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Egypt Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Egypt are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Egypt.

Highlights of Egypt BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Egypt gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 122.39%122.39%
    • Fat : 27.37%27.37%
    • Plant protein : 14.82%14.82%
    • Animal protein : 5.08%5.08%
  • 69.65% increase in caloric supply : Currently Egypt gets 3522/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2076/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Egypt
  • Wheat, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Egypt
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Egypt average intake is 530.55 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Grapes and Dates are three major Fruit Types Intake in Egypt
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Egypt average Fruit intake is 281.10grams
  • In Egypt, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 61.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Egypt is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Egypt
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1175
2Maize596
3Rice417
4Sorghum25
5Barley1
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Egypt
Diet Compositions in Egypt
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains2214
2Sugar312
3Fruits & Vegetables292
4Oils & Fats254
5Meat163
6Dairy & Eggs112
7Starchy Roots86
8Pulses54
9Other33
10Alcoholic Beverages2


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Egypt with 217255 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 42% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Liver disease and Cancers were highest types of death causes in Egypt.
    Major Cause of Death in Egypt
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 199002 deaths (year 2016).
  • 26.81% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Lower respiratory infections and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 47% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Egypt (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Egypt - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Egypt are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 5042 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and High total cholesterol are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Egypt (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.22% of Egypt population was suffering from cancer i.e. 138885 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Liver cancer (Count : 7935) and Bladder cancer was also concerning with 4420 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 18% of survival chance.Egypt was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 94% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 72901 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 11823 were suffering from Liver cancer out of which 7935 people were dead. This means 67.11% death rate of people suffering from Liver cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Egypt and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Egypt :
  • 0.22 % of Egypt population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Liver cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Egypt
  • Liver cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Egypt

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Egypt (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 14929 2.91%
Cardiovascular diseases 217255 42.28%
Kidney disease 16168 3.15%
Respiratory disease 22824 4.44%
Liver disease 60308 11.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 37236 7.25%
Digestive disease 9756 1.9%
Hepatitis 698 0.14%
Cancers 50493 9.83%
Parkinson's disease 1436 0.28%
Fire 1551 0.3%
Malaria 8 0%
Drowning 1327 0.26%
Homicide 618 0.12%
HIV/AIDS 116 0.02%
Drug disorder 70 0.01%
Tuberculosis 932 0.18%
Road incidents 26643 5.19%
Maternal deaths 957 0.19%
Neonatal deaths 11153 2.17%
Alcohol disorder 182 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 10542 2.05%
Neonatal deaths 11153 2.17%
Dementia 14929 2.91%
Kidney disease 16168 3.15%
Lower respiratory infections 21515.2339633 4.19%
Respiratory disease 22824 4.44%
Road incidents 26643 5.19%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 37236 7.25%
Cancers 50493 9.83%
Liver disease 60308 11.74%
Cardiovascular diseases 217255 42.28%



Egypt - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 16 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 105 0.25%
Congenital birth defects 122 0.29%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 7 0.02%
Road accidents 9044 21.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 11153 26.81%
Cancers 810 1.95%
Digestive diseases 8 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 9 0.02%
Drowning 106 0.25%
Fire 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 105 0.25%
Liver disease 447 1.07%
Kidney disease 21 0.05%
Hepatitis 332 0.8%
Homicide 748 1.8%
Measles 86 0.21%
HIV/AIDS 82 0.2%
Tuberculosis 455 1.09%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8039 19.32%
Drug use disorders 7567 18.19%
Malaria 15 0.04%
Natural disasters 2330 5.6%



Egypt - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 38 0.58%
Homicide 26 0.4%
Nutritional deficiencies 24 0.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 12 0.18%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 175 2.67%
Road accidents 1876 28.58%
Tuberculosis 19 0.29%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.03%
Drowning 319 4.86%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 153 2.33%
Cancers 924 14.08%
Hepatitis 20 0.3%
Digestive diseases 134 2.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 381 5.8%
Liver disease 177 2.7%
Respiratory disease 212 3.23%
Kidney disease 113 1.72%
Cardiovascular disease 459 6.99%
Lower respiratory infections 1494 22.76%


