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India Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 1230.98 1383.197 1512.98
Global Rank 2nd 2nd 1st
Global Population Share 17.691% 17.743% 17.693%
Global Population Density 387.97 436.77 474.27
Global Population Density Rank 196th 198th 200th
Average Life Expectancy 66.62 69.48 71.46
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 143rd 144th 142nd
Fertility Rate 2.6 2.24 2.05
Fertility Rate Global Rank 90th 96th 96th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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India Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1232 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 17975 2.21%
Congenital birth defects 20562 2.53%
Diarrheal diseases 79 0.01%
Neonatal infections 1116 0.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 66157 8.15%
Malaria 2 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 376280 46.36%
Measles 4270 0.53%
Drowning 2913 0.36%
Hepatitis 2894 0.36%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9787 1.21%
Digestive diseases 20362 2.51%
Road accidents 1958 0.24%

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Highlights of India BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in India gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 86.95%86.95%
    • Fat : 23.40%23.40%
    • Plant protein : 9.60%9.60%
    • Animal protein : 2.39%2.39%
  • 22.34% increase in caloric supply : Currently India gets 2459/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2010/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in India
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in India
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in India average intake is 243.04 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Lemons & Limes are three major Fruit Types Intake in India
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in India average Fruit intake is 154.38grams
  • In India, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 19.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in India is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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