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Guinea Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Guinea are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Guinea.

Highlights of Guinea BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Guinea gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 91.18%91.18%
    • Fat : 28.51%28.51%
    • Plant protein : 9.40%9.40%
    • Animal protein : 2.03%2.03%
  • 31.12% increase in caloric supply : Currently Guinea gets 2566/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1957/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Guinea
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Guinea
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Guinea average intake is 135.26 grams
  • Plantains, Citrus, other and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Guinea
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Guinea average Fruit intake is 237.48grams
  • In Guinea, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 23.80% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Guinea is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Guinea
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice986
2Wheat146
3Maize77
4Sorghum3
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Guinea

Diet Compositions in Guinea
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1275
2Oils & Fats435
3Starchy Roots374
4Fruits & Vegetables227
5Sugar95
6Meat64
7Dairy & Eggs43
8Pulses39
9Other11
10Alcoholic Beverages3

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Guinea with 15493 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 15% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Malaria and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Guinea.
    Major Cause of Death in Guinea
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 44458 deaths (year 2016).
  • 26.47% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Malaria, Lower respiratory infections and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 28% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Guinea (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Guinea - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Guinea are Household air pollution, High blood pressure and Child wasting. Every year around 4327 people die due to Household air pollution.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Household air pollution and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Guinea (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.21% of Guinea population was suffering from cancer i.e. 13753 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Liver cancer (Count : 1183) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 1014 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 15% of survival chance.Guinea was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 85% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5952 people were of age group 15-49 year olds.In 2016, 1968 were suffering from Liver cancer out of which 1183 people were dead. This means 60.11% death rate of people suffering from Liver cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Guinea and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Guinea :
  • 0.21 % of Guinea population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Liver cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Guinea
  • Liver cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Guinea

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Guinea (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 765 0.72%
Cardiovascular diseases 15493 14.54%
Kidney disease 1046 0.98%
Respiratory disease 2648 2.48%
Liver disease 2419 2.27%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4685 4.4%
Digestive disease 2267 2.13%
Hepatitis 370 0.35%
Cancers 8113 7.61%
Parkinson's disease 58 0.05%
Fire 437 0.41%
Malaria 14557 13.66%
Drowning 657 0.62%
Homicide 387 0.36%
HIV/AIDS 5228 4.91%
Drug disorder 99 0.09%
Tuberculosis 5260 4.94%
Road incidents 1640 1.54%
Maternal deaths 2441 2.29%
Neonatal deaths 11191 10.5%
Alcohol disorder 86 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 5840 5.48%
Meningitis 3291.82432912 3.09%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4685 4.4%
HIV/AIDS 5228 4.91%
Tuberculosis 5260 4.94%
Diarrheal diseases 5840 5.48%
Cancers 8113 7.61%
Neonatal deaths 11191 10.5%
Lower respiratory infections 12523.4758554 11.75%
Malaria 14557 13.66%
Cardiovascular diseases 15493 14.54%


Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 36 0.09%
Malaria 1407 3.33%
Lower respiratory infections 1474 3.49%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 30 0.07%
Neonatal infections 2608 6.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11191 26.47%
Measles 193 0.46%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 206 0.49%
Cardiovascular disease 138 0.33%
Digestive diseases 190 0.45%
Tuberculosis 11074 26.19%
Road accidents 127 0.3%
Drowning 65 0.15%
HIV/AIDS 35 0.08%
Fire 226 0.53%
Kidney disease 502 1.19%
Cancers 40 0.09%
Liver disease 76 0.18%
Homicide 237 0.56%
Hepatitis 3096 7.32%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6594 15.59%
Drug use disorders 722 1.71%
Natural disasters 2018 4.77%


Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 12 0.34%
Homicide 20 0.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 84 2.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 80 2.26%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 12 0.34%
Diarrheal diseases 283 8%
Road accidents 174 4.92%
Tuberculosis 76 2.15%
HIV/AIDS 313 8.85%
Drowning 150 4.24%
Malaria 1271 35.93%
Fire 44 1.24%
Cancers 95 2.69%
Hepatitis 22 0.62%
Digestive diseases 69 1.95%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 281 7.94%
Liver disease 35 0.99%
Respiratory disease 35 0.99%
Kidney disease 40 1.13%
Cardiovascular disease 90 2.54%
Lower respiratory infections 351 9.92%


Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 338 1.77%
Homicide 288 1.51%
Nutritional deficiencies 150 0.79%
Protein-energy malnutrition 110 0.58%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 75 0.39%
Diarrheal diseases 911 4.77%
Road accidents 741 3.88%
Tuberculosis 1879 9.84%
HIV/AIDS 4084 21.39%
Drowning 188 0.98%
Malaria 1037 5.43%
Fire 97 0.51%
Cancers 2456 12.86%
Hepatitis 196 1.03%
Digestive diseases 596 3.12%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1159 6.07%
Liver disease 807 4.23%
Respiratory disease 426 2.23%
Kidney disease 287 1.5%
Cardiovascular disease 2034 10.65%
Drug disorder 72 0.38%
Alcohol disorder 39 0.2%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1118 5.86%


Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 222 0.99%
Homicide 36 0.16%
Nutritional deficiencies 161 0.72%
Protein-energy malnutrition 117 0.52%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 27 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 999 4.47%
Road accidents 351 1.57%
Tuberculosis 1776 7.94%
HIV/AIDS 655 2.93%
Drowning 77 0.34%
Malaria 705 3.15%
Fire 90 0.4%
Cancers 3868 17.29%
Hepatitis 93 0.42%
Digestive diseases 760 3.4%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1448 6.47%
Liver disease 1087 4.86%
Respiratory disease 1067 4.77%
Kidney disease 340 1.52%
Cardiovascular diseases 6315 28.23%
Dementia 103 0.46%
Parkinson's disease 9 0.04%
Drug disorder 17 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 34 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 2015 9.01%


Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 98 0.51%
Homicide 8 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 188 0.99%
Protein-energy malnutrition 163 0.86%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 1040 5.46%
Road accidents 182 0.96%
Tuberculosis 1324 6.95%
HIV/AIDS 39 0.2%
Drowning 52 0.27%
Malaria 470 2.47%
Fire 78 0.41%
Cancers 1630 8.56%
Hepatitis 23 0.12%
Digestive diseases 616 3.23%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1295 6.8%
Liver disease 451 2.37%
Respiratory disease 1078 5.66%
Kidney disease 305 1.6%
Cardiovascular disease 6817 35.78%
Parkinson's disease 49 0.26%
Dementia 661 3.47%
Drug use disorders 10 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 13 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 2445 12.83%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Guinea
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 4327 5.27%
Poor sanitation 3533 4.3%
No access to handwashing facility 4397 5.35%
Household air pollution 11570 14.08%
Outdoor air pollution 6585 8.02%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1065 1.3%
Discontinued breastfeeding 36 0.04%
Child wasting 7519 9.15%
Child stunting 1247 1.52%
Low birth weight 4878 5.94%
Secondhand smoke 675 0.82%
Alcohol use 651 0.79%
Drug use 276 0.34%
Diet low in fruits 1844 2.24%
Diet low in vegetables 2020 2.46%
Unsafe sex 5688 6.92%
Low physical activity 982 1.2%
High blood sugar 4210 5.12%
High cholesterol 2810 3.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3608 4.39%
High blood pressure 9302 11.32%
Smoking 3781 4.6%
Iron deficiency 167 0.2%
Zinc deficiency 172 0.21%
Vitamin-A deficiency 384 0.47%
Low bone mineral density 423 0.51%


Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 36 0.14%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1065 4.1%
Child stunting 1247 4.8%
Low birth weight 4878 18.78%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2110 8.12%
Secondhand smoke 185 0.71%
Poor sanitation 1576 6.07%
Unsafe water source 1935 7.45%
Household air pollution 3481 13.4%
Outdoor air pollution 1930 7.43%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.01%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 11 0.04%
Child wasting 7519 28.95%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 175 15.74%
Unsafe water source 209 18.79%
Unsafe sex 75 6.74%
Iron deficiency 165 14.84%
Secondhand smoke 10 0.9%
Household air pollution 189 17%
Outdoor air pollution 103 9.26%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.09%
High blood sugar 13 1.17%
High blood pressure 1 0.09%
Poor sanitation 171 15.38%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 165 1.21%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.1%
Drug use 220 1.61%
Alcohol use 324 2.37%
No access to handwashing facility 562 4.11%
Unsafe water source 674 4.93%
Poor sanitation 551 4.03%
Smoking 1126 8.24%
Secondhand smoke 65 0.48%
Low physical activity 67 0.49%
Diet low in fruits 410 3%
Diet low in vegetables 367 2.69%
Unsafe sex 4288 31.37%
High body-mass index (obesity) 675 4.94%
Household air pollution 1328 9.72%
Outdoor air pollution 784 5.74%
High total cholesterol 452 3.31%
High blood pressure 1120 8.19%
High blood sugar 475 3.48%


Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 115 0.5%
Drug use 44 0.19%
Alcohol use 302 1.32%
No access to handwashing facility 734 3.22%
Poor sanitation 605 2.65%
Unsafe sex 1156 5.07%
Smoking 1886 8.27%
Secondhand smoke 208 0.91%
Unsafe water source 739 3.24%
Diet low in vegetables 938 4.11%
Diet low in fruits 873 3.83%
Low physical activity 378 1.66%
Outdoor air pollution 1957 8.58%
Household air pollution 3381 14.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1988 8.72%
High blood sugar 1903 8.35%
High total cholesterol 1365 5.99%
High blood pressure 4225 18.53%


Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 294 1.62%
Drug use 12 0.07%
Alcohol use 24 0.13%
Smoking 770 4.23%
Secondhand smoke 208 1.14%
Household air pollution 3191 17.53%
Outdoor air pollution 1811 9.95%
No access to handwashing facility 815 4.48%
Poor sanitation 629 3.46%
Unsafe water source 770 4.23%
Unsafe sex 168 0.92%
Low physical activity 537 2.95%
Diet low in vegetables 714 3.92%
Diet low in fruits 561 3.08%
High cholesterol 993 5.46%
High blood pressure 3954 21.73%
High blood sugar 1808 9.93%
High body-mass index (obesity) 941 5.17%


Guinea - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1968 | Deaths : 1183 60.11%
Breast cancer Patients : 2211 | Deaths : 507 22.93%
Larynx cancer Patients : 169 | Deaths : 75 44.38%
Kidney cancer Patients : 565 | Deaths : 87 15.4%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 177 | Deaths : 34 19.21%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 415 | Deaths : 116 27.95%
Stomach cancer Patients : 809 | Deaths : 663 81.95%
Uterine cancer Patients : 352 | Deaths : 100 28.41%
Bladder cancer Patients : 600 | Deaths : 213 35.5%
Cervical cancer Patients : 5983 | Deaths : 1014 16.95%
Prostate cancer Patients : 953 | Deaths : 382 40.08%
Testicular cancer Patients : 91 | Deaths : 29 31.87%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 260 | Deaths : 138 53.08%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 115 | Deaths : 97 84.35%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 75 | Deaths : 16 21.33%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 693 | Deaths : 330 47.62%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 74 | Deaths : 23 31.08%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 816 | Deaths : 149 18.26%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 356 | Deaths : 193 54.21%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 528 | Deaths : 123 23.3%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 74 | Deaths : 63 85.14%


Guinea - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 359 2.61%
5-14 year olds 110 0.8%
15-49 year olds 5952 43.28%
50-69 year olds 5667 41.21%
70+ year olds 1665 12.11%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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