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Albania Health

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CONTENT



Causes of death across Albania are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Albania.

Highlights of Albania BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Albania gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 80.46%80.46%
    • Fat : 43.13%43.13%
    • Animal protein : 10.69%10.69%
    • Plant protein : 9.36%9.36%
  • 43.63% increase in caloric supply : Currently Albania gets 3193/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2223/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Dairy & Eggs and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Albania
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Albania
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Albania average intake is 671.48 grams
  • Grapes, Apples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Albania
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Albania average Fruit intake is 389.04grams
  • In Albania, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 58.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Albania is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Albania
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1056
2Rice68
3Maize13
4Rye5
5Oats1
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Albania
Diet Compositions in Albania
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1144
2Dairy & Eggs579
3Fruits & Vegetables372
4Meat345
5Oils & Fats322
6Sugar197
7Starchy Roots78
8Alcoholic Beverages73
9Pulses50
10Other33


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Albania with 13002 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 59% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were highest types of death causes in Albania.
    Major Cause of Death in Albania
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 14733 deaths (year 2016).
  • 40.86% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 48% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Albania (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Albania - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Albania are High blood pressure, Smoking and High cholesterol. Every year around 4 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Secondhand smoke and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Albania (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.35% of Albania population was suffering from cancer i.e. 11627 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 468) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 337 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 3% of survival chance.Albania was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5254 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 696 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 468 people were dead. This means 67.24% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Albania and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Albania :
  • 0.35 % of Albania population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Albania
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Albania

Tables (Appendix)




Major Cause of Deaths in Albania (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 958 4.33%
Cardiovascular diseases 13002 58.78%
Kidney disease 390 1.76%
Respiratory disease 767 3.47%
Liver disease 308 1.39%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 687 3.11%
Digestive disease 187 0.85%
Hepatitis 3 0.01%
Cancers 4402 19.9%
Parkinson's disease 150 0.68%
Fire 16 0.07%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 38 0.17%
Homicide 70 0.32%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.01%
Drug disorder 28 0.13%
Tuberculosis 12 0.05%
Road incidents 244 1.1%
Maternal deaths 4 0.02%
Neonatal deaths 199 0.9%
Alcohol disorder 17 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 7 0.03%
Neonatal deaths 199 0.9%
Road incidents 244 1.1%
Liver disease 308 1.39%
Kidney disease 390 1.76%
Lower respiratory infections 407.735535095 1.84%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 687 3.11%
Respiratory disease 767 3.47%
Dementia 958 4.33%
Cancers 4402 19.9%
Cardiovascular diseases 13002 58.78%



Albania - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 0.21%
Congenital birth defects 2 0.41%
Lower respiratory infections 2 0.41%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2 0.41%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Digestive diseases 199 40.86%
Drowning 3 0.62%
Road accidents 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.62%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.21%
Homicide 18 3.7%
Fire 0 0%
Liver disease 6 1.23%
Measles 10 2.05%
Hepatitis 1 0.21%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.41%
Tuberculosis 25 5.13%
HIV/AIDS 129 26.49%
Drug use disorders 76 15.61%
Natural disasters 0 0%
7 1.44%



Albania - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 2.67%
Homicide 1 1.33%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 7 9.33%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 5 6.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 1.33%
Cancers 24 32%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 1.33%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 7 9.33%
Liver disease 1 1.33%
Respiratory disease 1 1.33%
Kidney disease 2 2.67%
Cardiovascular disease 16 21.33%
Lower respiratory infections 7 9.33%


Albania - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 110 7.57%
Homicide 46 3.16%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.07%
Road accidents 137 9.42%
Tuberculosis 1 0.07%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.07%
Drowning 20 1.38%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 4 0.28%
Cancers 451 31.02%
Hepatitis 1 0.07%
Digestive diseases 14 0.96%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 73 5.02%
Liver disease 35 2.41%
Respiratory disease 18 1.24%
Kidney disease 46 3.16%
Cardiovascular disease 451 31.02%
Drug disorder 15 1.03%
Alcohol disorder 6 0.41%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 21 1.44%


Albania - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 46 0.85%
Homicide 14 0.26%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.02%
Road accidents 62 1.14%
Tuberculosis 4 0.07%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.02%
Drowning 7 0.13%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 4 0.07%
Cancers 1901 35.09%
Hepatitis 1 0.02%
Digestive diseases 48 0.89%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 206 3.8%
Liver disease 139 2.57%
Respiratory disease 146 2.69%
Kidney disease 123 2.27%
Cardiovascular diseases 2578 47.58%
Dementia 52 0.96%
Parkinson's disease 14 0.26%
Drug disorder 7 0.13%
Alcohol disorder 7 0.13%
Lower respiratory infections 54 1%


