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100.00% Increase in Mali's Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Mali

Highlights of this Analysis on Mali (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Mali a Sub-Saharan Africa regioned country, is categorized as Low income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 11
  • 14
  • 18
  • 23
  • 28
  • 35


Year
Mali Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196011
197014
198018
199023
200028
201035

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Mali Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 582485
  • 818898
  • 1252639
  • 1899911
  • 2942346
  • 5132663


Year
Mali Urban population
YearValues
1960582485
1970818898
19801252639
19901899911
20002942346
20105132663

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Mali Urban population growth (annual %) is in Increasing trend
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 5
  • 6


Year
Mali Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19604
19704
19804
19903
20005
20106

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Mali Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 5263733
  • 5861412
  • 6956402
  • 8296915
  • 10642936
  • 14581429


Year
Mali Population, total
YearValues
19605263733
19705861412
19806956402
19908296915
200010642936
201014581429

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Mali Population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 1
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Mali Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19601
19701
19802
19902
20003
20103

Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.

Data Source : World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).
Observation : Mali Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 50


Year
Mali Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201050

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Mali Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 404
  • 333
  • 259
  • 226
  • 142


Year
Mali Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
1970404
1980333
1990259
2000226
2010142

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Mali Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 14
  • 0
  • 0
  • 54


Year
Mali Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
198014
19900
20000
201054

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Mali School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Mali School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Mali Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 57
  • 55
  • 38
  • 36
  • 32


Year
Mali Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
197057
198055
199038
200036
201032

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Mali CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3


Year
Mali CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20103

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Mali Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 2
  • 3
  • 7
  • 9
  • 10
  • 13


Year
Mali Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
19602
19703
19807
19909
200010
201013

Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.

Data Source : EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.
Observation : Mali Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Mali Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Mali Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 19
  • 80


Year
Mali Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200019
201080

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Mali Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4706
  • 4939
  • 6886
  • 10368


Year
Mali Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804706
19904939
20006886
201010368

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Mali Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 23
  • 86


Year
Mali Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200023
201086

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Mali Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 8274
  • 8580
  • 11652
  • 17522


Year
Mali Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19808274
19908580
200011652
201017522

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Mali Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 155
  • 141


Year
Mali Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000155
2010141

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Mali Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 24801
  • 26169
  • 78429
  • 74104


Year
Mali Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198024801
199026169
200078429
201074104

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Mali Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 291
  • 200


Year
Mali Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000291
2010200

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Mali Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 11357
  • 12061
  • 58937
  • 44935


Year
Mali Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198011357
199012061
200058937
201044935

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mali CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 100
  • 100
  • 97
  • 97
  • 100
  • 100


Year
Mali CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
1960100
1970100
198097
199097
2000100
2010100

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mali CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 121
  • 161
  • 414
  • 407
  • 796
  • 807


Year
Mali CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960121
1970161
1980414
1990407
2000796
2010807

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Mali CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 121
  • 161
  • 429
  • 418
  • 796
  • 807


Year
Mali CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
1960121
1970161
1980429
1990418
2000796
2010807

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Mali Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 85
  • 73


Year
Mali Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200085
201073

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Mali Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 31
  • 72


Year
Mali Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200031
201072

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Mali Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 9
  • 24


Year
Mali Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20009
201024

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Mali Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 6


Year
Mali Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20106

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mali Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 873
  • 848
  • 940
  • 1174
  • 1800


Year
Mali Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
1970873
1980848
1990940
20001174
20101800

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mali Forest area (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 5
  • 4


Year
Mali Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20005
20104

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mali Forest area (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 59790
  • 51890


Year
Mali Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200059790
201051890

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mali Arable land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2
  • 4
  • 5


Year
Mali Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19701
19802
19902
20004
20105

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mali Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 26
  • 26
  • 26
  • 31
  • 34


Year
Mali Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197026
198026
199026
200031
201034

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Mali Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 317280
  • 320800
  • 321230
  • 376500
  • 410454


Year
Mali Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
1970317280
1980320800
1990321230
2000376500
2010410454


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