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Honduras Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Honduras

CONTENT


Causes of death across Honduras are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Honduras.

Highlights of Honduras BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Honduras gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 91.61%91.61%
    • Fat : 34.87%34.87%
    • Plant protein : 8.85%8.85%
    • Animal protein : 4.93%4.93%
  • 40.25% increase in caloric supply : Currently Honduras gets 2641/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1883/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Honduras
  • Maize, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Honduras
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Honduras average intake is 127.12 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Plantains are three major Fruit Types Intake in Honduras
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Honduras average Fruit intake is 236.74grams
  • In Honduras, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 51.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Honduras is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Honduras
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize733
2Wheat294
3Rice135
4Sorghum19
5Oats4
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Honduras

Diet Compositions in Honduras
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1192
2Sugar452
3Oils & Fats345
4Dairy & Eggs162
5Meat154
6Fruits & Vegetables136
7Pulses111
8Alcoholic Beverages42
9Other31
10Starchy Roots16

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Honduras with 13793 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 30% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Honduras.
    Major Cause of Death in Honduras
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 20533 deaths (year 2016).
  • 42.38% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Homicide, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Homicide, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 31% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Honduras (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Honduras - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Honduras are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 582 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Honduras (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.27% of Honduras population was suffering from cancer i.e. 12927 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 722) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 407 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 7% of survival chance.Honduras was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5092 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 928 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 722 people were dead. This means 77.8% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Honduras and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Honduras :
  • 0.27 % of Honduras population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Honduras
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Honduras

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Honduras (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1847 4.07%
Cardiovascular diseases 13793 30.37%
Kidney disease 2670 5.88%
Respiratory disease 2440 5.37%
Liver disease 1654 3.64%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4745 10.45%
Digestive disease 2321 5.11%
Hepatitis 33 0.07%
Cancers 5613 12.36%
Parkinson's disease 107 0.24%
Fire 60 0.13%
Malaria 26 0.06%
Drowning 260 0.57%
Homicide 2736 6.02%
HIV/AIDS 387 0.85%
Drug disorder 81 0.18%
Tuberculosis 472 1.04%
Road incidents 1131 2.49%
Maternal deaths 200 0.44%
Neonatal deaths 1659 3.65%
Alcohol disorder 277 0.61%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 977 2.15%
Liver disease 1654 3.64%
Neonatal deaths 1659 3.65%
Dementia 1847 4.07%
Digestive disease 2321 5.11%
Respiratory disease 2440 5.37%
Kidney disease 2670 5.88%
Homicide 2736 6.02%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4745 10.45%
Cancers 5613 12.36%
Cardiovascular diseases 13793 30.37%


Honduras - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 94 2.4%
Congenital birth defects 64 1.63%
Lower respiratory infections 77 1.97%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 264 6.74%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Homicide 1659 42.38%
Cancers 44 1.12%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9 0.23%
Nutritional deficiencies 22 0.56%
Protein-energy malnutrition 30 0.77%
Road accidents 3 0.08%
Drowning 13 0.33%
HIV/AIDS 88 2.25%
Kidney disease 7 0.18%
Fire 102 2.61%
Liver disease 80 2.04%
Tuberculosis 10 0.26%
Hepatitis 16 0.41%
Malaria 323 8.25%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 445 11.37%
Drug use disorders 328 8.38%
Measles 0 0%
Natural disasters 237 6.05%


Honduras - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 0.52%
Homicide 103 17.88%
Nutritional deficiencies 11 1.91%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 1.56%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 49 8.51%
Road accidents 75 13.02%
Tuberculosis 5 0.87%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.52%
Drowning 34 5.9%
Malaria 3 0.52%
Fire 5 0.87%
Cancers 88 15.28%
Hepatitis 3 0.52%
Digestive diseases 25 4.34%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 32 5.56%
Liver disease 10 1.74%
Respiratory disease 23 3.99%
Kidney disease 16 2.78%
Cardiovascular disease 56 9.72%
Lower respiratory infections 22 3.82%


Honduras - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 201 2.55%
Homicide 2099 26.65%
Nutritional deficiencies 33 0.42%
Protein-energy malnutrition 18 0.23%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 115 1.46%
Road accidents 618 7.85%
Tuberculosis 106 1.35%
HIV/AIDS 317 4.02%
Drowning 122 1.55%
Malaria 12 0.15%
Fire 17 0.22%
Cancers 934 11.86%
Hepatitis 9 0.11%
Digestive diseases 297 3.77%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 585 7.43%
Liver disease 348 4.42%
Respiratory disease 152 1.93%
Kidney disease 318 4.04%
Cardiovascular disease 1308 16.61%
Drug disorder 45 0.57%
Alcohol disorder 123 1.56%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 3 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 91 1.16%


Honduras - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 69 0.58%
Homicide 359 3.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 68 0.58%
Protein-energy malnutrition 43 0.36%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 162 1.37%
Road accidents 240 2.03%
Tuberculosis 165 1.4%
HIV/AIDS 42 0.36%
Drowning 52 0.44%
Malaria 4 0.03%
Fire 8 0.07%
Cancers 2110 17.85%
Hepatitis 8 0.07%
Digestive diseases 558 4.72%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1655 14%
Liver disease 664 5.62%
Respiratory disease 598 5.06%
Kidney disease 993 8.4%
Cardiovascular diseases 3624 30.65%
Dementia 113 0.96%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.09%
Drug disorder 20 0.17%
Alcohol disorder 123 1.04%
Lower respiratory infections 130 1.1%


