Benin Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Benin Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Benin are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Benin.

Highlights of Benin BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Benin gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 110.20%110.20%
    • Fat : 25.82%25.82%
    • Plant protein : 11.56%11.56%
    • Animal protein : 3.28%3.28%
  • 50.86% increase in caloric supply : Currently Benin gets 2619/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1736/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Benin
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Benin
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Benin average intake is 156.99 grams
  • Pineapples, Bananas and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Benin
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Benin average Fruit intake is 135.95grams
  • In Benin, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 26.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Benin is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Benin
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice540
2Maize351
3Wheat104
4Sorghum70
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Benin
Diet Compositions in Benin
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1077
2Starchy Roots767
3Oils & Fats326
4Meat101
5Fruits & Vegetables87
6Pulses82
7Sugar78
8Other65
9Dairy & Eggs19
10Alcoholic Beverages17


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Benin with 10695 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 14% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diarrheal diseases and Neonatal deaths were highest types of death causes in Benin.
    Major Cause of Death in Benin
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 30752 deaths (year 2016).
  • 28.32% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Malaria, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, HIV/AIDS and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 27% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Benin (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Benin - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Benin are Child wasting, Household air pollution and Unsafe water source. Every year around 6495 people die due to Child wasting.
  • Child wasting and Unsafe water source are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Household air pollution and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Benin (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.18% of Benin population was suffering from cancer i.e. 8810 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 605) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 581 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 4% of survival chance.Benin was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3755 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 631 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 605 people were dead. This means 95.88% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Benin and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Benin :
  • 0.18 % of Benin population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Benin
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Benin

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Benin (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 622 0.81%
Cardiovascular diseases 10695 13.96%
Kidney disease 1032 1.35%
Respiratory disease 1874 2.45%
Liver disease 1804 2.35%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3909 5.1%
Digestive disease 1742 2.27%
Hepatitis 288 0.38%
Cancers 6081 7.94%
Parkinson's disease 47 0.06%
Fire 323 0.42%
Malaria 8191 10.69%
Drowning 460 0.6%
Homicide 327 0.43%
HIV/AIDS 2068 2.7%
Drug disorder 93 0.12%
Tuberculosis 2586 3.38%
Road incidents 1673 2.18%
Maternal deaths 1410 1.84%
Neonatal deaths 8640 11.28%
Alcohol disorder 107 0.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 8679 11.33%
HIV/AIDS 2068 2.7%
Meningitis 2236.73598994 2.92%
Tuberculosis 2586 3.38%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3909 5.1%
Cancers 6081 7.94%
Lower respiratory infections 7776.68522732 10.15%
Malaria 8191 10.69%
Neonatal deaths 8640 11.28%
Diarrheal diseases 8679 11.33%
Cardiovascular diseases 10695 13.96%



Benin - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 26 0.09%
Malaria 948 3.11%
Diarrheal diseases 967 3.17%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 17 0.06%
Neonatal infections 5548 18.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 8640 28.32%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 161 0.53%
Measles 88 0.29%
Road accidents 130 0.43%
Digestive diseases 110 0.36%
Cardiovascular disease 5583 18.3%
HIV/AIDS 83 0.27%
Drowning 79 0.26%
Tuberculosis 22 0.07%
Fire 145 0.48%
Cancers 368 1.21%
Kidney disease 25 0.08%
Homicide 61 0.2%
Liver disease 142 0.47%
Hepatitis 2126 6.97%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3466 11.36%
Drug use disorders 318 1.04%
Natural disasters 1451 4.76%



