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Djibouti Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Djibouti are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Djibouti.

Highlights of Djibouti BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Djibouti gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 111.74%111.74%
    • Fat : 33.55%33.55%
    • Plant protein : 12.59%12.59%
    • Animal protein : 3.74%3.74%
  • 61.62% increase in caloric supply : Currently Djibouti gets 2607/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1613/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Djibouti
  • Wheat, Rice and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Djibouti
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Djibouti average intake is 187.29 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Lemons & Limes are three major Fruit Types Intake in Djibouti
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Djibouti average Fruit intake is 122.22grams
  • In Djibouti, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 35.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Djibouti is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Djibouti
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat953
2Rice429
3Sorghum24
4Maize9
5Oats2
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Djibouti
Diet Compositions in Djibouti
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1419
2Oils & Fats348
3Sugar330
4Pulses121
5Dairy & Eggs108
6Meat101
7Fruits & Vegetables89
8Other45
9Starchy Roots31
10Alcoholic Beverages15


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Djibouti with 1137 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 17% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, HIV/AIDS and Cancers were highest types of death causes in Djibouti.
    Major Cause of Death in Djibouti
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 1750 deaths (year 2016).
  • 33.49% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Lower respiratory infections and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 26% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Djibouti (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Djibouti - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Djibouti are High blood pressure, Unsafe sex and Child wasting. Every year around 230 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Unsafe sex are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Djibouti (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.27% of Djibouti population was suffering from cancer i.e. 1441 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 76) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 73 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Non-melanoma skin cancer have 0% of survival chance.Djibouti was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 629 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 243 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 76 people were dead. This means 31.28% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Djibouti and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Djibouti :
  • 0.27 % of Djibouti population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Djibouti
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Djibouti

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Djibouti (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 98 1.47%
Cardiovascular diseases 1137 17.07%
Kidney disease 59 0.89%
Respiratory disease 131 1.97%
Liver disease 132 1.98%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 290 4.35%
Digestive disease 183 2.75%
Hepatitis 20 0.3%
Cancers 671 10.07%
Parkinson's disease 6 0.09%
Fire 38 0.57%
Malaria 1 0.02%
Drowning 41 0.62%
Homicide 72 1.08%
HIV/AIDS 703 10.56%
Drug disorder 3 0.05%
Tuberculosis 448 6.73%
Road incidents 116 1.74%
Maternal deaths 106 1.59%
Neonatal deaths 584 8.77%
Alcohol disorder 9 0.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 319 4.79%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 290 4.35%
Protein-energy malnutrition 300.290797315 4.51%
Diarrheal diseases 319 4.79%
Nutritional deficiencies 320 4.8%
Tuberculosis 448 6.73%
Neonatal deaths 584 8.77%
Lower respiratory infections 648.959900953 9.74%
Cancers 671 10.07%
HIV/AIDS 703 10.56%
Cardiovascular diseases 1137 17.07%



Djibouti - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 5 0.29%
Lower respiratory infections 197 11.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 198 11.35%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Neonatal infections 1 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 78 4.47%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 584 33.49%
Tuberculosis 9 0.52%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 24 1.38%
Digestive diseases 55 3.15%
Fire 11 0.63%
Drowning 0 0%
Cancers 12 0.69%
Measles 11 0.63%
Road accidents 1 0.06%
Cardiovascular disease 12 0.69%
Homicide 23 1.32%
Kidney disease 1 0.06%
Hepatitis 2 0.11%
Liver disease 9 0.52%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 50 2.87%
Malaria 316 18.12%
Drug use disorders 10 0.57%
Natural disasters 135 7.74%



Djibouti - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.75%
Homicide 2 1.5%
Nutritional deficiencies 9 6.77%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 6.77%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 14 10.53%
Road accidents 8 6.02%
Tuberculosis 5 3.76%
HIV/AIDS 34 25.56%
Drowning 7 5.26%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 1.5%
Cancers 13 9.77%
Hepatitis 1 0.75%
Digestive diseases 3 2.26%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3 2.26%
Liver disease 1 0.75%
Respiratory disease 1 0.75%
Kidney disease 1 0.75%
Cardiovascular disease 3 2.26%
Lower respiratory infections 16 12.03%


Djibouti - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 19 1.28%
Homicide 52 3.52%
Nutritional deficiencies 26 1.76%
Protein-energy malnutrition 20 1.35%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 67 4.53%
Road accidents 53 3.58%
Tuberculosis 179 12.1%
HIV/AIDS 498 33.67%
Drowning 13 0.88%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 7 0.47%
Cancers 161 10.89%
Hepatitis 8 0.54%
Digestive diseases 45 3.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 52 3.52%
Liver disease 39 2.64%
Respiratory disease 16 1.08%
Kidney disease 14 0.95%
Cardiovascular disease 137 9.26%
Drug disorder 2 0.14%
Alcohol disorder 3 0.2%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 67 4.53%


Djibouti - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 13 0.85%
Homicide 11 0.72%
Nutritional deficiencies 33 2.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 28 1.82%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 73 4.75%
Road accidents 28 1.82%
Tuberculosis 147 9.57%
HIV/AIDS 106 6.9%
Drowning 5 0.33%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 8 0.52%
Cancers 295 19.21%
Hepatitis 6 0.39%
Digestive diseases 56 3.65%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 98 6.38%
Liver disease 56 3.65%
Respiratory disease 44 2.86%
Kidney disease 17 1.11%
Cardiovascular diseases 396 25.78%
Dementia 9 0.59%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.07%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 3 0.2%
Lower respiratory infections 102 6.64%


