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Cyprus Health

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Causes of death across Cyprus are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Cyprus.

Highlights of Cyprus BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Cyprus gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 52.70%52.70%
    • Fat : 41.67%41.67%
    • Animal protein : 7.27%7.27%
    • Plant protein : 5.26%5.26%
  • 6.90% increase in caloric supply : Currently Cyprus gets 2649/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2478/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Meat are three major diet compositions in Cyprus
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Cyprus
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Cyprus average intake is 264.00 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Cyprus
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Cyprus average Fruit intake is 177.62grams
  • In Cyprus, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 60.80% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Cyprus is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Cyprus
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat671
2Rice50
3Maize28
4Oats4
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Cyprus
Diet Compositions in Cyprus
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains756
2Oils & Fats532
3Meat358
4Sugar312
5Dairy & Eggs263
6Fruits & Vegetables153
7Other97
8Alcoholic Beverages95
9Starchy Roots53
10Pulses30


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Cyprus with 2607 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 36% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Cyprus.
    Major Cause of Death in Cyprus
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 5524 deaths (year 2016).
  • 48.39% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 41% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Cyprus (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Cyprus - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Cyprus are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 2 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Alcohol use and High blood sugar are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Cyprus (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



1.15% of Cyprus population was suffering from cancer i.e. 12640 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 160) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 147 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 18% of survival chance.Cyprus was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5721 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 1838 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 160 people were dead. This means 8.71% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Cyprus and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Cyprus :
  • 1.15 % of Cyprus population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Cyprus
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cyprus

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Cyprus (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 670 9.33%
Cardiovascular diseases 2607 36.32%
Kidney disease 252 3.51%
Respiratory disease 421 5.87%
Liver disease 91 1.27%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 872 12.15%
Digestive disease 150 2.09%
Hepatitis 2 0.03%
Cancers 1590 22.15%
Parkinson's disease 58 0.81%
Fire 14 0.2%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 24 0.33%
Homicide 18 0.25%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.06%
Drug disorder 17 0.24%
Tuberculosis 4 0.06%
Road incidents 113 1.57%
Maternal deaths 1 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 15 0.21%
Alcohol disorder 6 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 28 0.39%
Liver disease 91 1.27%
Road incidents 113 1.57%
Lower respiratory infections 147.076668491 2.05%
Digestive disease 150 2.09%
Kidney disease 252 3.51%
Respiratory disease 421 5.87%
Dementia 670 9.33%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 872 12.15%
Cancers 1590 22.15%
Cardiovascular diseases 2607 36.32%



Cyprus - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 3.23%
Drowning 0 0%
Road accidents 15 48.39%
Lower respiratory infections 1 3.23%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Fire 1 3.23%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 3.23%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Liver disease 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 6.45%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Drug use disorders 8 25.81%
Measles 1 3.23%
Natural disasters 0 0%
1 3.23%



Cyprus - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 2 33.33%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 16.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 2 33.33%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 16.67%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%


Cyprus - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 26 7.65%
Homicide 12 3.53%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.29%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.29%
Road accidents 61 17.94%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.88%
Drowning 10 2.94%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.59%
Cancers 92 27.06%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 5 1.47%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 23 6.76%
Liver disease 13 3.82%
Respiratory disease 6 1.76%
Kidney disease 5 1.47%
Cardiovascular disease 60 17.65%
Drug disorder 13 3.82%
Alcohol disorder 2 0.59%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.29%
Lower respiratory infections 4 1.18%


Cyprus - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 14 1.12%
Homicide 4 0.32%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.16%
Road accidents 19 1.52%
Tuberculosis 1 0.08%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.08%
Drowning 6 0.48%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.16%
Cancers 517 41.26%
Hepatitis 1 0.08%
Digestive diseases 20 1.6%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 113 9.02%
Liver disease 38 3.03%
Respiratory disease 50 3.99%
Kidney disease 28 2.23%
Cardiovascular diseases 394 31.44%
Dementia 20 1.6%
Parkinson's disease 4 0.32%
Drug disorder 2 0.16%
Alcohol disorder 3 0.24%
Lower respiratory infections 13 1.04%