Benin - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 14 0.59%
Homicide 14 0.59%
Nutritional deficiencies 55 2.3%
Protein-energy malnutrition 52 2.18%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.29%
Diarrheal diseases 260 10.89%
Road accidents 149 6.24%
Tuberculosis 34 1.42%
HIV/AIDS 150 6.28%
Drowning 97 4.06%
Malaria 745 31.21%
Fire 29 1.21%
Cancers 99 4.15%
Hepatitis 15 0.63%
Digestive diseases 45 1.89%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 269 11.27%
Liver disease 23 0.96%
Respiratory disease 22 0.92%
Kidney disease 33 1.38%
Cardiovascular disease 56 2.35%
Lower respiratory infections 219 9.17%


Benin - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 476 3.38%
Homicide 252 1.79%
Nutritional deficiencies 129 0.92%
Protein-energy malnutrition 94 0.67%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 61 0.43%
Diarrheal diseases 991 7.05%
Road accidents 828 5.89%
Tuberculosis 1050 7.46%
HIV/AIDS 1588 11.29%
Drowning 158 1.12%
Malaria 896 6.37%
Fire 85 0.6%
Cancers 1510 10.74%
Hepatitis 168 1.19%
Digestive diseases 533 3.79%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1195 8.5%
Liver disease 681 4.84%
Respiratory disease 347 2.47%
Kidney disease 323 2.3%
Cardiovascular disease 1622 11.53%
Drug disorder 70 0.5%
Alcohol disorder 54 0.38%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 952 6.77%


Benin - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 250 1.61%
Homicide 29 0.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 118 0.76%
Protein-energy malnutrition 88 0.57%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 20 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 920 5.91%
Road accidents 356 2.29%
Tuberculosis 832 5.35%
HIV/AIDS 190 1.22%
Drowning 57 0.37%
Malaria 587 3.77%
Fire 68 0.44%
Cancers 2796 17.96%
Hepatitis 67 0.43%
Digestive diseases 567 3.64%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1088 6.99%
Liver disease 761 4.89%
Respiratory disease 724 4.65%
Kidney disease 324 2.08%
Cardiovascular diseases 4137 26.58%
Dementia 83 0.53%
Parkinson's disease 7 0.04%
Drug disorder 14 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 39 0.25%
Lower respiratory infections 1443 9.27%


Benin - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 106 0.76%
Homicide 6 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 140 1%
Protein-energy malnutrition 122 0.87%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 962 6.85%
Road accidents 179 1.28%
Tuberculosis 581 4.14%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.06%
Drowning 37 0.26%
Malaria 380 2.71%
Fire 58 0.41%
Cancers 1596 11.37%
Hepatitis 16 0.11%
Digestive diseases 452 3.22%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 991 7.06%
Liver disease 314 2.24%
Respiratory disease 759 5.41%
Kidney disease 290 2.07%
Cardiovascular disease 4738 33.75%
Parkinson's disease 39 0.28%
Dementia 537 3.83%
Drug use disorders 8 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 13 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 1696 12.08%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Benin
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 6495 9.15%
Poor sanitation 5660 7.97%
No access to handwashing facility 4996 7.04%
Household air pollution 7056 9.94%
Outdoor air pollution 5630 7.93%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1214 1.71%
Discontinued breastfeeding 105 0.15%
Child wasting 7321 10.31%
Child stunting 1197 1.69%
Low birth weight 4039 5.69%
Secondhand smoke 452 0.64%
Alcohol use 1535 2.16%
Drug use 174 0.25%
Diet low in fruits 1957 2.76%
Diet low in vegetables 1434 2.02%
Unsafe sex 2346 3.3%
Low physical activity 595 0.84%
High blood sugar 2978 4.19%
High cholesterol 1578 2.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4515 6.36%
High blood pressure 6151 8.66%
Smoking 2431 3.42%
Iron deficiency 99 0.14%
Zinc deficiency 198 0.28%
Vitamin-A deficiency 493 0.69%
Low bone mineral density 356 0.5%


