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Cambodia Health

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Causes of death across Cambodia are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Cambodia.

Highlights of Cambodia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Cambodia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 98.84%98.84%
    • Fat : 16.92%16.92%
    • Plant protein : 9.73%9.73%
    • Animal protein : 4.00%4.00%
  • 29.48% increase in caloric supply : Currently Cambodia gets 2477/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1913/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Cambodia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Cambodia average intake is 102.36 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Cambodia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Cambodia average Fruit intake is 71.92grams
  • In Cambodia, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 20.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Cambodia is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Cambodia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1518
2Maize111
3Wheat22
4Barley2
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Cambodia
Diet Compositions in Cambodia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1654
2Oils & Fats187
4Meat180
5Starchy Roots85
6Fruits & Vegetables57
7Alcoholic Beverages54
8Pulses46
9Other16
10Dairy & Eggs11


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Cambodia with 24135 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 25% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections were highest types of death causes in Cambodia.
    Major Cause of Death in Cambodia
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 30921 deaths (year 2016).
  • 41.23% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Lower respiratory infections and Malaria are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Liver disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 32% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Cambodia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Cambodia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Cambodia are Smoking, High blood pressure and Household air pollution. Every year around 860 people die due to Smoking.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and Household air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and Alcohol use are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Cambodia (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.26% of Cambodia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 23891 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 1194) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 1058 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 13% of survival chance.Cambodia was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 90% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 11985 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 6898 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 1194 people were dead. This means 17.31% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Cambodia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Cambodia :
  • 0.26 % of Cambodia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Cambodia
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cambodia

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Cambodia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2439 2.57%
Cardiovascular diseases 24135 25.41%
Kidney disease 1919 2.02%
Respiratory disease 4065 4.28%
Liver disease 7217 7.6%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5159 5.43%
Digestive disease 4865 5.12%
Hepatitis 732 0.77%
Cancers 12077 12.72%
Parkinson's disease 172 0.18%
Fire 372 0.39%
Malaria 2144 2.26%
Drowning 1843 1.94%
Homicide 664 0.7%
HIV/AIDS 1223 1.29%
Drug disorder 84 0.09%
Tuberculosis 2501 2.63%
Road incidents 3520 3.71%
Maternal deaths 527 0.55%
Neonatal deaths 4854 5.11%
Alcohol disorder 260 0.27%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1349 1.42%
Tuberculosis 2501 2.63%
Road incidents 3520 3.71%
Respiratory disease 4065 4.28%
Neonatal deaths 4854 5.11%
Digestive disease 4865 5.12%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5159 5.43%
Liver disease 7217 7.6%
Lower respiratory infections 9857.73229633 10.38%
Cancers 12077 12.72%
Cardiovascular diseases 24135 25.41%



Cambodia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 11 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 55 0.47%
Congenital birth defects 61 0.52%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Drowning 2 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 321 2.73%
Malaria 0 0%
Digestive diseases 4854 41.23%
Road accidents 127 1.08%
Cardiovascular disease 9 0.08%
Cancers 39 0.33%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 367 3.12%
Nutritional deficiencies 294 2.5%
Protein-energy malnutrition 38 0.32%
HIV/AIDS 69 0.59%
Fire 15 0.13%
Liver disease 268 2.28%
Hepatitis 63 0.54%
Measles 22 0.19%
Homicide 10 0.08%
Kidney disease 126 1.07%
Tuberculosis 550 4.67%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3974 33.75%
Drug use disorders 11 0.09%
Natural disasters 488 4.14%



Cambodia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 0.23%
Homicide 12 0.92%
Nutritional deficiencies 13 0.99%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.84%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 56 4.28%
Road accidents 117 8.94%
Tuberculosis 13 0.99%
HIV/AIDS 53 4.05%
Drowning 356 27.22%
Malaria 164 12.54%
Fire 15 1.15%
Cancers 112 8.56%
Hepatitis 9 0.69%
Digestive diseases 60 4.59%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 38 2.91%
Liver disease 31 2.37%
Respiratory disease 12 0.92%
Kidney disease 13 0.99%
Cardiovascular disease 15 1.15%
Lower respiratory infections 204 15.6%


Cambodia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 688 3.39%
Homicide 576 2.84%
Nutritional deficiencies 54 0.27%
Protein-energy malnutrition 44 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 175 0.86%
Road accidents 2155 10.62%
Tuberculosis 894 4.4%
HIV/AIDS 854 4.21%
Drowning 851 4.19%
Malaria 1263 6.22%
Fire 198 0.98%
Cancers 2446 12.05%
Hepatitis 280 1.38%
Digestive diseases 992 4.89%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1024 5.05%
Liver disease 2532 12.47%
Respiratory disease 363 1.79%
Kidney disease 489 2.41%
Cardiovascular disease 2902 14.3%
Drug disorder 67 0.33%
Alcohol disorder 170 0.84%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.02%
Dementia 8 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 1257 6.19%


Cambodia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 180 0.59%
Homicide 56 0.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 80 0.26%
Protein-energy malnutrition 66 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 262 0.86%
Road accidents 749 2.45%
Tuberculosis 811 2.66%
HIV/AIDS 262 0.86%
Drowning 190 0.62%
Malaria 334 1.09%
Fire 72 0.24%
Cancers 5987 19.6%
Hepatitis 297 0.97%
Digestive diseases 1623 5.31%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2256 7.39%
Liver disease 3198 10.47%
Respiratory disease 1524 4.99%
Kidney disease 740 2.42%
Cardiovascular diseases 9642 31.57%
Dementia 369 1.21%
Parkinson's disease 32 0.1%
Drug disorder 11 0.04%
Alcohol disorder 76 0.25%
Lower respiratory infections 1721 5.63%


