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Burundi Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Burundi are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Burundi.

Highlights of Burundi BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Burundi average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Burundi average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Burundi, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 19.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Burundi is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Burundi
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Burundi

Diet Compositions in Burundi
RankTypekilocalories per person per day

Major Cause of Death


Diarrheal diseases was a major cause of death in Burundi with 13375 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 13% of total deaths. Overall Diarrheal diseases, Cardiovascular diseases and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Burundi.
    Major Cause of Death in Burundi
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 38827 deaths (year 2016).
  • 28.3% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Malaria and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 24% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Burundi (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Burundi - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Burundi are Child wasting, Alcohol use and Unsafe water source. Every year around 10163 people die due to Child wasting.
  • Child wasting and Unsafe water source are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Alcohol use, High blood pressure and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Burundi (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.27% of Burundi population was suffering from cancer i.e. 13599 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 861) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 609 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 10% of survival chance.Burundi was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 91% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5989 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 4809 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 861 people were dead. This means 17.9% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Burundi and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Burundi :
  • 0.27 % of Burundi population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Burundi
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Burundi

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Burundi (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 639 0.64%
Cardiovascular diseases 12297 12.24%
Kidney disease 507 0.5%
Respiratory disease 2095 2.09%
Liver disease 1622 1.61%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2763 2.75%
Digestive disease 2318 2.31%
Hepatitis 305 0.3%
Cancers 6166 6.14%
Parkinson's disease 42 0.04%
Fire 577 0.57%
Malaria 6193 6.16%
Drowning 737 0.73%
Homicide 113 0.11%
HIV/AIDS 2867 2.85%
Drug disorder 28 0.03%
Tuberculosis 11135 11.08%
Road incidents 2185 2.18%
Maternal deaths 1712 1.7%
Neonatal deaths 11308 11.26%
Alcohol disorder 144 0.14%
Natural disasters 53 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 13375 13.31%
HIV/AIDS 2867 2.85%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4045.87180645 4.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 4308 4.29%
Cancers 6166 6.14%
Malaria 6193 6.16%
Lower respiratory infections 9211.94511232 9.17%
Tuberculosis 11135 11.08%
Neonatal deaths 11308 11.26%
Cardiovascular diseases 12297 12.24%
Diarrheal diseases 13375 13.31%


Burundi - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 10 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 3008 7.53%
Lower respiratory infections 3040 7.61%
Malaria 8 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 11 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 7633 19.1%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 11308 28.3%
Tuberculosis 200 0.5%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 653 1.63%
Digestive diseases 103 0.26%
Road accidents 190 0.48%
Fire 4333 10.84%
Drowning 191 0.48%
Measles 100 0.25%
Cardiovascular disease 28 0.07%
HIV/AIDS 202 0.51%
Cancers 356 0.89%
Hepatitis 17 0.04%
Kidney disease 26 0.07%
Liver disease 156 0.39%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 919 2.3%
Homicide 5063 12.67%
Natural disasters 160 0.4%
Drug use disorders 2242 5.61%


Burundi - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 24 0.74%
Homicide 5 0.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 192 5.92%
Protein-energy malnutrition 186 5.74%
Natural disasters 12 0.37%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 575 17.74%
Road accidents 206 6.35%
Tuberculosis 174 5.37%
HIV/AIDS 350 10.8%
Drowning 154 4.75%
Malaria 517 15.95%
Fire 53 1.63%
Cancers 181 5.58%
Hepatitis 14 0.43%
Digestive diseases 70 2.16%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 53 1.63%
Liver disease 18 0.56%
Respiratory disease 36 1.11%
Kidney disease 11 0.34%
Cardiovascular disease 69 2.13%
Lower respiratory infections 338 10.43%


Burundi - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 419 2.26%
Homicide 89 0.48%
Nutritional deficiencies 298 1.61%
Protein-energy malnutrition 215 1.16%
Natural disasters 25 0.14%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 18 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 1782 9.63%
Road accidents 1098 5.93%
Tuberculosis 4779 25.83%
HIV/AIDS 2040 11.02%
Drowning 251 1.36%
Malaria 679 3.67%
Fire 124 0.67%
Cancers 1608 8.69%
Hepatitis 140 0.76%
Digestive diseases 640 3.46%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 569 3.08%
Liver disease 561 3.03%
Respiratory disease 298 1.61%
Kidney disease 143 0.77%
Cardiovascular disease 1669 9.02%
Drug disorder 21 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 57 0.31%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 1 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 979 5.29%


Burundi - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 263 1.28%
Homicide 7 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 356 1.74%
Protein-energy malnutrition 285 1.39%
Natural disasters 6 0.03%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 1743 8.5%
Road accidents 473 2.31%
Tuberculosis 3771 18.39%
HIV/AIDS 357 1.74%
Drowning 92 0.45%
Malaria 374 1.82%
Fire 118 0.58%
Cancers 2857 13.93%
Hepatitis 84 0.41%
Digestive diseases 750 3.66%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 969 4.73%
Liver disease 736 3.59%
Respiratory disease 802 3.91%
Kidney disease 161 0.79%
Cardiovascular diseases 4821 23.51%
Dementia 68 0.33%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.02%
Drug disorder 4 0.02%
Alcohol disorder 62 0.3%
Lower respiratory infections 1332 6.5%


