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Ethiopia Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Ethiopia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Ethiopia.

Highlights of Ethiopia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Ethiopia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 90.00%90.00%
    • Fat : 12.68%12.68%
    • Plant protein : 11.46%11.46%
    • Animal protein : 1.67%1.67%
  • 15.82% increase in caloric supply : Currently Ethiopia gets 2131/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1840/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Pulses are three major diet compositions in Ethiopia
  • Maize, Wheat and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Ethiopia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Ethiopia average intake is 49.32 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Citrus, other are three major Fruit Types Intake in Ethiopia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Ethiopia average Fruit intake is 19.53grams
  • In Ethiopia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 18.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Ethiopia is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Ethiopia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize398
2Wheat284
3Sorghum216
4Barley125
5Rice22
6Oats4
7Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Ethiopia

Diet Compositions in Ethiopia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1362
2Starchy Roots281
3Pulses149
4Oils & Fats102
5Dairy & Eggs73
6Sugar64
7Meat37
8Fruits & Vegetables27
9Alcoholic Beverages20
10Other16

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Ethiopia with 123967 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 19% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diarrheal diseases were the highest types of death causes in Ethiopia.
    Major Cause of Death in Ethiopia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 189878 deaths (year 2016).
  • 39.42% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Tuberculosis, Cancers and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 27% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Ethiopia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Ethiopia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Ethiopia are High blood pressure, Household air pollution and Unsafe water source. Every year around 42460 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Unsafe water source are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Ethiopia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.28% of Ethiopia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 131356 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 9548) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 7020 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 11% of survival chance.Ethiopia was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 54208 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 45375 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 9548 people were dead. This means 21.04% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Ethiopia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Ethiopia :
  • 0.28 % of Ethiopia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Ethiopia
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Ethiopia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Ethiopia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 8664 1.36%
Cardiovascular diseases 123967 19.43%
Kidney disease 6701 1.05%
Respiratory disease 16972 2.66%
Liver disease 18008 2.82%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 28270 4.43%
Digestive disease 20955 3.29%
Hepatitis 2816 0.44%
Cancers 65708 10.3%
Parkinson's disease 556 0.09%
Fire 3168 0.5%
Malaria 1343 0.21%
Drowning 4059 0.64%
Homicide 9682 1.52%
HIV/AIDS 19999 3.14%
Drug disorder 469 0.07%
Tuberculosis 48910 7.67%
Road incidents 13869 2.17%
Maternal deaths 12237 1.92%
Neonatal deaths 54203 8.5%
Alcohol disorder 1303 0.2%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 57101 8.95%
Nutritional deficiencies 19024 2.98%
HIV/AIDS 19999 3.14%
Digestive disease 20955 3.29%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 28270 4.43%
Tuberculosis 48910 7.67%
Neonatal deaths 54203 8.5%
Lower respiratory infections 55572.7406222 8.71%
Diarrheal diseases 57101 8.95%
Cancers 65708 10.3%
Cardiovascular diseases 123967 19.43%


Ethiopia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 386 0.28%
Lower respiratory infections 9529 6.93%
Diarrheal diseases 9649 7.02%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 51 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14997 10.91%
Measles 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 54203 39.42%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 515 0.37%
Tuberculosis 1210 0.88%
Digestive diseases 409 0.3%
Malaria 563 0.41%
Fire 638 0.46%
Cancers 598 0.43%
Drowning 579 0.42%
Road accidents 117 0.09%
Cardiovascular disease 646 0.47%
HIV/AIDS 1356 0.99%
Homicide 63 0.05%
Hepatitis 99 0.07%
Kidney disease 443 0.32%
Liver disease 2299 1.67%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 20030 14.57%
Drug use disorders 6569 4.78%
Natural disasters 12561 9.13%


Ethiopia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 186 1.25%
Homicide 330 2.23%
Nutritional deficiencies 800 5.39%
Protein-energy malnutrition 770 5.19%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 28 0.19%
Diarrheal diseases 2780 18.74%
Road accidents 1036 6.99%
Tuberculosis 512 3.45%
HIV/AIDS 2102 14.17%
Drowning 867 5.85%
Malaria 123 0.83%
Fire 249 1.68%
Cancers 1448 9.76%
Hepatitis 111 0.75%
Digestive diseases 455 3.07%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 359 2.42%
Liver disease 142 0.96%
Respiratory disease 170 1.15%
Kidney disease 91 0.61%
Cardiovascular disease 383 2.58%
Lower respiratory infections 1889 12.74%