Djibouti - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 7 0.42%
Homicide 3 0.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 54 3.23%
Protein-energy malnutrition 47 2.81%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 88 5.27%
Road accidents 18 1.08%
Tuberculosis 94 5.63%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.54%
Drowning 5 0.3%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 9 0.54%
Cancers 192 11.5%
Hepatitis 4 0.24%
Digestive diseases 66 3.95%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 112 6.71%
Liver disease 34 2.04%
Respiratory disease 65 3.89%
Kidney disease 25 1.5%
Cardiovascular disease 592 35.45%
Parkinson's disease 6 0.36%
Dementia 89 5.33%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.12%
Lower respiratory infections 148 8.86%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Djibouti
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 230 4.2%
Poor sanitation 171 3.12%
No access to handwashing facility 212 3.87%
Household air pollution 184 3.36%
Outdoor air pollution 433 7.9%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 54 0.99%
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0.05%
Child wasting 501 9.14%
Child stunting 51 0.93%
Low birth weight 250 4.56%
Secondhand smoke 105 1.92%
Alcohol use 55 1%
Drug use 12 0.22%
Diet low in fruits 214 3.91%
Diet low in vegetables 132 2.41%
Unsafe sex 695 12.68%
Low physical activity 60 1.09%
High blood sugar 371 6.77%
High cholesterol 190 3.47%
High body-mass index (obesity) 375 6.84%
High blood pressure 709 12.94%
Smoking 410 7.48%
Iron deficiency 7 0.13%
Zinc deficiency 9 0.16%
Vitamin-A deficiency 4 0.07%
Low bone mineral density 43 0.78%


Djibouti - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0.24%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 54 4.4%
Child stunting 51 4.16%
Low birth weight 250 20.37%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 72 5.87%
Secondhand smoke 35 2.85%
Poor sanitation 42 3.42%
Unsafe water source 57 4.65%
Household air pollution 51 4.16%
Outdoor air pollution 111 9.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 501 40.83%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Djibouti - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 7 13.73%
Unsafe water source 10 19.61%
Unsafe sex 9 17.65%
Iron deficiency 7 13.73%
Secondhand smoke 2 3.92%
Household air pollution 3 5.88%
Outdoor air pollution 6 11.76%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 7 13.73%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Djibouti - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 7 0.61%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.09%
Drug use 9 0.79%
Alcohol use 30 2.62%
No access to handwashing facility 35 3.06%
Unsafe water source 48 4.2%
Poor sanitation 36 3.15%
Smoking 89 7.79%
Secondhand smoke 9 0.79%
Low physical activity 4 0.35%
Diet low in fruits 38 3.32%
Diet low in vegetables 23 2.01%
Unsafe sex 517 45.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 66 5.77%
Household air pollution 23 2.01%
Outdoor air pollution 54 4.72%
High total cholesterol 34 2.97%
High blood pressure 78 6.82%
High blood sugar 42 3.67%


Djibouti - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 9 0.59%
Drug use 3 0.2%
Alcohol use 24 1.57%
No access to handwashing facility 42 2.76%
Poor sanitation 39 2.56%
Unsafe sex 145 9.51%
Smoking 183 12.01%
Secondhand smoke 25 1.64%
Unsafe water source 53 3.48%
Diet low in vegetables 55 3.61%
Diet low in fruits 96 6.3%
Low physical activity 19 1.25%
Outdoor air pollution 121 7.94%
Household air pollution 49 3.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 178 11.68%
High blood sugar 139 9.12%
High total cholesterol 76 4.99%
High blood pressure 268 17.59%


Djibouti - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 33 2.16%
Drug use 1 0.07%
Alcohol use 1 0.07%
Smoking 138 9.03%
Secondhand smoke 34 2.22%
Household air pollution 58 3.79%
Outdoor air pollution 141 9.22%
No access to handwashing facility 54 3.53%
Poor sanitation 47 3.07%
Unsafe water source 63 4.12%
Unsafe sex 24 1.57%
Low physical activity 36 2.35%
Diet low in vegetables 54 3.53%
Diet low in fruits 81 5.3%
High cholesterol 80 5.23%
High blood pressure 363 23.74%
High blood sugar 190 12.43%
High body-mass index (obesity) 131 8.57%


Djibouti - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 15 34.09%
Breast cancer Patients : 215 | Deaths : 42 19.53%
Larynx cancer Patients : 18 | Deaths : 7 38.89%
Kidney cancer Patients : 55 | Deaths : 6 10.91%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 40 | Deaths : 7 17.5%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 73 | Deaths : 21 28.77%
Stomach cancer Patients : 34 | Deaths : 29 85.29%
Uterine cancer Patients : 32 | Deaths : 9 28.13%
Bladder cancer Patients : 40 | Deaths : 12 30%
Cervical cancer Patients : 416 | Deaths : 73 17.55%
Prostate cancer Patients : 243 | Deaths : 76 31.28%
Testicular cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 1 25%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 13 59.09%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 42 | Deaths : 33 78.57%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 27 | Deaths : 7 25.93%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 109 | Deaths : 49 44.95%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 5 100%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 54 | Deaths : 10 18.52%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 14 48.28%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 24 | Deaths : 5 20.83%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 3 50%


Djibouti - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 53 3.68%
5-14 year olds 25 1.73%
15-49 year olds 439 30.46%
50-69 year olds 629 43.65%
70+ year olds 295 20.47%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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