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Estonia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Estonia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Estonia.

Highlights of Estonia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Estonia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 65.30%65.30%
    • Fat : 26.38%26.38%
    • Animal protein : 6.88%6.88%
    • Plant protein : 6.55%6.55%
  • 5.11% increase in caloric supply : Currently Estonia gets 3253/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 3095/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Dairy & Eggs and Alcoholic Beverages are three major diet compositions in Estonia
  • Wheat, Rye and Barley are three major Cereal preferences in Estonia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Estonia average intake is 315.78 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Estonia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Estonia average Fruit intake is 222.08grams
  • In Estonia, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 60.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Estonia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Estonia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat762
2Rye149
3Barley43
4Maize37
5Oats25
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Estonia

Diet Compositions in Estonia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1044
2Dairy & Eggs459
3Alcoholic Beverages396
4Oils & Fats289
5Meat276
6Sugar268
7Fruits & Vegetables174
8Starchy Roots154
9Other111
10Pulses82

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Estonia with 8662 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 55% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were the highest types of death causes in Estonia.
    Major Cause of Death in Estonia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 11165 deaths (year 2016).
  • 37.14% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Drowning and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Suicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 39% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Estonia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Estonia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Estonia are High blood pressure, High cholesterol and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 1 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Alcohol use and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Drug use and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and Alcohol use are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Estonia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


1.09% of Estonia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 22053 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 417) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 295 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 3% of survival chance.Estonia was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 10626 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 3219 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 417 people were dead. This means 12.95% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Estonia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Estonia :
  • 1.09 % of Estonia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Estonia
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Estonia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Estonia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 805 5.12%
Cardiovascular diseases 8662 55.14%
Kidney disease 226 1.44%
Respiratory disease 265 1.69%
Liver disease 262 1.67%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 478 3.04%
Digestive disease 310 1.97%
Hepatitis 1 0.01%
Cancers 3381 21.52%
Parkinson's disease 121 0.77%
Fire 62 0.39%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 54 0.34%
Homicide 72 0.46%
HIV/AIDS 35 0.22%
Drug disorder 94 0.6%
Tuberculosis 29 0.18%
Road incidents 98 0.62%
Maternal deaths 1 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 13 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 244 1.55%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.01%
Kidney disease 226 1.44%
Alcohol disorder 244 1.55%
Suicide 256 1.63%
Liver disease 262 1.67%
Respiratory disease 265 1.69%
Digestive disease 310 1.97%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 478 3.04%
Dementia 805 5.12%
Cancers 3381 21.52%
Cardiovascular diseases 8662 55.14%


Estonia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 13 37.14%
Road accidents 1 2.86%
Homicide 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 2.86%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 2.86%
Kidney disease 2 5.71%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Liver disease 1 2.86%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Drug use disorders 11 31.43%
Measles 4 11.43%
Natural disasters 0 0%
1 2.86%


Estonia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 8.33%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 2 16.67%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 16.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 8.33%
Cancers 4 33.33%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 8.33%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 1 8.33%


Estonia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 110 12.3%
Homicide 39 4.36%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 17 1.9%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 46 5.15%
Tuberculosis 8 0.89%
HIV/AIDS 31 3.47%
Drowning 22 2.46%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 15 1.68%
Cancers 148 16.55%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 21 2.35%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 25 2.8%
Liver disease 61 6.82%
Respiratory disease 6 0.67%
Kidney disease 9 1.01%
Cardiovascular disease 150 16.78%
Drug disorder 75 8.39%
Alcohol disorder 87 9.73%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 24 2.68%


Estonia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 92 2.6%
Homicide 23 0.65%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.03%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 39 1.1%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 30 0.85%
Tuberculosis 13 0.37%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.11%
Drowning 21 0.59%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 27 0.76%
Cancers 1213 34.22%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 80 2.26%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 107 3.02%
Liver disease 153 4.32%
Respiratory disease 66 1.86%
Kidney disease 40 1.13%
Cardiovascular diseases 1378 38.87%
Dementia 26 0.73%
Parkinson's disease 9 0.25%
Drug disorder 15 0.42%
Alcohol disorder 144 4.06%
Lower respiratory infections 63 1.78%


