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Sao Tome and Principe Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 0.17 0.218 0.26
Global Rank 188th 187th 187th
Global Population Share 0.002% 0.002% 0.003%
Global Population Density 148.16 176.91 209.33
Global Population Density Rank 70th 72nd 74th
Average Life Expectancy 65.87 67.16 68.38
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 147th 155th 164th
Fertility Rate 4.78 4.21 3.7
Fertility Rate Global Rank 34th 30th 29th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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Sao Tome and Principe Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 0.47%
Lower respiratory infections 13 6.07%
Congenital birth defects 13 6.07%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 18 8.41%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Cancers 72 33.64%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2 0.93%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Measles 1 0.47%
Road accidents 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%

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Highlights of Sao Tome and Principe BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Sao Tome and Principe gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 65.74%65.74%
    • Fat : 30.85%30.85%
    • Plant protein : 6.57%6.57%
    • Animal protein : 2.81%2.81%
  • 5.96% increase in caloric supply : Currently Sao Tome and Principe gets 2400/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2265/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Sao Tome and Principe
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Sao Tome and Principe
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Sao Tome and Principe average intake is 43.97 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Sao Tome and Principe
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Sao Tome and Principe average Fruit intake is 609.04grams
  • In Sao Tome and Principe, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 31.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Sao Tome and Principe is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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