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Indonesia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Indonesia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Indonesia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Indonesia.

Highlights of Indonesia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Indonesia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 110.14%110.14%
    • Fat : 28.47%28.47%
    • Plant protein : 9.75%9.75%
    • Animal protein : 3.88%3.88%
  • 52.25% increase in caloric supply : Currently Indonesia gets 2777/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1824/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Indonesia
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Indonesia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Indonesia average intake is 110.55 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Indonesia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Indonesia average Fruit intake is 159.95grams
  • In Indonesia, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 28.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Indonesia is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Indonesia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1328
2Maize239
3Wheat183
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Indonesia

Diet Compositions in Indonesia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1751
2Oils & Fats380
3Starchy Roots167
4Sugar164
5Meat128
6Fruits & Vegetables110
7Dairy & Eggs39
8Other26
9Pulses10
10Alcoholic Beverages2

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Indonesia with 558736 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 37% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Indonesia.
    Major Cause of Death in Indonesia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 579658 deaths (year 2016).
  • 48.14% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 42% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Indonesia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Indonesia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Indonesia are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Smoking. Every year around 29003 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Indonesia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.29% of Indonesia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 576573 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 16462) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 12436 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Non-melanoma skin cancer have 7% of survival chance.Indonesia was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 95% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 264540 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 196664 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 16462 people were dead. This means 8.37% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Indonesia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Indonesia :
  • 0.29 % of Indonesia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Indonesia
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Indonesia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Indonesia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 45591 3.03%
Cardiovascular diseases 558736 37.1%
Kidney disease 35217 2.34%
Respiratory disease 86165 5.72%
Liver disease 53276 3.54%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 139844 9.29%
Digestive disease 66392 4.41%
Hepatitis 5928 0.39%
Cancers 147348 9.79%
Parkinson's disease 3490 0.23%
Fire 1673 0.11%
Malaria 4934 0.33%
Drowning 7828 0.52%
Homicide 4487 0.3%
HIV/AIDS 7411 0.49%
Drug disorder 977 0.06%
Tuberculosis 89887 5.97%
Road incidents 41181 2.73%
Maternal deaths 12486 0.83%
Neonatal deaths 49064 3.26%
Alcohol disorder 1030 0.07%
Natural disasters 222 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 49676 3.3%
Dementia 45591 3.03%
Neonatal deaths 49064 3.26%
Diarrheal diseases 49676 3.3%
Liver disease 53276 3.54%
Digestive disease 66392 4.41%
Respiratory disease 86165 5.72%
Tuberculosis 89887 5.97%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 139844 9.29%
Cancers 147348 9.79%
Cardiovascular diseases 558736 37.1%


Indonesia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 256 0.25%
Lower respiratory infections 654 0.64%
Congenital birth defects 735 0.72%
Diarrheal diseases 17 0.02%
Neonatal infections 13 0.01%
Measles 7566 7.42%
Digestive diseases 1 0%
Road accidents 49064 48.14%
Drowning 1594 1.56%
Tuberculosis 1061 1.04%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 227 0.22%
Cardiovascular disease 1326 1.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 281 0.28%
Cancers 174 0.17%
Protein-energy malnutrition 720 0.71%
Kidney disease 103 0.1%
Malaria 2322 2.28%
Homicide 1047 1.03%
HIV/AIDS 218 0.21%
Liver disease 287 0.28%
Fire 795 0.78%
Hepatitis 12580 12.34%
Natural disasters 12802 12.56%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3316 3.25%
Drug use disorders 4756 4.67%


Indonesia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 63 0.5%
Homicide 167 1.32%
Nutritional deficiencies 279 2.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 225 1.78%
Natural disasters 30 0.24%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 1696 13.41%
Road accidents 1665 13.17%
Tuberculosis 786 6.22%
HIV/AIDS 70 0.55%
Drowning 1631 12.9%
Malaria 212 1.68%
Fire 56 0.44%
Cancers 1342 10.61%
Hepatitis 102 0.81%
Digestive diseases 840 6.64%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 882 6.98%
Liver disease 351 2.78%
Respiratory disease 235 1.86%
Kidney disease 401 3.17%
Cardiovascular disease 406 3.21%
Lower respiratory infections 1200 9.49%


