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Canada Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Canada are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Canada.

Highlights of Canada BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Canada gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 62.37%62.37%
    • Fat : 47.15%47.15%
    • Animal protein : 7.79%7.79%
    • Plant protein : 7.16%7.16%
  • 24.47% increase in caloric supply : Currently Canada gets 3494/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2807/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Oils & Fats, Cereals & Grains and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Canada
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Canada
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Canada average intake is 297.18 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Canada
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Canada average Fruit intake is 371.64grams
  • In Canada, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 67.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Canada is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Canada
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat637
2Rice135
3Maize113
4Rye11
5Oats5
6Barley3
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Canada
Diet Compositions in Canada
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Oils & Fats919
2Cereals & Grains909
3Sugar434
4Meat390
5Dairy & Eggs242
6Fruits & Vegetables214
7Starchy Roots120
8Pulses115
9Alcoholic Beverages106
10Other45


Major Cause of Death



Cancers was major cause of death in Canada with 85102 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 32% of total deaths. Overall Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Dementia were highest types of death causes in Canada.
    Major Cause of Death in Canada
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 194540 deaths (year 2016).
  • 53.17% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Suicide are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Suicide and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 51% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Canada (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Canada - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Canada are Smoking, High blood pressure and High blood sugar. Every year around 101 people die due to Smoking.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Alcohol use and High blood sugar are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Drug use and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Canada (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



1.33% of Canada population was suffering from cancer i.e. 646287 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 9893) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 6091 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Liver cancer have 13% of survival chance.Canada was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 294607 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 95017 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 9893 people were dead. This means 10.41% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Canada and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Canada :
  • 1.33 % of Canada population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Canada
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Canada

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Canada (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 21180 7.96%
Cardiovascular diseases 81352 30.58%
Kidney disease 5809 2.18%
Respiratory disease 15296 5.75%
Liver disease 4588 1.72%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 17167 6.45%
Digestive disease 6462 2.43%
Hepatitis 128 0.05%
Cancers 85102 31.99%
Parkinson's disease 4343 1.63%
Fire 535 0.2%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 321 0.12%
Homicide 548 0.21%
HIV/AIDS 303 0.11%
Drug disorder 1624 0.61%
Tuberculosis 124 0.05%
Road incidents 2851 1.07%
Maternal deaths 32 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 1031 0.39%
Alcohol disorder 1123 0.42%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1514 0.57%
Suicide 4567 1.72%
Liver disease 4588 1.72%
Kidney disease 5809 2.18%
Digestive disease 6462 2.43%
Lower respiratory infections 9122.72476601 3.43%
Respiratory disease 15296 5.75%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 17167 6.45%
Dementia 21180 7.96%
Cardiovascular diseases 81352 30.58%
Cancers 85102 31.99%



Canada - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 17 0.88%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1 0.05%
Cancers 0 0%
Neonatal infections 1 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 13 0.67%
Road accidents 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 1031 53.17%
Drowning 37 1.91%
Homicide 0 0%
Fire 2 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 27 1.39%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Digestive diseases 16 0.83%
Liver disease 57 2.94%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.05%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11 0.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 70 3.61%
Hepatitis 3 0.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 12 0.62%
Tuberculosis 27 1.39%
Measles 525 27.08%
Drug use disorders 41 2.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
47 2.42%



Canada - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 31 10.44%
Homicide 10 3.37%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.34%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.34%
Road accidents 68 22.9%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.34%
Drowning 19 6.4%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 11 3.7%
Cancers 94 31.65%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 5 1.68%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 26 8.75%
Liver disease 2 0.67%
Respiratory disease 7 2.36%
Kidney disease 2 0.67%
Cardiovascular disease 12 4.04%
Lower respiratory infections 7 2.36%


Canada - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2495 18.77%
Homicide 372 2.8%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 31 0.23%
Diarrheal diseases 18 0.14%
Road accidents 1435 10.8%
Tuberculosis 7 0.05%
HIV/AIDS 176 1.32%
Drowning 137 1.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 76 0.57%
Cancers 3809 28.66%
Hepatitis 23 0.17%
Digestive diseases 178 1.34%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 572 4.3%
Liver disease 451 3.39%
Respiratory disease 166 1.25%
Kidney disease 95 0.71%
Cardiovascular disease 1772 13.33%
Drug disorder 1002 7.54%
Alcohol disorder 274 2.06%
Parkinson's disease 7 0.05%
Dementia 19 0.14%
Lower respiratory infections 169 1.27%


Canada - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1526 2.58%
Homicide 111 0.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 29 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 23 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 42 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 137 0.23%
Road accidents 696 1.18%
Tuberculosis 29 0.05%
HIV/AIDS 119 0.2%
Drowning 86 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 87 0.15%
Cancers 29988 50.78%
Hepatitis 61 0.1%
Digestive diseases 1075 1.82%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3222 5.46%
Liver disease 2221 3.76%
Respiratory disease 2430 4.11%
Kidney disease 712 1.21%
Cardiovascular diseases 13446 22.77%
Dementia 692 1.17%
Parkinson's disease 315 0.53%
Drug disorder 484 0.82%
Alcohol disorder 588 1%
Lower respiratory infections 935 1.58%