Estonia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 52 0.46%
Homicide 8 0.07%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 12 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.01%
Road accidents 19 0.17%
Tuberculosis 8 0.07%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 8 0.07%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 18 0.16%
Cancers 2013 17.94%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 208 1.85%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 345 3.07%
Liver disease 48 0.43%
Respiratory disease 193 1.72%
Kidney disease 178 1.59%
Cardiovascular disease 7134 63.58%
Parkinson's disease 112 1%
Dementia 778 6.93%
Drug use disorders 4 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 13 0.12%
Lower respiratory infections 67 0.6%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Estonia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.01%
Household air pollution 227 1.17%
Outdoor air pollution 388 2%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 2 0.01%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 5 0.03%
Secondhand smoke 214 1.1%
Alcohol use 1632 8.4%
Drug use 190 0.98%
Diet low in fruits 800 4.12%
Diet low in vegetables 698 3.59%
Unsafe sex 88 0.45%
Low physical activity 699 3.6%
High blood sugar 1453 7.48%
High cholesterol 2764 14.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2447 12.59%
High blood pressure 5894 30.32%
Smoking 1867 9.61%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 64 0.33%


Estonia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1 11.11%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 5 55.56%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 11.11%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 2 22.22%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Estonia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Estonia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.25%
Drug use 112 14.16%
Alcohol use 282 35.65%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 85 10.75%
Secondhand smoke 4 0.51%
Low physical activity 4 0.51%
Diet low in fruits 24 3.03%
Diet low in vegetables 14 1.77%
Unsafe sex 27 3.41%
High body-mass index (obesity) 65 8.22%
Household air pollution 7 0.88%
Outdoor air pollution 9 1.14%
High total cholesterol 49 6.19%
High blood pressure 83 10.49%
High blood sugar 24 3.03%


Estonia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 13 0.28%
Drug use 56 1.21%
Alcohol use 778 16.81%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.02%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 29 0.63%
Smoking 873 18.87%
Secondhand smoke 31 0.67%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 121 2.62%
Diet low in fruits 201 4.34%
Low physical activity 76 1.64%
Outdoor air pollution 84 1.82%
Household air pollution 56 1.21%
High body-mass index (obesity) 603 13.03%
High blood sugar 252 5.45%
High total cholesterol 451 9.75%
High blood pressure 1002 21.66%


Estonia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 49 0.35%
Drug use 21 0.15%
Alcohol use 572 4.08%
Smoking 909 6.49%
Secondhand smoke 178 1.27%
Household air pollution 163 1.16%
Outdoor air pollution 294 2.1%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.01%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Unsafe sex 32 0.23%
Low physical activity 619 4.42%
Diet low in vegetables 562 4.01%
Diet low in fruits 575 4.11%
High cholesterol 2264 16.17%
High blood pressure 4809 34.34%
High blood sugar 1177 8.4%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1779 12.7%


Estonia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 107 | Deaths : 97 90.65%
Breast cancer Patients : 3069 | Deaths : 217 7.07%
Larynx cancer Patients : 285 | Deaths : 37 12.98%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1381 | Deaths : 129 9.34%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 569 | Deaths : 12 2.11%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 641 | Deaths : 107 16.69%
Stomach cancer Patients : 833 | Deaths : 295 35.41%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1711 | Deaths : 46 2.69%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1001 | Deaths : 106 10.59%
Cervical cancer Patients : 559 | Deaths : 65 11.63%
Prostate cancer Patients : 4344 | Deaths : 241 5.55%
Testicular cancer Patients : 108 | Deaths : 2 1.85%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 242 | Deaths : 197 81.4%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 80 | Deaths : 65 81.25%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 23 | Deaths : 5 21.74%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 3219 | Deaths : 417 12.95%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 337 | Deaths : 27 8.01%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 390 | Deaths : 56 14.36%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 374 | Deaths : 82 21.93%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 911 | Deaths : 44 4.83%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 38 | Deaths : 37 97.37%


Estonia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 89 0.4%
5-14 year olds 31 0.14%
15-49 year olds 1808 8.2%
50-69 year olds 9500 43.08%
70+ year olds 10626 48.18%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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