100.00% Increase in Mongolia's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

100.00% Increase in Mongolia's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Mongolia

Highlights of this Analysis on Mongolia (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Mongolia a East Asia & Pacific regioned country, is categorized as Lower middle income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 36
  • 44
  • 51
  • 57
  • 57
  • 67


Year
Mongolia Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196036
197044
198051
199057
200057
201067

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Mongolia Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 340915
  • 550748
  • 847642
  • 1222046
  • 1345490
  • 1780213


Year
Mongolia Urban population
YearValues
1960340915
1970550748
1980847642
19901222046
20001345490
20101780213

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Mongolia Urban population growth (annual %) is in Increasing trend
  • 8
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 1
  • 3


Year
Mongolia Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19608
19704
19804
19903
20001
20103

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Mongolia Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 955505
  • 1242214
  • 1646291
  • 2141011
  • 2376225
  • 2673796


Year
Mongolia Population, total
YearValues
1960955505
19701242214
19801646291
19902141011
20002376225
20102673796

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Mongolia Population growth (annual %) is in Increasing trend
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 1
  • 2


Year
Mongolia Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19603
19703
19803
19902
20001
20102

Prevalence of underweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's child growth standards released in 2006.

Data Source : UNICEF, WHO, World Bank: Joint child malnutrition estimates (JME). Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.
Observation : Mongolia Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 11
  • 0


Year
Mongolia Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200011
20100

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Mongolia Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 167
  • 113
  • 69
  • 29


Year
Mongolia Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980167
1990113
200069
201029

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Mongolia Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 100
  • 0
  • 87
  • 0


Year
Mongolia Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980100
19900
200087
20100

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Mongolia School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Mongolia School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19900
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Mongolia Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 16
  • 32
  • 18


Year
Mongolia Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199016
200032
201018

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Mongolia CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3


Year
Mongolia CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20103

Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, AQUASTAT data.
Observation : Mongolia Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Mongolia Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Mongolia Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 19
  • 23
  • 25
  • 26
  • 31
  • 41


Year
Mongolia Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
196019
197023
198025
199026
200031
201041

Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.

Data Source : EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.
Observation : Mongolia Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3


Year
Mongolia Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20103

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Mongolia Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4330
  • 3709
  • 4855
  • 4030


Year
Mongolia Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804330
19903709
20004855
20104030

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Mongolia Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 7
  • -13


Year
Mongolia Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20007
2010-13

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Mongolia Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 7609
  • 7259
  • 8916
  • 7214


Year
Mongolia Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19807609
19907259
20008916
20107214

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Mongolia Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 27542
  • 53943
  • 30732
  • 50237


Year
Mongolia Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198027542
199053943
200030732
201050237

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Mongolia Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 14005
  • 28976
  • 8305
  • 26878


Year
Mongolia Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198014005
199028976
20008305
201026878

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 62
  • 70
  • 71
  • 74
  • 83
  • 81


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196062
197070
198071
199074
200083
201081

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 799
  • 1878
  • 4463
  • 7855
  • 6304
  • 10653


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960799
19701878
19804463
19907855
20006304
201010653

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 1
  • 2
  • 4
  • 5
  • 3
  • 5


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19601
19702
19804
19905
20003
20105

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 38
  • 29
  • 28
  • 23
  • 16
  • 18


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196038
197029
198028
199023
200016
201018

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 495
  • 770
  • 1745
  • 2457
  • 1199
  • 2329


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960495
1970770
19801745
19902457
20001199
20102329

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 1294
  • 2684
  • 6300
  • 10568
  • 7554
  • 13102


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
19601294
19702684
19806300
199010568
20007554
201013102

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Mongolia CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19903
20002
20102

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mongolia CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  • 4


Year
Mongolia CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19903
20003
20104

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Mongolia Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1675
  • 944
  • 1392


Year
Mongolia Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19901675
2000944
20101392

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Mongolia Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1605
  • 1042
  • 1378


Year
Mongolia Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19901605
20001042
20101378

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Mongolia Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 203
  • 189


Year
Mongolia Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000203
2010189

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Mongolia Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 4


Year
Mongolia Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20004
20104

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Mongolia Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 6
  • 4
  • 4


Year
Mongolia Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19906
20004
20104

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Mongolia Electricity production from coal sources (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 94
  • 96
  • 96


Year
Mongolia Electricity production from coal sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199094
200096
201096

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Mongolia Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 78


Year
Mongolia Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201078

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Mongolia Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 14


Year
Mongolia Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
201014

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mongolia Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 318
  • 566
  • 1248
  • 606
  • 1552


Year
Mongolia Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
1970318
1980566
19901248
2000606
20101552

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mongolia Forest area (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 8
  • 8


Year
Mongolia Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20008
20108

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mongolia Forest area (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 117989
  • 126930


Year
Mongolia Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000117989
2010126930

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mongolia Arable land (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Mongolia Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20100

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mongolia Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 91
  • 80
  • 81
  • 84
  • 73


Year
Mongolia Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197091
198080
199081
200084
201073

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mongolia Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 1406520
  • 1247130
  • 1255320
  • 1302820
  • 1136760


Year
Mongolia Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19701406520
19801247130
19901255320
20001302820
20101136760


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