Benin - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 105 0.38%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1214 4.35%
Child stunting 1197 4.29%
Low birth weight 4039 14.47%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2967 10.63%
Secondhand smoke 160 0.57%
Poor sanitation 3618 12.96%
Unsafe water source 4161 14.91%
Household air pollution 1735 6.22%
Outdoor air pollution 1390 4.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.01%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 6 0.02%
Child wasting 7321 26.23%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Benin - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 147 16.92%
Unsafe water source 194 22.32%
Unsafe sex 41 4.72%
Iron deficiency 98 11.28%
Secondhand smoke 11 1.27%
Household air pollution 112 12.89%
Outdoor air pollution 88 10.13%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.12%
High blood sugar 7 0.81%
High blood pressure 1 0.12%
Poor sanitation 169 19.45%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Benin - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 98 0.96%
Low bone mineral density 17 0.17%
Drug use 138 1.35%
Alcohol use 673 6.6%
No access to handwashing facility 580 5.69%
Unsafe water source 738 7.23%
Poor sanitation 646 6.33%
Smoking 482 4.73%
Secondhand smoke 55 0.54%
Low physical activity 46 0.45%
Diet low in fruits 428 4.2%
Diet low in vegetables 294 2.88%
Unsafe sex 1711 16.77%
High body-mass index (obesity) 945 9.26%
Household air pollution 986 9.67%
Outdoor air pollution 810 7.94%
High total cholesterol 303 2.97%
High blood pressure 852 8.35%
High blood sugar 399 3.91%


Benin - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 97 0.57%
Drug use 26 0.15%
Alcohol use 714 4.18%
No access to handwashing facility 622 3.65%
Poor sanitation 600 3.52%
Unsafe sex 497 2.91%
Smoking 1275 7.47%
Secondhand smoke 114 0.67%
Unsafe water source 685 4.02%
Diet low in vegetables 630 3.69%
Diet low in fruits 914 5.36%
Low physical activity 211 1.24%
Outdoor air pollution 1696 9.94%
Household air pollution 2119 12.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2298 13.47%
High blood sugar 1258 7.37%
High total cholesterol 690 4.04%
High blood pressure 2615 15.33%


Benin - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 242 1.69%
Drug use 10 0.07%
Alcohol use 148 1.03%
Smoking 674 4.69%
Secondhand smoke 112 0.78%
Household air pollution 2103 14.64%
Outdoor air pollution 1647 11.47%
No access to handwashing facility 679 4.73%
Poor sanitation 627 4.37%
Unsafe water source 717 4.99%
Unsafe sex 97 0.68%
Low physical activity 338 2.35%
Diet low in vegetables 510 3.55%
Diet low in fruits 614 4.28%
High cholesterol 585 4.07%
High blood pressure 2682 18.67%
High blood sugar 1307 9.1%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1270 8.84%


Benin - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1027 | Deaths : 469 45.67%
Breast cancer Patients : 1913 | Deaths : 440 23%
Larynx cancer Patients : 131 | Deaths : 61 46.56%
Kidney cancer Patients : 518 | Deaths : 63 12.16%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 91 | Deaths : 21 23.08%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 277 | Deaths : 86 31.05%
Stomach cancer Patients : 631 | Deaths : 605 95.88%
Uterine cancer Patients : 318 | Deaths : 91 28.62%
Bladder cancer Patients : 341 | Deaths : 116 34.02%
Cervical cancer Patients : 3110 | Deaths : 581 18.68%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1016 | Deaths : 405 39.86%
Testicular cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 10 28.57%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 261 | Deaths : 136 52.11%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 246 | Deaths : 190 77.24%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 60 | Deaths : 14 23.33%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 700 | Deaths : 343 49%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 60 | Deaths : 18 30%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 322 | Deaths : 69 21.43%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 336 | Deaths : 158 47.02%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 366 | Deaths : 91 24.86%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 47 | Deaths : 36 76.6%


Benin - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 484 5.49%
5-14 year olds 138 1.57%
15-49 year olds 2740 31.1%
50-69 year olds 3755 42.62%
70+ year olds 1693 19.22%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->