Egypt - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2158 3.26%
Homicide 459 0.69%
Nutritional deficiencies 53 0.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 29 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 27 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 242 0.37%
Road accidents 14271 21.53%
Tuberculosis 392 0.59%
HIV/AIDS 88 0.13%
Drowning 724 1.09%
Malaria 5 0.01%
Fire 895 1.35%
Cancers 10630 16.04%
Hepatitis 158 0.24%
Digestive diseases 2036 3.07%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4572 6.9%
Liver disease 5700 8.6%
Respiratory disease 2061 3.11%
Kidney disease 1503 2.27%
Cardiovascular disease 17475 26.36%
Drug disorder 53 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 89 0.13%
Parkinson's disease 18 0.03%
Dementia 25 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 2620 3.95%


Egypt - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 722 0.36%
Homicide 99 0.05%
Nutritional deficiencies 129 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 104 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 20 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 270 0.13%
Road accidents 7504 3.69%
Tuberculosis 381 0.19%
HIV/AIDS 16 0.01%
Drowning 141 0.07%
Malaria 2 0%
Fire 272 0.13%
Cancers 25960 12.78%
Hepatitis 377 0.19%
Digestive diseases 4706 2.32%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 18642 9.18%
Liver disease 23699 11.67%
Respiratory disease 10382 5.11%
Kidney disease 7233 3.56%
Cardiovascular diseases 95595 47.07%
Dementia 1637 0.81%
Parkinson's disease 200 0.1%
Drug disorder 12 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 77 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 4916 2.42%


Egypt - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 167 0.08%
Homicide 18 0.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 375 0.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 336 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0%
Diarrheal diseases 811 0.4%
Road accidents 2182 1.08%
Tuberculosis 132 0.07%
HIV/AIDS 1 0%
Drowning 36 0.02%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 126 0.06%
Cancers 12531 6.18%
Hepatitis 121 0.06%
Digestive diseases 2548 1.26%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 12893 6.36%
Liver disease 30645 15.11%
Respiratory disease 9922 4.89%
Kidney disease 7238 3.57%
Cardiovascular disease 103271 50.93%
Parkinson's disease 1219 0.6%
Dementia 13267 6.54%
Drug use disorders 5 0%
Alcohol use disorders 16 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 4917 2.42%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Egypt
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 5042 0.78%
Poor sanitation 4327 0.67%
No access to handwashing facility 1686 0.26%
Household air pollution 280 0.04%
Outdoor air pollution 67555 10.49%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2730 0.42%
Discontinued breastfeeding 179 0.03%
Child wasting 10106 1.57%
Child stunting 1464 0.23%
Low birth weight 5162 0.8%
Secondhand smoke 11767 1.83%
Alcohol use 8364 1.3%
Drug use 8831 1.37%
Diet low in fruits 16504 2.56%
Diet low in vegetables 3334 0.52%
Unsafe sex 550 0.09%
Low physical activity 22444 3.49%
High blood sugar 102950 15.99%
High cholesterol 74210 11.53%
High body-mass index (obesity) 110430 17.15%
High blood pressure 132570 20.59%
Smoking 50243 7.8%
Iron deficiency 106 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 210 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 18 0%
Low bone mineral density 2720 0.42%


Egypt - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 179 0.54%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2730 8.2%
Child stunting 1464 4.4%
Low birth weight 5162 15.51%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1172 3.52%
Secondhand smoke 906 2.72%
Poor sanitation 3711 11.15%
Unsafe water source 4329 13%
Household air pollution 17 0.05%
Outdoor air pollution 3471 10.43%
High body-mass index (obesity) 22 0.07%
High blood pressure 2 0.01%
High blood sugar 16 0.05%
Child wasting 10106 30.36%
Iron deficiency 5 0.02%


