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Haiti Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Haiti are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Haiti.

Highlights of Haiti BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Haiti gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 76.38%76.38%
    • Fat : 23.05%23.05%
    • Plant protein : 7.86%7.86%
    • Animal protein : 2.12%2.12%
  • 9.42% increase in caloric supply : Currently Haiti gets 2091/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1911/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Haiti
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Haiti
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Haiti average intake is 52.16 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Haiti
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Haiti average Fruit intake is 180.82grams
  • In Haiti, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 51.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Haiti is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Haiti
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice426
2Maize217
3Wheat141
4Sorghum35
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Haiti

Diet Compositions in Haiti
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains820
2Oils & Fats296
3Starchy Roots281
4Pulses187
5Sugar173
6Fruits & Vegetables112
7Meat96
8Alcoholic Beverages71
9Dairy & Eggs47
10Other8

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Haiti with 28743 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 31% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Haiti.
    Major Cause of Death in Haiti
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 29490 deaths (year 2016).
  • 35.88% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Road accidents and Natural disasters are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 41% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Haiti (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Haiti - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Haiti are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Household air pollution. Every year around 3043 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Haiti (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.4% of Haiti population was suffering from cancer i.e. 25396 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 1274) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 1114 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 7% of survival chance.Haiti was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 10004 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 4210 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 1274 people were dead. This means 30.26% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Haiti and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Haiti :
  • 0.4 % of Haiti population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Haiti
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Haiti

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Haiti (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1192 1.29%
Cardiovascular diseases 28743 31.07%
Kidney disease 2324 2.51%
Respiratory disease 3129 3.38%
Liver disease 1508 1.63%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 8005 8.65%
Digestive disease 2460 2.66%
Hepatitis 85 0.09%
Cancers 10555 11.41%
Parkinson's disease 103 0.11%
Fire 456 0.49%
Malaria 10 0.01%
Drowning 1043 1.13%
Homicide 792 0.86%
HIV/AIDS 5336 5.77%
Drug disorder 76 0.08%
Tuberculosis 1322 1.43%
Road incidents 2879 3.11%
Maternal deaths 1192 1.29%
Neonatal deaths 5994 6.48%
Alcohol disorder 258 0.28%
Natural disasters 1342 1.45%
Diarrheal diseases 4117 4.45%
Digestive disease 2460 2.66%
Road incidents 2879 3.11%
Respiratory disease 3129 3.38%
Diarrheal diseases 4117 4.45%
HIV/AIDS 5336 5.77%
Lower respiratory infections 5420.77750571 5.86%
Neonatal deaths 5994 6.48%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 8005 8.65%
Cancers 10555 11.41%
Cardiovascular diseases 28743 31.07%


Haiti - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 30 0.18%
Diarrheal diseases 483 2.89%
Lower respiratory infections 499 2.99%
Congenital birth defects 124 0.74%
Neonatal infections 14 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 2479 14.84%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 5994 35.88%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 265 1.59%
Road accidents 60 0.36%
Digestive diseases 134 0.8%
Drowning 214 1.28%
Fire 1 0.01%
HIV/AIDS 143 0.86%
Natural disasters 122 0.73%
Cancers 9 0.05%
Kidney disease 264 1.58%
Tuberculosis 278 1.66%
Homicide 27 0.16%
Liver disease 66 0.4%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 454 2.72%
Hepatitis 1709 10.23%
Malaria 2415 14.46%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Measles 920 5.51%


Haiti - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 23 1.02%
Homicide 26 1.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 39 1.72%
Protein-energy malnutrition 33 1.46%
Natural disasters 233 10.29%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0.35%
Diarrheal diseases 133 5.87%
Road accidents 316 13.96%
Tuberculosis 21 0.93%
HIV/AIDS 450 19.88%
Drowning 169 7.46%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 49 2.16%
Cancers 161 7.11%
Hepatitis 6 0.27%
Digestive diseases 67 2.96%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 133 5.87%
Liver disease 22 0.97%
Respiratory disease 66 2.92%
Kidney disease 34 1.5%
Cardiovascular disease 165 7.29%
Lower respiratory infections 110 4.86%