Ethiopia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3490 2.65%
Homicide 7195 5.47%
Nutritional deficiencies 1979 1.5%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1293 0.98%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 196 0.15%
Diarrheal diseases 12030 9.15%
Road accidents 6998 5.32%
Tuberculosis 20220 15.37%
HIV/AIDS 14968 11.38%
Drowning 1539 1.17%
Malaria 295 0.22%
Fire 735 0.56%
Cancers 16387 12.46%
Hepatitis 1278 0.97%
Digestive diseases 5561 4.23%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5424 4.12%
Liver disease 5715 4.35%
Respiratory disease 2108 1.6%
Kidney disease 1606 1.22%
Cardiovascular disease 13971 10.62%
Drug disorder 358 0.27%
Alcohol disorder 497 0.38%
Parkinson's disease 6 0%
Dementia 16 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 7662 5.83%


Ethiopia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2005 1.28%
Homicide 1372 0.87%
Nutritional deficiencies 2484 1.58%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1852 1.18%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 77 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 11975 7.62%
Road accidents 3179 2.02%
Tuberculosis 15758 10.03%
HIV/AIDS 2356 1.5%
Drowning 577 0.37%
Malaria 163 0.1%
Fire 750 0.48%
Cancers 27673 17.61%
Hepatitis 742 0.47%
Digestive diseases 6459 4.11%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9721 6.19%
Liver disease 7506 4.78%
Respiratory disease 5928 3.77%
Kidney disease 2024 1.29%
Cardiovascular diseases 42659 27.15%
Dementia 797 0.51%
Parkinson's disease 56 0.04%
Drug disorder 49 0.03%
Alcohol disorder 493 0.31%
Lower respiratory infections 10475 6.67%


Ethiopia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1302 0.7%
Homicide 399 0.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 4112 2.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3272 1.76%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 136 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 15318 8.25%
Road accidents 2142 1.15%
Tuberculosis 11209 6.04%
HIV/AIDS 162 0.09%
Drowning 514 0.28%
Malaria 124 0.07%
Fire 836 0.45%
Cancers 19622 10.56%
Hepatitis 568 0.31%
Digestive diseases 7834 4.22%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 11409 6.14%
Liver disease 4582 2.47%
Respiratory disease 8557 4.61%
Kidney disease 2882 1.55%
Cardiovascular disease 66513 35.81%
Parkinson's disease 494 0.27%
Dementia 7851 4.23%
Drug use disorders 61 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 313 0.17%
Lower respiratory infections 15516 8.35%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Ethiopia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 42460 7.92%
Poor sanitation 38676 7.22%
No access to handwashing facility 34132 6.37%
Household air pollution 62153 11.6%
Outdoor air pollution 37342 6.97%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4068 0.76%
Discontinued breastfeeding 258 0.05%
Child wasting 36588 6.83%
Child stunting 7811 1.46%
Low birth weight 17229 3.21%
Secondhand smoke 1903 0.36%
Alcohol use 22844 4.26%
Drug use 1390 0.26%
Diet low in fruits 23772 4.44%
Diet low in vegetables 16994 3.17%
Unsafe sex 26857 5.01%
Low physical activity 5528 1.03%
High blood sugar 34348 6.41%
High cholesterol 13264 2.47%
High body-mass index (obesity) 18183 3.39%
High blood pressure 68811 12.84%
Smoking 14826 2.77%
Iron deficiency 608 0.11%
Zinc deficiency 599 0.11%
Vitamin-A deficiency 300 0.06%
Low bone mineral density 5056 0.94%


Ethiopia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 258 0.23%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4068 3.57%
Child stunting 7811 6.86%
Low birth weight 17229 15.13%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 9781 8.59%
Secondhand smoke 345 0.3%
Poor sanitation 10159 8.92%
Unsafe water source 11148 9.79%
Household air pollution 10380 9.12%
Outdoor air pollution 6059 5.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12 0.01%
High blood pressure 2 0%
High blood sugar 8 0.01%
Child wasting 36588 32.14%
Iron deficiency 2 0%


