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Bosnia and Herzegovina Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Bosnia and Herzegovina are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Highlights of Bosnia and Herzegovina BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • Cereals & Grains, Dairy & Eggs and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Wheat, Maize and Barley are three major Cereal preferences in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Bosnia and Herzegovina average intake is 548.19 grams
  • Apples, Oranges & Mandarines and Grapes are three major Fruit Types Intake in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Bosnia and Herzegovina average Fruit intake is 292.49grams
  • In Bosnia and Herzegovina, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 56.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Bosnia and Herzegovina is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Bosnia and Herzegovina
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat743
2Maize631
3Barley21
4Rice18
5Rye9
6Oats1
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Diet Compositions in Bosnia and Herzegovina
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1427
2Dairy & Eggs300
3Fruits & Vegetables271
4Alcoholic Beverages232
5Oils & Fats228
6Meat180
7Sugar178
8Starchy Roots139
9Other131
10Pulses68

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Bosnia and Herzegovina with 19102 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 49% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Major Cause of Death in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 24917 deaths (year 2016).
  • 50.63% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Suicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 40% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Bosnia and Herzegovina (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Bosnia and Herzegovina are High blood pressure, Smoking and High blood sugar. Every year around 3 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Bosnia and Herzegovina (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.5% of Bosnia and Herzegovina population was suffering from cancer i.e. 27639 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 1260) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 628 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 4% of survival chance.Bosnia and Herzegovina was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 95% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 14296 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 5300 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 1260 people were dead. This means 23.77% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Bosnia and Herzegovina and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Bosnia and Herzegovina (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1751 4.52%
Cardiovascular diseases 19102 49.36%
Kidney disease 635 1.64%
Respiratory disease 1377 3.56%
Liver disease 594 1.53%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3205 8.28%
Digestive disease 635 1.64%
Hepatitis 8 0.02%
Cancers 9499 24.55%
Parkinson's disease 253 0.65%
Fire 46 0.12%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 35 0.09%
Homicide 105 0.27%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.01%
Drug disorder 31 0.08%
Tuberculosis 145 0.37%
Road incidents 306 0.79%
Maternal deaths 2 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 80 0.21%
Alcohol disorder 147 0.38%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 8 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 350.175333906 0.9%
Suicide 352 0.91%
Liver disease 594 1.53%
Digestive disease 635 1.64%
Kidney disease 635 1.64%
Respiratory disease 1377 3.56%
Dementia 1751 4.52%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3205 8.28%
Cancers 9499 24.55%
Cardiovascular diseases 19102 49.36%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 0.63%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 3 1.9%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 80 50.63%
Digestive diseases 1 0.63%
Road accidents 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Fire 1 0.63%
Drowning 0 0%
Measles 1 0.63%
Kidney disease 7 4.43%
Liver disease 0 0%
Hepatitis 1 0.63%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 1.27%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 3 1.9%
Protein-energy malnutrition 46 29.11%
Drug use disorders 6 3.8%
Natural disasters 0 0%
6 3.8%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 6.9%
Homicide 1 3.45%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 4 13.79%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 1 3.45%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 13 44.83%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 3.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2 6.9%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 1 3.45%
Cardiovascular disease 2 6.9%
Lower respiratory infections 2 6.9%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 154 8.22%
Homicide 52 2.77%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 135 7.2%
Tuberculosis 12 0.64%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.11%
Drowning 13 0.69%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 10 0.53%
Cancers 667 35.59%
Hepatitis 2 0.11%
Digestive diseases 35 1.87%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 103 5.5%
Liver disease 75 4%
Respiratory disease 21 1.12%
Kidney disease 35 1.87%
Cardiovascular disease 482 25.72%
Drug disorder 20 1.07%
Alcohol disorder 33 1.76%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.05%
Dementia 1 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 20 1.07%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 127 1.1%
Homicide 35 0.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.01%