Indonesia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 6115 2.26%
Homicide 3196 1.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 772 0.29%
Protein-energy malnutrition 597 0.22%
Natural disasters 115 0.04%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 41 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 5673 2.1%
Road accidents 23057 8.52%
Tuberculosis 27574 10.18%
HIV/AIDS 6444 2.38%
Drowning 3463 1.28%
Malaria 2339 0.86%
Fire 764 0.28%
Cancers 33103 12.23%
Hepatitis 2091 0.77%
Digestive diseases 12062 4.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 26827 9.91%
Liver disease 17082 6.31%
Respiratory disease 8292 3.06%
Kidney disease 9570 3.53%
Cardiovascular disease 76088 28.1%
Drug disorder 680 0.25%
Alcohol disorder 630 0.23%
Parkinson's disease 106 0.04%
Dementia 108 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 3989 1.47%


Indonesia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1794 0.34%
Homicide 674 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 1701 0.32%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1549 0.3%
Natural disasters 44 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 32 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 9795 1.87%
Road accidents 9564 1.83%
Tuberculosis 31938 6.1%
HIV/AIDS 599 0.11%
Drowning 850 0.16%
Malaria 1124 0.21%
Fire 392 0.07%
Cancers 68936 13.17%
Hepatitis 2452 0.47%
Digestive diseases 21572 4.12%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 66016 12.61%
Liver disease 23368 4.46%
Respiratory disease 30908 5.9%
Kidney disease 13947 2.66%
Cardiovascular diseases 222046 42.41%
Dementia 5949 1.14%
Parkinson's disease 639 0.12%
Drug disorder 180 0.03%
Alcohol disorder 311 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 7174 1.37%


Indonesia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 605 0.1%
Homicide 194 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 12135 2.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11710 1.99%
Natural disasters 16 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 20 0%
Diarrheal diseases 24947 4.24%
Road accidents 5301 0.9%
Tuberculosis 28527 4.84%
HIV/AIDS 72 0.01%
Drowning 557 0.09%
Malaria 977 0.17%
Fire 285 0.05%
Cancers 43246 7.34%
Hepatitis 1180 0.2%
Digestive diseases 29595 5.02%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 45072 7.65%
Liver disease 12258 2.08%
Respiratory disease 46478 7.89%
Kidney disease 11012 1.87%
Cardiovascular disease 259402 44.04%
Parkinson's disease 2745 0.47%
Dementia 39534 6.71%
Drug use disorders 116 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 89 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 12974 2.2%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Indonesia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 29003 1.75%
Poor sanitation 16298 0.99%
No access to handwashing facility 11054 0.67%
Household air pollution 60835 3.68%
Outdoor air pollution 79739 4.82%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2855 0.17%
Discontinued breastfeeding 194 0.01%
Child wasting 17371 1.05%
Child stunting 3414 0.21%
Low birth weight 26700 1.62%
Secondhand smoke 33970 2.06%
Alcohol use 25697 1.55%
Drug use 6954 0.42%
Diet low in fruits 86478 5.23%
Diet low in vegetables 78531 4.75%
Unsafe sex 15969 0.97%
Low physical activity 43784 2.65%
High blood sugar 250447 15.15%
High cholesterol 122688 7.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 137918 8.34%
High blood pressure 396383 23.98%
Smoking 193876 11.73%
Iron deficiency 978 0.06%
Zinc deficiency 338 0.02%
Vitamin-A deficiency 987 0.06%
Low bone mineral density 10404 0.63%


Indonesia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 194 0.29%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2855 4.33%
Child stunting 3414 5.18%
Low birth weight 26700 40.53%
Drug use 1 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2172 3.3%
Secondhand smoke 1778 2.7%
Poor sanitation 2529 3.84%
Unsafe water source 4431 6.73%
Household air pollution 2447 3.71%
Outdoor air pollution 1809 2.75%
High body-mass index (obesity) 19 0.03%
High blood pressure 6 0.01%
High blood sugar 127 0.19%
Child wasting 17371 26.37%
Iron deficiency 25 0.04%


