107.93% Increase in Ghana's Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

107.93% Increase in Ghana's Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Ghana

Highlights of this Analysis on Ghana (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Ghana a Sub-Saharan Africa regioned country, is categorized as Lower middle income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 23
  • 28
  • 31
  • 36
  • 43
  • 50


Year
Ghana Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196023
197028
198031
199036
200043
201050

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Ghana Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 1542824
  • 2425904
  • 3342948
  • 5126895
  • 8123929
  • 12092963


Year
Ghana Urban population
YearValues
19601542824
19702425904
19803342948
19905126895
20008123929
201012092963

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Ghana Urban population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 5
  • 4
  • 4


Year
Ghana Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19607
19705
19803
19905
20004
20104

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Ghana Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 6635230
  • 8520015
  • 10805314
  • 14353410
  • 18812359
  • 24170940


Year
Ghana Population, total
YearValues
19606635230
19708520015
198010805314
199014353410
200018812359
201024170940

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Ghana Population growth (annual %) is in Increasing trend
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3
  • 2
  • 3


Year
Ghana Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19603
19702
19802
19903
20002
20103

Prevalence of underweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's child growth standards released in 2006.

Data Source : UNICEF, WHO, World Bank: Joint child malnutrition estimates (JME). Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.
Observation : Ghana Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 20
  • 0


Year
Ghana Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200020
20100

Community health workers include various types of community health aides, many with country-specific occupational titles such as community health officers, community health-education workers, family health workers, lady health visitors and health extension package workers.

Data Source : World Health Organization's Global Health Workforce Statistics, OECD, supplemented by country data.
Observation : Ghana Community health workers (per 1,000 people) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Ghana Community health workers (per 1,000 people)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20100

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Ghana Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 209
  • 203
  • 168
  • 132
  • 103
  • 76


Year
Ghana Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
1960209
1970203
1980168
1990132
2000103
201076

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Ghana Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 62
  • 0
  • 69
  • 82


Year
Ghana Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
198062
19900
200069
201082

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Ghana School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Ghana School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Ghana Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 41
  • 46
  • 60
  • 49
  • 36
  • 31


Year
Ghana Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
196041
197046
198060
199049
200036
201031

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Ghana CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4


Year
Ghana CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20104

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Ghana Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 9
  • 11
  • 12
  • 13
  • 15
  • 16


Year
Ghana Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
19609
197011
198012
199013
200015
201016

Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.

Data Source : EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.
Observation : Ghana Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Ghana Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Ghana Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • -18
  • 227


Year
Ghana Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000-18
2010227

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Ghana Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3532
  • 4050
  • 4198
  • 16672


Year
Ghana Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19803532
19904050
20004198
201016672

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Ghana Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 9
  • 153


Year
Ghana Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20009
2010153

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Ghana Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 5796
  • 7052
  • 8655
  • 20037


Year
Ghana Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19805796
19907052
20008655
201020037

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Ghana Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 220
  • 256


Year
Ghana Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000220
2010256

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Ghana Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 22212
  • 25117
  • 94526
  • 104913


Year
Ghana Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198022212
199025117
200094526
2010104913

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Ghana Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 462
  • 352


Year
Ghana Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000462
2010352

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Ghana Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 10263
  • 10835
  • 74834
  • 58405


Year
Ghana Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198010263
199010835
200074834
201058405

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Ghana CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 11
  • 3
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0


Year
Ghana CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196011
19703
19800
19900
20000
20100

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Ghana CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Stable trend
  • 165
  • 51
  • 4
  • 7
  • 0
  • 0


Year
Ghana CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960165
197051
19804
19907
20000
20100

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Ghana CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 89
  • 85
  • 95
  • 91
  • 86
  • 88


Year
Ghana CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196089
197085
198095
199091
200086
201088

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Ghana CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 1298
  • 1441
  • 2519
  • 3055
  • 5618
  • 6802


Year
Ghana CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19601298
19701441
19802519
19903055
20005618
20106802

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Ghana CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 1463
  • 1690
  • 2659
  • 3344
  • 6549
  • 7708


Year
Ghana CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
19601463
19701690
19802659
19903344
20006549
20107708

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Ghana CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 11


Year
Ghana CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201011

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Ghana CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Ghana CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Ghana Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 362
  • 361
  • 408
  • 281


Year
Ghana Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980362
1990361
2000408
2010281

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Ghana Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 390
  • 306
  • 355
  • 260


Year
Ghana Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980390
1990306
2000355
2010260

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Ghana Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 186
  • 98


Year
Ghana Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000186
201098

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Ghana Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 73
  • 50


Year
Ghana Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200073
201050

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Ghana Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 84
  • 77


Year
Ghana Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200084
201077

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Ghana Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0


Year
Ghana Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19900
20000
20100

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Ghana Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 99
  • 100
  • 84
  • 77


Year
Ghana Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198099
1990100
200084
201077

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Ghana Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 42
  • 63


Year
Ghana Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200042
201063

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Ghana Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 9


Year
Ghana Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
20109

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Ghana Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 825
  • 844
  • 1013
  • 1297
  • 1660


Year
Ghana Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
1970825
1980844
19901013
20001297
20101660

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Ghana Forest area (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 39
  • 40


Year
Ghana Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200039
201040

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Ghana Forest area (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 88808
  • 91666


Year
Ghana Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200088808
201091666

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Ghana Arable land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 7
  • 8
  • 11
  • 17
  • 20


Year
Ghana Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19707
19808
199011
200017
201020

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Ghana Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 51
  • 53
  • 55
  • 62
  • 69


Year
Ghana Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197051
198053
199055
200062
201069

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Ghana Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 117000
  • 120000
  • 125000
  • 141800
  • 156000


Year
Ghana Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
1970117000
1980120000
1990125000
2000141800
2010156000


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