Cambodia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 52 0.17%
Homicide 8 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 257 0.85%
Protein-energy malnutrition 225 0.74%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 536 1.77%
Road accidents 371 1.22%
Tuberculosis 775 2.55%
HIV/AIDS 14 0.05%
Drowning 81 0.27%
Malaria 88 0.29%
Fire 50 0.16%
Cancers 3462 11.4%
Hepatitis 130 0.43%
Digestive diseases 1921 6.33%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1779 5.86%
Liver disease 1434 4.72%
Respiratory disease 2142 7.05%
Kidney disease 667 2.2%
Cardiovascular disease 11451 37.71%
Parkinson's disease 135 0.44%
Dementia 2062 6.79%
Drug use disorders 6 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 14 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 2702 8.9%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cambodia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 860 0.94%
Poor sanitation 673 0.73%
No access to handwashing facility 884 0.96%
Household air pollution 10792 11.78%
Outdoor air pollution 5915 6.46%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 297 0.32%
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 0.01%
Child wasting 2628 2.87%
Child stunting 486 0.53%
Low birth weight 2819 3.08%
Secondhand smoke 2099 2.29%
Alcohol use 9294 10.15%
Drug use 372 0.41%
Diet low in fruits 5383 5.88%
Diet low in vegetables 3406 3.72%
Unsafe sex 1953 2.13%
Low physical activity 1368 1.49%
High blood sugar 7907 8.63%
High cholesterol 4580 5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4249 4.64%
High blood pressure 11493 12.55%
Smoking 13201 14.41%
Iron deficiency 16 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 41 0.04%
Vitamin-A deficiency 14 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 870 0.95%


Cambodia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 0.07%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 297 2.96%
Child stunting 486 4.85%
Low birth weight 2819 28.11%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 306 3.05%
Secondhand smoke 586 5.84%
Poor sanitation 160 1.6%
Unsafe water source 204 2.03%
Household air pollution 1704 16.99%
Outdoor air pollution 826 8.24%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.01%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 4 0.04%
Child wasting 2628 26.21%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Cambodia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 3 1.03%
No access to handwashing facility 24 8.22%
Unsafe water source 35 11.99%
Unsafe sex 19 6.51%
Iron deficiency 14 4.79%
Secondhand smoke 30 10.27%
Household air pollution 89 30.48%
Outdoor air pollution 42 14.38%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 6 2.05%
High blood pressure 1 0.34%
Poor sanitation 28 9.59%
Iron deficiency 1 0.34%


Cambodia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 14 0.1%
Low bone mineral density 47 0.32%
Drug use 295 2.01%
Alcohol use 3118 21.26%
No access to handwashing facility 113 0.77%
Unsafe water source 111 0.76%
Poor sanitation 87 0.59%
Smoking 1852 12.63%
Secondhand smoke 246 1.68%
Low physical activity 103 0.7%
Diet low in fruits 931 6.35%
Diet low in vegetables 634 4.32%
Unsafe sex 1022 6.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 826 5.63%
Household air pollution 1445 9.85%
Outdoor air pollution 834 5.69%
High total cholesterol 829 5.65%
High blood pressure 1191 8.12%
High blood sugar 965 6.58%


Cambodia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 239 0.68%
Drug use 67 0.19%
Alcohol use 3763 10.65%
No access to handwashing facility 160 0.45%
Poor sanitation 131 0.37%
Unsafe sex 700 1.98%
Smoking 6096 17.25%
Secondhand smoke 613 1.73%
Unsafe water source 167 0.47%
Diet low in vegetables 1587 4.49%
Diet low in fruits 2664 7.54%
Low physical activity 479 1.36%
Outdoor air pollution 2120 6%
Household air pollution 3739 10.58%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2314 6.55%
High blood sugar 3535 10%
High total cholesterol 2051 5.8%
High blood pressure 4914 13.9%


Cambodia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 584 1.87%
Drug use 9 0.03%
Alcohol use 2410 7.71%
Smoking 5254 16.82%
Secondhand smoke 623 1.99%
Household air pollution 3816 12.22%
Outdoor air pollution 2092 6.7%
No access to handwashing facility 280 0.9%
Poor sanitation 267 0.85%
Unsafe water source 342 1.09%
Unsafe sex 212 0.68%
Low physical activity 786 2.52%
Diet low in vegetables 1184 3.79%
Diet low in fruits 1787 5.72%
High cholesterol 1700 5.44%
High blood pressure 5387 17.24%
High blood sugar 3397 10.87%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1109 3.55%


Cambodia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 697 | Deaths : 221 31.71%
Breast cancer Patients : 6898 | Deaths : 1194 17.31%
Larynx cancer Patients : 516 | Deaths : 197 38.18%
Kidney cancer Patients : 856 | Deaths : 107 12.5%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 620 | Deaths : 106 17.1%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1118 | Deaths : 276 24.69%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1208 | Deaths : 1050 86.92%
Uterine cancer Patients : 963 | Deaths : 192 19.94%
Bladder cancer Patients : 793 | Deaths : 199 25.09%
Cervical cancer Patients : 5242 | Deaths : 794 15.15%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1339 | Deaths : 400 29.87%
Testicular cancer Patients : 123 | Deaths : 24 19.51%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 409 | Deaths : 236 57.7%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 239 | Deaths : 202 84.52%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 727 | Deaths : 186 25.58%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2783 | Deaths : 1058 38.02%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 83 | Deaths : 48 57.83%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1673 | Deaths : 295 17.63%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 579 | Deaths : 276 47.67%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1869 | Deaths : 186 9.95%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 142 | Deaths : 111 78.17%


Cambodia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 315 1.32%
5-14 year olds 279 1.17%
15-49 year olds 6335 26.52%
50-69 year olds 11985 50.16%
70+ year olds 4978 20.84%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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