Cuba Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Cuba Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Cuba are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Cuba.

Highlights of Cuba BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Cuba gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 114.40%114.40%
    • Fat : 29.19%29.19%
    • Plant protein : 11.14%11.14%
    • Animal protein : 5.99%5.99%
  • 60.73% increase in caloric supply : Currently Cuba gets 3409/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2121/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Meat are three major diet compositions in Cuba
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Cuba
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Cuba average intake is 398.05 grams
  • Plantains, Bananas and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Cuba
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Cuba average Fruit intake is 379.62grams
  • In Cuba, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 62.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Cuba is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Cuba
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice666
2Wheat395
3Maize265
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Cuba
Diet Compositions in Cuba
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1326
2Sugar520
3Meat289
4Oils & Fats282
5Starchy Roots270
6Fruits & Vegetables264
7Pulses196
8Dairy & Eggs181
9Alcoholic Beverages66
10Other15


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Cuba with 36446 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 39% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were highest types of death causes in Cuba.
    Major Cause of Death in Cuba
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 62965 deaths (year 2016).
  • 34% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Suicide are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 37% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Cuba (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Cuba - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Cuba are High blood pressure, Smoking and High blood sugar. Every year around 148 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Cuba (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.86% of Cuba population was suffering from cancer i.e. 132829 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 3068) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 2688 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 8% of survival chance.Cuba was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 59805 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 33305 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 3068 people were dead. This means 9.21% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Cuba and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Cuba :
  • 0.86 % of Cuba population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Cuba
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cuba

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Cuba (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 6149 6.52%
Cardiovascular diseases 36446 38.65%
Kidney disease 2141 2.27%
Respiratory disease 4078 4.32%
Liver disease 1731 1.84%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4676 4.96%
Digestive disease 2133 2.26%
Hepatitis 12 0.01%
Cancers 25124 26.64%
Parkinson's disease 507 0.54%
Fire 114 0.12%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 297 0.31%
Homicide 626 0.66%
HIV/AIDS 348 0.37%
Drug disorder 64 0.07%
Tuberculosis 41 0.04%
Road incidents 1022 1.08%
Maternal deaths 47 0.05%
Neonatal deaths 188 0.2%
Alcohol disorder 573 0.61%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 264 0.28%
Liver disease 1731 1.84%
Suicide 1754 1.86%
Digestive disease 2133 2.26%
Kidney disease 2141 2.27%
Respiratory disease 4078 4.32%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4676 4.96%
Lower respiratory infections 5697.00291029 6.04%
Dementia 6149 6.52%
Cancers 25124 26.64%
Cardiovascular diseases 36446 38.65%



Cuba - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 6 1.08%
Congenital birth defects 3 0.54%
Lower respiratory infections 3 0.54%
Cancers 0 0%
Neonatal infections 1 0.18%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 11 1.99%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Drowning 188 34%
Road accidents 10 1.81%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Homicide 5 0.9%
Digestive diseases 10 1.81%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.36%
Protein-energy malnutrition 32 5.79%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Fire 6 1.08%
Liver disease 21 3.8%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.18%
Hepatitis 2 0.36%
Tuberculosis 9 1.63%
Measles 155 28.03%
Drug use disorders 60 10.85%
Natural disasters 0 0%
28 5.06%



Cuba - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5 3.09%
Homicide 7 4.32%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.62%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.62%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.62%
Road accidents 29 17.9%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 3 1.85%
Drowning 24 14.81%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 1.23%
Cancers 53 32.72%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 3 1.85%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 11 6.79%
Liver disease 2 1.23%
Respiratory disease 3 1.85%
Kidney disease 3 1.85%
Cardiovascular disease 8 4.94%
Lower respiratory infections 6 3.7%


Cuba - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 624 9.99%
Homicide 420 6.73%
Nutritional deficiencies 6 0.1%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.03%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 16 0.26%
Road accidents 434 6.95%
Tuberculosis 5 0.08%
HIV/AIDS 240 3.84%
Drowning 126 2.02%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 16 0.26%
Cancers 1724 27.61%
Hepatitis 5 0.08%
Digestive diseases 153 2.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 377 6.04%
Liver disease 268 4.29%
Respiratory disease 119 1.91%
Kidney disease 195 3.12%
Cardiovascular disease 1206 19.31%
Drug disorder 15 0.24%
Alcohol disorder 136 2.18%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.03%
Dementia 5 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 143 2.29%


Cuba - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 635 2.46%
Homicide 143 0.55%
Nutritional deficiencies 14 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.03%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 66 0.26%
Road accidents 319 1.24%
Tuberculosis 15 0.06%
HIV/AIDS 95 0.37%
Drowning 74 0.29%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 20 0.08%
Cancers 9594 37.18%
Hepatitis 5 0.02%
Digestive diseases 571 2.21%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1582 6.13%
Liver disease 878 3.4%
Respiratory disease 1105 4.28%
Kidney disease 774 3%
Cardiovascular diseases 8465 32.81%
Dementia 271 1.05%
Parkinson's disease 40 0.16%
Drug disorder 18 0.07%
Alcohol disorder 289 1.12%
Lower respiratory infections 811 3.14%


