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Central African Republic Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Central African Republic are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Central African Republic.

Highlights of Central African Republic BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Central African Republic gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 51.37%51.37%
    • Fat : 23.75%23.75%
    • Plant protein : 5.13%5.13%
    • Animal protein : 3.04%3.04%
  • 16.71% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Central African Republic gets 1879/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2256/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Starchy Roots, Cereals & Grains and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Central African Republic
  • Maize, Rice and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Central African Republic
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Central African Republic average intake is 51.01 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Central African Republic
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Central African Republic average Fruit intake is 127.21grams
  • In Central African Republic, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 23.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Central African Republic is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Central African Republic
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize238
2Rice77
3Sorghum76
4Wheat40
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Central African Republic
Diet Compositions in Central African Republic
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Starchy Roots587
2Cereals & Grains451
3Oils & Fats394
4Meat154
5Fruits & Vegetables83
6Pulses78
7Sugar76
8Dairy & Eggs25
9Alcoholic Beverages20
10Other11


Major Cause of Death



Tuberculosis was major cause of death in Central African Republic with 12989 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 18% of total deaths. Overall Tuberculosis, Cardiovascular diseases and HIV/AIDS were highest types of death causes in Central African Republic.
    Major Cause of Death in Central African Republic
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 22778 deaths (year 2016).
  • 22.21% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Tuberculosis, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 27% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Tuberculosis.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Central African Republic (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Central African Republic - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Central African Republic are Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Household air pollution. Every year around 5082 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Alcohol use and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Central African Republic (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.28% of Central African Republic population was suffering from cancer i.e. 7511 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 417) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 312 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 0% of survival chance.Central African Republic was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3002 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2848 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 417 people were dead. This means 14.64% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Central African Republic and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Central African Republic

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Central African Republic (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 557 0.75%
Cardiovascular diseases 10181 13.79%
Kidney disease 383 0.52%
Respiratory disease 1597 2.16%
Liver disease 1032 1.4%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1875 2.54%
Digestive disease 1712 2.32%
Hepatitis 226 0.31%
Cancers 3287 4.45%
Parkinson's disease 24 0.03%
Fire 303 0.41%
Malaria 3236 4.38%
Drowning 656 0.89%
Homicide 336 0.46%
HIV/AIDS 7452 10.1%
Drug disorder 30 0.04%
Tuberculosis 12989 17.6%
Road incidents 1920 2.6%
Maternal deaths 1447 1.96%
Neonatal deaths 4795 6.5%
Alcohol disorder 61 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 6618 8.97%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2344.79123606 3.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 2637 3.57%
Malaria 3236 4.38%
Cancers 3287 4.45%
Neonatal deaths 4795 6.5%
Lower respiratory infections 6028.4292908 8.17%
Diarrheal diseases 6618 8.97%
HIV/AIDS 7452 10.1%
Cardiovascular diseases 10181 13.79%
Tuberculosis 12989 17.6%



Central African Republic - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 19 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 1408 6.52%
Diarrheal diseases 1423 6.59%
Malaria 0 0%
Measles 10 0.05%
Nutritional deficiencies 2851 13.2%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Neonatal infections 4795 22.21%
Congenital birth defects 273 1.26%
Tuberculosis 513 2.38%
Drowning 235 1.09%
Road accidents 287 1.33%
HIV/AIDS 2295 10.63%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 92 0.43%
Digestive diseases 43 0.2%
Fire 24 0.11%
Cardiovascular disease 119 0.55%
Cancers 145 0.67%
Hepatitis 13 0.06%
Homicide 14 0.06%
Kidney disease 76 0.35%
Liver disease 890 4.12%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3413 15.81%
Drug use disorders 1601 7.41%
Natural disasters 1054 4.88%