Haiti - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 771 3.87%
Homicide 671 3.37%
Nutritional deficiencies 106 0.53%
Protein-energy malnutrition 78 0.39%
Natural disasters 691 3.47%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 54 0.27%
Diarrheal diseases 400 2.01%
Road accidents 1782 8.95%
Tuberculosis 530 2.66%
HIV/AIDS 3945 19.81%
Drowning 533 2.68%
Malaria 6 0.03%
Fire 124 0.62%
Cancers 2092 10.51%
Hepatitis 44 0.22%
Digestive diseases 575 2.89%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1432 7.19%
Liver disease 483 2.43%
Respiratory disease 537 2.7%
Kidney disease 556 2.79%
Cardiovascular disease 3716 18.66%
Drug disorder 52 0.26%
Alcohol disorder 128 0.64%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 3 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 602 3.02%


Haiti - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 134 0.56%
Homicide 55 0.23%
Nutritional deficiencies 117 0.49%
Protein-energy malnutrition 91 0.38%
Natural disasters 197 0.83%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 19 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 381 1.6%
Road accidents 354 1.49%
Tuberculosis 401 1.68%
HIV/AIDS 755 3.17%
Drowning 98 0.41%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 54 0.23%
Cancers 4202 17.64%
Hepatitis 19 0.08%
Digestive diseases 704 2.96%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2996 12.58%
Liver disease 657 2.76%
Respiratory disease 924 3.88%
Kidney disease 847 3.56%
Cardiovascular diseases 9847 41.34%
Dementia 114 0.48%
Parkinson's disease 13 0.05%
Drug disorder 14 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 103 0.43%
Lower respiratory infections 721 3.03%


Haiti - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 44 0.15%
Homicide 10 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 271 0.9%
Protein-energy malnutrition 227 0.76%
Natural disasters 97 0.32%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 14 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 724 2.42%
Road accidents 162 0.54%
Tuberculosis 311 1.04%
HIV/AIDS 51 0.17%
Drowning 29 0.1%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 87 0.29%
Cancers 3978 13.28%
Hepatitis 7 0.02%
Digestive diseases 851 2.84%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3167 10.57%
Liver disease 319 1.06%
Respiratory disease 1459 4.87%
Kidney disease 821 2.74%
Cardiovascular disease 14562 48.6%
Parkinson's disease 88 0.29%
Dementia 1076 3.59%
Drug use disorders 9 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 28 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 1572 5.25%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Haiti
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 3043 3.06%
Poor sanitation 2560 2.58%
No access to handwashing facility 2345 2.36%
Household air pollution 9899 9.97%
Outdoor air pollution 4941 4.98%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 831 0.84%
Discontinued breastfeeding 62 0.06%
Child wasting 3514 3.54%
Child stunting 434 0.44%
Low birth weight 2332 2.35%
Secondhand smoke 749 0.75%
Alcohol use 4360 4.39%
Drug use 539 0.54%
Diet low in fruits 4222 4.25%
Diet low in vegetables 4355 4.39%
Unsafe sex 4889 4.92%
Low physical activity 2327 2.34%
High blood sugar 12784 12.87%
High cholesterol 6262 6.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6777 6.82%
High blood pressure 16594 16.71%
Smoking 4828 4.86%
Iron deficiency 59 0.06%
Zinc deficiency 159 0.16%
Vitamin-A deficiency 179 0.18%
Low bone mineral density 271 0.27%