Cuba - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 489 0.79%
Homicide 50 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 48 0.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 35 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 24 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 170 0.28%
Road accidents 230 0.37%
Tuberculosis 20 0.03%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.01%
Drowning 63 0.1%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 74 0.12%
Cancers 13722 22.29%
Hepatitis 2 0%
Digestive diseases 1401 2.28%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2685 4.36%
Liver disease 581 0.94%
Respiratory disease 2849 4.63%
Kidney disease 1166 1.89%
Cardiovascular disease 26758 43.46%
Parkinson's disease 465 0.76%
Dementia 5873 9.54%
Drug use disorders 31 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 148 0.24%
Lower respiratory infections 4677 7.6%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cuba
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 148 0.17%
Poor sanitation 79 0.09%
No access to handwashing facility 256 0.29%
Household air pollution 370 0.41%
Outdoor air pollution 5344 5.99%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 9 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0%
Child wasting 30 0.03%
Child stunting 3 0%
Low birth weight 65 0.07%
Secondhand smoke 1757 1.97%
Alcohol use 4821 5.41%
Drug use 884 0.99%
Diet low in fruits 1845 2.07%
Diet low in vegetables 2377 2.67%
Unsafe sex 962 1.08%
Low physical activity 3622 4.06%
High blood sugar 9901 11.1%
High cholesterol 8816 9.89%
High body-mass index (obesity) 9437 10.58%
High blood pressure 18845 21.13%
Smoking 18044 20.23%
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Zinc deficiency 1 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1557 1.75%


Cuba - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.7%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 9 6.34%
Child stunting 3 2.11%
Low birth weight 65 45.77%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 4 2.82%
Secondhand smoke 11 7.75%
Poor sanitation 3 2.11%
Unsafe water source 6 4.23%
Household air pollution 1 0.7%
Outdoor air pollution 9 6.34%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 30 21.13%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Cuba - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 16.67%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 1 16.67%
Iron deficiency 2 33.33%
Secondhand smoke 1 16.67%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1 16.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Cuba - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0.04%
Low bone mineral density 20 0.39%
Drug use 144 2.84%
Alcohol use 953 18.8%
No access to handwashing facility 8 0.16%
Unsafe water source 9 0.18%
Poor sanitation 5 0.1%
Smoking 846 16.69%
Secondhand smoke 64 1.26%
Low physical activity 76 1.5%
Diet low in fruits 145 2.86%
Diet low in vegetables 127 2.51%
Unsafe sex 370 7.3%
High body-mass index (obesity) 654 12.9%
Household air pollution 16 0.32%
Outdoor air pollution 230 4.54%
High total cholesterol 432 8.52%
High blood pressure 611 12.05%
High blood sugar 357 7.04%


Cuba - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 105 0.36%
Drug use 422 1.45%
Alcohol use 2228 7.67%
No access to handwashing facility 41 0.14%
Poor sanitation 20 0.07%
Unsafe sex 383 1.32%
Smoking 7295 25.12%
Secondhand smoke 369 1.27%
Unsafe water source 37 0.13%
Diet low in vegetables 696 2.4%
Diet low in fruits 673 2.32%
Low physical activity 738 2.54%
Outdoor air pollution 1601 5.51%
Household air pollution 111 0.38%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3808 13.12%
High blood sugar 2781 9.58%
High total cholesterol 2499 8.61%
High blood pressure 5228 18.01%


Cuba - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1432 2.61%
Drug use 317 0.58%
Alcohol use 1639 2.98%
Smoking 9903 18.03%
Secondhand smoke 1312 2.39%
Household air pollution 242 0.44%
Outdoor air pollution 3503 6.38%
No access to handwashing facility 203 0.37%
Poor sanitation 51 0.09%
Unsafe water source 95 0.17%
Unsafe sex 208 0.38%
Low physical activity 2807 5.11%
Diet low in vegetables 1553 2.83%
Diet low in fruits 1026 1.87%
High cholesterol 5885 10.72%
High blood pressure 13006 23.68%
High blood sugar 6762 12.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4975 9.06%


Cuba - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 892 | Deaths : 283 31.73%
Breast cancer Patients : 19974 | Deaths : 1578 7.9%
Larynx cancer Patients : 4964 | Deaths : 872 17.57%
Kidney cancer Patients : 2631 | Deaths : 291 11.06%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 2192 | Deaths : 84 3.83%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1590 | Deaths : 321 20.19%
Stomach cancer Patients : 2627 | Deaths : 967 36.81%
Uterine cancer Patients : 14016 | Deaths : 531 3.79%
Bladder cancer Patients : 5523 | Deaths : 671 12.15%
Cervical cancer Patients : 5059 | Deaths : 634 12.53%
Prostate cancer Patients : 33305 | Deaths : 3068 9.21%
Testicular cancer Patients : 484 | Deaths : 17 3.51%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 966 | Deaths : 679 70.29%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 843 | Deaths : 775 91.93%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 336 | Deaths : 85 25.3%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 20352 | Deaths : 2688 13.21%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 964 | Deaths : 355 36.83%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 3576 | Deaths : 514 14.37%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1473 | Deaths : 632 42.91%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 6668 | Deaths : 199 2.98%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 194 | Deaths : 148 76.29%


Cuba - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 461 0.35%
5-14 year olds 370 0.28%
15-49 year olds 14904 11.22%
50-69 year olds 59805 45.02%
70+ year olds 57290 43.13%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->