Indonesia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 3 0.08%
No access to handwashing facility 384 10.52%
Unsafe water source 986 27.01%
Unsafe sex 25 0.68%
Iron deficiency 844 23.12%
Secondhand smoke 161 4.41%
Household air pollution 229 6.27%
Outdoor air pollution 173 4.74%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12 0.33%
High blood sugar 214 5.86%
High blood pressure 18 0.49%
Poor sanitation 561 15.37%
Iron deficiency 41 1.12%


Indonesia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 844 0.31%
Low bone mineral density 626 0.23%
Drug use 4057 1.47%
Alcohol use 7124 2.58%
No access to handwashing facility 1241 0.45%
Unsafe water source 3295 1.19%
Poor sanitation 1835 0.66%
Smoking 37668 13.64%
Secondhand smoke 4931 1.79%
Low physical activity 4110 1.49%
Diet low in fruits 19376 7.02%
Diet low in vegetables 16108 5.83%
Unsafe sex 8198 2.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 36414 13.19%
Household air pollution 9877 3.58%
Outdoor air pollution 13507 4.89%
High total cholesterol 25640 9.28%
High blood pressure 49069 17.77%
High blood sugar 32247 11.68%


Indonesia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 39 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 2644 0.37%
Drug use 2060 0.29%
Alcohol use 11147 1.56%
No access to handwashing facility 2135 0.3%
Poor sanitation 3205 0.45%
Unsafe sex 5541 0.78%
Smoking 94138 13.2%
Secondhand smoke 14365 2.01%
Unsafe water source 5709 0.8%
Diet low in vegetables 35857 5.03%
Diet low in fruits 41251 5.79%
Low physical activity 16567 2.32%
Outdoor air pollution 34187 4.79%
Household air pollution 25095 3.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 75573 10.6%
High blood sugar 116467 16.33%
High total cholesterol 58229 8.17%
High blood pressure 168810 23.68%


Indonesia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 27 0%
Low bone mineral density 7133 1.2%
Drug use 836 0.14%
Alcohol use 7424 1.25%
Smoking 62069 10.46%
Secondhand smoke 12735 2.15%
Household air pollution 23187 3.91%
Outdoor air pollution 30062 5.06%
No access to handwashing facility 5122 0.86%
Poor sanitation 8168 1.38%
Unsafe water source 14582 2.46%
Unsafe sex 2205 0.37%
Low physical activity 23107 3.89%
Diet low in vegetables 26567 4.48%
Diet low in fruits 25851 4.35%
High cholesterol 38820 6.54%
High blood pressure 178480 30.06%
High blood sugar 101392 17.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 25901 4.36%


Indonesia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 10274 | Deaths : 4677 45.52%
Breast cancer Patients : 196664 | Deaths : 16462 8.37%
Larynx cancer Patients : 8555 | Deaths : 1918 22.42%
Kidney cancer Patients : 23564 | Deaths : 2110 8.95%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 32017 | Deaths : 1581 4.94%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 31296 | Deaths : 5127 16.38%
Stomach cancer Patients : 18708 | Deaths : 12436 66.47%
Uterine cancer Patients : 32654 | Deaths : 2746 8.41%
Bladder cancer Patients : 23440 | Deaths : 2934 12.52%
Cervical cancer Patients : 96267 | Deaths : 9903 10.29%
Prostate cancer Patients : 58679 | Deaths : 7336 12.5%
Testicular cancer Patients : 3976 | Deaths : 248 6.24%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 7170 | Deaths : 5283 73.68%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 1908 | Deaths : 1694 88.78%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 12562 | Deaths : 2515 20.02%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 53600 | Deaths : 11198 20.89%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 1459 | Deaths : 1356 92.94%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 23602 | Deaths : 2605 11.04%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 13810 | Deaths : 5405 39.14%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 14658 | Deaths : 2778 18.95%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 2296 | Deaths : 1986 86.5%


Indonesia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 4706 0.82%
5-14 year olds 2614 0.45%
15-49 year olds 198025 34.35%
50-69 year olds 264540 45.88%
70+ year olds 106688 18.5%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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