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Ethiopia Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 87.7 112.759 139.62
Global Rank 14th 12th 11th
Global Population Share 1.26% 1.446% 1.632%
Global Population Density 75.37 95.76 116.69
Global Population Density Rank 172nd 174th 176th
Average Life Expectancy 61.62 67.01 70.34
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 164th 160th 151st
Fertility Rate 4.92 3.75 2.96
Fertility Rate Global Rank 31st 40th 50th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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Ethiopia Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 386 0.28%
Lower respiratory infections 9529 6.93%
Diarrheal diseases 9649 7.02%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 51 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14997 10.91%
Measles 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 54203 39.42%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 515 0.37%
Tuberculosis 1210 0.88%
Digestive diseases 409 0.3%
Malaria 563 0.41%
Fire 638 0.46%
Cancers 598 0.43%

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Highlights of Ethiopia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Ethiopia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 90.00%90.00%
    • Fat : 12.68%12.68%
    • Plant protein : 11.46%11.46%
    • Animal protein : 1.67%1.67%
  • 15.82% increase in caloric supply : Currently Ethiopia gets 2131/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1840/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Pulses are three major diet compositions in Ethiopia
  • Maize, Wheat and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Ethiopia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Ethiopia average intake is 49.32 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Citrus, other are three major Fruit Types Intake in Ethiopia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Ethiopia average Fruit intake is 19.53grams
  • In Ethiopia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 18.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Ethiopia is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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