Honduras - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 34 0.16%
Homicide 82 0.38%
Nutritional deficiencies 140 0.65%
Protein-energy malnutrition 71 0.33%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 386 1.8%
Road accidents 155 0.72%
Tuberculosis 187 0.87%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.02%
Drowning 22 0.1%
Malaria 4 0.02%
Fire 17 0.08%
Cancers 2394 11.17%
Hepatitis 6 0.03%
Digestive diseases 1340 6.25%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2393 11.16%
Liver disease 622 2.9%
Respiratory disease 1589 7.41%
Kidney disease 1327 6.19%
Cardiovascular disease 8482 39.57%
Parkinson's disease 95 0.44%
Dementia 1731 8.07%
Drug use disorders 16 0.07%
Alcohol use disorders 31 0.14%
Lower respiratory infections 307 1.43%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Honduras
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 582 1.32%
Poor sanitation 418 0.94%
No access to handwashing facility 209 0.47%
Household air pollution 2435 5.5%
Outdoor air pollution 2516 5.69%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 102 0.23%
Discontinued breastfeeding 9 0.02%
Child wasting 267 0.6%
Child stunting 48 0.11%
Low birth weight 894 2.02%
Secondhand smoke 708 1.6%
Alcohol use 2577 5.83%
Drug use 587 1.33%
Diet low in fruits 1584 3.58%
Diet low in vegetables 1905 4.31%
Unsafe sex 659 1.49%
Low physical activity 1049 2.37%
High blood sugar 5770 13.04%
High cholesterol 4639 10.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5995 13.55%
High blood pressure 8899 20.12%
Smoking 2156 4.87%
Iron deficiency 12 0.03%
Zinc deficiency 8 0.02%
Vitamin-A deficiency 3 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 203 0.46%


Honduras - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 9 0.48%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 102 5.47%
Child stunting 48 2.57%
Low birth weight 894 47.94%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 60 3.22%
Secondhand smoke 38 2.04%
Poor sanitation 113 6.06%
Unsafe water source 157 8.42%
Household air pollution 95 5.09%
Outdoor air pollution 76 4.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 0.21%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.11%
Child wasting 267 14.32%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Honduras - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 1.15%
No access to handwashing facility 10 11.49%
Unsafe water source 29 33.33%
Unsafe sex 1 1.15%
Iron deficiency 10 11.49%
Secondhand smoke 2 2.3%
Household air pollution 6 6.9%
Outdoor air pollution 5 5.75%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 1.15%
High blood sugar 1 1.15%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 21 24.14%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Honduras - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 10 0.17%
Low bone mineral density 16 0.27%
Drug use 186 3.13%
Alcohol use 886 14.89%
No access to handwashing facility 24 0.4%
Unsafe water source 69 1.16%
Poor sanitation 49 0.82%
Smoking 348 5.85%
Secondhand smoke 72 1.21%
Low physical activity 68 1.14%
Diet low in fruits 294 4.94%
Diet low in vegetables 296 4.97%
Unsafe sex 403 6.77%
High body-mass index (obesity) 918 15.42%
Household air pollution 298 5.01%
Outdoor air pollution 313 5.26%
High total cholesterol 622 10.45%
High blood pressure 671 11.27%
High blood sugar 409 6.87%


Honduras - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 51 0.35%
Drug use 243 1.68%
Alcohol use 941 6.5%
No access to handwashing facility 34 0.23%
Poor sanitation 70 0.48%
Unsafe sex 159 1.1%
Smoking 1096 7.57%
Secondhand smoke 206 1.42%
Unsafe water source 97 0.67%
Diet low in vegetables 619 4.28%
Diet low in fruits 563 3.89%
Low physical activity 249 1.72%
Outdoor air pollution 805 5.56%
Household air pollution 768 5.3%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2443 16.87%
High blood sugar 1848 12.76%
High total cholesterol 1515 10.46%
High blood pressure 2772 19.14%


Honduras - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 136 0.62%
Drug use 159 0.73%
Alcohol use 749 3.43%
Smoking 712 3.26%
Secondhand smoke 390 1.78%
Household air pollution 1267 5.8%
Outdoor air pollution 1317 6.03%
No access to handwashing facility 81 0.37%
Poor sanitation 165 0.76%
Unsafe water source 230 1.05%
Unsafe sex 96 0.44%
Low physical activity 732 3.35%
Diet low in vegetables 990 4.53%
Diet low in fruits 727 3.33%
High cholesterol 2502 11.45%
High blood pressure 5456 24.97%
High blood sugar 3511 16.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2629 12.03%


Honduras - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 381 | Deaths : 109 28.61%
Breast cancer Patients : 2050 | Deaths : 286 13.95%
Larynx cancer Patients : 224 | Deaths : 70 31.25%
Kidney cancer Patients : 430 | Deaths : 55 12.79%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 123 | Deaths : 19 15.45%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 533 | Deaths : 147 27.58%
Stomach cancer Patients : 928 | Deaths : 722 77.8%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1825 | Deaths : 239 13.1%
Bladder cancer Patients : 294 | Deaths : 64 21.77%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1680 | Deaths : 292 17.38%
Prostate cancer Patients : 2480 | Deaths : 407 16.41%
Testicular cancer Patients : 34 | Deaths : 4 11.76%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 267 | Deaths : 166 62.17%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 60 | Deaths : 56 93.33%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 176 | Deaths : 47 26.7%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1278 | Deaths : 365 28.56%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 337 | Deaths : 53 15.73%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 652 | Deaths : 78 11.96%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 363 | Deaths : 176 48.48%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 451 | Deaths : 222 49.22%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 132 | Deaths : 87 65.91%


Honduras - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 278 2.15%
5-14 year olds 227 1.76%
15-49 year olds 2639 20.41%
50-69 year olds 5092 39.39%
70+ year olds 4691 36.29%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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