Canada - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 515 0.27%
Homicide 40 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 339 0.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 272 0.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 68 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 1344 0.7%
Road accidents 615 0.32%
Tuberculosis 88 0.05%
HIV/AIDS 5 0%
Drowning 52 0.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 347 0.18%
Cancers 51154 26.66%
Hepatitis 44 0.02%
Digestive diseases 5193 2.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 13277 6.92%
Liver disease 1911 1%
Respiratory disease 12689 6.61%
Kidney disease 4988 2.6%
Cardiovascular disease 66095 34.44%
Parkinson's disease 4020 2.09%
Dementia 20468 10.67%
Drug use disorders 138 0.07%
Alcohol use disorders 261 0.14%
Lower respiratory infections 7971 4.15%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Canada
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 101 0.05%
Poor sanitation 110 0.05%
No access to handwashing facility 109 0.05%
Household air pollution 44 0.02%
Outdoor air pollution 6958 3.25%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 9 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0%
Child wasting 12 0.01%
Child stunting 1 0%
Low birth weight 526 0.25%
Secondhand smoke 2217 1.03%
Alcohol use 8061 3.76%
Drug use 3275 1.53%
Diet low in fruits 6323 2.95%
Diet low in vegetables 6139 2.86%
Unsafe sex 1204 0.56%
Low physical activity 8366 3.9%
High blood sugar 30405 14.19%
High cholesterol 20922 9.76%
High body-mass index (obesity) 29459 13.74%
High blood pressure 40160 18.74%
Smoking 45947 21.44%
Iron deficiency 4 0%
Zinc deficiency 1 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3985 1.86%


Canada - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.18%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 9 1.59%
Child stunting 1 0.18%
Low birth weight 526 93.1%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.18%
Secondhand smoke 8 1.42%
Poor sanitation 1 0.18%
Unsafe water source 1 0.18%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 3 0.53%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.35%
Child wasting 12 2.12%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Canada - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 3 42.86%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 1 14.29%
Secondhand smoke 1 14.29%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 14.29%
High blood sugar 1 14.29%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Canada - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 35 0.37%
Drug use 1475 15.66%
Alcohol use 2300 24.42%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.02%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
Smoking 1289 13.69%
Secondhand smoke 96 1.02%
Low physical activity 115 1.22%
Diet low in fruits 303 3.22%
Diet low in vegetables 232 2.46%
Unsafe sex 285 3.03%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1114 11.83%
Household air pollution 1 0.01%
Outdoor air pollution 211 2.24%
High total cholesterol 779 8.27%
High blood pressure 723 7.68%
High blood sugar 456 4.84%


Canada - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 234 0.42%
Drug use 1274 2.31%
Alcohol use 4136 7.49%
No access to handwashing facility 11 0.02%
Poor sanitation 10 0.02%
Unsafe sex 449 0.81%
Smoking 15706 28.43%
Secondhand smoke 626 1.13%
Unsafe water source 9 0.02%
Diet low in vegetables 1374 2.49%
Diet low in fruits 1894 3.43%
Low physical activity 1238 2.24%
Outdoor air pollution 1707 3.09%
Household air pollution 11 0.02%
High body-mass index (obesity) 8717 15.78%
High blood sugar 5837 10.57%
High total cholesterol 4793 8.68%
High blood pressure 7221 13.07%


Canada - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 3716 2.49%
Drug use 527 0.35%
Alcohol use 1622 1.09%
Smoking 28952 19.42%
Secondhand smoke 1486 1%
Household air pollution 31 0.02%
Outdoor air pollution 5038 3.38%
No access to handwashing facility 96 0.06%
Poor sanitation 98 0.07%
Unsafe water source 90 0.06%
Unsafe sex 470 0.32%
Low physical activity 7013 4.7%
Diet low in vegetables 4533 3.04%
Diet low in fruits 4127 2.77%
High cholesterol 15351 10.3%
High blood pressure 32215 21.61%
High blood sugar 24108 16.17%
High body-mass index (obesity) 19627 13.16%


Canada - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2569 | Deaths : 2235 87%
Breast cancer Patients : 126247 | Deaths : 6091 4.82%
Larynx cancer Patients : 5050 | Deaths : 483 9.56%
Kidney cancer Patients : 17445 | Deaths : 2119 12.15%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 15039 | Deaths : 215 1.43%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 8858 | Deaths : 1952 22.04%
Stomach cancer Patients : 13736 | Deaths : 4412 32.12%
Uterine cancer Patients : 28743 | Deaths : 759 2.64%
Bladder cancer Patients : 32019 | Deaths : 2531 7.9%
Cervical cancer Patients : 7941 | Deaths : 932 11.74%
Prostate cancer Patients : 118189 | Deaths : 5652 4.78%
Testicular cancer Patients : 5627 | Deaths : 36 0.64%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 5349 | Deaths : 4316 80.69%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 2836 | Deaths : 2271 80.08%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 784 | Deaths : 145 18.49%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 95017 | Deaths : 9893 10.41%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 8353 | Deaths : 601 7.2%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 8526 | Deaths : 980 11.49%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 8730 | Deaths : 2104 24.1%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 41247 | Deaths : 1473 3.57%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 1190 | Deaths : 351 29.5%


Canada - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 2652 0.41%
5-14 year olds 1170 0.18%
15-49 year olds 71650 11.09%
50-69 year olds 294607 45.58%
70+ year olds 276209 42.74%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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