Central African Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 9 0.48%
Homicide 10 0.54%
Nutritional deficiencies 95 5.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 89 4.76%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 254 13.59%
Road accidents 179 9.58%
Tuberculosis 150 8.03%
HIV/AIDS 359 19.21%
Drowning 103 5.51%
Malaria 268 14.34%
Fire 23 1.23%
Cancers 44 2.35%
Hepatitis 9 0.48%
Digestive diseases 35 1.87%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 52 2.78%
Liver disease 10 0.54%
Respiratory disease 16 0.86%
Kidney disease 6 0.32%
Cardiovascular disease 30 1.61%
Lower respiratory infections 125 6.69%


Central African Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 250 1.35%
Homicide 277 1.5%
Nutritional deficiencies 308 1.66%
Protein-energy malnutrition 216 1.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 31 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 933 5.04%
Road accidents 1177 6.36%
Tuberculosis 4969 26.83%
HIV/AIDS 5620 30.35%
Drowning 215 1.16%
Malaria 339 1.83%
Fire 75 0.41%
Cancers 686 3.7%
Hepatitis 112 0.6%
Digestive diseases 440 2.38%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 383 2.07%
Liver disease 337 1.82%
Respiratory disease 196 1.06%
Kidney disease 100 0.54%
Cardiovascular disease 1233 6.66%
Drug disorder 23 0.12%
Alcohol disorder 35 0.19%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 561 3.03%


Central African Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 142 0.83%
Homicide 26 0.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 337 1.98%
Protein-energy malnutrition 259 1.52%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 15 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 1079 6.34%
Road accidents 218 1.28%
Tuberculosis 4577 26.9%
HIV/AIDS 1152 6.77%
Drowning 40 0.24%
Malaria 210 1.23%
Fire 61 0.36%
Cancers 1523 8.95%
Hepatitis 55 0.32%
Digestive diseases 574 3.37%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 686 4.03%
Liver disease 467 2.74%
Respiratory disease 595 3.5%
Kidney disease 132 0.78%
Cardiovascular diseases 3925 23.06%
Dementia 55 0.32%
Parkinson's disease 3 0.02%
Drug disorder 5 0.03%
Alcohol disorder 22 0.13%
Lower respiratory infections 860 5.05%


Central African Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 61 0.4%
Homicide 4 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 474 3.1%
Protein-energy malnutrition 373 2.44%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 1502 9.81%
Road accidents 73 0.48%
Tuberculosis 2780 18.16%
HIV/AIDS 86 0.56%
Drowning 12 0.08%
Malaria 125 0.82%
Fire 52 0.34%
Cancers 990 6.47%
Hepatitis 25 0.16%
Digestive diseases 543 3.55%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 609 3.98%
Liver disease 205 1.34%
Respiratory disease 745 4.87%
Kidney disease 131 0.86%
Cardiovascular disease 4916 32.11%
Parkinson's disease 20 0.13%
Dementia 502 3.28%
Drug use disorders 2 0.01%
Alcohol use disorders 4 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 1069 6.98%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Central African Republic
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 5082 7.31%
Poor sanitation 4396 6.32%
No access to handwashing facility 3678 5.29%
Household air pollution 6212 8.94%
Outdoor air pollution 4158 5.98%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 878 1.26%
Discontinued breastfeeding 36 0.05%
Child wasting 6043 8.69%
Child stunting 1237 1.78%
Low birth weight 2606 3.75%
Secondhand smoke 450 0.65%
Alcohol use 6291 9.05%
Drug use 146 0.21%
Diet low in fruits 1849 2.66%
Diet low in vegetables 1508 2.17%
Unsafe sex 7240 10.41%
Low physical activity 629 0.9%
High blood sugar 3843 5.53%
High cholesterol 1636 2.35%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1577 2.27%
High blood pressure 6032 8.68%
Smoking 2649 3.81%
Iron deficiency 77 0.11%
Zinc deficiency 170 0.24%
Vitamin-A deficiency 909 1.31%
Low bone mineral density 191 0.27%


