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Kiribati Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Kiribati

CONTENT


Causes of death across Kiribati are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Kiribati.

Highlights of Kiribati BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Kiribati gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 74.92%74.92%
    • Fat : 38.39%38.39%
    • Plant protein : 6.28%6.28%
    • Animal protein : 5.83%5.83%
  • 25.41% increase in caloric supply : Currently Kiribati gets 3040/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2424/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Kiribati
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Kiribati
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Kiribati average intake is 155.34 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Kiribati
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Kiribati average Fruit intake is 231.64grams
  • In Kiribati, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 78.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Kiribati is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Kiribati
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice649
2Wheat362
3Maize3
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Kiribati

Diet Compositions in Kiribati
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1016
2Oils & Fats813
3Sugar445
4Meat314
5Starchy Roots261
6Fruits & Vegetables154
7Dairy & Eggs25
8Other7
9Alcoholic Beverages4
10Pulses1

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Kiribati with 289 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 28% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Kiribati.
    Major Cause of Death in Kiribati
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 357 deaths (year 2016).
  • 41.86% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Lower respiratory infections and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 36% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Kiribati (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Kiribati - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Kiribati are High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and Smoking. Every year around 22 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Kiribati (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.21% of Kiribati population was suffering from cancer i.e. 142 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 9) and Lip & oral cancer was also concerning with 9 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 13% of survival chance.Kiribati was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancerGallbladder & biliary tract cancer where 100% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 59 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 37 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 9 people were dead. This means 24.32% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Kiribati and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Kiribati :
  • 0.21 % of Kiribati population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Thyroid cancerGallbladder & biliary tract cancer was most cured cancer in Kiribati
  • Breast cancerLip & oral cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Kiribati

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Kiribati (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 18 1.75%
Cardiovascular diseases 289 28.16%
Kidney disease 28 2.73%
Respiratory disease 73 7.11%
Liver disease 25 2.44%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 172 16.76%
Digestive disease 39 3.8%
Hepatitis 3 0.29%
Cancers 89 8.67%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.1%
Fire 1 0.1%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 5 0.49%
Homicide 4 0.39%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drug disorder 2 0.19%
Tuberculosis 44 4.29%
Road incidents 15 1.46%
Maternal deaths 5 0.49%
Neonatal deaths 54 5.26%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 32 3.12%
Kidney disease 28 2.73%
Diarrheal diseases 32 3.12%
Digestive disease 39 3.81%
Tuberculosis 44 4.3%
Lower respiratory infections 45.34341877 4.43%
Neonatal deaths 54 5.27%
Respiratory disease 73 7.13%
Cancers 89 8.69%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 172 16.79%
Cardiovascular diseases 289 28.21%


Kiribati - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 9 6.98%
Lower respiratory infections 10 7.75%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 7 5.43%
Measles 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 54 41.86%
Neonatal infections 1 0.78%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1 0.78%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Cancers 1 0.78%
Drowning 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Road accidents 1 0.78%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Fire 2 1.55%
Homicide 2 1.55%
Liver disease 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Hepatitis 3 2.33%
HIV/AIDS 17 13.18%
Drug use disorders 13 10.08%
Natural disasters 5 3.88%
3 2.33%


Kiribati - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 6.67%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 6.67%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 6.67%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 6.67%
Road accidents 1 6.67%
Tuberculosis 1 6.67%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 6.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 1 6.67%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 6.67%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 6.67%
Liver disease 1 6.67%
Respiratory disease 1 6.67%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 2 13.33%
Lower respiratory infections 1 6.67%


Kiribati - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 22 8.98%
Homicide 3 1.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.41%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.41%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.41%
Diarrheal diseases 4 1.63%
Road accidents 10 4.08%
Tuberculosis 15 6.12%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 3 1.22%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.41%
Cancers 25 10.2%
Hepatitis 1 0.41%
Digestive diseases 11 4.49%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 31 12.65%
Liver disease 11 4.49%
Respiratory disease 18 7.35%
Kidney disease 6 2.45%
Cardiovascular disease 71 28.98%
Drug disorder 2 0.82%
Alcohol disorder 0 0%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 8 3.27%


