26%
Tuberculosis 47 0.18%
Road incidents 385 1.51%
Maternal deaths 9 0.04%
Neonatal deaths 282 1.11%
Alcohol disorder 11 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 68 0.27%
Lower respiratory infections 357.634617838 1.4%
Road incidents 385 1.51%
Liver disease 462 1.81%
Conflict 510 2%
Kidney disease 530 2.08%
Respiratory disease 898 3.52%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1791 7.02%
Dementia 2071 8.12%
Cancers 6808 26.7%
Cardiovascular diseases 10152 39.82%


Lebanon - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 2 0.33%
Congenital birth defects 1 0.17%
Neonatal infections 1 0.17%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 10 1.65%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 282 46.53%
Road accidents 5 0.83%
Drowning 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Fire 3 0.5%
Homicide 0 0%
Kidney disease 2 0.33%
Liver disease 14 2.31%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.33%
HIV/AIDS 9 1.49%
Hepatitis 1 0.17%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.17%
Tuberculosis 7 1.16%
Measles 204 33.66%
Drug use disorders 19 3.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
43 7.1%


Lebanon - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.85%
Homicide 4 3.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.85%
Road accidents 15 12.82%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.85%
Drowning 7 5.98%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 3 2.56%
Cancers 55 47.01%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 1.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9 7.69%
Liver disease 2 1.71%
Respiratory disease 2 1.71%
Kidney disease 2 1.71%
Cardiovascular disease 9 7.69%
Lower respiratory infections 4 3.42%


Lebanon - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 104 4.52%
Homicide 157 6.83%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.22%
Road accidents 221 9.61%
Tuberculosis 7 0.3%
HIV/AIDS 26 1.13%
Drowning 32 1.39%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 24 1.04%
Cancers 874 38%
Hepatitis 3 0.13%
Digestive diseases 19 0.83%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 111 4.83%
Liver disease 46 2%
Respiratory disease 38 1.65%
Kidney disease 44 1.91%
Cardiovascular disease 515 22.39%
Drug disorder 37 1.61%
Alcohol disorder 5 0.22%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.04%
Dementia 2 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 25 1.09%


Lebanon - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 25 0.43%
Homicide 19 0.33%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 6 0.1%
Road accidents 75 1.3%
Tuberculosis 10 0.17%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.16%
Drowning 9 0.16%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 10 0.17%
Cancers 2298 39.83%
Hepatitis 5 0.09%
Digestive diseases 50 0.87%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 410 7.11%
Liver disease 157 2.72%
Respiratory disease 170 2.95%
Kidney disease 143 2.48%
Cardiovascular diseases 2157 37.39%
Dementia 127 2.2%
Parkinson's disease 13 0.23%
Drug disorder 13 0.23%
Alcohol disorder 4 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 55 0.95%


Lebanon - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 16 0.1%
Homicide 5 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 10 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 46 0.28%
Road accidents 71 0.43%
Tuberculosis 29 0.18%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.01%
Drowning 5 0.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 19 0.12%
Cancers 3568 21.83%
Hepatitis 4 0.02%
Digestive diseases 193 1.18%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1252 7.66%
Liver disease 256 1.57%
Respiratory disease 688 4.21%
Kidney disease 340 2.08%
Cardiovascular disease 7465 45.66%
Parkinson's disease 153 0.94%
Dementia 1943 11.89%
Drug use disorders 17 0.1%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 254 1.55%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Lebanon
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 39 0.14%
Poor sanitation 10 0.04%
No access to handwashing facility 27 0.1%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1796 6.58%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6 0.02%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0%
Child wasting 17 0.06%
Child stunting 2 0.01%
Low birth weight 150 0.55%
Secondhand smoke 449 1.64%
Alcohol use 262 0.96%
Drug use 182 0.67%
Diet low in fruits 764 2.8%
Diet low in vegetables 297 1.09%
Unsafe sex 77 0.28%
Low physical activity 1153 4.22%
High blood sugar 4052 14.84%
High cholesterol 3591 13.15%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4150 15.2%
High blood pressure 5711 20.92%
Smoking 4469 16.37%
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 99 0.36%


Lebanon - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.52%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6 3.09%
Child stunting 2 1.03%
Low birth weight 150 77.32%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 3 1.55%
Secondhand smoke 3 1.55%
Poor sanitation 1 0.52%
Unsafe water source 6 3.09%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 5 2.58%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 17 8.76%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Lebanon - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 20%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 1 20%
Secondhand smoke 1 20%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1 20%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 20%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Lebanon - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 4 0.21%
Drug use 64 3.37%
Alcohol use 91 4.79%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.11%
Unsafe water source 3 0.16%
Poor sanitation 1 0.05%
Smoking 368 19.36%
Secondhand smoke 23 1.21%
Low physical activity 44 2.31%
Diet low in fruits 85 4.47%
Diet low in vegetables 24 1.26%
Unsafe sex 30 1.58%
High body-mass index (obesity) 321 16.89%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 138 7.26%
High total cholesterol 285 14.99%
High blood pressure 289 15.2%
High blood sugar 128 6.73%


Lebanon - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 17 0.22%
Drug use 72 0.94%
Alcohol use 154 2.01%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.04%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
Unsafe sex 26 0.34%
Smoking 1601 20.93%
Secondhand smoke 94 1.23%
Unsafe water source 3 0.04%
Diet low in vegetables 68 0.89%
Diet low in fruits 234 3.06%
Low physical activity 237 3.1%
Outdoor air pollution 532 6.95%
Household air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1337 17.48%
High blood sugar 869 11.36%
High total cholesterol 1009 13.19%
High blood pressure 1393 18.21%


Lebanon - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 78 0.44%
Drug use 46 0.26%
Alcohol use 17 0.1%
Smoking 2501 14.25%
Secondhand smoke 327 1.86%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1120 6.38%
No access to handwashing facility 19 0.11%
Poor sanitation 6 0.03%
Unsafe water source 26 0.15%
Unsafe sex 21 0.12%
Low physical activity 871 4.96%
Diet low in vegetables 205 1.17%
Diet low in fruits 444 2.53%
High cholesterol 2297 13.09%
High blood pressure 4029 22.95%
High blood sugar 3053 17.39%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2493 14.2%


Lebanon - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 155 | Deaths : 73 47.1%
Breast cancer Patients : 11932 | Deaths : 632 5.3%
Larynx cancer Patients : 977 | Deaths : 123 12.59%
Kidney cancer Patients : 822 | Deaths : 81 9.85%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 2157 | Deaths : 38 1.76%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 867 | Deaths : 152 17.53%
Stomach cancer Patients : 651 | Deaths : 314 48.23%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1406 | Deaths : 58 4.13%
Bladder cancer Patients : 6493 | Deaths : 565 8.7%
Cervical cancer Patients : 479 | Deaths : 48 10.02%
Prostate cancer Patients : 8039 | Deaths : 534 6.64%
Testicular cancer Patients : 593 | Deaths : 9 1.52%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 212 | Deaths : 197 92.92%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 69 | Deaths : 54 78.26%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 117 | Deaths : 17 14.53%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 5198 | Deaths : 675 12.99%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 217 | Deaths : 15 6.91%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 519 | Deaths : 54 10.4%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 672 | Deaths : 200 29.76%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1702 | Deaths : 103 6.05%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 87 | Deaths : 18 20.69%


Lebanon - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 195 0.41%
5-14 year olds 234 0.5%
15-49 year olds 9668 20.55%
50-69 year olds 19266 40.95%
70+ year olds 17682 37.59%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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