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Ghana Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 24.51 30.733 37.29
Global Rank 48th 48th 43rd
Global Population Share 0.352% 0.394% 0.436%
Global Population Density 103.91 126.27 148.97
Global Population Density Rank 116th 118th 120th
Average Life Expectancy 60.92 63.87 66.34
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 167th 173rd 174th
Fertility Rate 4.27 3.75 3.31
Fertility Rate Global Rank 45th 39th 36th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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Ghana Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 58 0.11%
Malaria 2043 4.05%
Neonatal infections 2106 4.17%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 24 0.05%
Nutritional deficiencies 1455 2.88%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 18168 35.99%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 196 0.39%
HIV/AIDS 52 0.1%
Cancers 567 1.12%
Measles 138 0.27%
Digestive diseases 12071 23.91%
Cardiovascular disease 132 0.26%

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Highlights of Ghana BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Ghana gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 116.27%116.27%
    • Fat : 20.52%20.52%
    • Plant protein : 9.39%9.39%
    • Animal protein : 3.42%3.42%
  • 49.60% increase in caloric supply : Currently Ghana gets 3016/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2016/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Starchy Roots, Cereals & Grains and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Ghana
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Ghana
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Ghana average intake is 116.77 grams
  • Plantains, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Ghana
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Ghana average Fruit intake is 537.51grams
  • In Ghana, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 29.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Ghana is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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