Ethiopia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 5 0.06%
No access to handwashing facility 1536 18.43%
Unsafe water source 2065 24.78%
Unsafe sex 588 7.06%
Iron deficiency 592 7.11%
Secondhand smoke 34 0.41%
Household air pollution 999 11.99%
Outdoor air pollution 571 6.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7 0.08%
High blood sugar 43 0.52%
High blood pressure 6 0.07%
Poor sanitation 1883 22.6%
Iron deficiency 3 0.04%


Ethiopia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 592 0.65%
Low bone mineral density 166 0.18%
Drug use 1047 1.14%
Alcohol use 10342 11.3%
No access to handwashing facility 6573 7.18%
Unsafe water source 8935 9.76%
Poor sanitation 8147 8.9%
Smoking 2883 3.15%
Secondhand smoke 262 0.29%
Low physical activity 341 0.37%
Diet low in fruits 3848 4.2%
Diet low in vegetables 2721 2.97%
Unsafe sex 16923 18.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3104 3.39%
Household air pollution 8212 8.97%
Outdoor air pollution 5078 5.55%
High total cholesterol 2292 2.5%
High blood pressure 6125 6.69%
High blood sugar 3924 4.29%


Ethiopia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 9 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 1047 0.7%
Drug use 239 0.16%
Alcohol use 9270 6.17%
No access to handwashing facility 6981 4.65%
Poor sanitation 8111 5.4%
Unsafe sex 7434 4.95%
Smoking 6476 4.31%
Secondhand smoke 603 0.4%
Unsafe water source 8908 5.93%
Diet low in vegetables 7009 4.67%
Diet low in fruits 10381 6.91%
Low physical activity 1689 1.12%
Outdoor air pollution 11504 7.66%
Household air pollution 18931 12.61%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7795 5.19%
High blood sugar 13228 8.81%
High total cholesterol 5457 3.63%
High blood pressure 25070 16.7%


Ethiopia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0%
Low bone mineral density 3842 2.24%
Drug use 103 0.06%
Alcohol use 3228 1.88%
Smoking 5467 3.18%
Secondhand smoke 660 0.38%
Household air pollution 23632 13.75%
Outdoor air pollution 14129 8.22%
No access to handwashing facility 9261 5.39%
Poor sanitation 10376 6.04%
Unsafe water source 11405 6.64%
Unsafe sex 1912 1.11%
Low physical activity 3498 2.04%
Diet low in vegetables 7263 4.23%
Diet low in fruits 9544 5.55%
High cholesterol 5515 3.21%
High blood pressure 37607 21.88%
High blood sugar 17145 9.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7264 4.23%


Ethiopia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 4633 | Deaths : 1482 31.99%
Breast cancer Patients : 16851 | Deaths : 4161 24.69%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1461 | Deaths : 626 42.85%
Kidney cancer Patients : 3596 | Deaths : 403 11.21%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 3459 | Deaths : 811 23.45%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 5862 | Deaths : 1988 33.91%
Stomach cancer Patients : 3641 | Deaths : 3253 89.34%
Uterine cancer Patients : 4094 | Deaths : 1119 27.33%
Bladder cancer Patients : 3013 | Deaths : 1096 36.38%
Cervical cancer Patients : 45375 | Deaths : 9548 21.04%
Prostate cancer Patients : 19445 | Deaths : 7020 36.1%
Testicular cancer Patients : 282 | Deaths : 81 28.72%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1750 | Deaths : 1014 57.94%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 2575 | Deaths : 1920 74.56%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 2643 | Deaths : 735 27.81%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 9029 | Deaths : 4726 52.34%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 428 | Deaths : 380 88.79%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 5926 | Deaths : 1193 20.13%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 2564 | Deaths : 1305 50.9%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 2264 | Deaths : 523 23.1%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 567 | Deaths : 288 50.79%


Ethiopia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 3677 2.8%
5-14 year olds 3313 2.52%
15-49 year olds 42714 32.52%
50-69 year olds 54208 41.27%
70+ year olds 27444 20.89%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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