Albania - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 23 0.16%
Homicide 6 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.03%
Road accidents 36 0.24%
Tuberculosis 7 0.05%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 3 0.02%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 6 0.04%
Cancers 2009 13.58%
Hepatitis 1 0.01%
Digestive diseases 117 0.79%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 390 2.64%
Liver disease 133 0.9%
Respiratory disease 601 4.06%
Kidney disease 216 1.46%
Cardiovascular disease 9932 67.16%
Parkinson's disease 136 0.92%
Dementia 905 6.12%
Drug use disorders 7 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 3 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 250 1.69%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Albania
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 4 0.02%
Poor sanitation 2 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.03%
Household air pollution 1003 3.96%
Outdoor air pollution 1377 5.43%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 0.04%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 48 0.19%
Child stunting 9 0.04%
Low birth weight 71 0.28%
Secondhand smoke 540 2.13%
Alcohol use 1551 6.12%
Drug use 160 0.63%
Diet low in fruits 983 3.88%
Diet low in vegetables 249 0.98%
Unsafe sex 66 0.26%
Low physical activity 787 3.1%
High blood sugar 1479 5.83%
High cholesterol 3030 11.95%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2678 10.56%
High blood pressure 7606 30.01%
Smoking 3638 14.35%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 1 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 49 0.19%


Albania - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 5.56%
Child stunting 9 5%
Low birth weight 71 39.44%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.56%
Secondhand smoke 17 9.44%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0.56%
Household air pollution 13 7.22%
Outdoor air pollution 10 5.56%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 48 26.67%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Albania - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 33.33%
Household air pollution 1 33.33%
Outdoor air pollution 1 33.33%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Albania - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.15%
Drug use 30 2.24%
Alcohol use 147 10.95%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 215 16.02%
Secondhand smoke 24 1.79%
Low physical activity 19 1.42%
Diet low in fruits 73 5.44%
Diet low in vegetables 12 0.89%
Unsafe sex 17 1.27%
High body-mass index (obesity) 183 13.64%
Household air pollution 56 4.17%
Outdoor air pollution 73 5.44%
High total cholesterol 181 13.49%
High blood pressure 272 20.27%
High blood sugar 38 2.83%


Albania - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 13 0.18%
Drug use 72 1.01%
Alcohol use 531 7.47%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.01%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 32 0.45%
Smoking 1359 19.13%
Secondhand smoke 124 1.75%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 45 0.63%
Diet low in fruits 281 3.95%
Low physical activity 147 2.07%
Outdoor air pollution 382 5.38%
Household air pollution 288 4.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 891 12.54%
High blood sugar 349 4.91%
High total cholesterol 842 11.85%
High blood pressure 1747 24.59%


Albania - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 33 0.2%
Drug use 58 0.35%
Alcohol use 872 5.22%
Smoking 2064 12.35%
Secondhand smoke 374 2.24%
Household air pollution 645 3.86%
Outdoor air pollution 910 5.45%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.02%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
Unsafe water source 2 0.01%
Unsafe sex 17 0.1%
Low physical activity 621 3.72%
Diet low in vegetables 192 1.15%
Diet low in fruits 629 3.76%
High cholesterol 2007 12.01%
High blood pressure 5586 33.43%
High blood sugar 1092 6.53%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1604 9.6%


Albania - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 345 | Deaths : 106 30.72%
Breast cancer Patients : 2566 | Deaths : 230 8.96%
Larynx cancer Patients : 381 | Deaths : 94 24.67%
Kidney cancer Patients : 705 | Deaths : 93 13.19%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 318 | Deaths : 18 5.66%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 279 | Deaths : 62 22.22%
Stomach cancer Patients : 696 | Deaths : 468 67.24%
Uterine cancer Patients : 668 | Deaths : 40 5.99%
Bladder cancer Patients : 208 | Deaths : 32 15.38%
Cervical cancer Patients : 479 | Deaths : 64 13.36%
Prostate cancer Patients : 2239 | Deaths : 337 15.05%
Testicular cancer Patients : 119 | Deaths : 8 6.72%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 238 | Deaths : 172 72.27%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 64 | Deaths : 62 96.88%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 56 | Deaths : 17 30.36%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1138 | Deaths : 270 23.73%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 381 | Deaths : 45 11.81%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 300 | Deaths : 53 17.67%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 521 | Deaths : 246 47.22%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1065 | Deaths : 37 3.47%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 28 | Deaths : 25 89.29%


Albania - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 84 0.72%
5-14 year olds 41 0.35%
15-49 year olds 1590 13.67%
50-69 year olds 5254 45.18%
70+ year olds 4659 40.07%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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