Egypt - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.16%
No access to handwashing facility 56 4.49%
Unsafe water source 85 6.81%
Unsafe sex 1 0.08%
Iron deficiency 91 7.29%
Secondhand smoke 182 14.58%
Household air pollution 4 0.32%
Outdoor air pollution 686 54.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 19 1.52%
High blood sugar 40 3.21%
High blood pressure 5 0.4%
Poor sanitation 72 5.77%
Iron deficiency 5 0.4%


Egypt - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 91 0.14%
Low bone mineral density 319 0.5%
Drug use 3429 5.39%
Alcohol use 1225 1.92%
No access to handwashing facility 92 0.14%
Unsafe water source 116 0.18%
Poor sanitation 99 0.16%
Smoking 7432 11.68%
Secondhand smoke 1293 2.03%
Low physical activity 1387 2.18%
Diet low in fruits 2856 4.49%
Diet low in vegetables 336 0.53%
Unsafe sex 194 0.3%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12869 20.22%
Household air pollution 35 0.05%
Outdoor air pollution 7446 11.7%
High total cholesterol 8340 13.1%
High blood pressure 9903 15.56%
High blood sugar 6187 9.72%


Egypt - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 4 0%
Low bone mineral density 1236 0.39%
Drug use 4596 1.45%
Alcohol use 3771 1.19%
No access to handwashing facility 153 0.05%
Poor sanitation 111 0.04%
Unsafe sex 241 0.08%
Smoking 30393 9.6%
Secondhand smoke 5427 1.71%
Unsafe water source 128 0.04%
Diet low in vegetables 1147 0.36%
Diet low in fruits 8215 2.6%
Low physical activity 9761 3.08%
Outdoor air pollution 32212 10.18%
Household air pollution 133 0.04%
High body-mass index (obesity) 60334 19.06%
High blood sugar 52400 16.56%
High total cholesterol 39467 12.47%
High blood pressure 66739 21.09%


Egypt - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 1165 0.51%
Drug use 806 0.35%
Alcohol use 3366 1.47%
Smoking 12417 5.42%
Secondhand smoke 3960 1.73%
Household air pollution 92 0.04%
Outdoor air pollution 23740 10.37%
No access to handwashing facility 212 0.09%
Poor sanitation 333 0.15%
Unsafe water source 385 0.17%
Unsafe sex 115 0.05%
Low physical activity 11296 4.93%
Diet low in vegetables 1851 0.81%
Diet low in fruits 5433 2.37%
High cholesterol 26403 11.53%
High blood pressure 55921 24.42%
High blood sugar 44308 19.35%
High body-mass index (obesity) 37186 16.24%


Egypt - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 11823 | Deaths : 7935 67.11%
Breast cancer Patients : 39172 | Deaths : 3261 8.32%
Larynx cancer Patients : 2568 | Deaths : 587 22.86%
Kidney cancer Patients : 6727 | Deaths : 571 8.49%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 3270 | Deaths : 184 5.63%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 8403 | Deaths : 1528 18.18%
Stomach cancer Patients : 3810 | Deaths : 2435 63.91%
Uterine cancer Patients : 5368 | Deaths : 406 7.56%
Bladder cancer Patients : 42102 | Deaths : 4420 10.5%
Cervical cancer Patients : 4011 | Deaths : 455 11.34%
Prostate cancer Patients : 10353 | Deaths : 1496 14.45%
Testicular cancer Patients : 461 | Deaths : 34 7.38%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 2443 | Deaths : 1878 76.87%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 1285 | Deaths : 1054 82.02%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 613 | Deaths : 87 14.19%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 14037 | Deaths : 3087 21.99%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 373 | Deaths : 155 41.55%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 2881 | Deaths : 364 12.63%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 5201 | Deaths : 2019 38.82%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 5375 | Deaths : 667 12.41%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 536 | Deaths : 165 30.78%


Egypt - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 2082 1.5%
5-14 year olds 1354 0.97%
15-49 year olds 37299 26.86%
50-69 year olds 72901 52.49%
70+ year olds 25249 18.18%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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