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Antigua and Barbuda Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Antigua and Barbuda are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Antigua and Barbuda.

Highlights of Antigua and Barbuda BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Antigua and Barbuda gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 63.34%63.34%
    • Fat : 40.35%40.35%
    • Animal protein : 11.32%11.32%
    • Plant protein : 5.35%5.35%
  • 20.37% increase in caloric supply : Currently Antigua and Barbuda gets 2417/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2008/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Antigua and Barbuda
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Antigua and Barbuda
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Antigua and Barbuda average intake is 203.62 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Bananas and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Antigua and Barbuda
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Antigua and Barbuda average Fruit intake is 432.27grams
  • In Antigua and Barbuda, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 48.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Antigua and Barbuda is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Antigua and Barbuda
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat498
2Rice110
3Maize22
4Oats15
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Antigua and Barbuda
Diet Compositions in Antigua and Barbuda
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains651
2Meat457
3Oils & Fats321
4Sugar302
5Dairy & Eggs239
6Fruits & Vegetables228
7Alcoholic Beverages84
8Other62
9Starchy Roots45
10Pulses28


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Antigua and Barbuda with 169 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 34% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Antigua and Barbuda.
    Major Cause of Death in Antigua and Barbuda
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 264 deaths (year 2016).
  • 54.55% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 33% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Antigua and Barbuda (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Antigua and Barbuda - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Antigua and Barbuda are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 1 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and High blood sugar are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Antigua and Barbuda (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.92% of Antigua and Barbuda population was suffering from cancer i.e. 730 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 22) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 11 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancerGallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 0% of survival chance.Antigua and Barbuda was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancerTesticular cancerNasopharynx cancer where 100% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 323 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 268 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 22 people were dead. This means 8.21% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Antigua and Barbuda and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Antigua and Barbuda :
  • 0.92 % of Antigua and Barbuda population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Thyroid cancerTesticular cancerNasopharynx cancer was most cured cancer in Antigua and Barbuda
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Antigua and Barbuda

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Antigua and Barbuda (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 21 4.23%
Cardiovascular diseases 169 34.05%
Kidney disease 22 4.43%
Respiratory disease 9 1.81%
Liver disease 12 2.42%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 78 15.71%
Digestive disease 9 1.81%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Cancers 103 20.75%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.4%
Fire 2 0.4%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 4 0.81%
Homicide 5 1.01%
HIV/AIDS 8 1.61%
Drug disorder 1 0.2%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Road incidents 8 1.61%
Maternal deaths 0 0%
Neonatal deaths 6 1.21%
Alcohol disorder 4 0.81%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.2%
HIV/AIDS 8 1.62%
Digestive disease 9 1.83%
Respiratory disease 9 1.83%
Liver disease 12 2.44%
Dementia 21 4.27%
Kidney disease 22 4.47%
Lower respiratory infections 25.0029327039 5.08%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 78 15.84%
Cancers 103 20.92%
Cardiovascular diseases 169 34.32%



Antigua and Barbuda - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 6 54.55%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Road accidents 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Liver disease 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Measles 2 18.18%
Drug use disorders 2 18.18%
Natural disasters 0 0%
1 9.09%



Antigua and Barbuda - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 1 100%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 0 0%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%


Antigua and Barbuda - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 1.54%
Homicide 4 6.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 4 6.15%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 6 9.23%
Drowning 3 4.62%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 1.54%
Cancers 13 20%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 1.54%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9 13.85%
Liver disease 3 4.62%
Respiratory disease 1 1.54%
Kidney disease 3 4.62%
Cardiovascular disease 12 18.46%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 1 1.54%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 3 4.62%


Antigua and Barbuda - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 1 0.68%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 2 1.36%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 2 1.36%
Drowning 1 0.68%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 39 26.53%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 3 2.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 27 18.37%
Liver disease 6 4.08%
Respiratory disease 2 1.36%
Kidney disease 8 5.44%
Cardiovascular diseases 48 32.65%
Dementia 1 0.68%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 2 1.36%
Lower respiratory infections 5 3.4%


Antigua and Barbuda - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.37%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.37%
Road accidents 1 0.37%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 0 0%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.37%
Cancers 50 18.66%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 4 1.49%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 42 15.67%
Liver disease 3 1.12%
Respiratory disease 5 1.87%
Kidney disease 11 4.1%
Cardiovascular disease 109 40.67%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.75%
Dementia 20 7.46%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 1 0.37%
Lower respiratory infections 16 5.97%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Antigua and Barbuda
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 1 0.22%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.22%
Household air pollution 1 0.22%
Outdoor air pollution 19 4.19%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 1 0.22%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 3 0.66%
Secondhand smoke 7 1.55%
Alcohol use 16 3.53%
Drug use 6 1.32%
Diet low in fruits 16 3.53%
Diet low in vegetables 18 3.97%
Unsafe sex 11 2.43%
Low physical activity 14 3.09%
High blood sugar 99 21.85%
High cholesterol 36 7.95%
High body-mass index (obesity) 84 18.54%
High blood pressure 107 23.62%
Smoking 11 2.43%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.44%


Antigua and Barbuda - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 3 75%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 1 25%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Antigua and Barbuda - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Antigua and Barbuda - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 2 4.17%
Alcohol use 6 12.5%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 2 4.17%
Secondhand smoke 1 2.08%
Low physical activity 1 2.08%
Diet low in fruits 2 4.17%
Diet low in vegetables 2 4.17%
Unsafe sex 5 10.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 9 18.75%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 2 4.17%
High total cholesterol 3 6.25%
High blood pressure 7 14.58%
High blood sugar 6 12.5%


Antigua and Barbuda - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 3 1.82%
Alcohol use 7 4.24%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 4 2.42%
Smoking 6 3.64%
Secondhand smoke 3 1.82%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 7 4.24%
Diet low in fruits 7 4.24%
Low physical activity 4 2.42%
Outdoor air pollution 6 3.64%
Household air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 38 23.03%
High blood sugar 34 20.61%
High total cholesterol 12 7.27%
High blood pressure 34 20.61%


Antigua and Barbuda - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.43%
Drug use 1 0.43%
Alcohol use 3 1.28%
Smoking 3 1.28%
Secondhand smoke 4 1.7%
Household air pollution 1 0.43%
Outdoor air pollution 10 4.26%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.43%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 2 0.85%
Low physical activity 10 4.26%
Diet low in vegetables 9 3.83%
Diet low in fruits 7 2.98%
High cholesterol 21 8.94%
High blood pressure 66 28.09%
High blood sugar 58 24.68%
High body-mass index (obesity) 38 16.17%


Antigua and Barbuda - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 1 25%
Breast cancer Patients : 157 | Deaths : 11 7.01%
Larynx cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 1 14.29%
Kidney cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 1 9.09%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 0 0%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 14 | Deaths : 3 21.43%
Stomach cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 7 36.84%
Uterine cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 1 3.45%
Bladder cancer Patients : 14 | Deaths : 2 14.29%
Cervical cancer Patients : 28 | Deaths : 4 14.29%
Prostate cancer Patients : 268 | Deaths : 22 8.21%
Testicular cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 0 0%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 3 75%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 2 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 0 0%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 81 | Deaths : 10 12.35%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 1 16.67%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 1 11.11%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 2 40%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 8 | Deaths : 1 12.5%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 1 | Deaths : 1 100%


Antigua and Barbuda - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 5 0.69%
5-14 year olds 4 0.55%
15-49 year olds 128 17.56%
50-69 year olds 323 44.31%
70+ year olds 269 36.9%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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