Road accidents 97 0.84%
Tuberculosis 54 0.47%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.01%
Drowning 13 0.11%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 17 0.15%
Cancers 4591 39.65%
Hepatitis 4 0.03%
Digestive diseases 198 1.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 977 8.44%
Liver disease 345 2.98%
Respiratory disease 334 2.88%
Kidney disease 204 1.76%
Cardiovascular diseases 4281 36.97%
Dementia 93 0.8%
Parkinson's disease 24 0.21%
Drug disorder 6 0.05%
Alcohol disorder 88 0.76%
Lower respiratory infections 85 0.73%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 70 0.28%
Homicide 16 0.06%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.02%
Road accidents 69 0.27%
Tuberculosis 79 0.31%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 8 0.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 18 0.07%
Cancers 4222 16.82%
Hepatitis 2 0.01%
Digestive diseases 400 1.59%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2122 8.46%
Liver disease 173 0.69%
Respiratory disease 1022 4.07%
Kidney disease 396 1.58%
Cardiovascular disease 14334 57.12%
Parkinson's disease 228 0.91%
Dementia 1657 6.6%
Drug use disorders 5 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 25 0.1%
Lower respiratory infections 238 0.95%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 3 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.01%
Household air pollution 2062 4.05%
Outdoor air pollution 3339 6.56%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 5 0.01%
Child stunting 1 0%
Low birth weight 49 0.1%
Secondhand smoke 887 1.74%
Alcohol use 3246 6.38%
Drug use 232 0.46%
Diet low in fruits 2308 4.53%
Diet low in vegetables 619 1.22%
Unsafe sex 171 0.34%
Low physical activity 1670 3.28%
High blood sugar 5833 11.46%
High cholesterol 5332 10.47%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5493 10.79%
High blood pressure 11700 22.98%
Smoking 7853 15.43%
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 98 0.19%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 3.23%
Child stunting 1 1.61%
Low birth weight 49 79.03%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 1.61%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 1.61%
Household air pollution 1 1.61%
Outdoor air pollution 2 3.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 5 8.06%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Bosnia and Herzegovina - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3 0.14%
Drug use 41 1.9%
Alcohol use 330 15.28%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 442 20.47%
Secondhand smoke 13 0.6%
Low physical activity 28 1.3%
Diet low in fruits 125 5.79%
Diet low in vegetables 26 1.2%
Unsafe sex 37 1.71%
High body-mass index (obesity) 247 11.44%
Household air pollution 88 4.08%
Outdoor air pollution 139 6.44%
High total cholesterol 224 10.38%
High blood pressure 295 13.66%
High blood sugar 121 5.6%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 23 0.13%
Drug use 116 0.68%
Alcohol use 1324 7.76%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.01%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 85 0.5%
Smoking 3806 22.3%
Secondhand smoke 193 1.13%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 152 0.89%
Diet low in fruits 829 4.86%
Low physical activity 333 1.95%
Outdoor air pollution 1119 6.55%
Household air pollution 706 4.14%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2175 12.74%
High blood sugar 1732 10.15%
High total cholesterol 1466 8.59%
High blood pressure 3010 17.63%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 71 0.22%
Drug use 75 0.24%
Alcohol use 1591 5.03%
Smoking 3604 11.4%
Secondhand smoke 680 2.15%
Household air pollution 1266 4%
Outdoor air pollution 2079 6.58%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0%
Unsafe sex 49 0.16%
Low physical activity 1308 4.14%
Diet low in vegetables 441 1.4%
Diet low in fruits 1354 4.28%
High cholesterol 3642 11.52%
High blood pressure 8396 26.56%
High blood sugar 3980 12.59%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3072 9.72%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 504 | Deaths : 159 31.55%
Breast cancer Patients : 5808 | Deaths : 592 10.19%
Larynx cancer Patients : 651 | Deaths : 157 24.12%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1544 | Deaths : 202 13.08%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 535 | Deaths : 29 5.42%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 930 | Deaths : 223 23.98%
Stomach cancer Patients : 927 | Deaths : 628 67.75%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1472 | Deaths : 95 6.45%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1740 | Deaths : 253 14.54%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1171 | Deaths : 168 14.35%
Prostate cancer Patients : 3231 | Deaths : 478 14.79%
Testicular cancer Patients : 188 | Deaths : 11 5.85%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 569 | Deaths : 407 71.53%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 148 | Deaths : 142 95.95%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 46 | Deaths : 14 30.43%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 5300 | Deaths : 1260 23.77%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 476 | Deaths : 58 12.18%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 560 | Deaths : 103 18.39%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 800 | Deaths : 390 48.75%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 2608 | Deaths : 224 8.59%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 151 | Deaths : 70 46.36%


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 36 0.13%
5-14 year olds 21 0.08%
15-49 year olds 2786 10.08%
50-69 year olds 14296 51.72%
70+ year olds 10500 37.99%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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