Burundi - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 115 0.68%
Homicide 1 0.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 422 2.49%
Protein-energy malnutrition 353 2.09%
Natural disasters 2 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 1642 9.7%
Road accidents 209 1.23%
Tuberculosis 1758 10.39%
HIV/AIDS 16 0.09%
Drowning 51 0.3%
Malaria 290 1.71%
Fire 93 0.55%
Cancers 1420 8.39%
Hepatitis 40 0.24%
Digestive diseases 655 3.87%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 816 4.82%
Liver disease 290 1.71%
Respiratory disease 865 5.11%
Kidney disease 165 0.97%
Cardiovascular disease 5582 32.98%
Parkinson's disease 36 0.21%
Dementia 569 3.36%
Drug use disorders 3 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 25 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 1499 8.86%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Burundi
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 10163 10.63%
Poor sanitation 8736 9.13%
No access to handwashing facility 7241 7.57%
Household air pollution 8485 8.87%
Outdoor air pollution 4730 4.95%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1129 1.18%
Discontinued breastfeeding 97 0.1%
Child wasting 11149 11.66%
Child stunting 2277 2.38%
Low birth weight 4424 4.63%
Secondhand smoke 543 0.57%
Alcohol use 10839 11.33%
Drug use 113 0.12%
Diet low in fruits 2335 2.44%
Diet low in vegetables 1681 1.76%
Unsafe sex 3253 3.4%
Low physical activity 504 0.53%
High blood sugar 3379 3.53%
High cholesterol 1459 1.53%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1506 1.57%
High blood pressure 7517 7.86%
Smoking 2051 2.14%
Iron deficiency 90 0.09%
Zinc deficiency 1055 1.1%
Vitamin-A deficiency 459 0.48%
Low bone mineral density 430 0.45%


Burundi - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 97 0.25%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1129 2.94%
Child stunting 2277 5.93%
Low birth weight 4424 11.52%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 4102 10.68%
Secondhand smoke 232 0.6%
Poor sanitation 4985 12.98%
Unsafe water source 5804 15.12%
Household air pollution 2711 7.06%
Outdoor air pollution 1479 3.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 0.01%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.01%
Child wasting 11149 29.04%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Burundi - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.12%
No access to handwashing facility 302 18.85%
Unsafe water source 436 27.22%
Unsafe sex 91 5.68%
Iron deficiency 88 5.49%
Secondhand smoke 16 1%
Household air pollution 185 11.55%
Outdoor air pollution 99 6.18%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.06%
High blood sugar 6 0.37%
High blood pressure 1 0.06%
Poor sanitation 375 23.41%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Burundi - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 88 0.58%
Low bone mineral density 20 0.13%
Drug use 85 0.56%
Alcohol use 4287 28.25%
No access to handwashing facility 927 6.11%
Unsafe water source 1352 8.91%
Poor sanitation 1164 7.67%
Smoking 533 3.51%
Secondhand smoke 65 0.43%
Low physical activity 37 0.24%
Diet low in fruits 448 2.95%
Diet low in vegetables 319 2.1%
Unsafe sex 2188 14.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 349 2.3%
Household air pollution 1046 6.89%
Outdoor air pollution 603 3.97%
High total cholesterol 267 1.76%
High blood pressure 896 5.9%
High blood sugar 501 3.3%


Burundi - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 117 0.54%
Drug use 23 0.11%
Alcohol use 4351 19.91%
No access to handwashing facility 964 4.41%
Poor sanitation 1139 5.21%
Unsafe sex 828 3.79%
Smoking 1051 4.81%
Secondhand smoke 138 0.63%
Unsafe water source 1323 6.05%
Diet low in vegetables 777 3.56%
Diet low in fruits 1146 5.24%
Low physical activity 179 0.82%
Outdoor air pollution 1318 6.03%
Household air pollution 2322 10.63%
High body-mass index (obesity) 793 3.63%
High blood sugar 1486 6.8%
High total cholesterol 646 2.96%
High blood pressure 3252 14.88%


Burundi - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 293 1.7%
Drug use 5 0.03%
Alcohol use 2199 12.79%
Smoking 467 2.72%
Secondhand smoke 92 0.54%
Household air pollution 2221 12.92%
Outdoor air pollution 1231 7.16%
No access to handwashing facility 945 5.5%
Poor sanitation 1073 6.24%
Unsafe water source 1248 7.26%
Unsafe sex 145 0.84%
Low physical activity 288 1.68%
Diet low in vegetables 585 3.4%
Diet low in fruits 741 4.31%
High cholesterol 547 3.18%
High blood pressure 3367 19.59%
High blood sugar 1383 8.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 359 2.09%


Burundi - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 376 | Deaths : 134 35.64%
Breast cancer Patients : 1946 | Deaths : 417 21.43%
Larynx cancer Patients : 179 | Deaths : 70 39.11%
Kidney cancer Patients : 443 | Deaths : 41 9.26%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 349 | Deaths : 73 20.92%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 498 | Deaths : 143 28.71%
Stomach cancer Patients : 478 | Deaths : 371 77.62%
Uterine cancer Patients : 445 | Deaths : 105 23.6%
Bladder cancer Patients : 295 | Deaths : 99 33.56%
Cervical cancer Patients : 4809 | Deaths : 861 17.9%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1718 | Deaths : 609 35.45%
Testicular cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 12 27.27%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 141 | Deaths : 94 66.67%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 384 | Deaths : 345 89.84%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 253 | Deaths : 62 24.51%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 850 | Deaths : 372 43.76%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 42 | Deaths : 36 85.71%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 478 | Deaths : 92 19.25%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 306 | Deaths : 125 40.85%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 211 | Deaths : 48 22.75%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 31 46.97%


Burundi - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 581 4.27%
5-14 year olds 401 2.95%
15-49 year olds 4622 33.99%
50-69 year olds 5989 44.04%
70+ year olds 2005 14.74%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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