Kiribati - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 0.84%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.56%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.28%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 5 1.39%
Road accidents 2 0.56%
Tuberculosis 16 4.46%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 39 10.86%
Hepatitis 1 0.28%
Digestive diseases 13 3.62%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 84 23.4%
Liver disease 9 2.51%
Respiratory disease 27 7.52%
Kidney disease 12 3.34%
Cardiovascular diseases 131 36.49%
Dementia 2 0.56%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 12 3.34%


Kiribati - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.37%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 1.85%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 1.85%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 15 5.54%
Road accidents 1 0.37%
Tuberculosis 10 3.69%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 22 8.12%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 12 4.43%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 54 19.93%
Liver disease 3 1.11%
Respiratory disease 25 9.23%
Kidney disease 9 3.32%
Cardiovascular disease 82 30.26%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.37%
Dementia 16 5.9%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 10 3.69%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Kiribati
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 22 1.69%
Poor sanitation 16 1.23%
No access to handwashing facility 10 0.77%
Household air pollution 96 7.38%
Outdoor air pollution 8 0.62%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 0.15%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 25 1.92%
Child stunting 3 0.23%
Low birth weight 22 1.69%
Secondhand smoke 26 2%
Alcohol use 20 1.54%
Drug use 4 0.31%
Diet low in fruits 74 5.69%
Diet low in vegetables 46 3.54%
Unsafe sex 4 0.31%
Low physical activity 23 1.77%
High blood sugar 254 19.54%
High cholesterol 68 5.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 239 18.38%
High blood pressure 156 12%
Smoking 179 13.77%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 1 0.08%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0.08%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.08%


Kiribati - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 2.82%
Child stunting 3 4.23%
Low birth weight 22 30.99%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2 2.82%
Secondhand smoke 2 2.82%
Poor sanitation 4 5.63%
Unsafe water source 5 7.04%
Household air pollution 6 8.45%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 25 35.21%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Kiribati - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 50%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 1 50%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Kiribati - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 4 1.3%
Alcohol use 13 4.22%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.32%
Unsafe water source 3 0.97%
Poor sanitation 2 0.65%
Smoking 44 14.29%
Secondhand smoke 4 1.3%
Low physical activity 4 1.3%
Diet low in fruits 22 7.14%
Diet low in vegetables 15 4.87%
Unsafe sex 2 0.65%
High body-mass index (obesity) 62 20.13%
Household air pollution 24 7.79%
Outdoor air pollution 2 0.65%
High total cholesterol 23 7.47%
High blood pressure 34 11.04%
High blood sugar 49 15.91%


Kiribati - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 6 1%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.33%
Poor sanitation 3 0.5%
Unsafe sex 1 0.17%
Smoking 95 15.75%
Secondhand smoke 10 1.66%
Unsafe water source 4 0.66%
Diet low in vegetables 22 3.65%
Diet low in fruits 37 6.14%
Low physical activity 11 1.82%
Outdoor air pollution 4 0.66%
Household air pollution 42 6.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 127 21.06%
High blood sugar 127 21.06%
High total cholesterol 34 5.64%
High blood pressure 78 12.94%


Kiribati - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.32%
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.32%
Smoking 40 12.82%
Secondhand smoke 9 2.88%
Household air pollution 24 7.69%
Outdoor air pollution 2 0.64%
No access to handwashing facility 4 1.28%
Poor sanitation 7 2.24%
Unsafe water source 10 3.21%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Low physical activity 8 2.56%
Diet low in vegetables 8 2.56%
Diet low in fruits 14 4.49%
High cholesterol 11 3.53%
High blood pressure 45 14.42%
High blood sugar 78 25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 50 16.03%


Kiribati - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 4 44.44%
Breast cancer Patients : 37 | Deaths : 9 24.32%
Larynx cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 1 50%
Kidney cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 1 10%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1 | Deaths : 0 0%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 1 25%
Stomach cancer Patients : 8 | Deaths : 7 87.5%
Uterine cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 1 33.33%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 1 50%
Cervical cancer Patients : 17 | Deaths : 3 17.65%
Prostate cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 2 40%
Testicular cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 1 25%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 1 33.33%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 2 66.67%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 1 33.33%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 5 45.45%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 1 33.33%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 42 | Deaths : 9 21.43%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 3 | Deaths : 2 66.67%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 1 11.11%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 1 | Deaths : 0 0%


Kiribati - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 6 4.23%
5-14 year olds 2 1.41%
15-49 year olds 49 34.51%
50-69 year olds 59 41.55%
70+ year olds 26 18.31%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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