100.00% Increase in Afghanistan's School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

100.00% Increase in Afghanistan's School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Climate Change

Highlights of this Analysis on Afghanistan (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

  • 100.00% Increase in School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
  • 3635.29% Decrease in greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
  • 0.00% Decrease in Forest area (% of land area)
  • 31.37% Increase in Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
  • 29.03% Decrease in Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
  • 0.00% Decrease in Agricultural land (% of land area)

Afghanistan a South Asia regioned country, is categorized as Low income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 8
  • 11
  • 15
  • 21
  • 22
  • 24


Year
Afghanistan Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
19608
197011
198015
199021
200022
201024

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Afghanistan Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 755836
  • 1228273
  • 2070935
  • 2502909
  • 4434762
  • 6680732


Year
Afghanistan Urban population
YearValues
1960755836
19701228273
19802070935
19902502909
20004434762
20106680732

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Afghanistan Urban population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 5
  • 6
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Afghanistan Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19605
19706
19804
19903
20003
20103

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Afghanistan Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 8996973
  • 10893776
  • 13411056
  • 11868877
  • 20170844
  • 28394813


Year
Afghanistan Population, total
YearValues
19608996973
197010893776
198013411056
199011868877
200020170844
201028394813

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Afghanistan Population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 2
  • 2
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Afghanistan Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19602
19702
19801
19902
20002
20102

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Afghanistan Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 357
  • 307
  • 248
  • 181
  • 132
  • 94


Year
Afghanistan Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
1960357
1970307
1980248
1990181
2000132
201094

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Afghanistan School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Afghanistan School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Afghanistan Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 29


Year
Afghanistan Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201029

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Afghanistan CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2


Year
Afghanistan CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20102

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Afghanistan Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Stable trend
  • 3
  • 4
  • 7
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11


Year
Afghanistan Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
19603
19704
19807
199012
200011
201011

Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.

Data Source : EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.
Observation : Afghanistan Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Afghanistan Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Afghanistan Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 31
  • 22


Year
Afghanistan Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200031
201022

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Afghanistan Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3215
  • 2771
  • 3601
  • 3341


Year
Afghanistan Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19803215
19902771
20003601
20103341

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Afghanistan Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 35
  • 51


Year
Afghanistan Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200035
201051

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Afghanistan Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 10176
  • 7465
  • 10306
  • 11497


Year
Afghanistan Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198010176
19907465
200010306
201011497

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Afghanistan Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 18
  • 24


Year
Afghanistan Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200018
201024

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Afghanistan Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 14923
  • 12349
  • 14812
  • 15554


Year
Afghanistan Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198014923
199012349
200014812
201015554

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Afghanistan Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • -1358
  • 85
  • -1259
  • -4349


Year
Afghanistan Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980-1358
199085
2000-1259
2010-4349

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Afghanistan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 31
  • 39
  • 16
  • 12
  • 0
  • 23


Year
Afghanistan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196031
197039
198016
199012
20000
201023

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Afghanistan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 128
  • 363
  • 352
  • 337
  • 4
  • 1536


Year
Afghanistan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960128
1970363
1980352
1990337
20004
20101536

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Afghanistan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 65
  • 56
  • 52
  • 67
  • 60
  • 73


Year
Afghanistan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196065
197056
198052
199067
200060
201073

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Afghanistan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 271
  • 528
  • 1166
  • 1867
  • 495
  • 4947


Year
Afghanistan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960271
1970528
19801166
19901867
2000495
20104947

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Afghanistan CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 414
  • 942
  • 2241
  • 2776
  • 821
  • 6769


Year
Afghanistan CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
1960414
1970942
19802241
19902776
2000821
20106769

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Afghanistan CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 17
  • 17
  • 29
  • 4


Year
Afghanistan CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198017
199017
200029
20104

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Afghanistan CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 385
  • 480
  • 242
  • 271


Year
Afghanistan CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980385
1990480
2000242
2010271

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Afghanistan Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 52
  • 18


Year
Afghanistan Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200052
201018

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Afghanistan Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 74
  • 87


Year
Afghanistan Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200074
201087

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Afghanistan Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 45


Year
Afghanistan Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201045

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Afghanistan Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1310
  • 1324
  • 1238
  • 1286
  • 2041


Year
Afghanistan Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19701310
19801324
19901238
20001286
20102041

Agricultural irrigated land refers to agricultural areas purposely provided with water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Afghanistan Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 5


Year
Afghanistan Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20105

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Afghanistan Forest area (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Afghanistan Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
20102

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Afghanistan Forest area (sq. km) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 13500
  • 13500


Year
Afghanistan Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200013500
201013500

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Afghanistan Arable land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12


Year
Afghanistan Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197012
198012
199012
200012
201012

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Afghanistan Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 58
  • 58
  • 58
  • 58
  • 58


Year
Afghanistan Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197058
198058
199058
200058
201058

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Afghanistan Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 379960
  • 380490
  • 380400
  • 377530
  • 379100


Year
Afghanistan Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
1970379960
1980380490
1990380400
2000377530
2010379100


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