Central African Republic - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 36 0.18%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 878 4.45%
Child stunting 1237 6.26%
Low birth weight 2606 13.2%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1701 8.61%
Secondhand smoke 174 0.88%
Poor sanitation 1894 9.59%
Unsafe water source 2195 11.11%
Household air pollution 1791 9.07%
Outdoor air pollution 1190 6.03%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0.02%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.01%
Child wasting 6043 30.6%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Central African Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.13%
No access to handwashing facility 126 15.93%
Unsafe water source 194 24.53%
Unsafe sex 105 13.27%
Iron deficiency 76 9.61%
Secondhand smoke 7 0.88%
Household air pollution 67 8.47%
Outdoor air pollution 43 5.44%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.13%
High blood sugar 2 0.25%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 169 21.37%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Central African Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 76 0.51%
Low bone mineral density 17 0.11%
Drug use 120 0.81%
Alcohol use 2716 18.29%
No access to handwashing facility 477 3.21%
Unsafe water source 713 4.8%
Poor sanitation 619 4.17%
Smoking 720 4.85%
Secondhand smoke 41 0.28%
Low physical activity 46 0.31%
Diet low in fruits 343 2.31%
Diet low in vegetables 267 1.8%
Unsafe sex 5627 37.89%
High body-mass index (obesity) 347 2.34%
Household air pollution 709 4.77%
Outdoor air pollution 493 3.32%
High total cholesterol 279 1.88%
High blood pressure 678 4.57%
High blood sugar 563 3.79%


Central African Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 55 0.3%
Drug use 22 0.12%
Alcohol use 2494 13.77%
No access to handwashing facility 582 3.21%
Poor sanitation 716 3.95%
Unsafe sex 1341 7.41%
Smoking 1362 7.52%
Secondhand smoke 106 0.59%
Unsafe water source 827 4.57%
Diet low in vegetables 678 3.74%
Diet low in fruits 865 4.78%
Low physical activity 223 1.23%
Outdoor air pollution 1209 6.68%
Household air pollution 1791 9.89%
High body-mass index (obesity) 792 4.37%
High blood sugar 1743 9.63%
High total cholesterol 719 3.97%
High blood pressure 2582 14.26%


Central African Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 119 0.79%
Drug use 4 0.03%
Alcohol use 1080 7.19%
Smoking 566 3.77%
Secondhand smoke 122 0.81%
Household air pollution 1855 12.35%
Outdoor air pollution 1221 8.13%
No access to handwashing facility 793 5.28%
Poor sanitation 998 6.64%
Unsafe water source 1152 7.67%
Unsafe sex 168 1.12%
Low physical activity 360 2.4%
Diet low in vegetables 563 3.75%
Diet low in fruits 641 4.27%
High cholesterol 638 4.25%
High blood pressure 2772 18.46%
High blood sugar 1533 10.21%
High body-mass index (obesity) 434 2.89%


Central African Republic - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 241 | Deaths : 87 36.1%
Breast cancer Patients : 1527 | Deaths : 302 19.78%
Larynx cancer Patients : 136 | Deaths : 50 36.76%
Kidney cancer Patients : 206 | Deaths : 25 12.14%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 94 | Deaths : 20 21.28%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 180 | Deaths : 52 28.89%
Stomach cancer Patients : 430 | Deaths : 312 72.56%
Uterine cancer Patients : 229 | Deaths : 55 24.02%
Bladder cancer Patients : 219 | Deaths : 71 32.42%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2848 | Deaths : 417 14.64%
Prostate cancer Patients : 571 | Deaths : 216 37.83%
Testicular cancer Patients : 52 | Deaths : 10 19.23%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 93 | Deaths : 63 67.74%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 200 | Deaths : 200 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 15 21.43%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 630 | Deaths : 250 39.68%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 34 | Deaths : 28 82.35%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 273 | Deaths : 52 19.05%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 164 | Deaths : 54 32.93%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 303 | Deaths : 38 12.54%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 25 | Deaths : 19 76%


Central African Republic - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 326 4.34%
5-14 year olds 96 1.28%
15-49 year olds 2727 36.31%
50-69 year olds 3002 39.97%
70+ year olds 1360 18.11%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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