Cyprus - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 10 0.18%
Homicide 2 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 6 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 24 0.43%
Road accidents 31 0.56%
Tuberculosis 3 0.05%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 6 0.11%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 9 0.16%
Cancers 977 17.59%
Hepatitis 1 0.02%
Digestive diseases 126 2.27%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 734 13.22%
Liver disease 41 0.74%
Respiratory disease 365 6.57%
Kidney disease 219 3.94%
Cardiovascular disease 2152 38.75%
Parkinson's disease 54 0.97%
Dementia 650 11.7%
Drug use disorders 2 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 1 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 130 2.34%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cyprus
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2 0.03%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.03%
Household air pollution 5 0.07%
Outdoor air pollution 333 4.95%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 0 0%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 6 0.09%
Secondhand smoke 108 1.61%
Alcohol use 229 3.41%
Drug use 40 0.6%
Diet low in fruits 255 3.79%
Diet low in vegetables 202 3.01%
Unsafe sex 22 0.33%
Low physical activity 254 3.78%
High blood sugar 1275 18.97%
High cholesterol 689 10.25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 837 12.45%
High blood pressure 1550 23.06%
Smoking 836 12.44%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 76 1.13%


Cyprus - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 6 100%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Cyprus - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Cyprus - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.37%
Drug use 19 7.04%
Alcohol use 47 17.41%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 42 15.56%
Secondhand smoke 3 1.11%
Low physical activity 4 1.48%
Diet low in fruits 13 4.81%
Diet low in vegetables 9 3.33%
Unsafe sex 6 2.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 35 12.96%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 12 4.44%
High total cholesterol 29 10.74%
High blood pressure 34 12.59%
High blood sugar 16 5.93%


Cyprus - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 6 0.41%
Drug use 15 1.02%
Alcohol use 100 6.81%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 7 0.48%
Smoking 304 20.69%
Secondhand smoke 17 1.16%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 43 2.93%
Diet low in fruits 64 4.36%
Low physical activity 37 2.52%
Outdoor air pollution 74 5.04%
Household air pollution 1 0.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 210 14.3%
High blood sugar 181 12.32%
High total cholesterol 152 10.35%
High blood pressure 258 17.56%


Cyprus - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 69 1.39%
Drug use 7 0.14%
Alcohol use 82 1.65%
Smoking 489 9.83%
Secondhand smoke 88 1.77%
Household air pollution 4 0.08%
Outdoor air pollution 247 4.96%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.04%
Poor sanitation 1 0.02%
Unsafe water source 2 0.04%
Unsafe sex 9 0.18%
Low physical activity 212 4.26%
Diet low in vegetables 149 2.99%
Diet low in fruits 178 3.58%
High cholesterol 508 10.21%
High blood pressure 1258 25.29%
High blood sugar 1078 21.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 592 11.9%


Cyprus - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 60 | Deaths : 32 53.33%
Breast cancer Patients : 3017 | Deaths : 147 4.87%
Larynx cancer Patients : 108 | Deaths : 12 11.11%
Kidney cancer Patients : 210 | Deaths : 28 13.33%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 293 | Deaths : 7 2.39%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 194 | Deaths : 43 22.16%
Stomach cancer Patients : 217 | Deaths : 91 41.94%
Uterine cancer Patients : 583 | Deaths : 22 3.77%
Bladder cancer Patients : 683 | Deaths : 60 8.78%
Cervical cancer Patients : 130 | Deaths : 17 13.08%
Prostate cancer Patients : 2579 | Deaths : 134 5.2%
Testicular cancer Patients : 185 | Deaths : 1 0.54%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 94 | Deaths : 68 72.34%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 18 81.82%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 4 21.05%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1838 | Deaths : 160 8.71%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 171 | Deaths : 16 9.36%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 139 | Deaths : 15 10.79%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 223 | Deaths : 48 21.52%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 521 | Deaths : 30 5.76%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 30 | Deaths : 3 10%


Cyprus - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 60 0.47%
5-14 year olds 31 0.25%
15-49 year olds 1712 13.54%
50-69 year olds 5116 40.47%
70+ year olds 5721 45.26%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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