India Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

India Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : India

CONTENT


Causes of death across India are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in India.

Highlights of India BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in India gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 86.95%86.95%
    • Fat : 23.40%23.40%
    • Plant protein : 9.60%9.60%
    • Animal protein : 2.39%2.39%
  • 22.34% increase in caloric supply : Currently India gets 2459/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2010/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in India
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in India
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in India average intake is 243.04 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Lemons & Limes are three major Fruit Types Intake in India
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in India average Fruit intake is 154.38grams
  • In India, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 19.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in India is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

India Health

Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in India
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice689
2Wheat517
3Maize52
4Sorghum32
5Barley4
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in India
Diet Compositions in India
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1361
2Oils & Fats330
3Sugar236
4Dairy & Eggs139
5Pulses137
6Fruits & Vegetables131
7Starchy Roots60
8Other27
9Meat24
10Alcoholic Beverages14


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in India with 2751972 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 30% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Respiratory disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in India.
    Major Cause of Death in India
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 3745046 deaths (year 2016).
  • 46.36% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Malaria and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Suicide and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Respiratory disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 36% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in India (and it's count) Number of Deaths in India - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in India are High blood pressure, Outdoor air pollution and High blood sugar. Every year around 554710 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High total cholesterol and Alcohol use are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in India (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.21% of India population was suffering from cancer i.e. 2036818 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 77136) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 62036 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Non-melanoma skin cancer have 3% of survival chance.India was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 93% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1044846 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 112227 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 77136 people were dead. This means 68.73% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in India and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in India :
  • 0.21 % of India population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in India
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in India

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in India (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 142927 1.53%
Cardiovascular diseases 2751972 29.51%
Kidney disease 234345 2.51%
Respiratory disease 1070498 11.48%
Liver disease 204205 2.19%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 641232 6.88%
Digestive disease 210905 2.26%
Hepatitis 70063 0.75%
Cancers 812750 8.72%
Parkinson's disease 17539 0.19%
Fire 29179 0.31%
Malaria 47998 0.51%
Drowning 62569 0.67%
Homicide 48579 0.52%
HIV/AIDS 92275 0.99%
Drug disorder 10905 0.12%
Tuberculosis 435448 4.67%
Road incidents 253994 2.72%
Maternal deaths 45162 0.48%
Neonatal deaths 376280 4.03%
Alcohol disorder 27103 0.29%
Natural disasters 1099 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 777991 8.34%
Kidney disease 234345 2.51%
Road incidents 253994 2.72%
Neonatal deaths 376280 4.03%
Tuberculosis 435448 4.67%
Lower respiratory infections 495510.789137 5.31%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 641232 6.88%
Diarrheal diseases 777991 8.34%
Cancers 812750 8.72%
Respiratory disease 1070498 11.48%
Cardiovascular diseases 2751972 29.51%



India - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1232 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 17975 2.21%
Congenital birth defects 20562 2.53%
Diarrheal diseases 79 0.01%
Neonatal infections 1116 0.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 66157 8.15%
Malaria 2 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 376280 46.36%
Measles 4270 0.53%
Drowning 2913 0.36%
Hepatitis 2894 0.36%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9787 1.21%
Digestive diseases 20362 2.51%
Road accidents 1958 0.24%
Tuberculosis 2912 0.36%
Cancers 6136 0.76%
HIV/AIDS 4725 0.58%
Cardiovascular disease 5070 0.62%
Fire 1311 0.16%
Liver disease 863 0.11%
Homicide 2769 0.34%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 67784 8.35%
Kidney disease 149826 18.46%
Natural disasters 17114 2.11%
Drug use disorders 27623 3.4%



India - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2671 3.17%
Homicide 1327 1.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 1472 1.75%
Protein-energy malnutrition 736 0.87%
Natural disasters 160 0.19%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 205 0.24%
Diarrheal diseases 15774 18.72%
Road accidents 6733 7.99%
Tuberculosis 2567 3.05%
HIV/AIDS 2836 3.37%
Drowning 8292 9.84%
Malaria 9484 11.26%
Fire 1127 1.34%
Cancers 6903 8.19%
Hepatitis 3143 3.73%
Digestive diseases 2817 3.34%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2875 3.41%
Liver disease 1204 1.43%
Respiratory disease 1209 1.43%
Kidney disease 991 1.18%
Cardiovascular disease 2405 2.85%
Lower respiratory infections 9333 11.08%


India - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 177124 10.7%
Homicide 34025 2.06%
Nutritional deficiencies 5589 0.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1084 0.07%
Natural disasters 564 0.03%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3926 0.24%
Diarrheal diseases 67424 4.07%
Road accidents 156472 9.45%
Tuberculosis 143760 8.69%
HIV/AIDS 73792 4.46%
Drowning 27476 1.66%
Malaria 8472 0.51%
Fire 16950 1.02%
Cancers 168931 10.21%
Hepatitis 28016 1.69%
Digestive diseases 50343 3.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 94307 5.7%
Liver disease 78348 4.73%
Respiratory disease 63994 3.87%
Kidney disease 48436 2.93%
Cardiovascular disease 352728 21.31%
Drug disorder 6178 0.37%
Alcohol disorder 14131 0.85%
Parkinson's disease 236 0.01%
Dementia 215 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 32527 1.97%


India - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 37216 1.21%
Homicide 9321 0.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 10010 0.33%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3079 0.1%
Natural disasters 207 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5738 0.19%
Diarrheal diseases 160684 5.24%
Road accidents 61971 2.02%
Tuberculosis 168569 5.5%
HIV/AIDS 12486 0.41%
Drowning 11003 0.36%
Malaria 6273 0.2%
Fire 5255 0.17%
Cancers 398975 13.02%
Hepatitis 20003 0.65%
Digestive diseases 82454 2.69%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 233194 7.61%
Liver disease 87515 2.86%
Respiratory disease 418577 13.66%
Kidney disease 98632 3.22%
Cardiovascular diseases 1111152 36.26%
Dementia 13562 0.44%
Parkinson's disease 2572 0.08%
Drug disorder 3196 0.1%
Alcohol disorder 9935 0.32%
Lower respiratory infections 92981 3.03%


India - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 13303 0.37%
Homicide 2674 0.07%
Nutritional deficiencies 10318 0.28%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2013 0.06%
Natural disasters 89 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5254 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 467952 12.89%
Road accidents 24548 0.68%
Tuberculosis 117639 3.24%
HIV/AIDS 267 0.01%
Drowning 6011 0.17%
Malaria 3407 0.09%
Fire 3890 0.11%
Cancers 235029 6.47%
Hepatitis 12764 0.35%
Digestive diseases 70565 1.94%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 305786 8.42%
Liver disease 35826 0.99%
Respiratory disease 585158 16.12%
Kidney disease 85423 2.35%
Cardiovascular disease 1282918 35.34%
Parkinson's disease 14730 0.41%
Dementia 129151 3.56%
Drug use disorders 1529 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 3037 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 210843 5.81%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in India
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 554710 5.6%
Poor sanitation 421104 4.25%
No access to handwashing facility 294461 2.97%
Household air pollution 782906 7.9%
Outdoor air pollution 1034420 10.44%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 26194 0.26%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1261 0.01%
Child wasting 158894 1.6%
Child stunting 38011 0.38%
Low birth weight 181332 1.83%
Secondhand smoke 206353 2.08%
Alcohol use 331575 3.35%
Drug use 31859 0.32%
Diet low in fruits 466169 4.7%
Diet low in vegetables 345812 3.49%
Unsafe sex 110373 1.11%
Low physical activity 208432 2.1%
High blood sugar 1024273 10.34%
High cholesterol 707777 7.14%
High body-mass index (obesity) 483182 4.88%
High blood pressure 1634659 16.5%
Smoking 719991 7.27%
Iron deficiency 6560 0.07%
Zinc deficiency 3927 0.04%
Vitamin-A deficiency 10000 0.1%
Low bone mineral density 125405 1.27%


India - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1261 0.19%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 26194 4.02%
Child stunting 38011 5.84%
Low birth weight 181332 27.86%
Drug use 2 0%
No access to handwashing facility 34770 5.34%
Secondhand smoke 15608 2.4%
Poor sanitation 36046 5.54%
Unsafe water source 47664 7.32%
Household air pollution 51057 7.84%
Outdoor air pollution 59599 9.16%
High body-mass index (obesity) 43 0.01%
High blood pressure 193 0.03%
High blood sugar 140 0.02%
Child wasting 158894 24.41%
Iron deficiency 28 0%


India - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 106 0.26%
No access to handwashing facility 6042 14.59%
Unsafe water source 11345 27.4%
Unsafe sex 574 1.39%
Iron deficiency 6200 14.97%
Secondhand smoke 938 2.27%
Household air pollution 3260 7.87%
Outdoor air pollution 3665 8.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 38 0.09%
High blood sugar 363 0.88%
High blood pressure 124 0.3%
Poor sanitation 8718 21.06%
Iron deficiency 31 0.07%


India - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 6200 0.45%
Low bone mineral density 4323 0.31%
Drug use 23412 1.7%
Alcohol use 122668 8.91%
No access to handwashing facility 24771 1.8%
Unsafe water source 48140 3.5%
Poor sanitation 36729 2.67%
Smoking 113185 8.22%
Secondhand smoke 18981 1.38%
Low physical activity 16809 1.22%
Diet low in fruits 84702 6.15%
Diet low in vegetables 66081 4.8%
Unsafe sex 71435 5.19%
High body-mass index (obesity) 98249 7.13%
Household air pollution 83001 6.03%
Outdoor air pollution 120920 8.78%
High total cholesterol 146273 10.62%
High blood pressure 195685 14.21%
High blood sugar 95668 6.95%


India - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 81 0%
Low bone mineral density 26619 0.7%
Drug use 6622 0.17%
Alcohol use 150479 3.94%
No access to handwashing facility 60642 1.59%
Poor sanitation 87761 2.3%
Unsafe sex 31334 0.82%
Smoking 375184 9.83%
Secondhand smoke 69609 1.82%
Unsafe water source 114774 3.01%
Diet low in vegetables 157042 4.11%
Diet low in fruits 225498 5.91%
Low physical activity 77646 2.03%
Outdoor air pollution 407466 10.67%
Household air pollution 303348 7.95%
High body-mass index (obesity) 255449 6.69%
High blood sugar 422970 11.08%
High total cholesterol 326843 8.56%
High blood pressure 717727 18.8%


India - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 220 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 94463 2.35%
Drug use 1823 0.05%
Alcohol use 58322 1.45%
Smoking 231623 5.77%
Secondhand smoke 101217 2.52%
Household air pollution 342239 8.52%
Outdoor air pollution 442769 11.03%
No access to handwashing facility 168237 4.19%
Poor sanitation 251851 6.27%
Unsafe water source 332788 8.29%
Unsafe sex 7029 0.18%
Low physical activity 113977 2.84%
Diet low in vegetables 122690 3.06%
Diet low in fruits 155969 3.88%
High cholesterol 234660 5.84%
High blood pressure 720929 17.95%
High blood sugar 505132 12.58%
High body-mass index (obesity) 129403 3.22%


India - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 31507 | Deaths : 11970 37.99%
Breast cancer Patients : 525556 | Deaths : 62036 11.8%
Larynx cancer Patients : 95983 | Deaths : 26503 27.61%
Kidney cancer Patients : 46149 | Deaths : 5608 12.15%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 105576 | Deaths : 7878 7.46%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 76052 | Deaths : 17293 22.74%
Stomach cancer Patients : 112227 | Deaths : 77136 68.73%
Uterine cancer Patients : 64786 | Deaths : 7464 11.52%
Bladder cancer Patients : 67658 | Deaths : 11914 17.61%
Cervical cancer Patients : 287774 | Deaths : 37804 13.14%
Prostate cancer Patients : 112167 | Deaths : 20954 18.68%
Testicular cancer Patients : 13197 | Deaths : 1316 9.97%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 24106 | Deaths : 16513 68.5%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 40614 | Deaths : 38436 94.64%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 32349 | Deaths : 7602 23.5%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 185388 | Deaths : 53727 28.98%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 2440 | Deaths : 2362 96.8%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 396745 | Deaths : 59207 14.92%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 48691 | Deaths : 21042 43.22%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 74306 | Deaths : 26086 35.11%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 57493 | Deaths : 20696 36%


India - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 12293 0.6%
5-14 year olds 14851 0.73%
15-49 year olds 529728 26.01%
50-69 year olds 1044846 51.3%
70+ year olds 435099 21.36%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->