Haiti - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 62 0.46%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 831 6.12%
Child stunting 434 3.2%
Low birth weight 2332 17.17%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1301 9.58%
Secondhand smoke 88 0.65%
Poor sanitation 1541 11.35%
Unsafe water source 1837 13.53%
Household air pollution 1146 8.44%
Outdoor air pollution 468 3.45%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6 0.04%
High blood pressure 2 0.01%
High blood sugar 17 0.13%
Child wasting 3514 25.88%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Haiti - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.43%
No access to handwashing facility 67 14.41%
Unsafe water source 98 21.08%
Unsafe sex 59 12.69%
Iron deficiency 58 12.47%
Secondhand smoke 4 0.86%
Household air pollution 54 11.61%
Outdoor air pollution 21 4.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0.65%
High blood sugar 14 3.01%
High blood pressure 1 0.22%
Poor sanitation 83 17.85%
Iron deficiency 1 0.22%


Haiti - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 58 0.34%
Low bone mineral density 30 0.18%
Drug use 259 1.54%
Alcohol use 1982 11.76%
No access to handwashing facility 238 1.41%
Unsafe water source 294 1.74%
Poor sanitation 249 1.48%
Smoking 892 5.29%
Secondhand smoke 104 0.62%
Low physical activity 185 1.1%
Diet low in fruits 871 5.17%
Diet low in vegetables 802 4.76%
Unsafe sex 3384 20.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1529 9.07%
Household air pollution 1414 8.39%
Outdoor air pollution 740 4.39%
High total cholesterol 1025 6.08%
High blood pressure 1699 10.08%
High blood sugar 1097 6.51%


Haiti - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 80 0.24%
Drug use 208 0.62%
Alcohol use 1569 4.66%
No access to handwashing facility 246 0.73%
Poor sanitation 237 0.7%
Unsafe sex 1137 3.38%
Smoking 2378 7.07%
Secondhand smoke 261 0.78%
Unsafe water source 281 0.84%
Diet low in vegetables 1825 5.42%
Diet low in fruits 1826 5.43%
Low physical activity 783 2.33%
Outdoor air pollution 1750 5.2%
Household air pollution 3357 9.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3316 9.85%
High blood sugar 5354 15.91%
High total cholesterol 2626 7.8%
High blood pressure 6417 19.07%


Haiti - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 161 0.47%
Drug use 72 0.21%
Alcohol use 808 2.34%
Smoking 1558 4.52%
Secondhand smoke 292 0.85%
Household air pollution 3928 11.39%
Outdoor air pollution 1961 5.69%
No access to handwashing facility 493 1.43%
Poor sanitation 450 1.3%
Unsafe water source 533 1.55%
Unsafe sex 309 0.9%
Low physical activity 1359 3.94%
Diet low in vegetables 1729 5.01%
Diet low in fruits 1525 4.42%
High cholesterol 2611 7.57%
High blood pressure 8475 24.57%
High blood sugar 6303 18.28%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1921 5.57%


Haiti - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 374 | Deaths : 120 32.09%
Breast cancer Patients : 5867 | Deaths : 1114 18.99%
Larynx cancer Patients : 387 | Deaths : 140 36.18%
Kidney cancer Patients : 770 | Deaths : 87 11.3%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 250 | Deaths : 48 19.2%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 546 | Deaths : 165 30.22%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1295 | Deaths : 1026 79.23%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1168 | Deaths : 243 20.8%
Bladder cancer Patients : 512 | Deaths : 145 28.32%
Cervical cancer Patients : 6070 | Deaths : 1038 17.1%
Prostate cancer Patients : 4210 | Deaths : 1274 30.26%
Testicular cancer Patients : 55 | Deaths : 12 21.82%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 286 | Deaths : 179 62.59%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 211 | Deaths : 196 92.89%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 213 | Deaths : 46 21.6%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2411 | Deaths : 879 36.46%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 134 | Deaths : 70 52.24%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 724 | Deaths : 132 18.23%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 469 | Deaths : 191 40.72%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1018 | Deaths : 166 16.31%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 106 | Deaths : 67 63.21%


Haiti - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 701 2.76%
5-14 year olds 355 1.4%
15-49 year olds 6759 26.61%
50-69 year olds 10004 39.39%
70+ year olds 7578 29.84%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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